Bangalore united Football club (BUFC) – Bengaluru

Bangalore united Football club (BUFC) – Bengaluru

Bangalore United Football Club was established in 1940 having headquarters at Bengaluru.   The vision is the development of football in Bengaluru with a keen interest in Women Football.

Women’s Football :

Women’s football  is the most prominent team sport  played by women around the globe. It is played at the professional level  in numerous countries throughout the world and 176 national teams participate internationally.

The history of women’s football has seen major competitions being launched at both the national and international and  levels. Women’s football has faced many struggles throughout its history. Although its first golden age occurred in the United Kingdom in the early 1920s, when one match achieved over 50,000 spectators.

The Football Association initiated a ban in 1921 that disallowed women’s football games from the grounds used by its member clubs. The ban stayed in effect until July 1971.

Early women’s football :

Women may have been playing “football”  for as long as the game has existed. Evidence shows that an ancient version of the game (Tsu Chu) was played by women during the Han Dynasty (25–220 CE). Two female figures are depicted in Han Dynasty (25–220 CE) frescoes, playing Tsu Chu.

There are, however, a number of opinions about the accuracy of dates, the earliest estimates at 5000 BCE.  Reports of an annual match being played in Scotland are reported as early as the 1790s.

The first match recorded by the Scottish Football Association took place in 1892 in Glasgow. In England, the first recorded game of football between women took place in 1895.

Popularity of Women’s Football :

Women’s football became popular on a large scale at the time of the First World War,  when employment in heavy industry spurred the growth of the game, much as it had done for men fifty years earlier.

A team from England played a team from Ireland on Boxing Day 1917 in front of a crowd of 20,000 spectators.  The most successful team of the era was Dick, Kerr’s Ladies of Preston, England.

The team played in the first women’s international matches in 1920, against a team from Paris, France, in April, and also made up most of the England team against a Scottish Ladies XI in 1920, winning 22-0.

Despite being more popular than some men’s football events (one match saw a 53,000 strong crowd), women’s football in England suffered a blow in 1921 when The Football outlawed the playing of the game on Association members’ pitches, on the grounds that the game (as played by women) was distasteful.

Some speculated that this may have also been due to envy of the large crowds.  that women’s matches attracted. This led to the formation of the English Ladies Football Association and play moved to rugby grounds.

Features of Bangalore United Football Club :

The features of Bangalore United Football Club includes :

  • Men’s Team – Currently competing in the Bangalore ‘A’ Division.
  • Women’s Team–Champions of KSFA IMPETUS knockout trophy 2018
  • Champions of Karnataka Super Division football league 2019 and representation from Karnataka   in Indian Women’s League (IWL).
  • Reds United – U19 Youth team. Competing in Bangalore ‘C’ Division.
  • International players to University level players part of BUFC teams.
  • U10/12/14/16 & Senior Men and Women Teams.

History of the club :

Bangalore United Football Club was started in the year 1940, and has the legacy of owning many Internationals who played for the club. The club also has very strong links to its local community and Government schools conducting and managing football for them from years .

The club holds regular Camps for boys and Girls.  The club’s  under 12 years team is the winners of County Cup last season and 2 senior players were recently selected to play for the county.

Many of the  players have represented Karnataka state and Indian National team.  Bangalore United Football club players are trained under qualified Coaches who possess ‘A’ license for coaching from Asian Football Confederation and also by ex-Internationals.

Currently the club are the champion of Impetus Trophy (Aug 2018) organized by Karnataka state Football association.  The BUFC  are the newly crowned CHAMPIONS of KARNATAKA STATE WOMEN’S FOOTBALL LEAGUE which concluded on 27th Feb 2019 and by which are qualified to play INDIAN WOMEN LEAGUE 2019.

Mission of Bangalore United Football club :

Bangalore united Football Club which is a non-profit organization  is serving the youth of the South side of Bengaluru. The main goals are to inspire youth regardless of race, creed or national origin.

To also practice the ideals of sportsmanship, provide scholarships  and overall physical fitness, and most importantly the women Empowerment

Support to Bangalore United Football Club :

Running a Football team of this huge magnitude is expensive.  The club are running the team till now with its own  funds and support from the club’s  well wishers and not all from the families in team can afford the cost.  The club ask for sponsorship support to help women to make their Dream a reality.

The club understands that one have several choices when considering different marketing and community outreach opportunities, but the club  truly believe that this is a great fit. Sponsoring the  team is not only a great way to get involved with the community, it’s also an amazing form.

The team consists 18 players and 5 officials and will play Indian Women’s League matches from 5th of May 2019 at Ludhiana Punjab.

Indian Women’s League 2019 :

The 2018-19 Indian Women’s League will have 14 teams, divided into two groups. The teams will play each other once and the top two teams will compete in the semi-final.

The league starts on May 5th  and The league stage will come to an end on May 18. The semi-finals will be played on May 20 and the final will be on May 22.  All the matches will be played at the Guru Nanak Stadium in Ludhiana.

The teams taking part in the third edition of Indian Women’s League are:

Group A                                                                         Group B

Rising Student’s Club                             Manipur Police Sports Club

Gokulam Kerala                                      Sethu FC

Football Club Alakhpura                       Bangalore United Football Club

Hans Women Football Club                  CRPF Women’s Football Team

Central SSB Women Football Team     SAI-STC Cuttack

Panjim Footballers                                    FC Kolhapur City

Tripura Sports School                             Baroda Football Academy

Third season IWL 2019 :

The third season of the women’s football championship will be played in Ludhiana, Punjab. The third edition of the Indian Women’s League will get underway on May 5 and all the matches will be played at the Guru Nanak Stadium in Ludhiana.                                                                          



Sewage into SWDs – Action on property owners – Bengaluru

Sewage into SWDs – Action on property owners – Bengaluru

Sewage into SWDs – Sewage water is being let into the SWD’s in Bengaluru by 497 properties. The Bengaluru Water Supply and Sewage Board (BWSSB) has issued notices to 389 of the property owners in namma Bengaluru ranging from houses to business establishments.

Bengaluru Topography :

Bengaluru is draped over the Deccan Plateau at an altitude of 949 meters (3113 ft.) above sea level, which gives it possibly the best climate among all the cities in India. Legend has it that Bengaluru  got its name from the words “BendhaKaaLu” (which means boiled beans in the local language Kannada).

King VeeraBallala of the Vijayanagara kingdom was once lost in a forest and happened to stumble upon a lonely cottage. An old woman that lived there could offer the starving king only boiled beans “BendhakaaLu” and the place came to be known as “BendhakaaLuooru” (ooru in Kannada means a city).

BendhakaaLooru later came to be known as BengaLooru in Kannada and Bangalore in English. However, historical evidence shows that “BengaLooru” was recorded much before King Ballala’s time in a 9th century temple inscription in the village of Begur. Even today “BengaLooru” exists within the city limits in Kodigehalli area and is called as “HalebengaLooru” or “Old Bangalore.”

Bangalore water supply and Sewage board :

The Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board (BWSSB) is the premier governmental agency responsible for sewage disposal and water supply to namma Bengaluru.. It was formed in 1964.

BWSSB currently supplies approximately 900 million liters (238 million gallons) of water to the city per day, despite a municipal demand of 1.3 billion liters. Water for the city (with a population of 10 million) comes from a number of sources, with 80% of it coming from the Cauvery river.  Water is also drawn from the Arkavathy river, but the supply does not meet the demand.

Storm water drains – sewage seeping in:

A storm water drain is an infrastructure designed to drain excess rain and ground water from impervious surfaces such as paved streets, car parks, parking lots, footpaths, sidewalks, and roofs. Storm drains vary in design from small residential dry wells to large municipal systems.

Drainage/Sewage and storm water in the same drain

Drains receive water from street gutters on most motorways, freeways and other busy roads, as well as towns in areas with heavy rainfall that leads to flooding  and coastal towns with regular storms.  Even gutters from houses and buildings can connect to the storm drain.

Many storm drainage systems are gravity sewers  that drain untreated storm water into rivers or streams — so it is unacceptable to pour hazardous substances into the drains.  Storm drains often cannot manage the quantity of rain that falls in heavy rains or storms.  Inundated drains can cause basement and street flooding.

In many areas require detention tanks inside a property that temporarily hold runoff in heavy rains and restrict outlet flow to the public sewer. This reduces the risk of overwhelming the public sewer. Some storm drains mix storm water (rainwater) with sewage,  either intentionally in the case of combines sewers, or unintentionally.

Relationship to sanitary sewer systems :

Storm drains are separate and distinct from sanitary sewer systems. The separation of storm sewers from sanitary sewers helps prevent sewage treatment plants becoming overwhelmed by infiltration/inflow during a rainstorm, which could discharge untreated sewage into the environment.

Many storm drainage systems drain untreated storm water into rivers or streams. Many local governments conduct public awareness campaigns about this, lest people dump waste into the storm drain system.

Combined sewers :

Cities that installed their sewage collection systems before the 1930s typically used single piping systems to transport both urban runoff and sewage. This type of collection system is referred to as a combined sewer system (CSS).

The cities’ rationale when combined sewers were built was that it would be cheaper to build just a single system. In these systems a sudden large rainfall that exceeds sewage treatment capacity is allowed to overflow directly from storm drains into receiving waters via structures called combined sewer overflows.

Contaminated water enters storm water drain

Storm drains are typically at shallower depths than combined sewers; because, while storm drains are designed to accept surface runoff from streets, combined sewers were designed to also accept sewage flows from buildings with basements

The BBMP vs BWSSB ‘passing the parcel’ game :

When it rains in Bengaluru, the rajakaluves or storm water drains will overflow as there is no scope for the water to seep into the ground.  The biggest problem is that the BBMP is in charge of storm water drains, while the BWSSB is responsible for managing Bengaluru’s sewage system.

Both BBMP and BWSSB are passing the buck.  It has been decades and no one is bothered to rectify the city’s sewage and storm water drain system.

So many sewage lines are connected to the Storm Water Drains.  People have been ranting about this issue and the agencies are not doing anything.

Notice to property owners – Sewage into SWDs :

The BWSSB has sent notices to 389 property owners and is in the process of puling up the remaining ones.  The details of the violation has been sent to the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board.

Apartment’s sewage water seeping into the storm water drain

The notice issuance is in the wake of the National Green Tribunal’s direction to the Karnataka State Government.  The direction is to take action and to plan to put an end to the contamination of run-off rainwater in SWDs.

Some of the Property owners – Sewage to SWDs :

Many apartment owners like Pebble Creak, Brooke Enclave on ITPL Main road, Chaitanya Prestige Shantiniketan on Whitefield road, Gopalan enclave on ECC road.  `

The educational institutions are also included in the list.  They are Shree Chaitanya Techno School in Mahalakshmi layout and also a number of paying guest accommodations in Ambedkar Nagar.

Apartment’s sewage discharge

The eastern part of Bengaluru top the list with 276 properties violating the rules. The BWSSB board is imposing a fine of Rs.5000 to violators all these time.  But now the BWSSB board wants to take the opinion of the legal cell to take serious action.

Option to property owners – Sewage connection :

Those property owners who are willing to follow the rules, the board will be imposing a penalty and to apply for the sewage connection.    The board is planning to take property owners who are violating to the court.  According to the Board KSPCB (Karnataka State Pollution Control Board) can file criminal cases against violators.

Legal actions will be taken against large apartment owners if found guilty .  Even individual houses will not be spared.

Need of the hour :

The unauthorized, rampant encroachment of marshlands and bugger zones of lakes, obstruction sewer pipes and manholes, encroachment of store water pipes, garbage dumped in the Storm Water Drains have blocked the outlets of rainwater.

What is needed in namma Bengaluru is a need of a shared project with the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board to have all the sewage go into trunk sewers on either side of the drain. The reason Bengaluru has faced floods is there is no place for sewage, which flows back into lakes.

ACB raid on Assistant Engineer

ACB raid on Assistant Engineer

On 24.10.2019, ACB Bengaluru caught Sri. Shivu (Shivakumar) Meter Reader while accepting a bribe of Rs.1,10,000/- on behalf of Sri. Tousiff, Assistant executive Engineer (A.E)

A Resident of Bengaluru had applied for the conversion of electric connection from Residential to commercial at Commercial Tariff, Assistant Executive Engineers Office, BESCOM, E-10, Sub-division, Pai Layout, Bengaluru.

Sri. Tauriff, Assistant Executive Engineer (A.E) BESCOM, E-10, Sub-Division, Kaggadasapura, Bengaluru had demanded a bribe of Rs,1,10,000/-  to convert residential electric connection to commercial tariff.

Both Sri. Shivu (Shivakumar) meter reader and Sri.Tausiff, Assistant Engineer have been suspended.  Bribe money has been confiscated.  Investigation is on.

ACB search is done at BBMP Mahadevapura office and at BDA.

High Voter turnout at Karnataka – 69% LS Elections 2019

High Voter turnout at Karnataka – 69% LS Elections 2019

High voter turnout was recorded at Karnataka at 69% for the general elections 2019.

General Elections 2019 :

After a non-stop campaign for about a month, the remaining 14 seat out of 28 Lok Sabha seats in the State of Karnataka went to polls in the second and final phase on 23rd .  The battle lines outlined for a bipolar contest between the ruling coalition partners Congress-JD(S) and the BJP.

The Election Commission of India announced that the voting turnout was 68.6%. 

Record voting at Mandya :

Karnataka recorded 68.6% surpassing the previous best record of 67.6% recorded during General Elections 1999.

Mandya constituency broke all records.  Mandya  recorded 80% of voting.  The previous highest voting record was held by Dakshina Kannada at 77.15% in 2014.  In 1984 elections Mandya had polled 77.13%.

In the Second phase Chikkodi had the highest turnout with 71.79% while Raichur had the lowest with 53.30%

II Phase voting turnout :

The constituency-wise breakdown of turnout is as follows ;

Chikkodi  – 69.43%

Belgaum  –  58.72%

Bagalkot  –  65.77%

Bijapur  –  60.28%

Gulbarga –  53.74%

Raichur   – 56.90%

Koppal   –  63.43%

Bellary   –  63.40%

Haveri  –  63.22%

Dharwad  –  64.89%

Uttara Kannada –  69.38%

Davanagere  –  66.70%

Shimogga  –  68.65%

In the first phase on 18 April, 14 constituencies in the southern part of the state covering old Mysuru region and a couple of coastal districts had gone to the polls, recording an overall voter turnout of 68.81 per cent.

45 Lakes revival in Bengaluru by 2025

45 Lakes revival in Bengaluru by 2025

45 lakes revival in Bengaluru by 2025 is the dream of Anand Malligavad.  He has Rejuvenated three near-dead lakes on the city’s outskirts through a ‘natural,’ citizen-driven way.

Bengaluru in earlier days was very well known as “The City of Lakes“. Kempegowda, the founder of Bengaluru, who had broad vision, established several tanks and lakes to impound runoff water, so that the same could be utilized for better purposes and also enhanced the beauty of our garden city.

The farsighted founder dotted the city with numerous lakes/tanks in and around the city to ensure, that its citizens would always have abundance of water to drink, irrigate their lands and use for secondary purposes.

History of Lakes in Bengaluru :

The earliest history of creation of lakes in and around the city is traced to the founders of Bengaluru –the Kempe Gowdas– in the Sixteenth century and later by the Wodeyars of Mysore Kingdom and the British.

Most lakes in the Bengaluru region were constructed in the sixteenth century by damming the natural valley systems by constructing bunds.

Most of the lakes and tanks were man-made for purposes of drinking water, irrigation and fishing needs and they have also favorably influenced micro-climate of the city.

The lake waters have also served as “Dhobhi Ghats” or places where washer–men have traditionally used them as a means of livelihood for washing clothes and drying them. The lakes have also served to replenish ground water resources in the vicinity, which are tapped through wells for drinking water.  

Role of Lakes – reasons for lakes revival:

In the urban area of Bengaluru, water bodies cover about 5% of the land. The lakes of Bengaluru  have attained an important ecological status as the lakes have turned into lentic-closed aquatic habitats. These lakes form a unique irreplaceable system.

The man-made lakes of this zone can be viewed as a basin with several zones of water at varying depths, abutting a deeper zone that lies towards the bund.

The zonation is dynamic and promotes the growth of variety of emergent, floating, anchored floating and submerged vegetation, each of which shows a preference for a particular range of water depths. 

Lakes revival – Importance of lakes to Bengaluru  :

The city of Bengaluru does not have any perennial river. It is dependent on the Cauvery river, about 140 km away for water. The naturally undulating terrain of Bengaluru city, with its hills and valleys, lends itself perfectly to the development of lakes that can capture and store rainwater.

The lakes in Bengaluru form a chain of hydrological connection through them. The flow of water runs from North to South-East as well as South-West along the natural gradient of the land.

During monsoons, the surplus water from the upstream lake flows down into the next lake in the chain and from there further down. This connectivity did not allow an overflow of water out of the lake into the surrounding area as additional quantity of seasonal water was transferred to other lakes.

The lakes thus forms a chain of reservoirs in each of the three valley systems. Each valley at the ridge top gives birth to small streams. These cascades down to form major stream systems in three valleys namely Hebbal Valley, Koramangala & Challaghatta Valley and Vrishabhavati Valley.

These valleys are the repository of all the lakes in Bengaluru and these lakes themselves are interlinked to each other through a series of chains of lakes giving a cascading effect to the whole system.

Need for Lakes revival – Encroachment of lakes :

Most of the lakes have vanished due to encroachment and construction activity for urban infrastructure expansion. The city once had 280-285 lakes of which 7 cannot be traced, 7 are reduced to small pools of water, 18 have been un-authorizedly encroached by slums and private parties.

14 lakes have dried up and are leased out by the Government. 28 lakes have been used by the Bangalore Development Authority to distribute sites and build extensions for residential areas. The remaining lakes are in fairly advanced state of deterioration.

The lakes which was used for other purposes are :

  • Challaghatta lake changed to Karnataka Golf Association
  • Koramangala lake changed to National Games Complex in Ejipura
  • Siddikatte Lake has now become Krishnarajendra Market
  • Karanji tank is the Gandhi Bazar area
  • Kempambudhi is now a sewerage collection tank
  • Nagashettihalli lake changed to Space department
  • Kadugondanahalli lake changed to Ambedkar Medical College
  • Domlur lake changed to BDA layout
  • Millers lake changed to Guru Nanak Bhavan, Badminton Stadium
  • Subhashnagar lake changed to Residential layout
  • Kurubarahalli lake changed to Residential layout
  • Kodihalli lake changed to Residential layout
  • Sinivaigalu lake changed to Residential layout
  • Marenahalli lake changed to Residential layout
  • Shivanahalli lake changed to Playground, Bus stand
  • Chenamma tank changed to a burial ground at Banashankari 2nd Stage
  • Puttennahalli tank changed to J.P. Nagar 6th Phase
  • Jakkarayanakere has been converted into a sports ground
  • Kamakshipalya Lake is converted into a sports ground
  • Baalayyana Kere (kamakshipalya) is converted into a sports ground
  • Dasarahalli tank is converted into Dr. B.R Ambedkar Stadium
  • Bagalagunte hosa-kere in sy No 83 changed to residential layout
  • Bagalagunte Hale-kere in sY No.113 encroached partly, all the side of lake
  • Kacharkanahalli lake is the newest encroached Lake
  • Jaraganahalli lake in survey number 29/2C of jaraganahalli village, uttarahalli hobli, Bengaluru e south taluk. This is on kanakapura road, very close to sarakki signal. The lake has been completely encroached.

Lakes revival – Biodiversity  :

The lakes of Bengaluru are home to a diversity of living beings. The different types of biodiversity found in lakes of Bengaluru are:

  • Birds: Purple moorhen, Pheasant tailed jackana, Comorants, Kingfishers, Weaver birds, Purple Herons, Pond herons etc.,
  • Flora: Typha, lily lotus, algae, tapegrass, ferns, reeds and rushes
  • Fauna: Freshwater turtle, frogs, crabs, molluscs
  • Fish: Common carp, Grass carp, katla, Rohu etc.

Anand Malligavad to revive 45 lakes in Bengaluru :

After months of research and study on the city’s lakes, 38-year-old Anand Malligavad is all set to rejuvenate and revive 45 lakes by 2025.

First on the list of lakes revival was Kyalasanahalli Lake near Anekal, which was revived in 45 days.

Anand designed and executed the rejuvenation, rehabilitation and lakes revival with the help of nearby communities and some techies from Electronic city.

Kyalasanahalli lake :

They began the work of restoration on April 20, 2017 with a mere budget of 1 crore and 17 lakh.  The money was provided by Sansera Foundation. The nearby community helped in restoring the lake.

Without the help of any industry experts, architects or engineers, Anand, a mechanical engineer, along with fellow citizens, removed almost 4 lakh cubic meters of mud from the lake.

The mud which was removed was then used to create five islands of 110 diameters each.  All these across the lake, in only ten days. These islands now serve as nesting areas for birds, with a huge tree planted in the middle for nests, as well as fruit-bearing and flower saplings around.

A total of 18,000 saplings, 3,000 fruit bearings of 22 varieties, 3,000 native species of plants, and 2,000 ayurvedic plants, now populate the lake area, providing it with a bounty of natural treasures.

On June 5, 2017, the lake was fully transformed with flora and fauna. This paved the way for Anand, a lake conservationist to save the rest of the lakes. 

Join Anand and the Better India as part of the Lake Revivers Collective.  With his hard work, expertise and will to make it happen, he has been transforming the city to its former natural glory.  By doing this he is inspiring many more on the way.

To volunteer or know more about his lake restoration work write to him at

BESCOM official caught by ACB

BESCOM official caught by ACB

The ACB officials of Benglauru caught Mr.Shiva while accepting a bribe of Rs.1.1 lakh.

The complainant had applied for conversion of domestic meter to commercial   (class 2 to class 3) at the BESCOM, Kaggadasanapura Officer.  

The accused BECCOM Assistant Engineer Tausif had demanded Rs.1.10 lakh to get the work done.

Both are arrested and the trap amount is seized.

Indian Athletes shine – Asian Athletics championships 2019

Indian Athletes shine – Asian Athletics championships 2019

Indian Athletes Shine at the Asian Athletics Championships 2019 which is being  held at Doha, Qatar between April 21 to 24.  Asian Athletics Association is the governing body of athletics in Asia.

India is currently placed fifth in the Asian Athletics Championships 2019 medal table. 

Asian Athletics Championships 2019 :

The  Asian Athletics Championships 2019  is the 23rd edition of the Asian Athletics Championships. It is being held in Doha, Qatar.  During the closing ceremony of the 22nd Asian Athletics Championships in Bhubaneswar in India, President of Asian Athletics Association (AAA) Dahlan Al Hamad officially handed over the AAA Flag to Qatar Olympic Committee Secretary-General and Qatar Athletics Federation President Thani Abdulrahman Al Kuwari.

The event is held at the Khalifa International Stadium and will serve as the test event for the 2019 Athletics World Championships which are being held at the same venue.

43 nation’s are participating in the championships.

Athletics Federation of India (AFI) :

Athletics Federation of India (AFI) is the apex body for controlling, promoting and managing sport of Athletics in India and is affiliated to the IAAF, AAA, MYAS and Indian Olympic Association.

As declared in Memorandum of Association of AFI in its Constitution, AFI is responsible to select and control the Indian Athletics Contingent for the Olympics, Asian Games, Common Wealth & SAF Games and various other International competitions under the patronage of IOA, IAAF and other federations/associations.

These Athlete made India proud in Asian Athletics Championships 2019 :

  1. Tejinder Pal Singh Toor  – Men’s Shot put – Gold Medal
  2. Gomathi Marimuthu – Women’s 800m Final race – Gold Medal
  3. Shivpal Singh – Men’s Javelin throw – Silver Medal
  4. Jabir Madari Palliyalil – Men’s 400m hurdles – Bronze medal
  5. Gavit Murali Kumar – Men’s 10000m – Bronze Medal
  6. Poovamma Raju Machettira – Women’s 400m Final – Bronze
  7. Avinash Mukund Sable –  3000m Men’s Steeplechase race – Silver medal
  8. Parul Chaudhary – Women’s 5000m race – Bronze medal
  9. Annu Rani – Women’s Javelin Throw – Silver medal
  10. Swapna Barman – Heptathlon – Silver Medal
  11. Muhammed Anas, M.R.Poovamma, V.K.Vismaya & Arokia Rajiv – 4X400m Mixed Relay team – Silver medal
  12. Sanjivani Jadhav – Women’s 10000m – Bronze medal
  13. Saritaben Gayakwad – 400m hurdles – Bronze medal

Tejinder Pal Singh Toor – Gold medal at Asian Athletics Championships 2019 :

Tejinder Pal Singh Toor, born 13 November 1994 is a shot putter who holds the outdoor national record of 20.75m.

Asian games shot put medal winner tejinder
Gold medal winner

Toor was born on 13 November 1994 in Khosa Pando village in Moga district, Punjab. Hailing from a family of farmers, he switched from cricket to shot put at the insistence of his father.

In June 2017, Toor recorded his personal best outdoor throw of 20.40m at the Federation Cup National Senior Athletics Championships in Patiala,  but fell short of the World Championships qualification standard of 20.50m.  In the following month, he won the silver medal at the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships in Bhubaneswar with a throw of 19.77m, missing out on the gold medal by 0.03m.

The gold medal which he missed at Bhubaneshwar in the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships was won at the  Asian Athletics Championships 2019 at Doha, Qatar. His 1st round throw of 20.22m was enough to get him a gold in the Men’s Shot-put event.

Toor finished eighth in the final of the 2018 Commonwealth Games with a throw of 19.42m.On 25 August 2018, Toor won gold at the 2018 Asian Games with a 20.75m throw, breaking the Games Record and the national record.

Gomathi Marimuthu – Gold Medal at Asian Athletics Championships 2019 : 

Gomathi Marimuthu, the 30-year-old middle distance runner from Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, created history yesterday by winning India’s first gold medal in the 23rd Asian Athletics Championships at the Khalifa Stadium in Doha, Qatar.

She lost her farmer father to cancer. She struggled with an injury for two years. She lost her coach at the national camp to a heart attack.    But 30 year old Gomathi Marimuthu’s journey to winning India’s first gold at the Asian Athletics Championships is really an epitome of courage and conviction. 

Gomathi clocked a personal best time of 2 minute 02.70 seconds.   A daughter of farmers, for Gomathi, who only began professionally running when she was 20, it’s been ten long years of intense struggle. 

Shivpal Singh :

This 23-year-old won a Silver medal at the Asian championships in Doha with a personal best throw of 86.23 metres. India were represented by two throwers and while Shivpal finished second, Davinder Singh Kang – bronze medallist in the previous edition – finished at the bottom.

The medal was long time coming for someone who took up the sport at an early age. Shivpal was born in a family of javelin throwers and his father was a state-level competitor. His uncle and coach Jagmohan Singh was a 10-time gold medal winner in Services.

Jabir Madari Palliyalil :

Jabir won Men’s 400m hurdles bronzemedal with a personal bet of 49.13 seconds.

Gavit Murali Kumar :

The 21-year-old runner was born in Dang district of Gujarat. He made his debut in 2015 and has been going strong ever since.  This Indian long-distance runner, continued his preparations for the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships as he clinched the bronze medal.  

The long distance runner has been competing on the track ever since 2015 and has slowly progressed over the years. From his debut in 2015 – till now – Murli Kumar has been able to reduce his time for 5000 m by over forty seconds. While for 10000 m, the runner’s exploits and rigorous training have led to a reduction of over a minute.

Murli Kumar is one of India’s better prospects for Athletics in the future, and the 21-year-old will hope that he continues to deliver such performances.

Poovamma Raju Machettira :

She won bronze medal at women’s 400m finals  and a silver in 4x400m mixed relay at the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships at Doha, Qatar.

Machettira Raju Poovamma born on 5 June 1990 is a sprinter who specializes in the 400m distance.  As a member of the Indian 4×400 m relay teams she participated in the 2016 Olympics and won gold medals at the 2014 and 2018 Asian Games and 2013 and 2017 Asian championships; individually she won a silver medal in 2013 and a bronze in 2014 at those competitions. She received the Arjuna Award in 2015 for her contributions to athletics.

Poovamma was born to M. G. Raju and Jaji. She completed her primary and higher education in Mangaluru  and acquired her bachelor’s degree in business management from the Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Business Management, Karnataka. Her brother MR Manju also competed in the 400 m events at the national level.

Avinash Mukund Sable :

Sable clocked 8 minutes 30.19 seconds to win a silver in men’s 3000m steeplechase, his first international medal in his maiden international competition.

“I just gave my everything in the last 250m. I am really happy to win my first medal for the country,” he said.

Sable’s rise has been remarkable as he shifted from cross country to steeplechase in 2017. He was with Belarusian coach Nikolai Snesarev when he created his earlier national record during the National  Open Championships. He then parted ways with Nikolai and  trained with Army coach Amrish Kumar.

Maharashtra’s Sable, who is currently a havildar in the Army, had trained earlier under Kumar. 

Parul Chaudhary :

The 24-year-old Parul gave India the second medal as she finished third in women’s 5000m race, clocking a personal best of 15 minutes 36.03 seconds. She bettered her earlier personal best of 15:58.35 which she had clocked during the Federation Cup last month.

Annu Rani :

Annu Rani,  born on 28 August 1992 in Meerut is  a Javelin thrower and is the current national record holder. She is supported by Olympic Gold Quest, a not-for-profit  foundation that identifies and supports Indian athletes.

Rani, with a throw of 58.83 metres (193.0 ft) at the 2014 National Inter-State Championship in Lucknow,  broke the national record previously held by Furmeet Kaur, With this throw, she qualified for the 2014 Commonwealth Games, with the selection criteria being 58.46 metres. At the event, she finished eighth, with a best of 56.37 meters in the final.

In the same year, at the Asian Gamesin Incheon, South Korea.  She won the bronze medal with a throw of 59.53 meters, bettering her own national record. She Born in Jatt Farmer Family in Dabthuwa Village of Meerut.

In Bhubaneswar in Odisha  at the  2017 Asian Athletics Championships, Rani took a bronze medal with a throw of 57.32m.

The 26-year-old Annu, who had won a bronze in the 2017 edition in Bhubaneswar, hurled the spear to a best distance of 60.22m to grab the silver. China’s Lyu Huihui won the gold with an effort of 65.83m at the Khalifa Stadium.

Annu’s performance was, however, more than 2m short of her national record shattering effort of 62.34m during the Federation Cup at Patiala last month, which earned her a berth in the World Championships to be held at the same venue in September-October.

Swapna Barman :

Swapna Barman won the silver in the heptathlon with 5993 points at the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships.

Swapna Barman, born on 29th October 1996 is a heptathlete. She won the gold medal at 2018 Asian Games and was placed first in the Heptathlon at the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships. She is supported by the GoSports Foundation through the Rahul Dravid Athlete Mentorship Program.

Barman was born in Jalpaiguri, West Bengal in 1996. She is unusual in having six toes on each foot. Her mother Basana worked on a tea estate and her father, Panchanan Barman, was a rickshaw driver. and is bed-ridden after having suffered a stroke in 2013, making life tricky for his four children. She found it difficult to find the right food and her unusual feet caused her pain because she could not afford extra wide running shoes.

Swapna uses her prize money to look after her family who live in a house without a concrete wall. In 2016 she won a scholarship of 150,000 rupees in recognition of the success she had at athletics. She currently trains at the Sports Authority of India campus at Kolkata.

Sanjivani Jadhav :

Sanjivani Baburao Jadhav, born on 12th July 1996 is a long-distance athlete at 5000 m and 10,000 m. She won a bronze medal at 5000 m at the 2017 Asian Athletics Championships.   She won a bronze medal at the 2019 Asian Athletics Championships with a record timing of 32:44:96 seconds.

Jadhav was born in Nashik. She attended Bhonsala Militry college where she combined her ambition for sport with that of becoming a civil servant. She was identified as an outstanding athlete and supported by SportsNest who nurture sports athletes. In 2013 she won three medals at the 1st Asian School Athletics Meet. She came second in the 2016 Delhi marathon.

She is coached by Vijender Singh who trained Kavita Raut.  In 2018 she took a bronze medal in the 8 km event as part of the Asian Cross Country Championships in Guiyang.

Sanjivani received the Shivchhatrapati Award in 2018.

Saritaben Gayakwad :

Saritaben Laxmanbhai Gayakwad born  on 1st June 1994  is a sprinter who specializes in the 400m  hurdles.  She was part of the Indian Women’s 4×400 m relay team that won the gold medal at the 2018 Asian Games.

Gujarat Govt. has selected her as a brand ambassador of Gujarat State Poshan Abhiyan.

Gayakwad was born on 1 June 1994 in a tribal family in Kharadi Amba village, Dang District, Gujarat. She represented her state in national level kho kho competitions till 2010, before making the switch to sprinting.

Gayakwad was selected in the Indian women’s 4x400m relay team for the 2018 Commonwealth Games in Australia. She thus became the first track and field athlete from the state to be selected for the Commonwealth Games.

The quartet of Gayakwad, M.R.Poovamma, Hima Das and V.K.Vismaya clocked 3:28.72 in the final to clinch the gold medal.

She won a bronze medal with a record of 57.2 seconds at the 400m hurdles at the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships.

Mohammed Anas:

Mohammed was part of 4x400m mixed relay team which won silver medal at the 2019 Asian Athletes championships at Doha, Qatar.

Mohammad Anas Yahiya, born 17 September 1994 is a sprinter who specializes in the 400m distance. He competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics  in the 400 m. and the 4×400 m relay and holds the national record (45.31) in the 400 meters, which he set at the 2018 Czech Athletics Championships.

At the 2018 Asian Games, Anas won three silver medals, in the individual 400 m, and men’s 4×400 m and mixed 4×400 m relays. At the 2018 Commonwealth Games he placed fourth in the 400 m, while his men’s 4×400 m failed to finish.

Anas took up athletics at the Style Sports Academy in Nilamel. He initially trained in the long jump  and changed to 400 m by chance, when his school team was looking for a last-minute replacement for a 400 m competition. His younger brother competed in the long jump at the 2017 World University Games.

C.K.Vismaya :

Vismaya was part of the Indian 4x400m mixed relay team which won silver medal at the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships.

Velluva Koroth Vismaya, born 14 May 1997 is a sprinter who specializes in the 400m. She was part of the Indian Women’s 4×400 m. relay team that won the gold medal at the 2018 Asian games.

Arokia Rajiv :

He was part of the Indian 4x400m mixed relay team which won silver medal at the 2019 Asian Athletes Championships at Doha, Qatar.

Arokia Rajiv, born 22nd May 1991 is an Indian sprinter who specializes in the 400m distance. He won silver medals in the men’s and mixed 4×400 m relays at the 2018 Asian Games and placed third in the individual 400 m in 2014. He won medals in both the 400 m and 4×400 m events at the 2016 South Asian Games and 2017 Asian Championships. He competed in the relay at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Rajiv was born in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu in a poor family. He studied at the Government Boys Higher Secondary School  Lalgudi  and St. Joseph’s College Tiruchirappalli.

Rajiv began his career as a long jumper before taking to 400m.  At the 2014 Asian Games, he won the bronze medal, clocking 45.92 seconds in the final.[4] In the process, he bettered his previous best of 46.13 seconds, which he had achieved at the National Inter-State Championships in Lucknow in June 2014.

Digital libraries  – Karnataka – Bengaluru

Digital libraries – Karnataka – Bengaluru

Digital libraries will soon be a
reality in Bengaluru city and in other places in Karnataka. 

Cloud based digital libraries will be set up in 30 districts, 26 cities and in 216 taluks in Karnataka State.  This facility offers its members access to books and other resources.  A member of a library can study and test materials through websites and mobile app.

Over the past few years, libraries throughout the world have been in a state of transformation as a result of the impact of information technology.

No area of the library has remained untouched. The impact on collections, services, staff, and facilities has had major ramifications on budgets, planning, and training.

the concept of Digital Library has come which focus on access and service not
on buildings and volume.

Digital library :

A digital library is a collection of documents in organized electronic form, available on the Internet or on CD-ROM (compact-disk read-only memory) disks. Depending on the specific library, a user may be able to access magazine articles, books, papers, images, sound files, and videos.

library has certain characteristics, which make them different from traditional
library. It has expansive and accurate system of searching with large volumes
of text, image and audio-video resources. Digital libraries do not need physical space
to build collection and it can be accessed from anywhere, any time.

Need of E-library :

Digital libraries are systems providing user with coherent access to a very
large, organized repository of information and knowledge Digital library is a global virtual library. As a
result of this there is a worldwide need and trend to collect organize manage, protect and
distribute information in digital form.

The digital/Electronic Library System enables users to obtain open digitized
data from anywhere in the world by online access. With the various functions as
shown below, the Electronic Library System supports a series of user’s
actions for searching and reading books.


early history of libraries is poorly documented, but several key thinkers are
connected to the emergence of this concept. Predecessors include Paul Otlet and
Henri La Fontaine’s Mundaneum.  An
attempt begun in 1895 to gather and systematically catalogue the world’s
knowledge, the hope of bringing about world peace.

establishment of the digital library was total dependent on the progress in the
age of the internet. It not only provided the means to compile the digital
library but the access to the books by millions of individuals on the World
Wide Web.

early example of a digital library is the Education Resources information
Center (ERIC) a database of education citations and abstracts, which was
created in 1964 and made available online through DIALOG in 1969.

There are four major
types of libraries:

  1. Academic libraries serve colleges and universites.
  2. Public libraries serve cities and towns of all types.
  3. School libraries serve students from Kindergarten to grade 12.
  4. Special libraries are in specialized environments, such as hospitals, corporations, museums, the military, private business, and the government.


A digital library is not confined to a
particular location or so called building it is virtually distributed all over
the world. The user can get his/ her information on his own computer screen by
using the Internet. 

  1.  No Physical boundary
  2. Round the clock
  3. Multiple access
  4. Structural approach
  5. Information retrieval
  6. Preservation and conservation
  7. Space
  8. Net working
  9. Cost

Disadvantages :

The computer viruses, lack of standardization
for digitized information, quick degrading properties of digitized material,
different display standard of digital product and its associated problem,
health hazard nature of the radiation from monitor etc. makes digital libraries
at times handicap.

  1. Copyright
  2. Speed of access
  3. Initial cost is high
  4. Band width
  5. Efficiency
  6. Environment
  7. Preservation

of e-library :

Libraries play an important role in the educational and research process. A digital library can provide access to many of the knowledge networks around the world, which is a necessary component of any research experience.

Access to information and knowledge are
fundamental for education and development. 
It is important  as well for being
an essential requirement for improving the quality of life for people living in
regions where the population has not yet reached a high level of economic and
social development.

Libraries play an important role in the
educational and research process. A digital library can provide access to many
of the knowledge networks around the world, which is a necessary component of
any research experience.

Digital library concept :

Digital library is the concept of information stored digitally and made accessible to users through digital systems and networks, but having no single location.Traditional libraries collect, organize, provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections.

Traditional libraries collect, organize,
provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections. A library
collection may include books, magazines, journals, theses, dissertations,
manuscripts, audio-visuals, maps, etc.

The flexibility of digital technology allows it
to handle new kinds of object efficiently. Digital library collections can
include things without direct physical analogs, such as algorithms or real time
data feeds. They also may include digitized representations of what have
traditionally appeared largely in museums and archives.

With the rise of cost of paper publications and
library storage, increasing use of computers, decreasing budgets, many
libraries have to reduce their acquisition of books as well as their journal
subscriptions. Documents in electronic form can become more easily available
and widely used because the cost of digital storage and processing is going

Evaluation of Digitization Work and Digital Library System :

A digital library may be evaluated from a number of perspectives, such as collaboration pattern, system, access and usability, user interfaces, information retrieval, content and domain, services, cost and overall benefits and impact.

An important issue under discussion across
various communities is the set of metrics to be used for evaluating digital
libraries. Selection of digital library metrics should be considered from both
system-oriented and user-oriented viewpoints.

libraries in Karnataka :

Department of Public libraries has put forth a request for proposal to open
digital libraries in the State.  The proposal
includes 1088 Android tablets and 544 desktop computers which are needed in

department is in receipt of technical bids and will open the commercial bids
after the end of model code of conduct (General elections 2019).  The facility will meet the requirement of 25
lakh members of public libraries and around 10 lakh students in government high
schools and pre-university colleges.

project at other places in Karnataka :

pilot project is being set up in Haveri, Chamarajanagar and Tumakuru
districts.  The bids will be opened after
April 23 elections.

cloud based platform will be having digital rights management protected contents. 

library members will access the content by using their membership cards no. but
no member will delete, modify or copy the contents. The digital contents will
help those who appear for competitive examinations and to civil services exams.

books for all age groups will be available. 
Any authors can donate their digital books to the library.

Conclusion :

The information and communication technology has
changed the complexion of today’s libraries on a large scale and we the people are
in the middle of  information explosion
and information technology revolution leading to the emergence of electronic
information era.

Rapid advances in information processing,
storage and communication technologies have revolutionized the role of
worldwide libraries in information services to their users. As a result,
libraries are facing new challenges, new competitors, new demands, new expectations
and variety of information services from users tailored to their wants and

Libraries around the world have been working on
this daunting set of challenges for several years.  They have created many digital library
initiatives and projects, and have formed many  national schemes for jointly exploring key

As with most other technical developments in libraries over the years, one has to move forward in small, manageable, evolutionary steps, rather than in a rapid revolutionary manner.

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) – White Topping of  Roads

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) – White Topping of Roads

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) – has been filed by a group of citizens who are living in Jayanagar and Basavangudi in High Court against white-topping of roads in the area.

White-topping of roads in Bengaluru :

This Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is against the white-topping of roads in Bengaluru. White-topping has created a havoc by burdening the citizens with escalating traffic and dust problems.

The deadline for white-topping of 94 km roads under 1st phase which is costing Rs.986.64 crore lapsed in July 2018,with only 15% of the work being completed. 

Glitches in the procedure – Public Interest Litigation :

The Bengaluru city is following a flawed method of white-topping roads, as cement is poured wherever there is asphalt.  

During white-topping of roads, only a part of the asphalt layer is being removed and replaced with cement blocks that are thick by 5 inches.  This in turn is making the road level very high.  Ideally they should remove a layer below the asphalt called sub-grade.

The sub-grade needs to be surface-milled so that when concrete is put, one achieves the similar height as before.   Since the cement blocks are thick in size, they are covering the water drains laid out on the sides of the footpath.  Footpaths are at a lower level when compared to the elevated roads.

Problems at Basavangudi due to white topping – Public Interest Litigation filed :

The problems have multiplied recently at Basavangudi due to the white topping.  The residents are unable to take out their vehicles.  The height of the roads has been increased.  Basavangudi is one of the city’s best-planned area.

Motorists, residents complain that after white topping, they are facing more problems than what it was before.  It has become a nightmare to motorists due to the mess created by BBMP.

Due to the increased height of the roads in Basavangudi, it is causing flooding.  Whenever it rains the water along with garbage enters the houses.  After the white topping done, the BBMP has forgotten to remove the construction debris.

Some of the roads at Basavangudi has turned into one-way after white-topping.  This has contributed to a reduction in the business for the traders.

Woes of the residents:

Traffic jam has become a major problem.  Sometimes parking a car is a big problem.  The wheel gets stuck between the road and the footpath.  For two-wheelers, they can easily slip and fall.  No warning signs are placed anywhere to indicate where the white topping road is being laid in some areas.

Public money at stake – Public interest litigation :

Many roads that are being white-topped are those roads that were either recently tarred or were in good condition.  So the concreting of these roads is simply waste of resources.

The selection of the roads that requires white-topping should be taken locally at the ward level.  As people in the ward are more aware of the condition of a particular road and whether or not it requires white-topping.

white topping road

Those roads which are white-topped lack a sufficient utility duct.  This shows the government’s involvement in building good roads.

What is missing from white topped roads are uniform vehicle lanes, wide footpaths and the entire road geometry.

Citizen’s seeking High Court Intervention :

A group of citizens residing in Jayanagar and Basavangudi has moved the High Court intervention against road white-topping project.  They want to stop work between Madhavan Park and Nagasandra Cricle.

According to the residents of the area the roads marked for white topping is in perfect condition without potholes or any damages.  The work has started 3 weeks back in the above mentioned stretch.  The footpaths are full with pipes. 

According to the residents the water and sanitary lines have not been shifted.  The work has been allotted to a Hyderabad company.  The workers have no idea about the utility pipes lying beneath the road.

Cauvery water pipes –  Public Interest Litigation :

T he Cauvery water pipes beneath the road in this area carry water to many parts of the city.  The water supply is to the eastern parts of Bengaluru and also to the places like NIMHANS,  Ejipura, Jayanagar, Double Road and Siddapura.  These pipes are more than 25 years old and shifting them is a major task.

Any damage to the pipe while shifting will affect water supply to lakhs of people .  there is also the lack of co-ordination between the BWSSB and BBMP. 

Disruption to common man :

The Senior citizens are most affected by the white-topping.  The contractors keep raising the level of the road every time the work is taken and this has increased the road height and is a cause to flooding. 

Materials required for white-topping is dumped on the footpaths, forcing pedestrians to walk on the road.  Large pipes are blocking the footpaths.

The road after the topping has become too high.   The residents are unable to take out their vehicles.  The height of the roads has been increased.  Basavangudi is one of the city’s best-planned area.

Motorists, residents complain that after white topping, they are facing more problems than what it was before.  It has become a nightmare to motorists due to the mess created by BBMP.

According to a citizens,”the height of the road will increase and citizens will suffer as water and dirt will enter their homes.  It is unscientifically being done because water and sanitary line should be placed at a distance, here, the workers have no idea”.

Burden to citizens :

The white-topping of roads in Bengaluru has created havoc by overly burdening citizens with increasing traffic and dust problems.   The white topping of 94 km roads which falls under phase 1 costing Rs.986.64 crore lapsed in July 2018.

The  completed work is only 20%.  Despite the phase 1 pending work, the BBMP has floated tenders for an another stretch of 63.25 km under phase 2.  This has increased the enduring of traffic jam to the citizens.

The city is following a flawed method of white topping roads, as concrete is being poured wherever there is asphalt.  While white topping of roads, a part of the asphalt layer is removed and replaced with cement blocks that are 5 inches thick.  This is making the level of the road much higher.

Other areas to be covered under white topping :

Some of the main roads that will be white topped under phase 2 includes the Central Business District, heavily populated Jayanagar Shopping complex and surrounding areas, East end road, Koramangala, Wilson Garden, Gandhi Bazaaar, Madhavan Parrk to Hosur road stretch.

With the ongoing metro construction, the white topping of roads is adding the traffic mess in Bengaluru causing distress and a lot of problem to the citizens.

Loss of Greenery – Public Interest Litigation :

One of the main reasons for the residents to file the Public Interest Litigation is that white-topping will result in the loss of 14 fully grown trees on the marked stretch.

According to the Chairman of BWSSB, shifting of underground sewage lines is a big challenge before them.  The sewage lines are at a depth and are big in diameter. 

The pipes go by the gravity flow so to maintain that flow, the pipes have to be cut deeper at some of the points and that is really a time consuming work.

There should be co-ordination between BBMP and BWSSP while replacing and shifting of underground  pipelines.

White Topping roads – a project taken over by BBMP is posing problems and a nightmare to the citizens in the city.

Status of the Public Interest Litigation case :

The High Court has issued a notice to the civic body of the city BBMP Standing Council for their response to the Public Interest Litigation.

Anti-tobacco circular in vain – Bengaluru

Anti-tobacco circular in vain – Bengaluru

Anti-tobacco circular which was passed last year strictly banning smoking in pubs and hotels in Karnataka State across all urban and local bodies is in vain.

Due to this ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones in their premises without prior permission.  The Government issued anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.

The Provisions of smoking ban – Anti-tobacco circular

Due to smoking ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones in their premises without prior permission.  The Government issued anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.

The establishments can earmark a smoking Zone by taking prior permission but should not provide furniture, seating arrangements or curtains to smokers due to smoking ban.

If any of the establishments violate the rules by not complying to smoking ban/ anti-tobacco circular strictly, the licences will be cancelled with immediate effect.

Loss of Licence :

The IT City Bengaluru’s bars, pubs and restaurants are at the risk of losing their trade licence if they do not provide smoking areas due to smoking ban. 

The BBMP, which is the licensing authority, has issued a circular regarding strict smoking ban.  The enterprises are to close down smoking areas where food and beverages are served.

According to the findings of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, the health of the public in general is affected by passive smoking.  The Government has passed a circular on 17th November strictly smoking ban in public places.

Health risks of smoking :

Smoking damages your heart and your blood circulation, increasing your risk of developing conditions such as:

  • coronary heart disease.
  • heart attack.
  • stroke.
  • peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels)
  • cerebro-vascular disease (damaged arteries that supply blood to your brain)

Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in lungs. Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.

Results of Passive smoking:

  • premature death
  • increase risk of coronary heart disease by 25-40%
  • 69 cancer causing chemicals
  • respiratory illness in children
  • causes asthma
  • bronchitis and pneumonia
  • lung cancer, heart disease
  • stroke

Studies have shown that blood samples of workers exposed continuously to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain levels of high nicotine and this is a violation of their right to health.

People who have never smoked and who live with people who do smoke are at increased risk to a range of tobacco-related diseases.

The move by the Government by smoking ban is to protect the rights of non-smokers and curb the effects of passive smoking as per Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of health of non-smokers Act and the Cigrattee & other Tobacco Products Act. (COPTA).

Real scenario – Anti tobacco circular :

According to Dr. Thriveni. B.S. the project Leader of Smoke-Free, Bengaluru not a single bar in the city has applied for a no-objection certificate from the BBMP to ensure that their smoking zones are compliant with the law.

According to the law the establishments are also not allowed to serve food or liquor, or even water and beverages, at the designated smoking zones on their premises. If these rules cannot be followed, the owners have to clear the smoking zone with immediate effect.


It is the duty and responsibility of the BBMP to issue no-objection certificates.  The certificates are granted after an inspection of smoking rooms in restaurants, bars and hotels. The main criteria is to ensure that they were not a fire hazard and were compliant with the code.

The Excise Department has been asked by the civic body to include the circular into the excise licence in order to strengthen the effort of the BBMP.

Hotels with at least 30 rooms and restaurants with a seating capacity of 30 or more can create exclusive smoking enclosures away from places where food and beverages are served. 

To do that only after taking a no-objection certificate from the tobacco control cell of the BBMP and in strict compliance with fire safety guidelines and a Supreme Court judgement in this regard. 

Health hazards to others :

Smoking in Food & Beverages  outlets harms all customers since there is nothing called a safe level of exposure, according to Dr Rao, consultant head and neck oncology surgeon at HCG. “Studies also show that blood samples of workers continuously exposed to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain high nicotine levels. This is a violation of their right to health,” he said. 

The Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Health of Non-smokers Act, 2001, does not permit self-created, designated smoking areas. Moreover, Section 4 of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act states that hospitality establishments with designated smoking zones should not provide F&B services there. 

According to World Health Organization, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) mainly Cardiovascular Diseases like Stroke, Diabetes, Cancer and lung diseases are attributed to nearly 61% of deaths in India and in 2008, NCDs accounted for 5.2 million deaths.

Tobacco is one of the risk factors for NCDs and globally 14% of all NCD deaths among adults are attributed to tobacco.

Percentage of smokers die from smoking :

The study of more than 200,000 people, published in BMC medicine, found about 67 percent of smokers perished from smoking-related illness. That rate is higher than doctors previously estimated. Tobacco smoke can boost the risk for least 13 types of cancer. The earlier one quit, the better.

Most statistics look at the overall risk of lung cancer, combining both people who smoke and those who have never smoked. Based on United States statistics, the lifetime risk that a person will develop lung cancer is 6.4 percent or a little greater than one out of every 15 people.

Sports Talent – Nagma Rahman Sharieff – Bengaluru

Sports Talent – Nagma Rahman Sharieff – Bengaluru

Sports Talent is difficult to find.  Talent alone will not confirm a success story.  Not when one’s father is struggling to make meet the daily needs meet as an auto driver.

Nagma Rahman Sharieff, a auto driver’s daughter from Bengaluru could be the next pace queen of Indian cricket.

Nagma bowls at 97-100km/hr. Like any other male cricketers, she also wants to bowl at a pace of 130km/hr

Indian Women cricket team  – Sports talent :

Women’s cricket in India hasn’t been the same since Jhulan Goswami did what she did and made the gentleman’s game accessible to pretty much any aspiring young girl.

Nagma Rahman Sharieff, a 16-year-old crickter from humble origins —her father drives an auto for a living — wants to be the next Jhulan Goswami.

Nagma Sharieff  – Sports Talent :

Nagma’s involvement with cricket started when she was 14 —  a precocious girl watching her elder brother Fazulla Sharieff, who is also a cricketer playing.

She recalls how it began, “I watched as he played and won several gold medals for his fast bowling in the zonal matches. But I was not aware that girls also played cricket. I asked my father if I could also play cricket. Without a second thought, he agreed and brought me to Karnataka Institute of Cricket.’

Karnataka Institute of Cricket – Sports talent :

KIOC is the only cricket coaching centre that operates throughout the year. For the benefit of trainees, KIOC operates five sessions a day. In reality, there is activity all through the day as many senior state cricketers utilize the facility for specific training.

One-to-One coaching is conducted during the period between the morning and evening sessions & again after the evening session under flood lights.

Karnataka Institute of Cricket was inaugurated by the then India captain Mohammad Azharuddin in 1996 at the RBANM’s ground, Bangalore.

Journey of Nagma Sharieff :

In order to play for the Karnataka State Under-16 Girls cricket team, Nagma had to take a break from school and play zonal matches.

She took a break from her studies when she was class in 2018.  Since then she has played many zonal cricket matches. While attending the school she was finding it difficult to practice cricket nor concentrate on her studies. 

This made her decide to take  a break and work on improving her skills and pace.  Till date she has played 3 times for the Under-16 and twice for the Under-19 cricket teams.

She is hoping to rejoin school and complete her class IX and X.

Nagma Sheriff – routine practice :

Nagma starts her day with warm-up exercises like jogging, stretching and bending. She along with her two siblings, spends her time at KIOC till 9 pm.

Sometimes, the coach trains them by giving one-on-one classes. This increasingly happened when she was selected for the Under-16 team. Irfan Sait, who is the owner and coach at KIOC, spends not less than six hours a day honing her skills.

Irfan Sait – Coach to Nagma :

Irfan Sait, the owner of KIOC, was also instrumental in helping Nagma achieve her dream.  According to Ifran, “Nagma is a hard working and extremely talented girl.  She is a fast bowler and has been doing quite well,  With her talent, she has the potential to get into the Indian Women’s cricket team very soon.”

Message in an auto :

Meet this cricket dad, who is so much more than the moniker he has earned. Sharieff has been working as an auto-driver for the past 26 years, driving a rented auto. With his earnings of Rs 15,000 a month, Sharieff manages to pay his children’s school fees, auto rent, house rent and takes care of his family expenses.

Besides this, he has managed to send all his three children to the Karnataka Cricket Academy. “My children are very good at sports. They have won a lot of medals and trophies at sports competitions. So I decided to enroll them in the Karnataka Institute of Cricket (KIOC). I could not afford the fees at the cricket academy but we are glad that the academy is coaching my children free of cost.’’

Physiotherapy and Fitness –  : Somya Rout

Physiotherapy and Fitness – : Somya Rout

Physiotherapy  also known as physical therapy, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or Kinesology) Manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient’s quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education. It is performed by  physiotherapists.

addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical
therapy profession include research, education, consultation and
administration. Physiotherapy services may be provided as primary care
treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with, other medical services.

Physiotherapy – Sports :

Physiotherapists are closely involved in the care and well-being of athletes including recreational, semi-professional (paid) and professional (full-time employment) participants. This area of practice encompasses athletic injury management under 5 main categories:

  1. acute care –
    assessment and diagnosis of an initial injury;
  2. treatment –
    application of specialist advice and techniques to encourage healing;
  3. rehabilitation –
    progressive management for full return to sport;;
  4. prevention –
    identification and address of deficiencies known to directly result in, or act
    as precursors to injury, such as movement assessment.
  5. education – sharing of
    specialist knowledge to individual athletes, teams or clubs to assist in
    prevention or management of injury.

who work for professional sport teams often have a specialized sports
certification issued through their national registering organisation. Most
Physical therapists who practice in a sporting environment are also active in
collaborative sports medicine programs too.

Fitness :

To be physically fit means to be in a state of health and well-being. Physical fitness is defined as the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist disease and to react to emergency situations.

A person who is fit is capable of living life
to its fullest
extent. Physical and mental fitness play very important roles
in your lives and people who are both, physically and mentally fit are less
prone to medical conditions as well.

There are four types
of fitness that are important to incorporate into your physical activity

  • Cardiovascular/aerobic
  • Anaerobic exercise.
  • Joint flexibility.
  • Muscular endurance and

Physical activity or exercise can improve your
health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like type 2 diabetes,
cancer and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and exercise can have
immediate and long-term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can
improve your quality of life.

Somya Rout :

Somya is a sport physiotherapist  and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team,  All India Football Federation and India U-16.

He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat
and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.

He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.

He is the
co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru.  It is a fantastic
physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your
body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and

Qualification and
achievements – Somya Rout :

Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi
university of health sciences) Karnataka.

PG in clinical research.

Certified Manual therapist.

Certification in Sports Science (Apollo

Strength and conditioning (Exercise and sports
sciences International consultancy).

Member of Indian Association of

Certified Physiotherapist at Asian Football
Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR ( Qatar)

He has worked with :

Odisha Ranji Team for 3 years

Micheal Bevan (tour to Australia) 2009-2012

The Indian Football team U 16

SAFF Championship ,Gold

Asian Football Qualifiers in Kuwait.

India U19 SAFF Championship Nepal ,Runners up

Asian Championship Trophy Malaysia.

Head Physiotherapist Sports Authority of

Indian Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.

Physical fitness :

fitness is a
state of health and well-being  and
more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports,  occupations and daily activities. Physical
fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise and sufficient rest.

the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry
out the day’s activities without undue fatigue. However, with automation and
changes in lifestyles physical
 is now considered a
measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work
and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic disease and to
meet emergency situations

Bangalorean Day Out – Bengaluru

Bangalorean Day Out – Bengaluru

Bangalorean Day out is an initiative by to bring out those who have made name and fame in their chosen field.  is a social interactive platform which is all about Bengaluru and its people.

Goal of Bangalorean Day out :

The goal of Bangaloean Day out is to get the desired results from the show by learning from the guest’s their experience, his/her  failures and successes in life. Most of all the aim is to  pass an important message to the public.

The show features celebrity guests who talk about their work and personal lives as well as their latest achievements. 

Bangalorean day out – Monthly program :

Each month Bangalorean Day out  interacts and interviews best selling authors and experts in the areas of success, spirituality, business, self-improvement, science, entertainment to name a few.  The guests at the talk show provide timeless wisdom and insight that will radically shift and change the perspective of life.

A Brief introduction to this month’s guests :

Kajol Bhatia – Mrs.India Karnataka :

Having been born and brought up in Namma Bengaluru  this Sindhi girl – Kajol Bhatia (born as Sapna Nagpal) knows the city inside out. She can drive you from the North to the South without the help of Google Maps. She is vivacious and always high on energy. Anyone close to her will know how great a multi-tasker she is, too.

She has also been an enthusiastic participant in various athletic and talent competitions, in the past, out of which she has been a winner at many.

Kajol married into a joint family, 23 years ago, and has been efficiently juggling her responsibilities at home and social circles since then. She is a fashion designer by profession but a happy homemaker by choice. She chose to keep her career on hold and devoted all her time to her loving husband and adorable sons.

She won the State title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2018’.  She also bagged the title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka DIVA 2018’ .  she won the title of ‘Classic Mrs. India 2018‘ in Chennai.  She won the International subtitle of ‘Mrs Charming Asia International 2018‘.

Somya Rout – Physiotherapy and Fitness :

Somya is a sport physiotherapist  and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team,  All India Football Federation and India U-16.

He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.

He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.

He is the co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru.  It is a  fantastic physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and stronger.

His qualification and achievements are endless. Here is a list :

Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi university of health sciences) Karnataka.

PG in clinical research.

Certified Manual therapist.

Certification in Sports Science (Apollo Hospital)

Strength and conditioning (Exercise and sports sciences International consultancy).

Member of Indian Association of Physiotherapist

Certified Physiotherapist at Asian Football Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR ( Qatar)

He has worked with :

Odisha Ranji Team for 3 years

Micheal Bevan (tour to Australia) 2009-2012

The Indian Football team U 16

SAFF Championship ,Gold

Asian Football Qualifiers in Kuwait.

India U19 SAFF Championship Nepal ,Runners up

Asian Championship Trophy Malaysia.

Head Physiotherapist Sports Authority of Gujarat.

Indian Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.

Sangeetha Rajeev  – Pop Star :

Sangeetha Rajeev being a Singer, Composer started off as an Independent by conceptualizing a Kannada Pop Rock band Sarvasva.

This charismatic singer  progressed into an EDM Pop genre dishing out singles like Zindagi, Nan E Life, Chan Se Udi, Kare, Tuhi which transformed her into a Pop Icon of sorts. This in turn made her into one of the top Social Media Influencers.

SaRa being the name of her current band takes a fresh look at popular Hindi & Regional Songs and this explosive singer leads the band from the front.

She has been the jury on Zee TV SaReGaMaPa little champs season 12. Zee SaReGaMaPa Season 13 and season 14, a Kannada singing reality show aired in Zee Kannada.  She is currently the jury of the SaReGaMaPa season 15.

Sangeetha Rajeev performs in the country with no language barrier.  She can sing and perform in Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujrati and Tulu.

She is this years VIMA award winner.

Manohar Iyer  – Industrialist :

Manohar Iyer is a IT Professional, Venture Capitalist, Entrepreneur, Agriculturist  and now  seeking your Mandate on 18th April 2019 as an independent candidate.    

A techie who quit a high-paying job in Malaysia. The grandson of former Janata Dal MP V S Krishna Iyer, he moved to India six months ago.

He is Director of Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and Saptham Food and Beverages Pvt. Ltd.

Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is involved in Software publishing, consultancy and supply [Software publishing includes production, supply and documentation of ready-made (non-customized) software, operating systems software, business & other applications software, computer games software for all platforms. Consultancy includes providing the best solution in the form of custom software after analyzing the user’s needs and problems. Custom software also includes made-to-order software based on orders from specific users. Also, included are writing of software of any kind following directives of the users; software maintenance, web-page design].

Saptham Food and  Beverages Pvt. Ltd. strive to amalgamate tradition with technology to bring the best cold pressed edible oils. They source high quality nuts and seeds, which are pesticide free and high on nutrients. Oil is extracted from these nuts and seeds using marachekku/gaana machine – the ancient way of extracting the oil using wood pressing method at room temperature. Cold pressed oils are rich in antioxidants and have many health benefits. Saptham cold pressed edible oils are unrefined, unbleached and 100% Natural.

At Saptham they follow Good Manufacturing Practices and ensure that products are ethically sourced, produced, packed and supplied. They source High Quality pesticide free nuts and seeds to ensure the customers get THE BEST of edible oil.

The program features guests who shares their journey, talent, struggle, humor and achievements. Bangaloreans who participate take-away the celebrities journey of success. Get inspired.

Come in large numbers and participate on 20th April 2019 at  The Bohemian House, No. 5 Rajaram Mohan Roy Road, Sampangi Ramanagar, Bangalore – 560 027 at 4 pm to  5.30 pm.

Australia – Bangladesh ICC World Cup 2019 Team :

Australia – Bangladesh ICC World Cup 2019 Team :

Australia and Bangladesh has announced their team for the upcoming ICC World Cup 2019.

Steve Smith and David Warner have returned to Australia’s one-day international squad.

Cricket World Cup Australia squad: 

Aaron Finch (capt)

David Warner

Usman Khawaja

Steve Smith

Shaun Marsh

Alex Carey

Marcus Stoinis

Glenn Maxwell

Mitchell Starc

Jhye Richardson

Pat Cummins

Jason Behrendorff

Nathan Coulter-Nile

Adam Zampa

Nathan Lyon

Bangladesh :

Bangladesh has announced the team. Bangladesh have named uncapped right-arm pacer Abu Jayed in their 15-man squad for the ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup 2019.

Cricket world cup Bangladesh squad :

Mashrafe Mortaza (c)

Tamim Iqbal

Liton Das

Soumya Sarkar

Mushfiqur Rahim (wk)


Shakib Al Hasan (vc)

Mohammad Mithun

Sabbir Rahaman

Mosaddek Hossain

Mohammad Saifuddin

Mehidy Hasan Miraz

Rubel Hossain

 Mustafizur Rahman

 Abu Jayed

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 –  Indian Cricket squad

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – Indian Cricket squad


ICC Cricket world cup 2019 is fast approaching.  India Cricket squad for World cup cricket has been announced.  The MSK Prasad led selection committee has named the 15 member squad to represent the country in ICC World cup cricket 2019.

Teams Qualified for the ICC cricket World-Cup 2019:

  • Australia.
  • South Africa.
  • India.
  • New Zealand.
  • Sri Lanka.
  • Bangladesh.
  • Pakistan.
  • England

The group stage format is a round-robin, where all ten teams play each other once, in a single group. This means a total of 45 matches will be played, with each team playing a total of nine matches. The top four teams from the group will progress to the knockout stage.

Indian Cricket  Squad  – ICC world cup 2019 :

Highlights :

Dinesh Karthink has been chosen over Rishabh Pant.

Rohit Sharma is the vice-captain of the team.

The Selection Committee has retained 7 players from the 2015 World Cup squad.  7 players will be making their debut appearance at Cricket’s biggest event.

The Indian cricket Squad – ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 :

Virat Kohli – Captain

Rohit Sharma – Vice-Captain

Shikhar Dhawan

M.S.Dhoni (Wicket-keeper)

Dinesh Karthink (Wicket-keeper)

Kedar Jadhav

Hardik Pandya

Ravindra Jadeja

Kuldeep Yadav

Yuzuvendra Chahal

Jasprit Bumrah

Bhuvaneshwar Kumar


Vijay Shankar

Mohammed Shami

Player Profiles – ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – Indian cricket squad :

Virat Kohli :

Virat Kohli will lead the Indian team in the ICC world Cup 2019.  Presently he is the No. 1 ODI batsman.

He is a top order Batsman who is 30 years old.

Matches : 228

Runs – 10843

Highest score – 183

Average – 59.57

Strike Rate – 95.96

50s/100s – 49/41

Previous World Cup appearances  – 2011 and 2015.

He has scores 100 not out against Bangladesh in 2011 world cup and 107 vs. Pakistan in 2015 at Adelaide.

Rohit Sharma :

Rohit Sharma is an opening batsman who is 31 years old.  He is the most destructive batsmen of the modern era.  He will be Dhawan’s opening partner in the World cup.  He amassed 330 runs in 8 matches which included one century and a couple of half centuries at an average of over 47.

Matches : 206

Runs – 8010

Highest score – 264

Average – 47.39

Strike Rate – 87.95

50s/100s – 41/22

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

Shikhar Dhawan :

He is a left hand opener who is 33 years old.  This will be his second appearance  in World cup.  in the previous World Cup he scored 412 runs in 8 matches at an average of 51.50.

Matches : 128

Runs – 5355

Highest score – 143

Average – 44.62

Strike Rate – 93.79

50s/100s – 27/16

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

M.S.Dhoni :

He is the Wicket keeper batsman of the Indian team who is 37 years old.  He is the senior most member of the Indian Squad.

A match winning knock of 91 not out in the 2011 World cup final is an evergreen memory in the minds of cricket lovers in the country.  His world cup performance includes 507 runs in 20 matches (17 innings) at an average of over 42.

Matches : 341

Runs – 10500

Highest score – 183*

Average – 50.72

Strike Rate – 87.55

50s/100s – 71/10

Dismissals – 434

Catches and stumpings 341/120

Previous World Cup appearance : 2007,2011 and 2015

Dinesh Karthik :

He is a wicket keeper batsman who is 33 years old.

His memorable performance was during the 2018 Nidahas trophy final against Bangladesh (T20I Competition) when he scored an unbeaten 29 off just 8 balls which included a last ball six. He is a capable finisher in the Indian team.  His record in 2018 includes 167 runs at an average of 41.75.

Matches : 91

Runs – 1738

Highest score – 79

Average – 31.03

Strike Rate – 73.70

50s/100s – 9/0

Dismissals – 68

Catches and stumpings 61/7

Previous World Cup appearance : 2007

Kedar Jadhav :

He is a batting all rounder who is 34 years old.

He is a middle order batsman and an uncanny wicket taker.  He is a spinner who can chip in with wickets at crucial junctures.  He is a formidable player because of his ability to pace his innings according to the match situation.  This World Cup is his first.

Matches : 59

Runs – 1174

Highest score – 120

Average – 43.48

Strike Rate – 102.53

50s/100s – 5/2

Wickets – 27

Best bowling figures – 3/23

Economy 5.15

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Hardik Pandya :

He is an all rounder who is 25 years old.  So far he has made a huge image in Indian cricket.

His memorable performance was 76 runs strike against Pakistan in 2017ICC Champions Trophy final.  He is one of the cleanest strikers in the Indian Team. Hardik is considered at a reliable bowler who can trouble any batsman.

Matches : 45

Runs – 731

Highest score – 83

Average – 29.24

Strike Rate – 116.58

50s/100s – 4/0

Wickets – 44

Best bowling figures – 3/31

Economy 5.53

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Ravindra Jadeja :

He is an all rounder who is 30 years old.

Jadeja came back during India’s successful run in the 2018 Asia cup.  In Asia cup this left arm spinner claimed 7 wickets in 4 matches.  He is one of the best fielders in the Indian team.  He is a spinning all rounder.

Matches : 151

Runs – 2035

Highest score – 87

Average – 29.92

Strike Rate – 84.23

50s/100s – 10/0

Wickets – 174

Best bowling figures – 5/36

Economy 4.88

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

Kuldeep Yadav :

He is a spinner who is 24 years old.

Kuldeep is one of India’s wrist spinner.  Some of the batman find him virtually unplayable.  His ability of wicket taking especially outside India is remarkable (36 wickets in 15 matches in SENA countries).  His bowling approach is street smart.  Kuldeep dominates opposition batsmen.

Matches : 44

Wickets – 87

Best bowling figure – 6/25

Average – 21.74

Economy – 4.93

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Yuzuvendra Chahal :

He is a leg spinner who is 28 years old.

He is not afraid of getting hit for a 6 and will not hesitate to toss the ball up to the batsman.  Chahal is an ace spinner in the cricket world.  He is termed as a courageous bowler.  He along with Kuldeep Yadav is making up the world’s most lethal spin bowling combination.  His economy rate is 4.89.  His career best bowling figure is 6-42 in Melbourne against Australia to go with two 5 wicket hauls in 42 matches.

Matches : 41

Wickets – 72

Best bowling figure – 6/42

Average – 24.61

Economy – 4.89

5 wicket hauls – 2

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Jasprit Bumrah :

He is a pacer who is 25 years.  Presently he is the world No.1 ODI bowler.  He shoulder a huge responsibility and India’s success is heavily depends on his performance.

His debut was in 2016 in Australia.  He has a spped of over 145 km/hr.  Bumrah is one of he world’s feared bowlers.  His economy rate is 4.51.

Matches : 49

Wickets – 85

Best bowling figure – 5/27

Average – 22.15

Economy – 4.51

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Bhuvaneshwar Kumar :

He is a pacer who is 29 years old. 

He is good with a new ball.  Bhuvaneshwar has the ability to chip in with wickets in the power play overs.  He is one of a kind who can swing the ball both ways with accuracy.

Matches : 105

Wickets – 118

Best bowling figure – 5/42

Average – 35.66

Economy – 5.01

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

K.L.Rahul :

He is a top order batsman who is 26 years old.  Rahul has a terrific hand-eye coordination.  Rahul has the audacity to decimate any bowling attack.  He has been part of 14 ODI matches so far. This World cup will be his first.

Matches : 14

Runs – 343

Highest score – 100*

Average – 34.30

Strike Rate – 80.89

50s/100s – 2/1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Vijay Shankar :

He is a batting all rounder who is 28 years old.  His debut was in 2018 Nidahas Trophy T20I tournament.  Shankar has played only 9 matches.  He is a mature player.  Shankar is  a reliable batsman in the middle.  He is a perfect fit in the Indian line up as the 2nd fast  bowling all rounder after Hardik Pandya.

Matches : 9

Runs – 165

Highest score – 46

Average – 33

Strike Rate – 96.49

50s/100s – 0/0

Wickets – 2

Bowling figures – 2/15

Economy – 5.61

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Mohammed Shami :

He is a pacer who is 28 years old.  Shami is a medium pacer with a vengeance.  He displays a breath taking display of old and new ball bowling.   He has played 11 ODI matches so far.   ShamiI’s 19 wickets – that include wickets in ODI series in Australia, New Zealand and India. He is a vital cog in the Indian pace department.  In the previous World Cup 2015, he bagged 17 wickets in 7 matches at a strike rate of 21.5.

Matches : 63

Wickets – 113

Best bowling figure – 4/35

Average – 26.11

Economy – 5.48

5 wicket hauls – 0

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

England team for ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

Srilanka Team for ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 : 

South Africa team for ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

Afghanistan team for ICC World Cup 2019 : 

Bangladesh Team for ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

Australia Team for ICC World Cup cricket 2019 : 

West Indies Team for ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

Pakistan team for the ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

New Zealand Team for the ICC World Cup Cricket 2019 :

ICC world cup 2019 schedule :

30 May 2019     England v/s South Africa  –  The Oval, London

31 May 2019   Pakistan v/s West Indies  –  Trent Bridge, Nottingham

1 June 2019      New Zealandv/s West Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

1 June 2019      Australia v/s Afghanistan – County Ground, Bristol

3 June 2019      England v/s Pakistan – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

4 June 2019      Afghanistan v/s Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

5 June 2019      India v/s South Africa – Rose Bowl, Southampton

5 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s New Zealand – The Oval, London

6 June 2019      Australia v/s West Indies – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

7 June 2019      Pakistan v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

10 June 2019      South Africa v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

11 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

12 June 2019    Australia v/s Pakistan – County Ground, Taunton

13 June 2019    India v/s New Zealand – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

14 June 2019    England v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

15 June 2019    Australia v/s Sri Lanka – The Oval, London

15 June 2019    Afghanistan v/s South Africa – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

16 June 2019   India v/s Pakistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

17 June 2019   Bangladesh v/s West Indies – County Ground, Taunton

18 June 2019   England v/s Afghanistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

19 June 2019   New Zealand v/s South Africa – Edgbaston, Birmingham

20 June 2019   Australia v/s Bangladesh – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

21 June 2019   England v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds

22 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s India – Rose Bowl, Southampton

22 June 2019   New Zealand v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

23 June 2019   Pakistan v/s South Africa – Lord’s, London

24 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Bangladesh – Rose Bowl, Southampton

25 June 2019   England v/s Australia – Lord’s, London

26 June 2019   New Zealand v/s Pakistan – Edgbaston, Birmingham

27 June 2019   India v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

28 June 2019   South Africa v/s Sri Lanka – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

29 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Pakistan – Headingley, Leeds

29 June 2019   Australia v/s New Zealand – Lord’s, London

30 June 2019   England v/s India – Edgbaston, Birmingham

1 July 2019      Sri Lanka v/s West Indies – Riverside Ground, Chester-le- Street

2 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s India  – Edgbaston, Birmingham

3 July 2019      England v/s New Zealand – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

4 July 2019      Afghanistan v/s West Indies – Headingley, Leeds

5 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s Pakistan – Lord’s, London

6 July 2019      India v/s Sri Lanka  – Headingley, Leeds

6 July 2019      Australia v/s South Africa – Old Trafford, Manchester


Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport – user fee hike is by 120% . Flying out from the Bengaluru airport will be costlier by a massive 120 percent from 16th April  following the airport tariff regulator (Aera)  allowing it to revise upwards the user development fee (UDF) for four month.

This order of AERA No. 18/2018-2019 follows the interim relief given by the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal’s (TDSAT) ruling of March 14, allowing BIAL to collect revised charges for a limited period of 4 months.

What is User Development Fee?  (UDF):

User Development Fee (UDF) is one of the many fee and tax paid by air passengers. One such fee is the User Development Fee (UDF). It is charged at various airports for both arriving and departing passengers.

Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA ) :

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) is a statutory body constituted under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (27 of 2008) notified vide Gazette Notification dated 5th December 2008. The AERA was established by the Government vide its notification no GSR 317 (E) dated 12.05.09 with its head office at Delhi.

Bengaluru airport :

It is also known as Kempegowda International Airport  is an international airport serving Bengaluru. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the city near the village of Devanahalli.. It is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a public-private consortium.

The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I,  the founder of Bengaluru. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka’s first fully solar powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar.

PPP Model -Bengaluru Airport :

The Government of India has granted BIAL the right to operate the airport for 30 years, with the option to continue for another 30 years. The company is a Public-private consortium venture.  26% is held by government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development corporation (13%)and Airports Authority of India (13%), and 74% is held by private companies Fairfax Financial (48%) and Siemens Project Ventures (26%).

120% hike – Bengaluru Airport :

The nation’s third busiest airport after New Delhi and Mumbai, plans to use the additional fee to fund its expansion.

With the Aera order coming into effect from April 16, the UDF for domestic departures will be revised to Rs.306 from Rs.139 while for international departures it will be Rs.1,226 from Rs.558 earlier.

The new charges for domestic and international travel translate into an increase of 120% and 119%  respectively.  The revised fee is applicable for tickets procured between April 16 and August 15,  the increased fee will be rolled back from August 16.

User  fee hike to be utilized for the expansion of Bengaluru airport :

The Rs.13,000 crore second phase expansion of Bengaluru Airport entails construction of a new terminal, a second runway, access roads and a multi modal transport hub.  These works are scheduled to be completed by March 2021.

According to Hari Maras, the Managing director and Chief executive, “this incremental increase in charge will provide us with the much needed relief as we are in the midst of a Rs.13,000 crore capacity expansion”.

As mandated by Aera (Airports Economic Regulatory Authority), the money generated from the incremental UDF hike during these four months, will be deposited in a separate bank account and will be used only to fund the ongoing expansion.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Motor Sport – Merzouga Rally

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Motor Sport – Merzouga Rally

Abdul Wahid Tanveer had a great run in the Merzouga rally as he finished at P1 in the enduro category.

Racer Abdul Wahid Tanveer entered the record books in the recently concluded Merzouga Rally when he became the first Indian rider to win a class in an international rally. Tanveer finished 20th in the Enduro category.

Both Indian teams had a solid start to their post-Dakar 2019 campaign

  • Oriol Mena bags a podium for Hero in the overall classification.
  • Abdul Wahid Tanveer was highest placed Indian rider in 20th position.
  • Next rally for both teams will be the 2019 Desert Storm.

Merzouga rally :

Merzouga Rally is a rally raid that takes place in Morocco every year since 2010 at the beginning of October in the big dunes of Merzouga. It’s a five-day race plus prologue and a marathon stage in the desert. The stages are varied and round 2–300 km long. Navigation is the key and the competitors use the GPS Unik2, the same used on the Dakar Rally.

Safety is important as well with the competitors using the Iritrack, the tracking system studied for the African rallies. Plus a professional medical staff with 4×4 ambulances and doctors on bike and quad along the track and heli-ambulance service.

To meet the needs of the professional riders but also the necessities of amateurs, the Merzouga Rally features the division of the route in 2 categories: PRO: open to pro riders and those competitors ready for an ultimate challenge EXPERT: a technical and navigated route but less extreme stages as the Expert riders will cover the 75% of the complete route of the Pro riders. The Merzouga Raid: Ideal for those who face the desert for the first time.

At their own pace, riding on the same route of the rally in small groups with an expert guide. The vehicles will be equipped with world track, the satellite system that allow to follow the vehicles on track in real time. (for the rider no sports licence is required).

History of Merzouga rally :

In 2010, 40 competitors took part to the first edition of the Merzouga Rally. Every year the rally grows reaching an average of more than 120 vehicles on track..

Studied by Italian Promoter Edoardo Mossi, the Merzouga Rally formula is addressed to all amateurs that challenge the desert for the first time, but also for the professional riders who wish to train in preparation of the Dakar Rally.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

The racer from Mysuru said the Merzouga Rally finish has motivated him to set his sights on Dakar Rally. “Yes, Dakar Rally is in my sights. I would love to compete and it also depends on how TVS is looking at it,” he said.

According to Tanveer, the most important part of rallying is to strike a balance between endurance, skill and managing the bike. “We also need to know how to navigate as that helps us to finish rallies. It all comes through experience. I also have a good talk with my mechanic and team manager as it helps us in understanding the bike better. While the mechanic works on the engine and other stuff, I work on minor adjustments to suit my riding. According to me, only by having a healthy discussion is the only way to improve in this sport,” he explained.

The technical and mostly off-road course of Merzouga Rally makes it the perfect training ground for riders who have the ambition to compete in the Dakar

Achievements of Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

Tanveer made his international debut in 2017 and has been making steady progress.  Competing in the Enduro class, Abdul Wahid Tanveer won the PanAfrica Rally last year, and a few days ago, finished on top in the Merzouga rally at Morocco.

The Enduro class is generally viewed as ideal training ground for riders looking to make the jump to the tougher rally class.

According to the Sherco TVS Rally team rider, “the terrain was hard, with a lot of rocks.  Navigation was the key”.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Inspired by sibling :

Tanveer was inspired to take up riding by his elder brother.  After watching his brother  in action, he started riding in local events in his home town which is Mysuru.   By this he got to know that big teams select riders from National Events. So he rode a few National events and TVS selected him in 2014.

Team Manager, B.Selvaraj, TVS Racing is happy with Abdul Wahid Tanveer’s progress.  The rally win at Morocco has shown that Tanveer has come a long way. Tanveer uses an RTR 450 motorbike in rallies, will be competing in the Desert Storm Rally next month.

The Dakar Rally – Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

The Dakar Rally formerly known as the “Paris–Dakar Rally”) is an annual rally raid organized by the Amaury Sports Organization. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France to Darkar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania,  which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, races since 2009 have been held in South Africa. 

The race is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants.

The race is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying  and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than modified on-road vehicles.

Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass,  rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900  kms. (500–560 mi) per day.

History of Dakar rally :

The race originated in December 1977, a year after Thierry Sabine got lost in the Tenere desert whilst competing in the Abidjan-Nice rally and decided that the desert would be a good location for a regular rally.

182 vehicles took the start of the inaugural rally in Paris, with 74 surviving the 10,000-kilometre (6,200 mi) trip to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Cyril Neveu holds the distinction of being the event’s first winner, riding a Yamaha motorcycle.

The event rapidly grew in popularity, with 216 vehicles taking the start in 1980 and 291 in 1981. Neveu won the event for a second time in 1980, Hubert Auriol taking honours in 1981 for BMW. By this stage, the rally had already begun to attract the participation of famous names from elsewhere in motorsport, such as Henri Pescarolo and Jack lckx.

Best wishes to Abdul Wahid Tanveer from team.

Thalassemia – Blood Disorder

Thalassemia – Blood Disorder

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder wherein the body produces an improper form of haemoglobin.  Haemoglobin is a protein molecule that carries oxygen in the red blood cells.  

This causes a shortage of red blood cells and low levels of oxygen in the bloodstream, leading to a variety of health problems.

This disorder results in the extreme destruction of red blood cells that leads to anaemia. Anaemia is a condition in which the haemoglobin or red blood cells are less than the normal count.

Symptoms of Thalassemia :

Thalassemia signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue & drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Pale or yellowish skin/ jaundice & pale skin
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Slow / delayed growth
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Dark urine
  • Chest pain
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Shortness of breadth
  • Leg cramps
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Poor feeding
  • Headaches
  • Greater susceptibility to infections

Several types of thalassemia exist, including alpha-thalassemia, thalassemia intermedia and Cooley anemia. The signs and symptoms you experience depend on the type and severity of your condition. Some babies show signs and symptoms of thalassemia at birth, while others may develop them during the first two years of life. Some people who have only one affected hemoglobin gene don’t experience any thalassemia symptoms.

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.

Thalassemia disrupts the normal production of hemoglobin and healthy red blood cells. This causes anemia. With anemia, blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to tissues — leaving the person fatigued.

Risk factors :

Factors that increase risk of thalassemia include:

  • Family history of thalassemia –  Thalassemia is passed from parents to children through mutated hemoglobin genes. If you have a family history of thalassemia, you may have an increased risk of the condition.
  • Certain ancestry – Thalassemia occurs most often in African-Americans and in people of Mediterranean and Southeast Asian ancestry.

Different types of thalassemia :

There are three main types of thalassemia (and four subtypes):

  • beta thalassemia, which includes the subtypes major and intermedia
  • alpha thalassemia, which include the subtypes hemoglobin H and hydrops fetalis
  • thalassemia minor

All of these types and subtypes vary in symptoms and severity. The onset may also vary slightly

Thalassemia  Major : A Serious Disorder

The more severe form of the disease is thalassemia major, also called Cooley’s Anemia. It is a serious disease that requires regular blood transfusions and extensive medical care.

Those with this disorder, usually show symptoms within the first two years of life. They become pale and listless and have poor appetites. They grow slowly and often develop jaundice.

Without treatment, the spleen, liver and heart soon become greatly enlarged. Bones become thin and brittle. Heart failure and infection are the leading causes of death among children with untreated thalassemia major.

The use of frequent blood transfusions and antibiotics has improved the outlook for children with thalassemia major. Frequent transfusions keep their hemoglobin levels near normal and prevent many of the complications of the disease.

But repeated blood transfusions lead to iron overload – a buildup of iron in the body – that can damage the heart, liver and other organs. Drugs known as “iron chelators” can help rid the body of excess iron, preventing or delaying problems related to iron overload.

Thalassemia has been cured using bone marrow transplants. However, this treatment is possible only for a small minority of patients who have a suitable bone marrow donor. The transplant procedure itself is still risky and can result in death.

Diagnosis :

Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old.

People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.

Blood tests can detect if a person is a carrier or if they have thalassemia.

Treatment : 

Treatment depends on the type and severity of thalassemia :

Blood transfusions: These can replenish hemoglobin and red blood cell levels. Patients with thalassemia major will need between eight and twelve transfusions a year. Those with less severe thalassemia will need up to eight transfusions each year, or more in times of stress,  illness, or infection.

Iron chelation: This involves removing excess iron from the bloodstream. Sometimes blood transfusions can cause iron overload. This can damage the heart and other organs. Patients may be prescribed deferoxamine, a medication that is injected under the skin, or deferasirox, taken by mouth.

Complications :

Various complications can arise.

Iron overload :   This may be due to the frequent blood transfusions or the disease itself.

Iron overload raises the risk of hepatitis,  (swollen liver), fibrosis (scarring in the liver), and Cirrhosis, or progressive liver damage due to scarring.

The endocrine glands produce hormones. The pituitary gland is particularly sensitive to iron overload. Damage may lead to delayed Puberty and restricted growth. Later, there may be a higher risk of developing  diabetes and either an underactive or overactive thyroid gland.

Iron overload also increases the risk of arrhythmias,  or abnormal heart rhythms, and congestive health failure.


Sometimes, a blood transfusion will trigger a reaction where the person’s immune system reacts to the new blood and tries to destroy it. It is important to have the exact blood type match to prevent this kind of problem.

Enlarged spleen :

The spleen recycles red blood cells. In thalassemia, the red blood cells may have an abnormal shape, making it harder for the spleen to recycle them. The cells accumulate in the spleen, making it grow.

An enlarged spleen can become overactive. It can start to destroy the healthy blood cells the patient receives during transfusions. Sometimes, a patient may need a splenectomy, or surgical removal of the spleen. This is now less common, because removing the spleen can lead to other complications.

Infection :

Removing the spleen leads to a higher chance of infection, and regular transfusions increase the risk of contracting a blood-borne disease.

Bone deformities :

In some cases, the bone marrow expands, deforming the bone around it, especially the bones of the skull and face. The bone can become brittle, increasing the risk of fracture.

Outlook about life :

The outlook depends on the type of blood disorder.

A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years. 

In Bengaluru, Rashtrothana is helping Thalassemia patients.

Rashtrotthanna Parishat  :

Rashtrotthana Parishat is a social service organisation  founded in Bengaluru in 1965. It is an initiative started by few social workers to bring social reforms through service activities and publications in Karnataka. 

Rashtrotthana Parishat runs various projects across the State of Karnataka.

Rashtrotthana Rakta Nidhi (Blood Bank) is one among those. It was established in Chamarajpet, Bengaluru in 1993.  It is an ISO certified blood bank,  provides blood for the needy 24 hours each day.

In 2011-2012, the blood bank collected 48,647 units of blood through various blood donation camps, and is reported to be the largest blood bank in the state.

To know more click on the link

Sports Infrastructure – India – Bengaluru

Sports Infrastructure – India – Bengaluru

Sports Infrastructure – plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international reputation  but also encourages the young population of the country   to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.

In India, the standard of Sports Infrastructure is not at a satisfactory level for a number of reasons but has come a long way. 

Despite all the successes, it is pertinent to mention that the status of sports infrastructure in India is yet to reach the desired level. This creates an obstacle in developing a culture of sports in the country.

Importance of sports Infrastructure :

Sports Infrastructure plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international repute, but also encourages the young population of a country to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.

Sports as a social enabler :

Sports and games have historically played a significant role in development of personality traits and qualities like discipline, tolerance and leadership amongst the youth. With adequate support, planning and focused implementation, immense potential of the India’s youth can be gainfully channelized through sporting activities.

The realization of their true potential will not only build future character, but is a conduit of national integration. More importantly, our top sportsmen come from diverse parts of the country, many with limited Sports Infrastructure, thus indicating huge unexplored potential.

A road-map to Sports Infrastructure :

Over the last decade there has been a spurt in the development of Sports Infrastructure and facilities in the country.  With the increase of capital investments and successful hosting of events such as the Commonwealth Games-2010, ICC World Cup-2011, the Indian Premier League, the F1 Indian Grand Prix in 2011, the Under 17 FIFA World Cup-2017.

The Indian Badminton and Soccer League are also included in this. There are enormous commercially exploitable opportunities present in the Indian sports industry. However, the regulation of the Indian sports industry is highly decentralized and fragmented.

Regulation of the sector :

There is no national or state legislation for regulation of sports in India.  The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) was set up by the Government of India to create the infrastructure and promote capacity building for broad-basing sports as well as for achieving excellence in different competitive events at National and International levels.

The National Sports Policy of 2001 was formulated to undertake the development and promotion of various sports prevalent in the country.  Sports promotion is primarily the responsibility of different National Sports Federations (NFS’s)which are autonomous in nature.  The MYAS  issues notifications and guidelines from time to time to regulate the NSFs.

Key issues plaguing the Sports Infrastructure :

Sports development in India is often hampered by bureaucracy and politics because of the low level of private sector involvement. Many federations are highly dependent on Government funding for carrying out their key objectives, such as organizing championships, procuring equipment, and training sports persons; a model which increases the probability of breeding inefficiencies.

Further, lack of accountability of sports federations, and the restrictive and non-competitive guidelines of the Khelo India program are other factors hampering the participation of private players in the development of Sports Infrastructure. There is also a lack of clear guidelines on asset utilization and monetization.

Sports Infrastructure in India :

Sports is primarily a State subject under the Constitution of India, and a huge portion of the sports infrastructure is owned and managed by State Governments. Sports Authority of India (“SAI”) builds and maintains stadia on behalf of the MYAS (infrastructure owned and managed by the Central Government). 

The Central Government through its ‘Khelo India’ initiative, has allowed grants for certain Sports Infrastructure projects and sports facilities creation at the state/union territories/district/sub-district level. State Governments and other local authorities may seek the benefit of these grants.

However, the beneficiary of such a grant has to enter into a Memorandum of understanding (“MoU”) with SAI in order to provide the latter access, for a minimum of ten years, to the facilities on a time-sharing basis for training of the trainees of SAI and holding competitions.

The utilization of the sum for development of sports infrastructure will be limited to the strict guidelines under the scheme.

Recent scenario :

More parents are encouraging their children to play sports and seek a career in it.  They have faith that sports can also provide the platform for a healthy and a decent future.  This change is happening from the last decade and it is convincing that India has arrived as a sporting nation.

The day is not very far when India will be  a force to reckon with on the world stage.  It is good that the country have an Olympic Medalist as Union Sports Minister.  This is a welcome change because the athletes are beginning to have faith in the system. 

Constant improvement :

India has begun to offer competition in games which are not a big name at home.  This is due because we do have talent. In traditional games like hockey, tennis, badminton and athletics, there is impressive progress.

Swimmers have begun to make a mark and promise in the international arena. 

According to Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore after he became the Sports Minister he declared the year 2018 as the year of Sports for India.  Before his tenure no army recruitment took place in Jaipur district.

Budget support – sports infrastructure :

In India, the Union budget for 2018-19 provided Rs.2196.35 crore for sports.  Out of this Rs.520.09 went to Khelo India, the governments initiative program to search for the talent.  The budget of Sports Authority of India was cut by Rs.66 crore.  This curtailed freedom to be liberal with proposals from national sports federations.

There is a need to concentrate on creating new infrastructure and updating the old facilities.  Foreign exposure of our sports persons is needed. 

 A Cultural change :

Over the last decade, a lot of athletes have not only been at the top of the world but have also inspired a generation of athletes to look at dominating in different sports.

Importantly there has been a big cultural change in the belief system.  Athletes no longer feel as though they are inferior in their international counterparts and that is probably the most heartening aspect of Indian Sport.

Some of the major initiatives taken for the development of Sports Infrastructure in India are mentioned below:

·   Scheme of Grants for Creation of Sports Infrastructure including Rural Schools, for which INR 942.5 million was allocated

·   Scheme of Grants for Installing of Synthetic Playing Surfaces, for which INR 201.3 million was allocated

·   Scheme of Grants for Promotion of Games and Sports in Universities and Colleges, for which INR 328 million was allocated

·   Scheme of assistance for the creation of Urban Sports infrastructure

The non-availability of land for building sports infrastructure is another major obstacle. Moreover, not much initiative has been observed till now in promoting sports-specific infrastructure by adopting PPP model to ensure the sustainability of these facilities.

Ola Ride-sharing – blocked – Bengaluru

Ola Ride-sharing – blocked – Bengaluru

Ola Ride-Sharing is blocked by taxi aggregator Ola at night between 11 pm and 6 am  due to the safety of the passengers and the driver’s earnings.

Commuters will not be able to use ola ride-sharing to work through taxi aggregators ola.

Ola cabs :

Ola Cabs is an Indian origin online transportation network company developed by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd.  As of December 2018, Ola was valued at about $5.7 billion.  A variety of venture capitalists including Softbank have large stakes in the company.

Ola Cabs was founded on 3 December 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai and is now based in Bengaluru.  As of 2018, the company has expanded to a network of more than 10,00,000 vehicles across 169 cities.

In November 2014, Ola diversified to incorporate auto-rickshaws on a trial basis in Bangalore.  After the trial phase, Ola Auto expanded to other cities like Delhi, Pune, Chennai and Hyderabad starting in December 2014.

In January 2018, Ola extended into its first overseas market to Australia and New Zealand in September 2018.  In March of 2019, Ola began its UK operations introducing Auto Rickshaws in UK.

The Ola Cab story:

While trying to keep his holiday and tour planning business afloat, Bhavish had to travel from Bengaluru to Bandipur, for which he rented out a car, which ended in a very bad experience.

The driver stopped the car in the middle of the journey and demanded a renegotiation of what Bhavish was paying. After being refused, he proceeded to abandon him enroute his destination.

This is when he realized how his plight was probably similar to a lot of customers across the country who were looking for a quality cab service, but ended up with a one that stood them up, arrived and dropped them off late, didn’t stick to their promises, and came with drivers that were nightmares behind wheels.

This made him see the potential that an extraordinary cab booking service could have, and hence, he changed his business from his earlier start-up to the one we today know as – Ola Cabs. This was in December 2010, where he was joined by his co-founder Ankit Bhati in his start-up journey.

His parents didn’t agree with his idea in the beginning of course, like all parents.  They were thoroughly displeased with his decision to become a ‘travel agent’, but when Ola Cabs received it’s first round of funding from two angel investors, they started to believe in the change he was planning to bring.

Ola Founders :

Bhavish Aggarwal- is the ola co-founder and Chief-executive-officer who graduated from IIT Bombay with a B. Tech in Computer Science in the year 2008. Bhavish has worked for Microsoft research, Bengaluru  for two years right after college. There, he passed two years with filing 2 patents and 3 research publishing in international journals.

While trying to chase his dream of entrepreneurship, he started an online company to sell short duration tours and holidays online before changing that into Ola Cabs.

Ankit Bhati heads the technical aspects of Ola cabs, ensuring a quick, convenient and instinctive experience for customers and partners. He joined IIT Bombay in 2004 for in Mechanical Engg and M.Tech in CAD and Automation.

By 2009 he had already worked on several freelance projects and startups like Wilcom, QED42 etc. and finally decided to give up his nomadic professional life for a start-up of his own. He joined the Olacabs journey in November 2010.

Bengaluru – largest market –  Ola  ride-sharing :

Bengaluru, where Ola is headquartered, is also its single largest market in the country. The city is estimated to have 120,000 cabs, out of which around 65,000 operate on the Uber and Ola platforms interchangeably, state authorities and experts said. 

Ola share riding

This isn’t the first run-in for a ride hailing firm with the Karnataka authorities. 

Recently, Ola and other cab aggregators which operate bike taxis have been facing the heat from the Transport Department. In February, transport officials seized close to 500 such bike taxis for operating illegally.

Ola Ride-sharing :

Thousands of commuters rely on ride-sharing to get to places as it is affordable.  But nobody knows whether it remains permanent.  The facility was stopped earlier this week.

The passengers pay 30% to 60% less by sharing the cab with others travelling on the same route.

According to Ola the ride-sharing block was taken to balance the value for money and viability for customers and drivers partners. 

Ola ride sharing was stopped in Chennai two weeks ago and Ola is planning to do the same in other cities eventually.

POOL and Share have also been opposed by drivers’ unions in Karnataka as they complained that it has brought down incentives of drivers, as customers are charged less when they hail a shared ride.

Road space –  ola ride sharing :

The ola ride sharing was well appreciated for its role in reducing congestion by carrying more people in less vehicles. The decision was a disappointing news for a lot of people who work late in the night.

According to Ola officials the decision was taken keeping in mind the safety of the passengers and co-passengers.  Recently some complaints about  drunken passengers sharing the ride with others creating problem was brought to the notice.

Ola talked about “ease of use”, “lower prices”, and “decongesting cities”, they do not take responsibility for the passenger’s safety. The companies do guarantee passenger safety even after the rider has boarded the cab.

In a country where fake identity proofs are so common, allowing strangers to share rides can be risky.

Ola cab ban :

Recently Ola was banned.  Ola cabs ban was Implemented in Bengaluru for 6 months but was revoked later after penalising.  The Karnataka Transport Department on 22nd March 2019 suspended the  licence of online cab operator Ola for 6 months in Bengaluru. 

This ban came in the wake of ola running its bike taxis while possessing a licence only to run four wheelers. 

Ola had a great start to the year – funding, getting the likes of Flipkart Co-founder Sachin Bansal on its board, but it’s legal issues just doesn’t seem to end.

Sanchin Bansal – Investment in Ola :

Bansal has taken up 70588 fully & compulsorily cumulative series J preference shares.  The face value of the share is Rs.10 at a premium of Rs.21240 per share.

Ola has raised Rs.520 crore from existing investor Steadview Capital.  Sanchin Bansal is also setup up a $1 billion fund, has invested in ola cabs in his individual capacity. 

This investment is to be one of the biggest of Sachin Bansal.  The investment comes at a time when ola is competing with the global rival Uber in India.

Ola ride-sharing pass :

Share Pass offers the convenience of hassle free daily commute on Ola Share rides with its fixed fares. Share Pass is automatically applied to all Ola Share rides that one  takes in Bengaluru city for which the commuter  have purchased the pass, provided that the pass fare is lower than the Share fare.

Conclusion – ola ride-sharing :

Incidents of rape and molestation have never stopped doing the rounds with cab-hailing companies. “Women safety can’t be jeopardized”.

According to a ola ride sharing commuter “OLA RIDE SHARING FOR YOU IS CHEAP, HORRIBLE, UNRELIABLE BUT YES COMES AFFORDABLE IF YOU HAVE PLENTY OF TIME TO SPEND IN OLA CAB AND HAS NO VALUE TO YOUR TIME WITH NO ONE SICK WITH YOU, You are welcome to take the ride but if your time has value and you have sick people with you then never ever do it”.

BJP – Manifesto – Lok Sabha Elections 2019

BJP – Manifesto – Lok Sabha Elections 2019

BJP (the Bharatiya Janata Party)  Manifesto for Lok Sabha elections 2019 is been released.    The BJP has been active in public sphere for decades guided by the ideological foundation laid down by Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee and carried forward by Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya through his mission of Antyodaya (Garib Kalyan) .

This document is a compendium of BJP’s promises and commitments that the party  make to fellow citizens who stand with the party  on the journey of development.

This vision document of BJP is the vision of an uninterrupted journey upon which the party had embarked with the blessings of the people in 2014. This vision document is BJP’s  plan of action for achieving the objectives and to fulfil the aspirations of every Indian.

Nation First :

  1. Zero-Tolerance Approach to Terrorism :  This is exemplified by the Surgical Strikes and the Air Strikes carried out recently.

National Security :

  • Strengthening of  Armed Forces
  • Self-reliance in defence sector
  • Welfare of Soldiers

Modernization of Police Forces :

  • Modernizing the Central Armed Police Forces to further  increase their capacity and readiness and enable them to effectively combat internal security challenges.
  • Providing assistance to the states to upgrade their police forces through the ‘Scheme for Modernization of Police Forces’.

Combating Infiltration :

  • There has been a huge change in the cultural and linguistic identity of some areas due to illegal immigration, resulting in an adverse impact on local people’s livelihood and employment.
  • To undertake effective steps to prevent illegal immigration in the North-Eastern States.  A pilot project on the use of technology to strengthen border security  (Smart  Fencing) was implemented in Dhubri (Assam). Will implement this on all borders.

Reinforcing border security :

  • Focus on creation of developmental and other necessary infrastructure in border areas to ensure that border security is strengthened, and to enable increased participation of and benefits for border areas in the country’s development and progress.
  • Building six integrated check-posts with another under construction to facilitate easier trade and travel from the neighboring countries.  Easing  the movement of goods and people by constructing 14 more integrated check-posts by 2024. After  completion of all the proposed integrated check-posts, all trade movement with Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan will be conducted through the integrated check-posts.

Coastal safety :

  1. After effectively strengthening coastal security through implementation of a coastal security scheme to provide modern equipment and allocating funds to the states for establishing coastal police stations, establishment of National Committee for Strengthening Maritime & Coastal Security, Island Information System and National Academy of Coastal Policing.

Combating left wing extremism :

  1. Strong actions to reduce left  wing extremism to a very large extent and limited them to small pockets. We are committed to taking necessary and effective  steps against left  wing extremism to eliminate this menace in the next 5 years.  In the last 5  years, the party has focused on the development of economic and social infrastructure such as roads, mobile towers, schools and medical facilities in the tribal areas affected by left wing extremism and BJP will continue to make efforts in this direction.

Jammu & Kashmir – Article 370 :

  1. Necessary action  to ensure peace in Jammu and Kashmir through decisive actions and a  firm policy.  The BJP party is  committed to overcome all obstacles that come in the way of development and provide adequate financial  resources to all the regions of the state. We reiterate our position since the time of the Jan Sangh to the abrogation of Article 370.

Doubling Farmer’s income :

At the very beginning of our current term, Prime Minister Modi embarked on a mission to double farmers’ income. We will make all efforts to achieve this goal by 2022.

Welfare of Farmers :

  1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to all – have launched Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to ensure financial support to farmers owning land up to 2 hectares. We will further  expand the coverage of the scheme to all the farmers in the country.
  2. Pension for small and marginal farmers – will launch a pension scheme for all small and marginal farmers in the country so as to ensure social security to them on reaching 60 years of age.
  3. Rs. 25 lakh crore investment in Agri-rural sector – are committed  to making an investment of Rs. 25 lakh crore to improve the productivity of the farm sector.
  4. Interest-free Kisan Credit Card loans – BJP will provide short -term new agriculture loans up to Rs. 1 lakh at a 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.
  5. Voluntary enrollment in Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana –  Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana has ensured risk mitigation and provided insurance cover for all farmers and will make enrolment of farmers under the scheme voluntary.
  6. Empowering Farmers through Policies – will work towards reducing all agricultural imports  and institute a predictable export  and import policy with a built-in mechanism for encouraging exports  and discouraging imports.
  7. Assurance of Quality Seeds – We will ensure timely availability of improved seeds of promising varieties at affordable  rates with doorstep testing facilities.

Development of Agri-allied sectors :

  • Oilseeds Mission – We will launch a new mission to achieve self-sufficiency  in oil seeds and other agri-products.
  • Warehouse Network across the Country – will build an efficient  storage and transport mechanism for agriculture produce
  • To ensure greater promotion and increase profitability under organic farming.
  • National Bee-keeping and Honey Mission:  will launch a National Bee-keeping and Honey Mission to ensure additional returns to the farmers and l double the honey production from the present 11,500 MT by developing infrastructural facilities and providing marketing support.

Expanding Irrigation in Mission Mode :

  1. The party has  completed work on the long-pending 31 irrigation projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana and work will soon be completed on the remaining 68 projects in phases up to December 2019. Continuing efforts to developing irrigation, will further  expand Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to realize 100% irrigation potential of the country within a defined  time-frame.
  2. BJP will bring one crore hectares agricultural land under micro-irrigation, this would be supplemented with ‘fertigation’ to promote judicious use of fertilizers.

Cooperatives :

  1. Recognizing the role of cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) can play in ensuring better  market linkages and opportunities in the agricultural sector and we are committed  to support  and strengthen them.
  2. BJP Will enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) by 2022 to ensure economies of scale for farmers regarding access to inputs and markets.
  3. To cater to the needs of big cities BJP will set up a mechanism of direct marketing of vegetables, fruits, dairy and fishery products through farmers’ cooperative organizations so as to ensure better price return to the farmers.

Convergence of Agriculture and Technology :

  1. BJP will create a mobile app based system for promoting the availability of agri-implements on rental/custom hiring basis.
  2. Will extensively use technology to ensure a better knowledge of the market prices of various agro-products for the benefit  of farmers.
  3. Will enable development of young agri-scientists to take advantage of Artificial  Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain technology, Big Data analytics etc. for more predictive and profitable precision agriculture
  4. View solar energy as an additional source of income for farmers and will encourage solar farming on a massive scale so as to enable the ‘Annadaata’(food provider) to become ‘Urja-daata’ (energy provider).
  5. Digitization of Land Records – On the lines of Aadhaar project, we will complete digitization of land records on a mission mode. We will implement second-generation land reforms to ensure title guarantee for the landholder and reduce land-related litigation. We will create a model law for conclusive titling (in consultation with states) promoting title guarantee and title insurance and work with States to implement this system.

Animal Husbandry :

  • Have given utmost importance to the dairy sector and have established Kamdhenu Aayog for the conservation of indigenous species of cattle. Will establish a network of mobile veterinary dispensaries to provide doorstep service to farmers.
  • Will roll out a model programme for periodic health checkup of all cattle and other domestic animals at the district level with the help of veterinary experts from the public and private sector.
  • BJP will expand the coverage of immunization and eliminate Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis.
  • Will launch a National Feed and Fodder Mission to eliminate the shortage of fodder.

Fisheries – Blue revolution :

  • Will launch ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’ with an allocation of Rs. 10,000 crores to ensure availability of storage and marketing tools and infrastructure like ice-boxes, cold storages, ice-plants etc. for small and traditional Fishermen.
  • BJP will promote aquaculture through easy access to credit.
  • Will facilitate farming of sea-weed, pearl as well as ornamental Fish to ensure a better return to the Fishermen.
  • Will bring all  Fishermen under the ambit of all welfare programmes and social security schemes with expanded coverage for accident insurance.

On the Path of Gram Swaraj :

  1. Saashray (Housing) – will ensure a pucca house to every family who are either living in a kuchha house or have no access to housing by 2022.
  2. Sujal (Drinking Water) – will launch ‘Jal Jivan Mission’ under which we will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure piped water connection to every household by 2024.
  3. Suchna se Sashaktikaran (Digital connectivity through Bharatnet) – will ensure that every Gram Panchayat is connected through a high speed optical ªbre network by 2022.
  4. Sadak se Samriddhi (Road connectivity) – will launch a massive ‘Rural Road Upgradation Programme’ to connect centres of education, healthcare centres, and markets with hinterlands to promote rural growth.
  5. Swachhata se Sampannata (Swachh Bharat Mission) – will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste water and reuse of waste water.

India as the World’s 3rd Largest Economy :

Roadmap for 5 trillion dollar economy :

  1. India was branded as ‘fragile  five’ in 2014. Within five years, we have turned India into a bright spot that is not only the fastest growing major economy of the world but also enjoys macroeconomic stability. We have already become the world’s sixth largest economy and will soon be among the top five. The party aspire to make India the third largest economy of the world by 2030. This implies that we commit to make India a US $ 5 trillion economy by 2025 and US $ 10 trillion economy by 2032.
  2. When compared to all governments post-1991, this government has delivered the highest rate of average GDP growth (7.3%) over the last five years and maintained lowest rate of average consumer inflation (4.6%). The consumer in action is presently at 2.6%. This has been achieved with lower fiscal deficits and significantly lower current account deficit as a percentage of GDP. Average fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP during 2014-19 has been brought down to 3.7% from 5.4% during 2009-14. Reduction in fiscal deficit of this order implies less burden of debt on future generations by almost Rs.16 lakh crores. Average Current account deficit as a percentage of GDP during this government has been reduced to 1.5% from 3.3% during 2009-14.

Tax policy :

  • Economic policy has been guided by the principle of lowering the tax rate and improving compliance; thereby broadening of the tax base. With improved compliance and increased tax base, the tax to GDP ratio has reached 12%, highest in the recent past, up from 10.1% in 2013-14. This increased revenue has been deployed for benefits to the poor and creation of infrastructure at an unprecedented level. We will continue with our policy in the similar manner – lowering of tax rate thereby rewarding honest tax payers and improving compliance.

Goods & services tax

  • Goods and Service Tax (GST) has resulted in overall lowering of tax rates and increased revenue collection, particularly for States. When compared to base year of 2015-16, GST revenue for all states have increased by 50% in three years. We will continue with the simplication of GST process by engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders.

Promoting Yoga globally :

  • BJP will further  continue efforts  to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.

Rs.100 lakh crore investment :

  • While social security net for the poor and farmers will be expanded, we will take up capital investment in the country to a new height. By 2024, we will make capital investment of Rs.100 lakh crore in the infrastructure sector. We recognize that investment driven growth requires cheaper cost of capital. By anchoring inflation at 4% and cleaning up our banking system we have created the space for structural reduction in the cost of capital. This will not only help infrastructure investment but investment also in the wider economy. Thus, new India will be built on the basis of investment driven growth.

Make in India :

  • With the aim of developing India into a knowledge based, skill supported and technology driven society, we have launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign. A beginning has already been made through our initiatives like Digital India, Startup India and Skill India. To bring in fast and inclusive growth, we have also carried out substantial reforms in the last few years in terms of de-regulation and delicensing, with an aim to improve ease of doing business. More than 90% FDI approvals are now through the automatic route. FDI has grown by almost 50% in the last five years. Similarly, implementation of One Nation, One Tax through GST has brought all businesses under single tax net.
  • Making India a global manufacturing hub – as the party position India as a global manufacturing hub over the next five years.

Micro, small and medium enterprises :

  • A special package was launched by the Government to boost the MSME sector. The Credit Guarantee Scheme of the Government of India is an important component wherein loans to MSME are guaranteed. Under this alone, the credit of around Rs.19,000 crore was achieved in 2017-18. Would aim to take this figure  to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024.
  • Technology access and upgradation are key elements in the MSME sector. The  government has taken a major step in expanding of ‘Technology Centres’ and would achieve more than 150 such centres all over the country by 2024. These Technology Centres would help in mentoring skilling and prototyping of MSMEs. They will expose MSMEs to Artificial l Intelligence, Robotics, Internet of Things, Virtual  Reality, BlockChain technology and Zero Defect Zero Effect.
  • The Technology Centres, other skilling centres of MSMEs and NSICs incubation centres alone would provide focussed and high level skilling to more than 6 lakh people per year.
  • Welfare of Small Traders –
  • Will establish National Traders’ Welfare Board and create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail businesses
  • To protect the interests of small traders, we will provide an accident insurance of 10 lakh rupees to all the traders registered under GST.
  • On the lines of Kisan credit card, we will also create a scheme to give merchant credit card to registered merchants.

Entrepreneurship & StartUps :

  1. To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth, we will launch a new scheme to provide collateral-free credit up to 50 lakh for entrepreneurs. We will guarantee 50% of the loan amount for female entrepreneurs and 25% of the loan amount for male entrepreneurs.
  2. India is now among the largest Startup ecosystems of the world. Will further  strengthen this ecosystem by:
  3. Easing regulatory requirement for start-ups
  4. Targeting time spent for tax compliance at 1 hour per month
  5. Facilitating establishment of 50,000 new Startups in the nation by 2024
  6. Creating 100 Innovation Zones in Urban Local Bodies
  7. Selling up 500 new incubators and accelerators by 2024
  8. Initiating ranking of Central Ministries, departments, State Governments and CPSUs for their increased engagement with start-ups and in bringing in innovation and newer technologies and global practices and skills.
  9. BJP will continue to promote and encourage Startups through creation of a ‘Seed Startup Fund’ of Rs. 20,000 crore.
  10. Will support entrepreneurial ventures started  by individuals from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Communities, or Economically Weaker Sections and take forward the ‘Standup India’ initiative.
  11. BJP will set-up new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme to provide Financial support to the micro, small and medium industries and for employment generation in the North-eastern state.

Using Tourism to Cluster Services :

  1. Within the services sector, tourism will be special focus because it brings together many different  service segments.
  2. Will identify special  places of cultural or natural importance  in order to develop them as comprehensive destinations instead of leaving them as isolated sites. This requires that we look at transpoĒ connection, heritage conservation, hotels, restaurants, entertainment  and other services in an integrated way. We will make an effort  to ensure that all these services interconnect. Therefore, the government will make sure that schemes/ agencies such as Swachh Bharat, ASI, forest department and local government work together with the travel and hospitality industry. All UNESCO heritage sites in India will be upgraded to international level facilities.
  3. The North  eastern states and our Island/coastal areas will be developed while being sensitive to conserving their ecological uniqueness. Similarly, places of cultural importance  will be developed while maintaining their unique heritage. As we have recently demonstrated by projects in Varanasi, an effort  will be made to upgrade these sites while being sensitive to their historical/cultural heritage.

Transparent economy :

  • Will continue our crackdown on Benami properties and illegal foreign bank accounts to benefit  honest taxpayers and the poor of the country. We will also expedite our actions to bring fugitive economic offenders back to India and prosecute them for their crimes.

International Trade :

  • BJP Will ensure faster customs clearance of international cargo by relaxing clearance procedures, introducing self-declaration etc and adopting new scanning technology. Will also provide adequate financial  and institutional support  for exporters and export organizations to build capacity and equip them with adequate information to ensure unhindered exports.

Infrastructure :

Foundation for New India :

  1. Will aim at next generation infrastructure which will include gas grids and water grids, i-ways, regional airports and way side amenities along National highways.
  2. BJP will continue the fast pace with more and more public and private investment and efficient  ground level management on building of infrastructure further  and to improve the quality of life and enhance the ease of living.
  3. In addition to ensuring efficiency in the economy this will also lead to creation of a large number of jobs and livelihood opportunities.

Ensuring Urban Development :

  • Through the development of infrastructure and connectivity, we will ensure the further  development of suburban townships and new urban centres.
  • Will set up five regional centres of excellence on urban issues. These centres will provide support  to states and local bodies on issues of urban governance and growth.
  • Urban Mobility –  will launch a National Urban Mobility Mission to provide technology based urban mobility solutions to all urban local bodies and increase the use of public transport , enhance walkability and cycle use. Under this mission, we will incentivize cities to integrate the public transport systems such as metro, local trains and local buses with the private service providers in the sector such as, private bus operator, private taxi operator, the auto-rickshaw, e-rickshaw services, pedestrian and cycling infrastructure for a seamless and smooth last mile connectivity. Will also promote a common mobility card/ ticketing across different rent modes of transport.
  • In the next five  years, will ensure that 50 cities are covered with a strong metro network.

Swachh Bharat Mission :

  • Have constructed over 9 crore toilets under our flagship program, Swachh Bharat Mission. Will take the Mission to a new level through sustainable Solid Waste Management in every village. Through the mission, we will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste through emphasis on faecal sludge management and reuse of waste water in rural, peri urban and unsewered areas.
  • BJP ill ensure that all habitations attain  open defecation free status and those that have retained the status sustain the behavioural change.

Jal Shakthi :

  1. Water is a critical resource but its management is spread across various departments, even at the Central level. We will form a new Ministry of Water unifying the water management functions to approach the issue of water management holistically and ensure better coordination of efforts. The Ministry will expeditedly take forward the ambitious program, conceptualized by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, for linking rivers from different parts of the country and ensure a solution to the problems of drinking water and irrigation. We will initiate work on this program by constituting an authority.
  2. Will launch ‘Jal Jivan Mission’ under which we will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure piped water for every household by 2024.
  3. Will ensure sustainability of water supply through special focus on conservation of rural water bodies and ground water recharge.

Road Connectivity :

  1. In continuation to our existing milestone of constructing roads at an unprecedented pace, we will construct 60,000 kms of National Highways in the next five years.
  2. Will double the length of National Highways by 2022.
  3. Will complete the Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project expeditiously. We will also launch Bharatmala 2.0 project especially with a view to support  the states to develop state road networks connecting the interior regions to the main roads and to effectively leverage the economic potential and market opportunities of the concerned regions.
  4. BJP will bring in new technologies and designs in road construction, operation and maintenance.
  5. Want to become a world leader in e-mobility. 10,000 crores have already been allocated to launch a program for promoting clean energy and battery operated vehicles. We will further work on this front to ensure expansion of this new mobility experience.
  6. Have made all efforts  to make the experience of rail journey safe, smooth, clean and satisfying and have achieved great results. We will continue the pace of work in this regard and encourage private participation in the development of railway amenities and infrastructure and provision of services.
  7. Will ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to broad gauge by 2022.
  8. Will make all efforts  to ensure electrification of all railway tracks by 2022.
  9. Will expand connectivity and experience of high speed trains and new version trains such as Vande Bharat Express across the length and breadth of the country in the next five years.
  10. Will complete the dedicated freight corridor project by 2022.
  11. BJP will launch a massive program for modernization of railway stations in the country.
  12. Will equip all main railway stations with Wi-Fi facility by 2022.

Establishment of new airports :

  • In 2014 there were 65 functional airports and there are a total of 101 functional airports today. In the next five years, we will double the number of functional airports.

Coastal development :

  • Potential of coastal development for transportation, tourism and for economic upliftment of coastal communities has remained unexploited in the country. To exploit this potential fully, we have launched the Sagarmala program and will ensure speedy completion of the projects under this program.
  • Will double our port capacity in the next five years.
  • Will further encourage integrated development of coastal areas including coastal cities, coastal transport and coastal industrialization.
  • Will undertake the upgradation of infrastructure for connecting the coast and hinterland to ensure smooth transportation.
  • will continue to focus on development of inland waterways for shifting inland cargo movement from road and rail to water transport.

Energy :

  • Party had made a commitment to provide 24×7 electricity to all and the country has substantially attained the goal. All remaining villages have been electrified. Similarly, almost all remaining households have been provided with an electricity connection. Thus, we are near completion of our promise in a record time. We will further work towards completing any unfinished task in this regard.
  • Exceptional work has been done in adding to the electricity generated and in laying down of transmission lines and in putting up the nationwide transmission grid. With these milestone achievements, India can now claim that quantum of or access to electricity is no longer an issue.
  • India has become a global champion in addressing the issues of climate change through effective  and feasible interventions. We have achieved cumulative installed renewable energy capacity of 76.87 GW as on February, 2019 and are on track to achieve our goal of 175 GW by 2022. We will continue our efforts  in this regard and make it a popular movement. We will further make all efforts to invite other countries of the world to become members of the International Solar Alliance.

Digital Connectivity :

  • Every Gram Panchayat will be connected with high speed optical fibre network by 2022. Through village level high speed broadband services, we will provide a range of services such as telemedicine, tele-education and agriculture related advisories.

Health for All :

Making Healthcare Accessible :

  1. While providing annual health cover of Rs. 5 lakh to 10.74 crore poor families under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana under Ayushman Bharat, we also initiated a programme to set up 1,50,000 Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) by 2022. Till date 17,150 HWCs have become functional. We will take up the program of HWCs to next level. We will target provisioning of telemedicine and diagnostic laboratory facilities at these HWCs by 2022 to ensure quality primary medical care to the poor at his doorstep.
  2. BJP will create an essential devices list and a separate pricing policy for medical devices to ensure their accessibility and affordability to masses.

Strengthening Health Infrastructure :

  • With our initiatives, we have successfully reached the stage of ensuring one Medical College for every three Parliamentary Constituencies. We will take it forward and set up one Medical College or Post Graduate Medical College in every district, through public or private participation, by 2024. To start  with 75 such Medical Institutes will be set up by 2022. This would ensure availability and accessibility of quality secondary and tertiary medical care to the citizens across the diverse landscape of our country.
  • In a mere span of 5 years, we have increased the number of MBBS seats by 18,000 and that of Postgraduate Medical seats by 12,000. We would further  accelerate the pace of reforms in medical education sector so as to ensure transparency on one hand and improved doctor: population ratio on the other hand. With our efforts  we will double the number of MBBS and Specialist doctors in the country by 2024 as compared to the work done from 1947 till 2014. Further, we will also accelerate the reforms in para-medical education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists and other paramedical personnel.
  • Will also accelerate the reforms in paramedical education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists and other paramedical personnel.

Immunization and Nutrition :

  • BJP will endeavour to make the National Nutrition Mission a mass movement and strengthen infrastructure and capacity in all Anganwadis.
  • The Mission Indradhanush program has ensured full immunization of 3.39 crore children and 87.18 lakh pregnant mothers. Further, the annual increase in the rate of immunization has jumped from 1% per year to 6% per year. Continuing this pace, we will ensure full immunization coverage for all the children and pregnant women by 2022.

Eliminating Tuberculosis :

  • Tuberculosis claims more lives every year than any other infectious disease. As on today, more than 25 lakh citizens are suffering from TB while over 3 lakh persons die due to TB every year. The disease mainly affects  the poor and malnourished. We have rolled out a Special Mission to eliminate TB from India by 2025. We will ensure this becomes a success much ahead of the target given in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Good Governance :

Simultaneous Elections :

  1. The party is committed to the idea of simultaneous elections for Parliament, State assemblies and local bodies to reduce expenditure, ensure efficient utilization of government resources and security forces and for effective  policy planning. We will try to build consensus on this issue with all parties.
  2. Single Voter List – In order to ensure that every citizen gets the right to exercise his/her franchise for all public bodies and to avoid confusion created by multiple voter lists, we will strive to ensure a common voter list for all elections.

Corruption-free Bharath :

  • In order to curb corruption, the Modi government has taken many effective steps such as enacting the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act,2018, Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act,2018, and the Benami Transaction Prohibition (Amendment) Act, 2016. We have eliminated inertia in the government by ensuring decisive actions under the leadership of Prime Minister Modi and will continue to make efforts to ensure more effective governance and transparent decision making.

Civil Service and Governance Reforms :

  • To transform India into a developed nation, we need to work with the guiding principle of “Minimum Government and Maximum Governance” and we will bring reform in the Civil Services and implement it in a manner to achieve the same. In order to ensure better implementation of policies and coordination, we will merge similar and complementary departments into sectoral ministries. This will allow policymakers to frame holistic and comprehensive policies on the one hand and ensure smooth implementation on the other.
  • BJP will continue to implement the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan in a focused manner to build the capacity of members of Panchayati Raj Institutions and ensure effective delivery of schemes at the grassroots.

Police reforms :

  • Police is the most basic and key functionary affecting the people’s life. An effective policing and peaceful law and order is the key to growth and development. Our present police and policing is based upon the colonial police force and there is a need to change and transform the police according to the challenges of the 21st century. Therefore, we will bring Police Reform. We will formulate a ‘Model Police Act’ in consultation with the States to have a pro-people citizen friendly police. This will take the Indian policing at par with its contemporaries anywhere in the world.

Judicial Reforms :

  • BJP will work towards simplifying procedural laws, encouraging mediation and strengthening judicial and court management system in order to increase accessibility.
  • Making India the centre of arbitration – We will increase the number of Alternative Dispute Resolution forums to ensure avenues for quick disposal of matters. Will also take all necessary steps to make India a hub of arbitration services.

International Financial Services Centre Authority :

  • In order to establish India as a hub of financial services, we will expedite the enactment of legislation for creating an International Financial Services Centre Authority which will put in place a robust regulatory framework. We will continue and further increase the ongoing incentives to expand digital transactions.

Implementing Cooperative Federalism Effectively :

  1. The party has  set an example of inclusive federal governance through steps such as the creation of NITI Aayog, establishment of the GST council and restructuring of central schemes in line with our pledge of cooperative federalism. We will continue to pursue this course by ensuring greater involvement of the states in all aspects of policy making and governance thereby strengthening federalism. We will also ensure implementation of the 14th Finance Commission’s recommendations.

Ease of Living :

  1. BJP will set up a committee for Easing Citizens’ Interactions with Government (CECIG) to work with experts in reforming citizen’s interface with Government across domains such as taxes, business compliance, rules and regulations for greater simplicity and ease.
  2. To empower citizens and ensure time-bound delivery of public services, we will explore every avenue to implement the Right to Service.

Science and Technology :

  1. The future belongs to Science and Technology and the use of technology for development of people. We will launch a new Science Mission for development of cutting edge technologies and future technologies with two submissions, specifically focused on (a) artificial l intelligence mission and (b) robotic research mission with the aim to leapfrog into the future world of cutting edge technologies.
  2. Our first agenda is our people. Today much of our S&T investment is in central institutions. We will aim to spread this to the 95% of students who attend state government institutions also. This will be done by investment from the government through a National Research Foundation in partnership with States. Industry investment in R&D will also be enhanced, in partnership with our network of national laboratories.
  3. Will launch a Language Translation Mission that will enable ready translation of English text in Science & Technology and humanities in any of our languages. This will take the best works, bilingually, to every student in the country.
  4. Will initiate a genome mission for human health that will bring the latest diagnosis and treatment to our entire population through frugal innovation.
  5. Will explore the diversity of our oceans, have a human crewed submersible going to the deepest oceans that will facilitate sustainable use of resources. With a thrust on non-fossil fuels, our research mission in this area will reduce imports and make India a leader in new technologies.
  6. The supercomputer, Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Missions will make India not only Industry 5.0 ready but also a leader. The Swachh Bharat mission has transformed one side of Swachhata. Now we will get the latest technologies to transform Waste to Energy and Wealth in a major mission. We will also strive towards semiconductor manufacturing within the country.
  7. After  achieving unprecedented success through Mission Shakti, the party is committed to ensuring that ‘Gaganyaan’ successfully demonstrates scientific capabilities of executing a manned mission in space. We will start  the ‘National Program for Rapid Research in Socially Contextual Technologies’ to create research paths in desirable technologies and to manage financing of such projects in coordination with the private sector.

Forest and Environment :

  • Have ensured speed and effectiveness in issuing forest and environmental clearances for eligible projects due to which we have added around 9000 Sq. Kms to the forest cover of the country. We are committed  to maintaining this pace through adoption of cleaner practises to make our nation a greener country.
  • Have evolved technologically better strategies and devices to map the level of pollution in cities and rivers and have taken effective steps to reduce the level of pollution in major cities, including the national capital. Will convert the National Clean Air Plan into a Mission and we will focus on 102 most polluted cities in the country. Through concerted action, we will reduce the level of pollution in each of the mission cities by at least 35% over the next five years.
  • Have continuously protected and promoted the interest of forest dwellers particularly the tribal communities. We have endeavoured to provide basic amenities, such as roads, telephone connectivity and cooking gas connection in addition to houses and toilets, at the doorstep of people living in remotest forest areas. We are committed to continuing our work in this direction.

Protecting the Himalayas :

  • BJP will ensure the Himalayan States are provided special financial assistance in the form of a ‘Green Bonus’ to facilitate the protection and promotion of forests in those states.

Focusing on Island territories :

  • Have taken important steps such as establishing the Island Development Authority to ensure the overall development of the island regions. We will continue to focus on these areas given their economic potential and strategic importance.
  • Will preserve the unique identity of Andaman-Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands and build a world class infrastructure compatible with the local ecosystem. We will focus on fully developing the potential of tourism in these islands to bring transformational improvement in the standard of living and income of the residents.

Focusing on Union Territories :

  • Will develop Union Territories as models of development and good governance, and ensure the highest quality of living, citizen services and infrastructure for the residents of Union Territories.

Development of Northern States :

  • Have ensured that the insurgency in the North-eastern States is brought under control and the security situation in these states improved significantly. We will leverage this situation to ensure accelerated development of the North-eastern states.
  • Will continue to focus on the development of infrastructure and improved connectivity in this region to ensure that the North-eastern states duly participate  in the economic progress of the country. We will continue to take the necessary steps to leverage the tremendous potential of hydroelectric, tourism, horticulture etc in the North-eastern states.
  • The party is committed to ensure that the unique linguistic, cultural and social identity of the North-eastern States is adequately protected and take steps to ensure the same.

Yuva Bharat – Tomorrow’s India :

Creating Opportunities for Youth :

  1. BJP will create new opportunities of employment by providing more support  to the 22 major ‘Champion Sectors’ identified as the main drivers of Indian economy. We will optimally leverage the untapped employment-generation of potential of sectors such as defence and pharmaceuticals to take advantage of the opportunities available in domestic and foreign markets.
  2. Entrepreneurship & Start-Ups- To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth.

Youth In Governance :

  • Engaging Youth with Society – To ensure increased participation of youth in our society.
  • Youth in Urban Governance – will support  a large scale internship program for the youth in urban local bodies, matching skills needed by the local bodies and providing the young with much needed understanding of urban issues.

Sports :

  • BJP will map state and district-wise sport  talent and strengths, recognize the traditional sporting  practices and focus on the promotion of special  sports  in special  regions.
  • The government has taken comprehensive steps to develop the culture of sports in the country through the ‘Khelo India’ scheme, and we will continue to provide adequate resources under this scheme to ensure the achievement of declared objectives. Under this scheme, special attention will be given to encourage sporting  talent among women and tribals.
  • In order to further promote sports will introduce practical sports  courses as part  of the educational curriculum and also establish a National Sports  Education Board for the development of sports persons.
  • Will support the creation of a mini-stadium in each sub-district, with the participation  of state governments, to encourage sports and to make sporting infrastructure available in the rural areas.
  • Will formulate a mechanism to ensure that the capacity of existing sporting infrastructure is easily accessible for use of sports persons and new models including PPP will be explored to ensure maintenance and management of such assets.
  • Will promote the Fit India campaign as an integral part of building a culture of sports in India and will consistently undertake necessary steps to encourage broader awareness and participation in the campaign.

Education for All :

Primary and Secondary Education :

  1. Having achieved access and equity in school education, our emphasis will now be on quality of learning. Have already identified learning outcomes for various classes and our priority in the next five years will be to ensure that children achieve these learning outcomes. Will focus on teachers training and capacity building as a key factor in achieving these learning outcomes.
  2. We consider it our duty to provide a conducive environment for talented children in our country to facilitate them to unleash their talent. For this, we will initiate a ‘Prime Minister Innovative Learning Program’ to bring together such children for a certain period in a year in one place from all over the country and provide them with facilities and resources for them to excel. This would instill a culture of lateral thinking and innovation among them.
  3. BJP will establish National Institutes of Teachers’ training. These institutions would provide four-year integrated courses that would set the standards for quality teachers in our schools. We will also motivate States to replicate this model as it is our firm belief that quality teachers lay the foundation of quality learning.
  4. We are committed to using technology in classrooms and in imparting education.  Will move ahead to provide smart  classes to our children in schools. To begin with, we will initiate this process in the secondary classrooms.
  5. Kendriya Vidayalalas and Navodaya Vidayalas have done yeoman service in the field of school education. In order to cater to the demands of more such schools, we aim to open another 200 such schools by 2024.

Higher Education :

  • BJP will take all necessary steps to increase the number of seats in Central Law, Engineering, Science and Management institutions by at least 50% in the next five years. We will also motivate States to accordingly increase the number of seats in State institutions.
  • We have given due emphasis to on-line courses as a medium of delivering education in the last five years. We will take it to the next level and make it a major resource for imparting higher education.
  • While we have world-class Technology, Science and Medical institutions, the same needs to be replicated in other areas. We will set up an Arts, Culture and Music University with a focus on fine arts such as music and dance. We will also open a state-of-the-art Hospitality and Tourism University and a Police University. States will be encouraged to establish similar institutions of excellence.
  • BJP will relook the role of existing regulatory institutions’ and make necessary changes in the legislation to ensure a regulatory overhaul. We will formulate new regulatory mechanism to provide autonomy to quality institutions and focus towards setting national standards. It will work towards promoting excellence and quality learning in higher education while providing academic and functional autonomy to institutions.
  • In the past five years, our emphasis has been on quality higher educational institutions and Institutions of Eminence have been a step in that direction. We will take it forward in the next five years and create 50 such institutions by 2024.
  • In the past 5 years, a number of our institutions have figured in the top 500 institutions of the world. We will encourage academic institutions towards excellence and motivate more such institutions to rank among the top 500 institutions of the world.
  • BJP will consciously promote a program for ‘Study in India’, which will focus on bringing foreign students to study in higher educational institutions in our country and make India a major destination for education for foreign students.
  • To ensure innovation and quality research, we will incentivise the industry to collaborate with our scientific labs and technological institutions, to undertake research in cutting-edge technology and science.
  • Have launched the ‘National Digital Library of India’ and provided access to e-books and many other papers to the students free-of-cost. To further promote a research-orientation in our higher education institutions, we will take it forward by providing access to leading journals free of cost to the students.

Skill Development :

  1. BJP will formulate a ‘National Policy for Re-skilling and Up-skilling’ to evolve a flexible and industry responsive workforce which is capable of accessing new opportunities and to insulate it from technological shocks.

Women Empowerment :

Women-led Development :

  1. The gains made under our pioneering ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program have been impressive. We are committed to continue to build on these gains to provide accessible and affordable quality education to all women. We will ensure that ample financial support  is available to girls through out their education and subsidized education loans are provided for higher education.
  2. During the last five years, we have focused on ensuring a safe and dignified life and access to basic resources for women through various schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Ujjwala, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, Saubhagya. In the next 5 years, to ensure financial empowerment among women in rural and semi-rural areas and create better employment opportunities for them, we will make every effort to ensure access to credit and other resources, capacity building, market and distribution network for women entrepreneurs, SHGs and women farmers.
  3. We are committed to make women equal partners in and equal beneficiaries of the progress and prosperity of the nation and will formulate a comprehensive ‘Women in Workforce’ roadmap focused on dramatically increasing the female workforce participation rate over the next five years. We will also encourage industries and corporates to generate better employment opportunities for women.
  4. To ensure greater participation of women in the workforce, it is necessary to enable them to continue in the workforce by providing support for child care. Our government has already made it mandatory for any establishment with 50 or more employees to have the facility of a creche. We will now strengthen the creche program with special focus on the needs of parents employed in the unorganized sector to provide crèche and child care facilities by leveraging the existing Anganwadis, civil society organisations and the private sector. We will ensure that the number of childcare facilities is increased three fold by 2022.
  5. To generate better work opportunities for women, 10% material to be sourced for government procurement will be done from MSMEs having at least 50% women employees in their workforce. This will cover various import  substitution items including, but not limited to, apparel, leather, paper and wood, articles, stone items like idols, etc, plastic and rubber items, furniture, clocks, toys etc.

Ensuring equal rights :

  • Have determinedly taken substantive measures to ensure overall development of women and promote gender equality. Continuing our work, we will legislate a bill to prohibit and eliminate practices such as Triple Talaq and Nikah Halala.

Ensuring a dignified life for women :

  • Continuing our efforts to ensure safe motherhood through schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Matritva Suraksha Abhiyaan and Ayushman Bharat, we will focus on ensuring good quality, easily accessible and affordable maternal healthcare services for all women.
  • The government has launched a major initiative on malnutrition by launching the POSHAN Abhiyan. We will reduce the malnutrition level by at least 10% in the next five years, doubling the rate of reduction of malnourishment.
  • BJP will ensure that all reproductive and menstrual health services are easily available to all women across India and with the expansion of ongoing Suvidha scheme, sanitary pads at an affordable cost of just Rs. 1 will be provided to all women and girls.
  • Have very significantly increased the honararium of ASHA and Anganwadi workers. We will increase the coverage of Ayushman Bharat to include all Anganwadi workers and ASHA workers to ensure improved health and social support  system for these frontline workers.
  • Women’s security will be given more priority. We have constituted the Women’s Security Division in the Home Ministry, and have made strict provisions for transferring the laws in order to commit crimes against women, in particular in a time-bound investigation and trail for rape. In such cases, forensic facilities and fast track courts will be expanded to bring convicts to justice.
  • To create a positive atmosphere for women, promote gender justice and create awareness on issues related to women, gender sensitisation courses will be made an essential part of all educational institution’s curriculum and training modules of public offices.
  • We are committed to ensure the welfare of widows of defence personnel who were killed in action. We will formulate a dedicated program for the creation of work opportunities, provide skill training and strengthen social security mechanism for widows of our Martyrs.

Reservation for women :

  1. Women’s welfare and development will be accorded a high priority at all levels within the government, and the BJP is committed to 33% reservation in parliament and state assemblies through a constitutional amendment.

Inclusive Development :

Ensuring Justice for All :

  1. Are committed to ensure benefits of constitutional provisions of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and backward classes. We will ensure that proper representation and opportunities are available for these sections.
  2. Have decisively ensured that the economically weaker sections (EWS) of the society who belong to the non-reserved category are represented and have access to government jobs and higher education through the 10% EWS reservation which was long overdue. We will implement the law in the same spirit while ensuring that SCs, STs and OBCs continue to have their fair representation.

Strengthening ‘Sabkha vikas’ :

  • To ensure that quality education is available and easily accessible, every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons will have an Eklavya Model Residential School. Eklavya Schools will be at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas and besides providing state of the art training in sports and skill development, these schools will have special facilities for preserving local art and culture.
  • Continuing our efforts to promote social and political empowerment, we will ensure that the rights of all forest dwellers are fully protected.
  • BJP will make adequate provisions for personal safety equipment and accelerate the adoption of mechanized cleaning to ensure occupational health and safety for Safai Karamcharis.
  • BJP will establish 50,000 ‘Van Dhan Vikas Kendras’ in the tribal areas of the country to ensure the availability of primary processing and value addition for forest produce and to provide employment for tribals and increase tribal income.

Ensuring welfare of poor :

  • Are committed to bringing down the percentage of families living below the poverty line to a single digit in the next five years.
  • BJP will ensure pucca houses for families either living in kuchha houses or without access to housing by 2022.
  • Have been successful in extending the food security cover to over 80 crore people from poor and lower-middle-income families who are receiving food grains (wheat/rice/coarse grains) at highly subsidized prices. We will further widen this cover to provide subsidized sugar (at Rs. 13 per kg per family per month) to these 80 crore families in line with our moto ‘Sabka Saath-Sabka Vikas’.
  • The unprecedented success of the Jan Dhan Yojana has dramatically improved ªnancial inclusion in India. We will take further steps to ensure access to bank branches, payment banks and banking correspondents by creating a new data-sharing framework that builds on the success of Jan Dhan and Aadhaar platforms while ensuring data privacy and security. With this scheme, we will ensure that every Indian has access to banking facilities within a radius of 5 km. We will also launch a technology enabled program for broader financial literacy by complementing financial literacy with mass media campaigns to provide information on financial products and their use to enable effective participation of every Indian in the financial system.

Responsive to the Needs of Aspirational Middle Class :

  1. After providing major tax relief in the recent budget, we are committed to further  revise the tax slabs and the tax benefits to ensure more cash and greater purchasing power in the hands of our middle income families.
  2. BJP will make all efforts to ensure that our aspirational middle class has access to education, employment opportunities and suitable urban infrastructure for a better quality life.

Commitment to Geographical Equity :

  1. Inclusive development also means inclusion by geography. To this end, our Government has identified 115 aspirational districts that are being given special attention. We intend to continue with this effort to ensure that these districts catch up with the rest of the country. Similarly, we have already laid the foundation for economic and social progress of Eastern India through improved connectivity, construction of high impact infrastructure projects and provision of adequate financial resources. We intend to continue our efforts  to resolve the geographical imbalance of the said region and ensure that Eastern India is an equal participant in the progress and growth of the nation. In PM Modi’s words, this is ‘Purvoday’ (Rise of the East).

Development with Dignity for the Minorities :

  1. Are committed to the empowerment and ‘development with dignity’ of all minorities (Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Parsis etc ).

Caring for the Elderly :

  1. BJP will strengthen the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana to ensure that poor senior citizens in need of aids and assistive devices receive them in a timely manner.
  2. To take forward the gains achieved under Sugamya Bharat, we will put in place a system of continuous accessibility audits and ratings for cities, public infrastructure including airports, railway stations and public transport  systems, to ensure that they are fully accessible, with collaboration with industry and civil society organisations.
  3. BJP will prioritize Divyang beneficiaries under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and mandate accessibility benchmarks to be met in Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  4. Anganwadi and pre-school system will be strengthened to ensure that cases of disabilities are detected at an early stage.
  5. Will offer higher interest rates on fixed deposits by divyangs.

Political resolution on the matter of Gorkha :

  • BJP will recognise the 11 left  out Indian Gorkha sub-tribes as Schedule Tribes. We are also committed to implement the reservation in the legislative assembly of Sikkim for Limboo and Tamang tribes.
  • Are committed to work towards finding a permanent political solution to the issue of Darjeeling Hills, Siliguri Terai and Dooars region.

Ensuring welfare of the Labour Force :

  • Under our government, there has been a 42% growth in the National Minimum Wage. We will maintain the same direction over the next five years to ensure a respectable living for the workers.

Pension Scheme for all Small Shopkeepers :

  • BJP will expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.

Ensuring Welfare of Artisans :

  • BJP will create an umbrella scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Kalanidhi Yojana’ to allow flexible and customized packages of credit, working capital and social security options to provide comprehensive support to traditional arts.

Protecting Our Children :

  • BJP will formulate a comprehensive Child Protection Framework to facilitate the setting up of standards and robust inspection and monitoring of child care institutions across India.

Empowering Transgenders :

  • Are committed to bring transgenders to the mainstream through adequate socio-economic and policy initiatives.
  • Will ensure self-employment and skill development avenues for transgender youth.

Cultural Heritage :

Since inception, the philosophy of the BJP is anchored in the civilisztional ethos of India. As we build ‘New India’, we intend to actively invest in strengthening our cultural roots and preserving civilizational continuity. Far from seeing our cultural values as hurdles to progress, we see them as essential ingredients of our future.

Ram Mandir :

  1. We reiterate our stand on Ram Mandir. We will explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution and all necessary efforts to facilitate the expeditious construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya.

Conserving Bharatiya Faith and Culture :

  • Are committed  to conserve and promote all culturally, religiously and spiritually significant heritage sites related to every faith in India and the ongoing PRASAD scheme will be expanded to achieve this goal.

Conserving Bharatiya Linguistic Culture :

  • BJP will constitute a National Task Force to study the status of all written and spoken languages and dialects in India. We will also work towards revival and promotion of vulnerable or extinct dialects and languages.
  • With a focused effort  on promotion of Sanskrit, we will ensure that the teaching of Sanskrit is expanded and popularized at the school level. We will also provide 100 Panini fellowships to researchers and scholars across India to promote research in Sanskrit.

Namami Gange: A matter of Pride :

  • Are committed to ensure a clean and uninterrupted flow of river Ganga from Gangotri to Ganga Sagar. We will ensure that the sewerage infrastructure to deal with 100% of the waste water from the Ganga towns is completed and is functioning effectively, and take steps to enhance the river flow.
  • The villages located on the banks of the river, which are already open defecation free, will be taken up under a special project to ensure complete sustainable management of solid and liquid waste.

Sabarimala :

  • BJP will undertake every effort  to ensure that the subject of faith, tradition and worship rituals related to Sabarimala are presented in a comprehensive manner before the Hon’ble Supreme Court . Will endeavour to secure constitutional protection on issues related to faith and belief.

Promoting Yoga Globally :

  • BJP will further continue our effort  to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.

Bharatiya Cultural Festival

  • An International Cultural Festival will be organised on a grand scale every year in 5 different states to showcase and promote the rich diversity of Indian culture and efforts  will be made for greater participation of Pravasi Bharatiya population and international community.

Dharohar Darshan :

  1. To increase accessibility and promote all culturally and historically significant heritage sites and museums in India, we will launch a web-enabled virtual tour of all such locations through ‘Dharohar Dharshan-an integrated web portal’. Eliminating the geographical boundaries, the portal will provide real-time experience of Indian cultural heritage, accessible from any corner of the globe.

Uniform Civil Code :

  1. Article 44 of the Constitution of India lists Uniform Civil Code as one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. BJP believes that there cannot be gender equality till such time India adopts a Uniform Civil Code, which protects the rights of all women, and the BJP reiterates its stand to draft a Uniform Civil Code, drawing upon the best traditions and harmonizing them with the modern times.

Foreign Policy :

We believe that India’s time has come. She is emerging as a power and connecting stakeholders in a multi-polar world. The rise of India is the new reality and we shall play a major role in shaping global agenda in the 21st century..

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ :

  1. While pursuing our national developmental and security interests, the ancient Indian vision of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ will form the basis in our global co-operation for progress, prosperity, peace and security, especially with friendly countries and neighbours. Besides working to secure and safeguard ‘global commons’, we will strengthen our role as ‘first responder’ for disaster relief and humanitarian assistance and develop partnerships for disaster resilient infrastructure.

Global Coordination on Knowledge and Technology :

  • BJP will make knowledge exchange and transfer of technology for the development of all countries a major focus of our diplomatic relations. As a part of this, we will endeavour to create an ‘International Space Technology Alliance’ for better coordination and cooperation on issues related to space technology to ensure that the benefits of space technology reach all, especially the smaller countries.

Continuous Dialogue with Indians Living Abroad :

  • BJP will create an institutional mechanism to deepen the relationship of culture and heritage with people of Indian origin, and to regularly engage with them. We will simultaneously launch ‘Bharat Gaurav’ campaign to increase interaction among the Indian diaspora and enable their continuous engagement with the Indian missions. We will strengthen the MADAD portal as single-point avenue for information and services for Indians living abroad.

Combating Terrorism through Global Forums :

  • We are committed to taking concrete steps on international forums against countries and organizations supporting terrorism, and we will take all necessary measures to isolate such countries and organizations on the global stage. To ensure the same, we will work towards establishing a ‘Comity of Nations Against International Terrorism’ as a voluntary multi-lateral forum based on the principles of the draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.

Deeper Multilateral Co-operation :

  • BJP will effectively pursue co-operation against global evils, such as terrorism and corruption through forums like UN, the G20, BRICS, SCO, Commonwealth, etc. Significant interactions such as Russia-India-China (RIC) and Japan-America-India (JAI) will be strengthened. To forward our ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy, we will extensively leverage forums such as BIMSTEC, to accelerate regional coordination and economic co-operation with countries in our neighbourhood. Act East Policy, cooperation with ASEAN and ensuring an open, inclusive, prosperous and secure Indo-Pacific will be pursued vigorously.

Permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council :

  • We are committed  to seeking permanent membership of the United Nation Security Council so that the body reacts the contemporary geopolitical realities of the world. We are determined to intensify our efforts  towards these objectives.

Strengthening the Diplomatic Cadre and Outreach :

  • BJP will increase the strength of the diplomatic and allied cadres to keep pace with our increasing global engagement and enhanced stature of India in the world. In addition, we will facilitate the participation of experts in foreign policy-making through a robust mechanism. We will establish a full- fledged University of Foreign Policy, the first of its kind in the region, to focus on academic study and research on foreign policy and geopolitical issues relevant to India and capacity building of our and friendly foreign diplomats. India’s states will be actively assisted in their international outreach for economic development.

75 Milestones for India @ 75 :

Agriculture :

  1. Achieve the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
  2. Enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organizations.
  3. Ensure adequate market avenues for the realization of MSP through e-NAM, GrAMs and Pradhan Mantri AASHA Yojana.
  4. Work towards ensuring that maximum farmers get income support  under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
  5. Launch a pension scheme for small and marginal farmers to ensure social security under  60 years of age.
  6. Work towards completing all irrigation projects under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana
  7. Provide short-term new agriculture loans up to Rs 1 lakh at 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.
  8. Increase the cropped area under irrigation.
  9. Work towards digitizing land records
  10. Strive to ensure all-weather connectivity for every village.
  11. Work towards assisting the maximum number of fishermen  by ensuring the availability of storage and other infrastructure under a new ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’
  12. Ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste and reuse of waste water.

Youth and Education :

  1. Aim to cover all the secondary schools under Operation Digital Board.
  2. Enable investment of Rs 1 lakh crore in higher education through Revitalising of Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE).
  3. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier management institutes.
  4. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier engineering institutes.
  5. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier law institutes.
  6. Establish at least one Atal Tinkering Lab in every block.
  7. Under a new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme, provide financial  support to MSMEs and for employment generation in northeastern states.

Infrastructure :

  • Ensure a pucca house to every family.
  • Ensure the LPG gas cylinder connection to all poor rural households.
  • Ensure 100% electrification of all households.
  • Ensure every citizen has access to a bank account.
  • Ensure a toilet in every household.
  • Ensure access to safe and potable drinking water for all households.
  • Complete Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project expeditiously
  • Double the length of national highways.  Ensure 100% waste collection under Swachh.
  • Bharat Mission to achieve ODF+ and ODF++ in cities and villages.
  • Ensure ODF status for all villages and cities.
  • Achieve 175 GW of renewable energy capacity.
  • Strive to achieve 10% blending of ethanol in petrol.
  • Connect every Gram Panchayat with high speed optical fibre network.
  • Ensure the supply of piped cooking gas in major Tier 1 and 2 cities.
  • Form a new Ministry of Water unifying the water management functions. This will help approach the issue of water management holistically and ensure better co-ordination of effort.
  • Aim to increase the number of operational airports to 150 for better air connectivity.
  • Increase port capacity to 2,500 MTPA.

Railways :

  • Ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to broad gauge by 2022.
  • Make all efforts to ensure electrification of all railway tracks by 2022.
  • State developing small railway stations across India.
  • Work towards equipping all main railway stations with Wi-Fi facility.
  • Complete the dedicated freight corridor project by 2022.

Health :

  • Establish 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres under Ayushman Bharat.
  • Start setting up 75 new medical colleges/ postgraduate medical colleges.
  • Target provisioning of telemedicine and diagnostic laboratory facilities at all health and wellness centres to ensure quality primary medical care to the poor at their doorstep.
  • Work towards increasing the number of childcare facilities threefold.
  • Ensure a drastic reduction in cases of tuberculosis.
  • Increase the doctor-population ratio to 1:1400.
  • Under the POSHAN Abhiyaan, aim to reduce the malnutrition level as well as accelerate the rate of reduction of malnourishment.

Economy :

  • Further improve India’s rank in ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking.
  • Work towards improving GDP share from manufacturing sector.
  • Work towards doubling the total exports.
  • Establish National Traders’ Welfare Board and create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail business
  • Work towards creating a single-window compliance and dispute resolution mechanism for MSMEs
  • Strive to ensure reduced tax rates, higher tax collection and greater compliance. Work towards ensuring a stable taxation regime.
  • In order to incentivise compliance of law and ease of doing business, amend the
  • Companies Act to impose civil liability for technical and procedural defaults of a minor nature, thus unclogging the majority of cases from courts.

Good Governance :

  • Ensure the availability of banking services within 5 kms of every individual.
  • Achieve complete digitization and modernization of courts.
  • Promote and increase digital transactions.
  • Ensure end-to-end digitization of government processes.
  • Enable digital delivery of government services.
  • Work towards substantially reducing the current levels of air pollution.
  • Work towards completely eliminating crop residue burning to reduce air pollution.
  • Put an Indian in space in an Indian spacecraft as part of ‘Gaganyaan’ mission.

Inclusive Development :

  • Ensure full immunization coverage of children.
  • Strive to make all government buildings accessible.
  • Ensure the completion of six Tribal Freedom Fighters Museums.
  • Work towards completing the development of ‘Panchteerth’ circuit.
  • Expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.
  • Ensure comprehensive social security coverage for all unorganized labourers including insurance, pension etc

Women :

  • Work towards increasing female workforce participation rate.
  • Ensure justice for Muslim women by enacting the law against triple talaq.
  • Achieve the goal of Clean Ganga by 2022.
  • Complete the development of all projects under Swadesh Darshan, PRASAD and HRIDAY schemes.
  • Work towards digitization of collections in all national museums.

Autism – a medical disorder – awareness

Autism – a medical disorder – awareness

Autism  is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.

Children with autism have trouble communicating. They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. This makes it very hard for them to express themselves either with words or through gestures, facial expressions and touch.

Real scenario :

About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.

ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. ASD is almost 5 times more common among boys (1 in 42) than among girls (1 in 189). Despite being a critical issue, the India-specific estimate of the prevalence is still unaccounted.

Moreover, the stigmatization and discrimination associated with neurological differences remain substantial obstacles to diagnosis and therapies, an issue that must be addressed by both public and policy-makers.

History of Autism :

From the early 1900s, autism has referred to a range of neuro-psychological conditions. But where did the term come from, and how has knowledge about autism changed?

Where Did the Term “Autism” Come From?

The word “autism” comes from the Greek word “autos,” which means “self.” It describes conditions in which a person is removed from social interaction. In other words, he becomes an “isolated self.”

Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist, was the first person to use the term. He started using it around 1911 to refer to one group of symptoms related to schizophrenia.

In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use “autism” to describe children with emotional or social problems. Leo Kanner, a doctor from Johns Hopkins University, used it to explain the behavior of several children he studied who acted withdrawn.

Autism and Schizophrenia :

Autism and schizophrenia remained linked in many researchers’ minds until the 1960s. It was only then that medical professionals began to have a separate understanding of autism in children.

From the 1960s through the 1970s, research into treatments for autism focused on medications such as LSD, electric shock, and behavioral change techniques. The latter relied on pain and punishment.

During the 1980s and 1990s, the role of behavioral therapy and the use of highly controlled learning environments emerged as the primary treatments for many forms of autism and related conditions. Currently, the cornerstones of autism therapy are behavioral therapy and language therapy. Other treatments are added as needed.

Symptoms of autism :

Signs and symptoms of autism in a child, such as ADHD, OCD, depression, there, epilepsy and hyperactivity.

Autism Symptoms and Signs :

  • Abnormal Body Posturing or Facial Expressions.
  • Abnormal Tone of Voice.
  • Avoidance of Eye Contact or Poor Eye Contact.
  • Behavioral Disturbances.
  • Deficits in Language Comprehension.
  • Delay in Learning to Speak.
  • Flat or Monotonous Speech.
  • Inappropriate Social Interaction

Social communication and interaction :

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social interaction and communication skills, including any of these signs:

  • Fails to respond to his or her name or appears not to hear you at times
  • Resists cuddling and holding, and seems to prefer playing alone, retreating into his or her own world
  • Has poor eye contact and lacks facial expression
  • Doesn’t speak or has delayed speech, or loses previous ability to say words or sentences
  • Can’t start a conversation or keep one going, or only starts one to make requests or label items
  • Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm and may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
  • Repeats words or phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them
  • Doesn’t appear to understand simple questions or directions
  • Doesn’t express emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others’ feelings
  • Doesn’t point at or bring objects to share interest
  • Inappropriately approaches a social interaction by being passive, aggressive or disruptive
  • Has difficulty recognizing nonverbal cues, such as interpreting other people’s facial expressions, body postures or tone of voice

Causes :

Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.

Genetics. Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder. For some children, autism spectrum disorder can be associated with a genetic disorder, such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome.

For other children, genetic changes (mutations) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Still other genes may affect brain development or the way that brain cells communicate, or they may determine the severity of symptoms. Some genetic mutations seem to be inherited, while others occur spontaneously.

Environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections, medications or complications during pregnancy, or air pollutants play a role in triggering autism spectrum disorder.

Complications :

Problems with social interactions, communication and behavior can lead to:

  • Problems in school and with successful learning
  • Employment problems
  • Inability to live independently
  • Social isolation
  • Stress within the family
  • Victimization and being bullied

Prevention :

There’s no way to prevent autism spectrum disorder, but there are treatment options. Early diagnosis and intervention is most helpful and can improve behavior, skills and language development. However, intervention is helpful at any age. Though children usually don’t outgrow autism spectrum disorder symptoms, they may learn to function well.

On the World Autism Awareness Month, Forum Mall Koramangala and I Support Foundation organized Quiet hour on 2nd April 2019 and will be organizing Autism Fest on 13th April 2019 along with volunteering partner Oracle, activity partners AltLab Innovators, Colorothon and Giggles contributing to the cause of raising awareness and acceptance about Autism. Both the events will be held in Forum Mall Koramangala, Bangalore.

AUTISM FEST (April 13th, 2019 10:00 AM – 1:00 PM)

Objective:April being World Autism Awareness Day and promoting community awareness, social acceptance, inclusion, and educating about differently abled while providing a place to foster friendship and show kids, families facing developmental ability love and support.

The festival includes:
  • A resource craft fair, kids play area, indoor games (Board and Sensory games, Snake and Ladder, Chess).
  • Approximately 100 students and their families to participate in the autism street fest organized to raise awareness
  • Skill training DIY – best out of waste.
  • Fun activities like face painting, watercolor painting, caricature.
  • A stall for answering queries of parents with respect to Autism.
  • Magic Show, Cartoon characters, Music, and fun.
  • Art arena, Photo booth.
  • Refreshments.
  • This initiative is to support autistic kids, adults and their families to come out.
  • Forum Mall Koramangala being the first Mall to show gesture for social inclusion.
  • Creating a welcoming and socially acceptable environment. 
  • A small change can bring a huge difference. A recent study found that 64% of people with autism avoid going into shops due to the fear of sensory overload.

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath – Mrs.India 2015 – Bengaluru

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath – Mrs.India 2015 – Bengaluru

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath was crowned Mrs. India in 2015.  She is been described as “She’s Mentor”; “She’s a Mother”, She’s an Inspiration”, “She is Beautiful and a Star”, “She’s a Queen”, She’s a Go-Getter”, “She’s a Friend”, ‘She’s a Winner”, “She’s the support”, “She’s a Rock-Star”, and She’s the Sunshine that Never Stops Shining”- Yes all these words truly describe what she is, and what she will be forever.

A brief Bio of Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath :

Born to Dr.V.S Patil Kulkarni and Kamala Patil on 2 November 1966, as the eldest of four, a sister Prafulla, Two younger brothers Pradeep and Praveen, she grew up in different districts of Karnataka, like Belgaum, Dharwad, Gulbarga and Bengaluru.  She had professional training for athletics in Kanteerava stadium during 1985-87, where she played volleyball and women’s cricket for her college.

She got married to Basavaraj Saunshimath in 1987, lived in Alamatti dam site for a year before moving to Hubli for next 14 years.

Mrs. India 2015 – Mrs. Prathima Saunshimath :

The glamorous and Beautiful Mother of two grown-up children, Pratibha Saunshimath from Bengaluru, was crowned as “Mrs India 2015”, and “Mrs Asia International 2015” and “Mrs Asia Photogenic 2015”- and who presently is the Regional Director of “Mrs India’ pageants.  

Pratibha Saunshimath is very passionate about dancing and acting. Sports and dancing have been an integral part of her life. She has worked and was a part of Shiamak Davars Bengaluru team for 11 years.

Lately, she has started dance classes of her own and worked for a producer as production designer in a Kannada movie in 2008 – 09 where exposure to camera interviews was an educational experience for her.

Achievements of Mrs. Pratibha :

With her own choreography, Pratibha managed to reach the 3rd round of Zee TV DID Supermoms. As the Director of ‘Mrs India 2017’ and also Director for ‘Mrs India Karnataka Pageant’, she has organized the pageants very systematically and has given her 100% contribution to make the pageants successful.

A very Strict task master Pratibha was the show Director of all ‘Mrs India’ Pageants including ‘Mrs India 2017′,’ Mrs India North 2017′, ‘Mrs India South 2017’, ‘Mrs India West 2017’, and ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2017’.

Multi-faceted personality :

Pratibha is a multifaceted personality who is a fabulous Dancer, actor and model who has acted in many TV advertisements and documentary Films. Never-give-up attitude is what has made her special, who has successfully proved that age is just a number.

Pratibha is not only a loving Mom to her two children but she is also a strong lady with engaging thoughts. She is incredibly sharp, intelligent, confident and poised. She is more than just a beauty and socialite.  

She is a go-getter and an achiever- her success in the 2015 pageant is the proof. She has always understood fashion and style to be an expression of the unique and beautiful inner self of each individual person.

Mrs. India Pageant :

Mrs. India Karnataka Pageant aims to empower women and enrich opportunities for personal growth.  Mrs. Karnataka India inspires women of diverse backgrounds and culture to come together nationally and internationally, support lifelong commitment to uplifting those in need and develop a sense of global responsibility.

The pageant is not looking for models.  It is organized to make role models.  According to Pratibha, “Mrs. India Karnataka is the only beauty pageant that celebrates beauty in diversity.” 

The event aims at reaching every nook and corner of the State and to bring out the talents among married women and giving them a prestigious platform to showcase themselves to the rest of the world.

Registration for the pageant :

All Contestants are required to pay a registration fees of INR 2500.00 + 18% GST i.e INR 2950.00. The contestant has to share a screenshot of the same.

Traffic Mess – Model code of conduct – Bengaluru

Traffic Mess – Model code of conduct – Bengaluru

Traffic mess will be unbearable once the elections are over at Bengaluru.  Once the elections get over, the projects which have been stopped due to model code of conduct will start.

In modern life one has to face with many problems one of which is traffic mess becoming more serious day after day. It is said that the high volume of vehicles, the inadequate infrastructure and the irrational distribution of the development are main reasons for increasing traffic mess in the city.

Why is Bengaluru  gridlocked with traffic mess?

Everyone agrees that it was because of the rapid – and unplanned – growth of Bengaluru city.  Bengaluru  is often described as the Silicon Valley of India as it is home to the IT industry.

Since the early 1990s, global technology firms began opening offices here and a large number of support industries have grown around it, bringing with them a huge influx of people from all over India.

The population has doubled, but the infrastructure has failed to keep pace.  Most people are dependent on private transport. Every day, million vehicles enter from outside the city, clogging its already choked streets.

Temporary solution to traffic mess :

Road widening is being done at some places. At best it is a temporary solution.

Besides it is unfair to the people  who have built houses/buildings and shops legally along the road.  To accommodate a temporary passing vehicle,  that comes from some distant part of the city, asking the permanent residents to move out to make way for them.

 It makes more sense to tell the vehicle owners that they are encroaching on the space legally owned by others. When space is at a premium, and a fixed permanent asset like a building/shop/office/residence has to compete with a moving vehicle, for space, how fair is it to ask the building to get lost so that space for a car is made available?

After the road is widened, after a few years when even more cars are to be accommodated, will it help in start demolishing the fixed structures? When and where will this stop? 

Public transport to ease traffic mess:

Pretty much everyone agrees that Bengaluru’s  traffic problems are to be solved by increasing the usage of public transport options. The question is, what is an actionable plan to do that? Such a plan need to evolve around two cornerstones:

  1. Increase  the use of public transport, and
  2. Decrease the use of private, single occupancy transport.

Reality Check: Bangalore’s rising traffic concerns :

Bengaluru has seen this phenomenon at its worst. “The traffic is definitely a mess here,” says a transport and traffic expert.  “It’s faster to walk than drive.”

Being late to something as important as a meeting or presentation cannot be excused with a reason as trivial as too much traffic. However, that’s often a reality faced by employees and clients after they wade their way through the horrors of the gridlock. 

Understanding the problem – Traffic mess :

To solve, or rather to ‘minimize’, this problem as a collective, one must first understand the problem. The Bengaluru traffic congestion issue is a direct result of there being more vehicles on the road met with the general inadequate infrastructure to handle it. The only logical solution is to somehow reduce this number.

Better public transportation options would definitely help but this issue is not one which can be indolently left to the government alone to handle. It’s up to  the citizens, to reduce the number of wheels on the road.

Carpooling thus becomes an excellent option in this situation as it would not be too hard to find people who share  route to work every morning. It’s cost effective and would ease the congestion on the road. This must be better encouraged by companies.

Cable & Road work contribute to Traffic mess :

Driving on the namma city’s roads are a nightmare once the elections are over.  All the projects have been stopped due to elections model code of conduct.  Once that expires, the civil agencies will launch the work.

Brace yourselves.  Once the work starts it will coincide with the pre-monsoon showers of  May month and monsoon showers from June onwards. This is definitely add to the misery.

The BBMP and Bescom will start its work in most parts of the city from the month of May.   The Bescom work is for laying underground cables in 53 sub-divisions worth Rs.4800 crore. 

The work will start in 19 sub-divisions once the model code of conduct is lifted in the city.  Once the elections are over, the civic body will continue with the Tendersure and white-topping works.

BESCOM & BBMP work :

The first phase of Bescom work will start from May 27 in HSR Layout, Indiranagar, Benniganahalli, Peenya, Mahalakshmi Layout, Malleshwaram, Sadashivanagar, Vijayanagar and other places. 

According to BBMP officials the white-topping and Tendersure work will continue after the elections. Ward work will be taken up in Malleshwaram, Peenya, Shivajinagar, Chamarajpet, Lingarajapuram, Yelahanka and Hebbal.

Public opinion on Traffic mess :

Karnataka road tax charges are amongst the highest in the country. going by this alone, the road users who pay such hefty road tax expect good roads, parking facilities ( may be pay and park), clean roads, strict enforcement of road etiquettes and traffic rules. However, what you find are bad roads with filth lying all around and unruly traffic.  

Bengaluru  cannot be permitted to degenerate the way it is doing now. Hope the Bengaluru  traffic police and the Karnataka government together take appropriate action immediately.

The city’s traffic jams make it the sixth-most painful worldwide for commuters and second-worst for parking after New Delhi.

Any other reasons ?

The reasons which contribute significantly in making Bengaluru traffic worst :

  1. Common office/school timings :  School and offices use busses for their employees and students respectively.  Thee busses come on the streets at similar timing and hinder the traffic.
  2. Cars : Most of the IT professionals use cars to travel to work.  This takes up a lot of space per person on already narrow streets.
  3. Ineffective public transport :  The reason people use cars is because, the public transport is inefficient.
  4. Vicinity of IT parks :  Major IT parks in Bengaluru are located on a single belt, which makes the matters worse on the city roads.
  5. Us/Public : even we the public are responsible.  There is inefficient traffic management, but we can follow road discipline ourselves, the situation could become a lot better.
Bengaluru Anti corruption Bureau – Magadi

Bengaluru Anti corruption Bureau – Magadi

On 09.04.2019 ACB, Bengaluru caught Sri. V.S.Sabarish and Sri. Hulluraiah while accepting a bribe of Rs. 7 lakh.  Both have been suspended.

 A real estate agent from Bengaluru had sold some sites in 2013.  As there were some discrepency in the site,  the purchasers of the sites had asked for resale of the property.

Previously Sri. Sabarish was Inspector at Magadi Police Station when complaints were lodged.  He was then later transferred to Kengeri Traffic Police station.

Inspite of not being the concerned officer, Sri. Sabarish, Police Inspectore, Bengaluru and Sri Hulluraiah, a private person demanded Rs.15 lakh bribe to settle the issue.

Bribe money is been confiscated and case has been registered.  Investigation is on.

National Institutional Rankings Framework –  Bengaluru Tops

National Institutional Rankings Framework – Bengaluru Tops

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)  – 3 institutes from Bengaluru have secured the top place.    This is the fourth edition of NIRF India Rankings from Ministry of HRD.    The list was released by NIRF for 2019 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Introduction to National Institutional Rankings Framework :

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is a methodology adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, to rank institutions of higher education in the country.

The Framework was approved by the MHRD and launched by Minister of Human Resource Development on 29 September 2015.  There are separate rankings for different types of institutions depending on their areas of operation like universities and colleges, engineering institutions, management institutions, pharmacy institutions and architecture institutions.

The Framework uses several parameters for ranking purposes like resources, research, and stakeholder perception. These parameters have been grouped into five clusters and these clusters were assigned certain weightages. The weightages depend on the type of institution.

Formation of the National Institutional Ranking Framework :

MHRD organized a one-day workshop on 21 August 2014 on evolving methodologies for the ranking of institutions of higher education in India. The meeting resolved to constitute a Committee for evolving a National Ranking Framework. Later it was also decided to co-opt representatives of central universities and IIMs also into the proposed committee.

Based on these decisions, a core committee consisting of 16 members was constituted on 29 October 2014 with secretary (HE, MHRD, as chairperson and additional secretary (TE), MHRD, as member-secretary.

The other members were the directors of the IIT’s at Kharagpur and Chennai, the vice-chancellors of Delhi University, EFL University,  Central University of Gujarat and JNU, directors of the IIM’s at Ahmedabad and Bengaluru, directors of school of planning and architecture (Delhi), NIT (Warangal),  ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management (Gwalior), IISER (Bhopal), NAAC (Bengaluru) and chairperson of NBA (New Delhi).

Categories – NIRF :

The list for 2019 was released by the President of India Ramnath Kovind.  The categories included  Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, and Law.

In Overall category IIT Madras ranked first while IITs dominated major categories like Overall, Engineering and Architecture. Delhi University’s Miranda House was ranked the best among colleges across the country, while the varsity’s St Stephen’s College was ranked fourth.

According to officials more than 4000 institutes had submitted their data for NIRF ranking this year.

NIRF India Ranking 2019:

Top 10 educational institutes in all categories :

Here are the top 10 educational institutes in all categories:

NIRF India Ranking 2019: Overall

Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

IISc, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 Rating

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Banaras Hindu University Varanasi

India Ranking 2019 – Universities – NIRF  :

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru

Jawaharhal Nehru University, Delhi

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

Calcutta University, Kolkata

Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Anna University, Chennai

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

Savitribai Phule Pune University

India  NIRF Ranking 2019 –   Management :

Indian Institute of Management, Bengaluru

IIMB, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 rating

Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad

Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta

Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow

Indian Institute of Management, Indore

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur- Management School

Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI)

Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode

Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi – Management School

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay- Management School

NIRF India Ranking 2019 –  Law  :

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru

Law College, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 ranking

National Law University, New Delhi

Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences, Kolkata

National Law University, Jodhpur

Symbiosis Law School, Pune

Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar

The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala

Bengaluru Institutes ace NIRF rankings :

IIM Bangalore (IIM-B) has bagged the top spot in the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) Rankings 2019 under the Management category.

According to IIM-B Director G Raghuram , “This is due to the efforts of the IIM-B faculty and staff — both current and former, past Leadership, the Board, Students and Alumni, and the supporting eco-system.”

The other two educations lands from Bengaluru city are the Indian Institute of Management and the National Law School of India University.

The rankings are based on graduation outcomes, research and professional practice, outreach and inclusivity, teaching, learning and resources.

Points scored by institutions :

According to records, IISc scored 82.28 points, JNU 68.68 point and BHU 64.55 points this year, while they scored 82.16,, 65.57, 53.52 in 2018 and 83.28, 64.53 and 58.92 in 2017 respectively.  In 2016, BHU stood at 7th position with 81.22 score.  In overall category, BHU received 10th ranking in 2019, 9th position in 2018 and 10th in 2017. 

2018 rankings by NIRF :

Last year, the HRD Ministry released the ranking on April 3, 2018. Overall, the best institute was IISc and the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) was adjudged the best engineering college while the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) the best management institution.

Delhi University’s Miranda House was the top college, premier healthcare institute AIIMS the best medical college and NLSIU-Bengaluru the best law school in the country.

East Bengaluru – nine pubs closed down

East Bengaluru – nine pubs closed down

East Bengaluru – 9 pubs are closed down by the Fire department.  The fire and emergency services department filed police complaints against owners of pubs and bars in Indiranagar and Jeevanbima Nagar for ignoring notices to fix safety issues on their premises. 

Bengaluru Pub history :

The city’s rendezvous  with beer began as early as 1915. United Breweries (UB), which supplied beer to the British cantonment, was at the time run by a Thomas Leishman, who sold it to Vittal Mallya in 1947.

Mallya’s United Breweries Ltd. produces several brands of lager, including the city’s favourite Kingfisher. Now, the city consumes more than 55% of the Kingfisher beer (all types) sold in the country according to a senior official UB group.

At Ramda’s, believed to be the city’s first pub, an evening usually included a few mugs of Khoday’s draught, served with masala peanuts and vadas.

Closure of pubs in East Bengaluru :

The closure of nine out of 12 pubs and bars in East Bengaluru is attracting a lot of eyes.  According to the officials sufficient time was given to remedy safety issues but in vain.

Bescom has cut the power supply to the pubs and the police has been given orders to arrest the owners if they continue to operate the joints and pubs.

The pubs which are closed are Tipsy Bull, Pecos, The Humming Tree, Escape Hotels, New Leaf Restaurant, BFIat and the Fatty Bao.

Pecos at Indiranagar

According to the department, it had issued 4 to 5 notices to them with instructions to follow the safety measures and be prepared in case of fire accidents.  

It it noted that East Bengaluru has the highest number of Pubs. As the notices were ignored the officials closed down 9 pubs in East Bengaluru.

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – England – Wales

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – England – Wales

World cup Cricket  2019 is fast approaching.  The 2019 Cricket World Cup (officially ICC Cricket World Cup 2019) is the 12th edition of the Cricket World Cup scheduled to be hosted by England and Wales from 30 May to 14 July 2019.  Team India/ Indian Cricket team is one of the team to participate in the ICC cricket world cup 2019.

With the World Cup being held in England, one thing which is quintessential for each team will be their batting lineup. In such a big tournament like this, consistency will be the key, especially from the top order.

Hosting country of ICC cricket world cup :

The hosting rights were awarded in April 2006, after England and Wales withdrew from the bidding to host the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup which was held in Australia and New Zealand.

The first match will be played at The Oval while the final will be played at Lord’s. It is the fifth time that the Cricket World Cup will be held in England and Wales, following the 1975,1979,1983 and 1999 World Cups.

World cup cricket history :

Cricket World Cup, international Cricket championship held at four-year intervals that is the premier contest in one-day cricket and one of the most-watched sporting events in the world.

The first world cup was held in 1975 just four years after one day cricket  took the world by storm. It was the ICC’s official response to the ‘World series of cricket’ Phenomenon which was proving incredibly popular with fans.