Air Pollution affects Bengaluru city

Air Pollution is posing a severe problem in Benglauru.  City is getting gritty with particulate matter.  What exactly is blowing around?

air pollution

Air Pollution – Bengaluru the reasons being Vehicular traffic and waste burning are the major reasons for air pollution in Benglauru.  Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) is the official, governmental body that monitors air quality in Bengaluru city.

Reasons for air pollution :

With growing vehicle numbers and resultant congestion and dieselization, air pollution is a growing concern in Benglauru. The city is losing its inherent advantage of dominant commuting practices – use of bus and walking at the cost of clean air and public health.

Bengaluru  needs stringent measures including leapfrogging emissions standards to Euro VI, curbing dieselization, scaling up of public transport, car pooling and walking for clean air.

Walkers and public transport users are inhaling very high pollution in Bengaluru. AC car users are also not safe.  There is a strong variation in exposure depending on the mode of transport. The open modes like walking, open buses and autos show very high level of exposure than ambient levels.. It is also the dominant approach. Even AC cars with windows rolled up have as high as 125 microgramme per cum. Commuters on sustainable modes are more at risk.

Different committees to address air pollution:

The state has set up three expert committees to address the deteriorating air quality(air pollution).  All the committees have almost the same agenda.  All the committees have chalked out plans.  The KSPCB does not have enforcement powers.

The committees have recommended implementation of strict regulation regarding heavy vehicle traffic in Bengaluru city limits. Checking polluting vehicles and penalizing them.  Imposing restrictions on vehicle registration are a few.

Health concerns:

It may be noted that over the last two decades efforts are being  made at local levels to assess the health impacts of air pollution. There is enough evidence to act urgently to reduce the public health risks to children, elderly, poor and all. Bengaluru have to take action now to reverse the trend of short-term effects as well as the long-term toxic effects. For toxic effects to surface there is a long latency period therefore exposure will have to be reduced today.  Addressing air pollution and health risk has assumed greater importance after the release of the global burden of disease that has ranked air pollution as the fifth largest killer. .

Studies in Bengaluru shows health impacts of air pollution, especially on children. Stunning evidences are available on health impacts on traffic policemen who are directly exposed to traffic pollution.


Karnataka Tourism

Karnataka – tourism an important sector in the State.


Karnataka Tourism is an industry capable of changing the socio-cultural, economic and environmental face of the State. The State of Karnataka is the eighth largest in India. It has been ranked as the third most popular state in the country for tourism in 2014.

Abstract – Karnataka Tourism

Karnataka Tourism is one of the largest and fast growing industries in the world. It has the potential to influence the living pattern of communities. It is one of the most important channels of cultural exchange which breaks down the barriers between people of different parts of the world.

Tourism is the collection of activities, services and industries that deliver a travel experience.  This includes transportation, accommodation, eating and drinking establishments of retail shops, entertainment, business and other hospitality services.  These services are provided for individuals or groups of travelling away from home.

Karnataka Tourism an Overview:

Karnataka has been ruled and shaped under the reigns of many dynasties including Mauryas, Shatavahanas, Gangas, Chalukyas and Vijayanagara kings. The individual dynasties and the rulers have uniquely offered distinctive art and architecture, history and culture to the state and attracts tourism.

Karnataka tourism has various types of tourist destinations such as hill-stations, wild life sanctuaries, bird sanctuaries national parks, waterfalls, beaches, heritage centers, pilgrim centers, adventure, cuisines, fairs and festivals. Each of these tourist product, have the potentiality to create employment opportunities and increase in income generation of different stake holders in the tourism sector.

Tourism sector has both backward linkage and forward linkage. Tourism has economic significance in terms of employment and income. Tourism is an important service and entertainment linked economic activity. The promotion of any destination as a tourist spot leads to the economic development of that area and opens various kinds of employment avenues for the local people.

Karnataka tourism – has one of the highest average elevations of Indian states at 1,500 feet. Karnataka boasts a diverse flora and fauna, which make it a natural tourist’s paradise. The state’s long and colorful history, and the many forts, temples, mosques, and churches make it a great place to explore.

Garden city Bengaluru, Jog Falls, the beaches of Karwar and Malpe, Golgumbuz in Bijapur, the stone temples of Belur and Halebid, Mysore Palace, the list is endless.

Karnataka Tourism – Promoting Karwar

Karwar beach

Karwar is a port city in the South Indian state of Karnataka. It’s known for beaches like Rabindranath Tagore Beach, with dive spots and black-sand Tilmati Beach to the north. The INS Chapal (K94) Warship Museum, a former missile boat, has artifacts and videos on the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. The hilltop Sadashivgad Fort has a temple dedicated to the goddess Durga, plus views of the Kali River and Arabian Sea.

Tourism is an emerging sector in Karnataka.  Karnataka Tourism is considered by some as the number one industry in the state.  Demographic, socio-structural and socio-cultural development always led to changes in tourist demands and service providers in tourism.

The survival of the Karnataka Tourism industry depends on recognizing the trends.   Government owned hotels should be properly managed.   The State Government should take steps for the maintenance of the tourism destination.  Steps should be taken to restore the ancient monuments.

Vijay Mallya – extradition to India from UK

Vijay Mallya – extradition to India from United Kingdom.

Vijay Mallya is wanted in India for defaulting on Rs.9,000 crore in loans to failed Kingfisher Airlines.

Mallya extradition

Mallya will be extradited to India from United kingdom and this will speed up the recovery of over Rs.9,000 crore of loans.  The liquor baron is a fugitive in UK.

In a major boost to India’s efforts to bring back Vijay Mallya, who is wanted for loan default worth around Rs 9,000 crore to a consortium of 13 banks led by SBI, a UK court ordered his extradition.

The 62-year-old Vijay Mallya former owner of now defunct Kingfisher Airlines fled to the UK in March 2016. He has been fighting a legal battle against his extradition to India.  He has claimed he has been falsely dubbed as a defaulter by politicians and media.

Who is Vijay Mallya?

Vijay Vittal Mallya (born 18 December 1955) is a businessman and a former member of the Upper House of the Parliament of India. The son of businessman Vittal Mallya, he is the Ex-chairman of United Spirits, the largest spirits company in India.  He continues to serve as chairman of United Breweries Group. It is an Indian conglomerate with interests including Beverage alcohol, aviation in infrastructure, real estate and fertilizer. He has been the Chairman of Sanofi India (previously known as Hoechst AG and Aventis) and the chairman of Bayer Crop Science in India for over 20 years. He is the Chairman of several other companies.

Vijay Mallya’s Extradition:

India will continue to work with the British government for “expeditious” implementation of the court order against Vijay Mallya.  Delivering the verdict, Judge Arbuthnot at Westminster Magistrates’ Court said there is a prima facie case against Vijay Mallya. She is satisfied that his rights would not be infringed in Barrack 12 of Arthur Road Jail in Mumbai, where he will be imprisoned. The court made a specific reference to special medical facilities being given to him.

The Charges against Vijay Mallya:

  1. He conspired with IDBI bank to get loans amounting to Rs.11,000 crore for his Co. Kingfisher Airlines.
  2. Mallya provided false information on Kingfisher profitability and securities to the bank.

Ruling of the Court:

  1. Loans not used for stated purposes
  2. He conspired to launder money
  3. No evidence to prove that prosecution was politically motivated

Next Course of Action :

  • Mallya can appeal against verdict within 14 days
  • Permission to appeal the Home Secretary’s decision





Bengaluru’s Rex Theatre closing down

Rex theatre-Bengaluru closing down on 31st December 2018  –  80 years of Cinema coming to an end.

Rex theatre at Bengaluru will be closing the shutters down on 31st December 2018 permanently.  The history of Rex goes as back as 1930’s.   The theatre will be turned into a multiplex and mall in a Joint Venture with the Prestige Group according to Anil Kapur, owner of Rex.

rex old black and white

The theatre has been visited by many emissary personalities over the years.  All these years Rex stood out as a rampart for the forgotten years of single screen cinema in Bengaluru.

Rex will soon join the multiplex group. In a Joint Venture between Kapur Investments and Prestige group, the old theatre will be a four screen multiplex including shops and restaurants.

History of Rex theatre :

Rao Saheb Pasupalety Venugopal Naidu bought one acre of land in 1930’s on Bangalore Cantonment Brigade Road.  Rao Saheb also known as P.V.Paul, built two auditoriums on the grounds.

In 1940 the theatre began screening firms.  Out of the 2 auditoriums one was used for screening English films and the other for regional language films.  Unfortunately no regional language films were screened there.

Along the journey, Rao Saheb became bankrupt.  He took a loan of Rs.509000 by mortgaging the theatre in 1951 with the Palai Central Bank in Ernakulam.  He could not repay the loan.  The court decided to liquidate.


In 1960 the High Court of Karnataka ordered the liquidation of the Bank as the Bank ran into financial trouble.  In 1961 at the open auction of Rex theatre, Nand Lal Kapur who had settled in Bengaluru 10 years earlier attended the auction.

Nand Lal’s bidding for Rex theatre was Rs.851000.00.  As nobody was bidding at that price, he got the property.  The screen raised its curtain again with the movie ‘Sleeping Beauty’ in 1962.

Old Glories

During 1970’s and 80’s a string of hits followed at Rex theatre.  The popular movies screened at the theatre are Charlie Chaplin’s ‘Modern Times’, Sylvester Stallone’s ‘Cliffhanger’ and Bruce Lee’s ‘Return of the Dragon’.

In 1989, Hollywood actor Michael Keaton visited the theatre.  That was the day ‘Batman’ was premiered at Rex theatre.  He distributed the film’s merchandise to audience members.  Rex was the first theatre in Benglauru to introduce DTS sound system developed by the Indian Institute of Science.

Once the theatre shuts,  the beginning of the multiplex takes place. The multiplex will be ready and open in three years.  The mall will be called “REX”.

A sad Adieu to Rex.

#1 Which Year Rex Theater Started?

#2 Who was the Owner of Rex Theater?

#3 Last Film Screen @ Rex Theater


ACB raid at Vemagal Hobali, Kolar district

On 10/12/2018 the officials of ACB Bengaluru Rural District Police Station have trapped and arrested Sri Krishna Murthy and

Sri. Ananda while accepting a bribe of Rs.40,000/- .


A resident of Danamattannahalli Village, Vemagal Hobali, Kolar District had sought for Khata of his land. Sri Krishna Murthy, SDA,

Anekal Taluk Tahsildar office and Sri Ananda (Middle Men) demanded a bribe amount of Rs.1,00,000/- to do the same.


The bribe amount has been seized and investigation is on.


Basavangudi – White topping roads

Basavangudi – White topping road is creating problems to the residents.

Basavangudi – white topping has become a major cause of worries to the residents.Some of the elderly people are now confined to their houses due to the white topping.

Basavangudi white topping road

The road after the topping has become too high.  Nobody knows when the project will be completed.  Some residents are of the opinion that the stretch near Madhavarao circle in Basavangudi was in good condition before the white topping.

Problems at Basavangudi due to white topping:

The problems have multiplied recently at Basavangudi due to white topping.  The residents are unable to take out their vehicles.  The height of the roads has been increased.  Basavangudi is one of the city’s best planned area.

Motorists, residents complain that after white topping, they are facing more problems than what it was before.  It has become a nightmare to motorists due to the mess created by BBMP.

Due to the increased height of the roads in Basavangudi it is causing flooding.  Whenever it rains the water along with garbage enters the houses.  After the white topping done, the BBMP has forgotten to remove the construction debris.

Some of the roads at Basavangudi has turned into one-way after white-topping.  This has contributed to reduction in the business for the traders.

Woes of the residents:

Traffic jam has become a major problem.  Sometimes parking a car is a big problem.  The wheel gets struck between the road and the footpath.  For two wheelers they can easily slip and fall.  No warning signs are placed anywhere to indicate where the white topping road is being laid in some areas.

Slabs, Ducts – Concrete

The Basavangudi – white topping is taking place without removing the existing road.  This method of topping is increasing the height of the road but the footpath remains at the same height.

This increase in the height is changing the geometrics design of the road.  This is also disturbing the drains which are on a lower level.

While white topping the roads provision for ducts is to be provided.  If any of the utility providers have to conduct their maintenance work in Basavangudi, they break and dig the concrete.  Again the problem starts.  When bituminous black is put on top of the white topping the roads become slippery.  This will compromise the safety of the motorists.

Basavangui – White Topping – a disaster

  • Good roads we spoilt due to the white topping project
  • Delay is a major problem
  • Due to white topping houses and shops gets flooded when rains
  • Traffic jam
  • Tax money getting wasted.

Bangaloreans brace yourselves.  More concrete roads are coming according to the BBMP and the Minister in change.

White Topping Road – Bengaluru City

White Topping roads – a project taken over by BBMP is posing problems and nightmare to the citizens in the city.

White topping roads has become a trend in Bengaluru.  It is nothing but concrete road.  The city is seeing a splash of white with the BBMP launching a massive project of r white topping of a number of  roads in what was considered an ambitious move to get rid of potholes.


Last year the BBMP decided to lay concrete roads on some of the major stretches.  The reason being that the existing roads are developing potholes easily and white topping is the solution.

 Problems due to white topping roads :

The BBMP’s shoddily and unscientifically executed project has left many shop owners, pedestrians and motorists angry.  The reason the concretized roads are now at a level of 20 cms higher than footpaths and have blocked shoulder drains leading to water-logging even on stretches which were not prone to flooding earlier.

white topping road

BBMP claims the concrete road is the final cure for the pot-holed Bengaluru roads.  But it is causing a big problem.   The concrete roads have triggered traffic jams and this has put the motorists on a great risk.  People who are living near the white top roads are facing inconvenience daily.

Design flaws of white topping roads:

The design flaw is clearly evident.  The white topping with only superficial milling of the existing bitumen layer raises the road level.

Potholes are not the only problem the city citizens have to worry.  Motorists have no choice but to manoeuvre through the incomplete roads earmarked for white topping.  The work has been progressing at only half the intended pace.

The roads chosen for white topping and completed the work  one side of Mysuru road, Chord road, Goraguntepalya to Jalahalli, Kasturba road and Nrupatunga road.

Residents unhappy about white topping roads:

Citizens in the city are unhappy with the white topping and at the speed it is implemented.  In some of the areas, there has been no activity for the past one month.

In some of the places the stretch that is completed is higher than the asphalted part of the road.  This has caused a big problem for people to cross the road.  The edges are left open and the roads are higher than the foot path.  It is uneven in several places.

The reason given for not completing the project includes not finding alternative roads to divert the heavy traffic.  For delay in the project, the contractors are usually penalized.  But in this project mentioning of the deadline was missed due to departmental reasons.



Ramalinga Reddy breaks silence

Ramalinga Reddy breaks silence about Congress party’s adoption of “pick-and-choose” policy.

Ramalinga reddy not happy

Ramalinga Reddy breaks silence.  He is not happy with the Congress party.  Disagreement have exploded in the Indian National Congress party as the Senior Party Leader Ramalinga Reddy expressed his displeasure.   He accused the INC of adopting a pock and choose policy.  Reddy blamed the party of sidelining the senior members.

Who is Ramalinga Reddy?

Ramalinga Reddy is an Indian politician and seven-time member of the Legislative Assembly from Benglauru.  He represented Jayanagar constituency four times and BTM Constituency three times.

Reddy has been the pillar of Karnataka politics and has contributed to the State’s progress for over 40 years. He has dedicated most part of his life for the service of the people of Karnataka. He is an accessible, simple, humble, trusted, accountable and experienced leader.

He is available at his home office at Lakkasandra every day from 8:00 am where he listens to the problems of the people patiently and ensures that their problems are solved as soon as possible. He has always supported cultural programs and festival celebrations in his constituency.

Reddy has held vital cabinet portfolios in the past such as Transport, Bengaluru development, Education, and Food & Civil supplies. He is currently the Home minister for the state of Karnataka. He has brought in transformation and major improvements in the departments he has handled, where by improving the quality of life of citizens.

Breaking silence by Ramalinga Reddy

Reddy is not happy with the Coalition Government.  He is of the opinion that the appointment of ministers is on case-basis and not on basis of seniority.  Only few seniors are in the cabinet.  Rest of the senior party members are being left out.

Ramalinga Reddy, Karnataka’s former home minister has hit out at his own party for ignoring senior leaders. After the announcement by the Coalition Coordination and Monitoring Committee that the Cabinet is going to be expanded following the end of Belagavi session on 22 December, Ramalinga Reddy addressed the media slamming the party for not giving him a Cabinet berth.

No cabinet expansion –

According to Ramalinga Reddy Cabinet expansion is not taking place on December 22 as there is too much of dissidence within the party.

According to Congress Legislator J.N.Ganesh, some of the congress party members wants Siddaramaiah to become the Chief Minister.

Pollution in lakes  – punish officials

Pollution in lakes is causing a big problem to those who are staying close to it.  The Green Tribunal has asked the Government of Karnataka to find the officials responsible for it.

Pollution in lakes is common in our country.  The National Green Tribunal has given Karnataka 3 months time to punish the officials (Present and past) who are responsible for letting the lakes get polluted.

This punishment is in the wake of the pollution caused by Bellanduru, Varthur and Agara lakes.

Lake Pollution :

Lakes and rivers are common sources of drinking water supplies.  Nutrient pollution builds up in our nation’s lakes, ponds, and streams. EPA’s 2010 National Lakes Assessment found that almost 20 percent of the 50,000 lakes surveyed had been impacted by nitrogen and phosphorus pollution.   All this contributes to pollution in lakes.

Many freshwater lakes, streams, and ponds are polluted.  When it rains, the extra fertilizers and pesticides flow into streams. The pollutants can cause algae to grow quickly. These ‘blooms’ of algae may produce toxins that harm other life in the river thus pollution in lakes and ponds.

algae floating in the lake

Human sewage or cattle excrement that is untreated also cause pollution in lakes in the same way as fertilizers do. Human sewage also contains germs that cause diseases such as hepatitis and cholera. The natural chemicals can cause a pollution in lakes similar to that caused by fertilizers.

Causes of pollution in lakes

  • Industrial waste
  • Sewage and wastewater
  • Underground leakages
  • Pesticides and fertilizer
  • Agricultural waste

Pollution affecting aquatic life

Aquatic species such as fish can be extremely high in contaminants as some pollutants don’t readily dissolve and dilute in water and are instead taken up into organisms. Some species of aquatic organisms are particularly sensitive to pollution. They are used as indicators of pollution and are called bio-indicators. Because lakes drain a large surrounding landscape, they reflect the processes and actions that operate around them. When chemicals are spilled, they can drain into nearby streams and be transported downstream into lakes.

Punishment for polluting lakes

The NGT in its order has asked the trusted agencies to identify the officials who were responsible for pollution in lakes.  The order also stated that any lapse should be recorded in the annual reports.

The Tribunal ordered regarding punishment to officials regarding pollution in lakes includes present and past public servants.  The punishment is for those who failed to discharge their duty and obligations to society as a whole.

The Committee headed by Justice Santosh Hegde will decide about the additional amount required to set up the Sewage Treatment Plants in the State of Karnataka.


DD Roshini – educational doordarshan channel

DD Roshini – Doordarshan launched a new educational channel for students studying in Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) schools.

Doordarshan launched DD Roshini in association with Microsoft Aspire School Program.  This new channel will telecast live TV and Skype lectures in the classrooms to assist teachers who teach in BBMP schools.

DD Roshini is a part of BBMP’s initiative to change and transport the schools which come under BBMP into a world-class educational institution.

The launch of DD Roshini

This educational channel – the digital channel was launched by Karnataka Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy on 6th December 2018 and it is a joint initiative of the State broadcaster, Doordarshan and the BBMP.

DD Roshini channel

DD Roshini channel is been designed to help students from nursery to college level and the programs will be telecast from 6 AM to 10 PM.

The channel debuts as a pilot.  As of now, this facility is available only in schools.  The British Council is helping the BBMP to design the programs for DD Roshni.  The students will have access to digital learning and question banks.

Need for DD Roshini

There was always a gap in the quality of education between BBMP schools, colleges, and private educational institutions.

The internet will be provided at 2 steps.  One is through the dust and the other is through high-speed broadband taken from cables.  These cables ensure continuous connectivity.  The speed of the broadband will be 150 Mbps.


This channel is a step in achieving the vision of ‘No child left behind’.  DD Roshini is launched to implement the state of the art technology.  This includes augmented reality, virtual reality, Artificial Intelligence, and machine learning, Robotics (STEAM) & STEM, usage of cloud etc.

DD Roshini aims to provide an interaction between Indian and the international students.   There are over 22000 students studying in about 40 primary and high schools that are run by the BBMP in Bengaluru.

The channel aims to provide world-class infrastructure to empower the less privileged.

The channel will be available on DD FreeDish, Airtel Digital TV, Dish TV, Big TV, Tata Sky, VideoconD2h and Sun Direct.



IISc Bengaluru – Safety audit after blast

Safety audit will be conducted at IISc (Indian Institute of Science), Benglauru.

IISc Bengaluru will be conducting a Safety audit.  The management of the institution  will be conducting safety audit of all its labs in the city.


This safety audit comes in the wake of an explosion that took place in IISc Bengaluru premises on 5th December 2018.   A 32-year-old research scholar was killed. Three other scholars got injured — two of them seriously after a gas cylinder exploded during an experiment at the Hypersonic and Shock Wave Research Laboratory.

Pressure gases are used regularly in the lab at IISc Bengaluru.  This incident is the first accident 40 years.  According to a professor all safety measures were in place and nobody is aware of what caused the explosion.

Victims at IISc Bengaluru

The deceased Manoj Kumar, was a resident of Manyata Tech Park and a native of Mysuru. The injured were Athulya Uday Kumar, Naresh Kumar and Karthik Shenoy. All four were part of a startup, Super-Wave Technology Pvt Ltd, incubated , promoted and managed by Prof K P J Reddy and Prof G Jagadeesh, both professors of Department of Aerospace Engineering, IISc.

IISc Lab bengaluru

The IISc Bengaluru management has decided to conduct safety audit of the other laboratories in the campus premises.  This move is to tighten the safety and security measures.

The director of IISc Bengaluru will form an internal committee to find out the cause of the blast which took place at the premises. The IISc Bengaluru premises has hydrogen and other cylinders in different places for conducting experiments.

According to the police officials the reason is still unknown.  This is the first incident in IISc which has claimed a life.

The police, along with the state FSL team, are camping at the Hypersonic and Shock Wave research Centre to ascertain the exact reason for the explosion.  IISc experts and forensic staff are probing the case to know the cause of the explosion.


Mirle Vardaraj – rowdy arrested

Rowdy Mirle Vardaraj arrested.  Property documents worth over Rs 500 crore seized.  He is accused of involving in cheating and criminal activities.

Mirle Vardaraj is a history-sheeter who used to threaten landowners and bought their property by paying a lesser amount with the help of his rowdy friends.

On 6th December 2018, he was arrested by CCB on charges of involving in criminal activities and started an investigation.

Following various complaints on serious allegations, CCB  police conducted raids on Mirle Vardaraj’s house at Kengeri in Benglauru city and recovered huge property documents worth multi-crores.

Who is Mirle Vardaraj?

Mirle is from KR Nagar.  He is a resident there and was a jaggery merchant. But different sources said that he has been funding the illegal activities and rowdy elements in Kengeri, Ullala, RR Nagar, Nagarabhavi and other places.


mirle vardaraj

Rowdy Sheeter Mirle vardaraj has been cheating people after getting lakhs of rupees from them showing the government land and promising them of giving sites. If people demand money back, he threatens them with the help of rowdy elements.

Along with Miller Vardaraj, his close friend Nagaraj alias Depot Naga was also arrested.  Property documents worth over Rs 500 crore were recovered and initiated the investigation.

He has been facing 83 cases pending in Bengaluru city civil court. In the same way, 17 criminal cases are in his name.  His wife Girija Miller is also facing 10 land-related cases. As many as 27 FIR’s have been filed against him.

Documents Seized at Miller Vardaraj’s house:

  • Documents relating to more than 100 acres of land
  • Documents relating to flats and houses
  • 15 bank accounts – family members
  • A Mercedes-Benz car

Read related to this topic:

Toxic Air Pollution – Karnataka / Bengaluru

Toxic Air pollution – Karnataka/Bengaluru. Pollution is making people fall sick.  In some cases, it is even fatal.

Toxic Air Pollution problem is grappling Karnataka.  The worst air quality in South India is in Karnataka that kills 95 out of 1,00,000 individuals.  The death rate on national average is 89.9 due to air pollution.

air pollution

The toll in Karnataka is worse than the national average.   The worst toxic air pollution is found in northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana,  Delhi, Rajasthan, and Bihar.

Toxic Air Pollution

Toxic air pollution occurs when harmful quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into earth’s atmosphere.  This may cause diseases,  allergies and even death to the human. More diseases like lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive lung disease, heart attacks, diabetes, and lung cancer.

toxic air pollution                                          It also causes harm to other living organisms like animals and food crops.  Toxic air pollution damage the natural or built environment.  The substance in the toxic air pollution can be solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. A pollutant can be of natural origin or man-made.

Along with harming human health, toxic air pollution can cause a variety of environmental effects. Acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids. These acids are formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned.

Sources of toxic air pollution:

Human activity and natural processes can generate air pollution.  Anthropogenic (man-made) sources and natural sources.

Man-Made Sources :
  • Fossil-fueled power stations, waste-incinerators
  • Motor vehicles, marine vessels, and aircraft.
  • Controlled burn practices
  • Fumes from paint, aerosol spray, varnish
  • Landfills
  • Military sources
  • Fertilized farmland
Natural Sources :
  • Dust from natural sources
  • Radon gas from radioactive decay
  • Methane, emitted by the digestion of food by animals
  • Wildfires
  • Vegetation
  • Volcanic activity

Mortality rate due to toxic air pollution:

The WHO (World Health Organization) estimated in 2014 that every year toxic air pollution causes the premature death of some 7 million people worldwide.  India has the highest death rate due to air pollution.  India also has more deaths from asthma than any other nation according to the World Health Organization.

In December 2013 air pollution was estimated to kill 500,000 people in China each year. There is a positive correlation between pneumonia-related deaths and air pollution from motor vehicle emissions.

Toxic-free clean air adds 1.7 years to life cycle in India and 1.4 years in Karnataka.

How to prevent toxic air pollution?

Prevention is better than cure.  On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution. Reduce the number of trips taken in the car. Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use. Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.

Read more related to this topic: 


New Deputy Mayor – Bengaluru

B.Bhadre Gowda of JD(S) is been elected as the new Deputy Mayor of Bengaluru.

New Deputy Mayor

The post of deputy Mayor was vacant for some time.  Barely a week after she was elected as Bengaluru’s new deputy Mayor, Ramila Umashankar, the Janata Dal (Secular) Corporator from Kaveripura ward, died after she suffered a heart attack.  She was 44.

Following the death of Deputy Mayor Ramila Umashankar, the regional commissioner had ordered BBMP to conduct the polls for the post.

Appointment of Deputy Mayor :

As Bhadre Gowda was the only person to file nomination for the post, Regional Commissioner declared  him elected unopposed.

He had held the position of Chairman of Standing Committee in 2016.   The Bengaluru City’s new Deputy Mayor B. Bhadre Gowda is 52 years old.  He is from JD(S) party.  He represents Nagpura ward (Ward No.67) in Mahalakshmi Layout assembly constituency.  He is a 1st time corporator.

The New Deputy Mayor’s demand as soon as he got elected for the post was a new Multi Utility Vehicle.  He requested the Bengaluru Maha Nagara Palike (BBMP) to replace his “too old” official car with a new top-end Toyota Innova Crysta.

As the State is run by a coalition government (JD(S) and congress) there is an understanding that the post of the Mayor will be held by Congress and Deputy Mayor post by JD(S).

Standing Committee:

The elections were held for the positions of chairperson for 12 Standing Committee’s of the BBMP council.  The chairmen for 4 of the Standing committees will be given to the JD(S) corporators in the BBMP council.

The JD(S) party is demanding to retain the post of chairman of Tax and Finance Standing committee.

Prior to the elections, there were differences of opinion between the congress and the BJP about the nominations to different Standing Committees.

The New Deputy Mayor’s priority is to make Bengaluru clean and green.  He has his own ideas for the city and is trying to implement it in a short span of time.


Goibibo and MakeMyTrip – Fake news

Is the news fake in social media about Goibibo and MakeMyTrip?

fake news in the media

A message that is going viral in WhatsApp claims that online portal like Goibibo and MakeMyTrip are now banned.  It has created a wave of panic among those who have booked through them.

Both online portals cater to bus, flight and hotel bookings throughout India and a ban on honoring their booking could possibly mean that the pre-bookings made through their portals will be canceled.

Online travel portal MakeMyTrip denied reports that spread across social media that the hotel bookings on its platform as well as on Goibibo have been banned.  They confirmed that  “it is business as usual”.

A viral fame news message on social media claimed that MakeMyTrip and Goibibo have been banned.

social media

According to MakeMyTrip CEO, all bookings on its platforms are being honored in the hotels where bookings were made through the portal.

“There is misinformation being spread in social media about hotel bookings on MakeMyTrip and Goibibo not being honored. This information being spread is completely baseless,” Rajesh Magow, MakeMyTrip Co-founder and CEO, said in a statement.

“We continue to operate our business as usual, with approximately one lakh room nights booked just yesterday on our platforms,” he added.

The CEO’s reaction came in the backdrop of some hotel partners in Ahmedabad expressing concerns on their commercial terms with MakeMyTrip and Goibibo.

The online portal has approximately 55,000 domestic hotels and 500,000 international hotels as a partner.

MakeMyTrip confirmed that the bookings on their platform across the cities are being honored and there are no hassles for any customer.

What is the truth behind this news?

Around 270 hoteliers in Ahmedabad are facing issues with online portals like Goibibo and MakeMyTrip.  They complain that the online portals overcharge the hotels and give away offers without consulting the management of the hotel.  As a protest, the hoteliers have started canceling a booking that comes through these portals.

Unlike what the social media message informs, no ban has been imposed on either of the portals. One can still book hotels on the online portals,  but the hoteliers claim that they will cancel these bookings once the customer reaches there hotel and rebook the room, offline, at the same price.

Read more about fake news:


Online portals  – Hoteliers not honouring bookings

300 hoteliers in the country are not honouring the bookings from two portals i.e. goibibo and MakeMyTrip.

The hoteliers decided to boycott the bookings made by 2 online portals – MakeMyTrip and Goibibo from December 1st 2018.

The hoteliers have alleged that indiscriminate discount offered by these online portals has affected their business adversely.  These 2 online portals are offering heavy discounts on bookings.  These companies are charging a commission to the tune of 35% from the hoteliers.

online portal

The discount of 35% offered by these online portals is making the business difficult for the hoteliers.  It has become difficult to sustain their business as the hoteliers started loosing revenue.

How it works???

If someone has made a booking at a hotel in a city through these 2 online portals, it is not valid.  The customers will not be entertained at the hotel.    The customers who have booked through them will not be served on showing the vouchers.  All the customers have been notified about the decision by the hoteliers.

Not to create inconvenience to the customers, the hoteliers are offering the rooms to them.  They will be charged the same rate but they have to cancel the booking made through Goibibo and MakeMyTrip.

Hotels at Bengaluru

Hoteliers from Bengaluru are also facing these problems.  They are also deciding to follow in the same foot steps in boycotting the discounting policy for these 2 portals.

Top online hotel booking portals in India:

  1. MakeMyTrip
  2. Goibibo
  3. com
  4. Agoda
  5. Expedia
  6. TripAdvisor India
  7. Ixigo
  8. Oyorooms
  9. Yatra
  10. Trivago


Randeep –officer BBMP – Public Pressure

Due to public pressure BBMP officer Randeep is retained in BBMP

Randeep retained – In an interesting turn of events in Bengaluru last week, the abrupt transfer of a civil servant was met with enormous dissent and that too, by citizens!



The decision to reinstate was taken following heavy pressure from citizens and civic organisations.  The Government of Karnataka had transferred officer Randeep.D. on 30th November 2018.

Randeep.D is responsible for taking different initiative to check the garbage issue in Bengaluru.  He was transferred to the social welfare department.

In another reshuffle of the State’s bureaucracy, Karnataka Chief Minister H.D.Kumara Swmay  transferred IAS Officer D. Randeep (2006 batch) who was working as Additional Commissioner (Administration) BBMP.  He has served 6 months in his previous post. Randeep was among the 12 IAS officials who were transferred

Randeep was responsible for initiating various reforms in waste management and animal husbandry departments.  He is popular among the citizens of Bengaluru for attempting to reform garbage management through multi level contracts.  The IAS officer has earned the confidence of waste management activists for his attempts to reform the ill-managed waste management system.

Public are of the opinion that Randeep had brought positive energy and attitude to make believe in BBMP again.    Some think the transfer was due to the pressure from garbage mafia.

Public pressure

Following the transfer order citizens started an online petition.  An online petition on and social media campaigns on Facebook and twitter surfaced demanding to retain the officer.

Randeep’s achievements:

  • Beautification of garbage ‘blackspots’ across Benglauru
  • Re-organizing various waste management mechanisms
  • Hiring marshals to monitor littering
  • Played a crucial role in adding conditions to the new garbage tender
  • Proposed to place GPS on auto tippers and compactors as 40% of existing tippers are not registered and working.

The garbage contractors were unhappy with the strict conditions being put in the new tender by Randeep.  He has issued a circular on implementing a standard operating procedure for the secondary transfer point for garbage, where contractors have to follow certain rules.


PUBG Online game – Bengaluru schools

PUBG Online game is becoming an addiction to school children.

The world online has exploded into battle royale madness, with the launch of a couple of huge games. One is Fortnite and the other is PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds or PUBG.

What is PUBG?

Player Unknown’s Battlegrounds (PUBG) is an online multiplayer battle royale game developed and published by PUBG Corporation, a subsidiary of South Korean video game company Bluehole.

PUBG on-line game

The PUBG starts when 100 players are in a plane and jump of the plane to an island or desert map and fight with each other.   You can choose a match solo or play starting with a small team.

Every PUBG game starts with a plane. You are on the plane and you have to parachute onto an area that is on the map. The flight path changes with every round and you need to decide the best time for jumping. You start playing basically without weapons. You have only customized clothing that doesn’t really play any role in the game.

When you land, you can start looking for buildings and other places where you possibly can find weapons, armor and other equipment. If you are killed, other players can take your stuff.

And when you finish a round in PUBG, you can gain in-game currency depending on how long you survived. The goal of the game is to survive until the last with 99 other players (classic mode) and get as many kills as possible.

This is the new Facebook and a new fad among the youth. In psychology, you can call it bandwagon effect, wherein the word of mouth publicity is strong and compelling.

PUBG – Bengaluru schools:

School children in Bengaluru are getting addicted to this game.  The school managements have started warning the parents about the addiction.   A lot of cases are being registered at the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru.

The Associated Management of Primary and Secondary Private Schools Karnataka (KAMS) is also planning to issue an advisory to parents.  The advisory guides parents to restrict the number of hours the children are spending on the game.

According to Dr.Manoj Kumar Sharma from Nimhans, five out of eight cases are referred relating to PUBG addiction. The age group falls between 16 to 20.

Effects of playing PUBG:

Children are getting affected due to this game.

  1. Disturbance in the morning schedule
  2. Impact on food habits
  3. Academic life is affected
  4. Increased aggression and withdrawal symptoms.

Read more related to this topic:

Maintenance charges for apartments

Maintenance charges for apartments is fixed by the owners of the apartment.

Every Housing Society or Apartment Owners Association at its formative stages has to decide on the structure of Society Charges it will collect.  This is called Maintenance charges for apartments.

Apartment maintenance charges

‘Maintenance charges for apartments’ is one of the  topics in the real estate realm. While most, if not all, the apartment owners have to pay these common maintenance charges.

Maintenance charges

When a rental property is contained in an apartment block or housing development, either the tenant or the landlord may be expected to pay an annual service charge. This charge will usually cover maintenance and repair work in communal areas.

These charges cover the costs incurred on amenities. The costs incurred on common areas, elevators, terraces, parking areas, expenses for building repair (covering all the charges for new additions and other structural changes).  The costs also includes water charges, parking charges, property tax, insurance premium charges, common electricity charges etc.

Real Estate Regulation Act

The Indian Parliament has passed an Act known as Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act in 2016 – the most important flat maintenance charges law in the country.  This Act has established the long awaited Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) in order to ensure transparent selling and buying process of all types of properties.

The builder or developer is responsible to provide maintenance for the sold property on a regular basis, the charges of which as Maintenance charges has to be borne by the resident.  However, it ensures that these charges are reasonable.

Government’s move to regulate maintenance charges for apartments:

The State government has issued a circular/notice that persuades the apartment associations to register.  The registration comes under The Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959.

There are increasing complaints on financial misuse and misappropriation by the apartment owners and associations.

All the apartment buildings, associations or societies charge for maintenance and indulge in financial activities.  There are no proper regulation if the apartment association is not registered under Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959 or Karnataka Ownership Flat Act, 1972.

Residents who are living in the apartments are paying charges towards maintenance and they also own an undivided share of land on which the building stands.

It is mandatory to register the apartment associations under the Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act or Karnataka Flat Ownership Act.  This helps in bringing financial accountability.


Life Imprisonment – SIT files a report – Supreme Court

Life Imprisonment punishment if the report filed by the SIT with the Supreme court proves.

The SIT has filed a report in the Supreme Court concerning Chief Minister H.D.Kumaraswamy and Yeddyyurappa. If proved, attracts life imprisonment.

The investigation by the Lokayukta SIT of Chief Minister Kumara Swamy may result in punishment with life imprisonment.

58 cases are pending against Members of Legislative Assembly.  These cases are on the basis of the SIT constituted by Lokayukta.

Out of these 58 cases, 34 cases belongs to 9 sitting MLA’s and 24 cases against 6 former MLA’s.

Kumara Swamy face criminal charges ranging from forgery to causing death by negligence. Former Chief Minister and BJP Leader B.S.Yeddyurappa is facing investigation in 18 cases.

SIT Report

  1. 58 cases pending against MLA’s.
  2. 18 cases against Mr. Yeddyurappa out of which 14 cases – life imprisonment,  4 cases   – 10 year jail term
  1. 9 cases against mining baron Mr. G. Janardhana Reddy Former MLC.  Out of which 8 cases –  Life imprisonment  out of which 6 cases are awaiting final report and pending investigation.  1 case   – 7 years imprisonment
  1. 8 cases are against Mr. S.K.Sali, former MLA.  All these cases are punishable with life imprisonment.  These 8 cases were registered during 2012 and 2014.  The cases are stayed by the High Court.
  2. FIR against Mr. H.D. Kumara Swamy with SIT on 16.05.2017 for offence punishable with life imprisonment is awaiting.
  3. 5 cases against M.B. Nagendra, MLA. These cases were registered during 2014 and 2015.  Stay by High court.
  4. 14 cases against C.P .Yogeshwar, former MLA. 5 cases are punishable with life imprisonment.
  5. 9 cases against Mr. N.P. Anand Kumar, MLA. 7 cases are punishable with life imprisonment. The cases were registered during 2014 and 2015.  8 cases are stayed by the High Court.

Total cases in Karnataka

  1. 80 sessions Trial cases against sitting and former legislators.
  2. 4 cases are against sitting MP’s.
  3. 2 cases are against former MP’s
  4. 95 cases against sitting MLA’s
  5. 60 cases against former MLA’s


ACB Bengaluru raid Ali Askar Road

On 04.12.2018 the officials of Anti Corruption Burearu (ACB)  Bengaluru city trapped and arrested Smt. Pushpalatha while accepting an advance bribe of Rs.55,000/-

A resident of Bengaluru had applied for registration of Co-operative Society at the Office of Registrar, Co-operative Society (House & Others) and Smt. Pushpalatha, case worker initially had demanded Rs.5,50,000/- and register a Co-operative Society.

Both R.Sridhar and Smt. Pushpalatha were arrested and the bribe amount has been seized.  The case is under investigation.






Children safety – en route to school

Children safety – en route to school

Children safety is very important when they travel to school.  Few vehicles are operating legally and follow the apex court guidelines.

Whether children walk, ride a bicycle or take the bus to school, it is extremely important to follow proper children safety precautions. Statistically, school buses are the safest way for children to travel to and from school.  Most children injured and killed in school bus accidents are harmed while getting on and off the bus, not while riding.


It is important to remind our children of important safety tips to keep them safe at school, as well as en route there or back.  Whether your child rides the bus, walks, or is driven to school, these basic rules apply to anyone. Equipping them with child safety tips and basic knowledge will help prepare them to know what to do in situations that they may find themselves in.

Children safety seems a last important thing for most travelling to schools in vans and cabs.  Unauthorized private vehicles operate unchecked in Bengaluru.  Hired vehicles must have commercial licences.  In privately hired vehicles about 15-20 children are packed.

According to transport department, there are 12,203 registered ‘educational institution buses’ which are run by the school management. There are more than 25,000 vehicles without commercial licences operating.  Majority of the vehicles operate without permits.

Guidelines for children safety:

  • Every child should know at least one of their parent’s phone no.
  • Making the child to understand and what to do if someone on the way home from school makes him/her uncomfortable
  • Making child comfortable in discussing incident happening out of the ordinary
  • Know who picks and drops your child from school. Review who will pick in case of emergency.

Supreme Court Guidelines to safeguard children safety – school bus/car/cab

  • Safe measures – windows with grills
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Global positioning system
  • A driver should have 5 years of experience in driving a light motor vehicle

Tips for drivers to follow children safety

  • Obey school zone speed limits.
  • Coming to a complete stop at stop signs
  • Checking carefully for children on sidewalks and in crosswalks before proceeding.
  • Research shows that more than one-third of drivers roll through stop signs in school zones or neighbourhoods.
  • Allow at least 3 feet of passing distance.

Children safety – en route to school

Children should remove headphones and put away cell phones and other electronic devices so they can hear and see traffic when crossing the street.

Currency Circulation

Currency circulation has reached a record level of over Rs.20 lakh crore.  The total currency with the public is arrived at after deducting cash with banks from total currency in circulation.

The figures for both ‘currency with the public’ and ‘currency in circulation’, have also exceeded the levels before the government’s demonetization decision.

Demonetization appears to have failed.  A look at Reserve Bank of India suggests that the amount of cash in circulation as a share of GDP will soon to be the same as recorded before demonetization.

Currency Circulation after demonetization:

As per RBI data the cash in circulation as of November 2018 stands at Rs.20.15 lakh crore.  The amount of cash in circulation is 12.1% more than the amount of money circulated before demonetization.

The persistence of cash in India, despite official efforts to discourage its use, isn’t unusual. Despite what one may have heard, cash is not dying. In fact, most countries are using more cash than they did a decade ago.

The M3 (The total money supply)  includes currency with the public, deposit money of the public (demand deposits with the banking system plus ‘other’ deposits with the RBI) and the time deposits with the banking system.

This figure is equivalent to the net bank credit to the government, plus the bank credit to the commercial sector.  Also it includes net foreign exchange assets of the banking sector.  This includes government’s currency liabilities to the public, minus the net non-monetary liabilities of the banking sector.

In the last one year, the Central Bank has pumped Rs.3.56 lakh crore according to the RBI.

Earlier the Central Bank was disclosing the data on digital transaction on monthly basis.  But now it has been stopped.    As on February 2018 the monthly digital payments stood at Rs.115.5 lakh crore.





GlaxoSmithKline In Exclusive Talks To Sell Horlicks Unit To Unilever

GlaxoSmithKline In Exclusive Talks To Sell Horlicks Unit To Unilever

GlaxoSmithKline In Exclusive Talks To Sell Horlicks Unit To Unilever

Horlicks, a 140-year-old brand, a malted drink in India is been sold to Unilever. Unilever to acquire Horlicks and other consumer healthcare nutrition products from GlaxoSmithKline. London/Rotterdam –Unilever announced it has signed an agreement to acquire the Health Food Drinks portfolio (GSK HFD) of GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) in India.

The three elements:

  • All Equity merger of Hindustan Unilever Ltd. (HUL) with the publicly listed GSK Consumer Healthcare India (GSK CH India),
  • Acquisition of 82% stake in GSK Bangladesh Limited (GSK Bangladesh), and
  • Acquisition of certain other commercial operations and assets outside India.

The transaction is aligned with Unilever’s stated strategy of increasing its presence in health-food categories and in high-growth emerging markets.

The acquisition of GSK Consumer Healthcare would help Hindustan Unilever make its most ambitious foray into the health and wellness space.

History of Horlicks in India

GSK HFD is the undisputed leader in the Health Food Drinks category in India.  The iconic brands such as Horlicks and Boost and a product portfolio supported by strong nutritional claims are from GSK. This portfolio has a long history in India with Horlicks having originally been introduced in the 1930s.

GlaxoSmithKline In Exclusive Talks To Sell Horlicks Unit To Unilever

Horlicks products have been an everyday staple in South Asian households across generations. Over the last 15 years, the portfolio has grown at a double-digit rate. Despite this, the category still remains under-penetrated in India. Unilever is well positioned to further develop the market given the extent of its reach and capabilities.

Horlicks deal:

The market for health food drinks in India is estimated at Rs.7,000 crore, according to HUL, with Horlicks accounting for around 60% of volume.

HUL will also market and distribute some brands of GSK Healthcare such as Sensodyne, Otrivin, Crocin and Eno.   The total consideration for the deal is 4.6 billion euros.  Of which Unilever’s implied contribution is through cash and the issue of shares in HUL.

Following the issue of new HUL shares, Unilever’s holding in HUL will be diluted from 67.2 per cent to 61.9 per cent. The transaction will be EPS-accretive (earnings per share-accretive), on an underlying basis, immediately after completion.

The deal is expected to be completed in 12 months

GlaxoSmithKline In Exclusive Talks To Sell Horlicks Unit To Unilever


Hebbagodi Lake  – Revived – enters Limca records

Hebbagodi Lake  – Revived – enters Limca records

Hebbagodi lake – Revived.  It was once a garbage dump in Electronic city.  The Biocon has contributed for the revival.  The size of the lake is 31 acres and 39 guntas.

Today Hebbagodi lake is having country’s longest floating island.  The 12000 sq. ft. has vegetation that crisscrosses the lake.

The sludge, weeds, and plastic waste are a thing of the past.  The Hebbagodi lake – in Anekal Taluk of Electronic City – is now an example of how a water body can be revived. What’s more is that the lake has found a spot in the Limca Book of Records for having India’s largest floating artificial island.

Revival of Hebbagodi lake:

The hebbagodi lake has rafts which act as cleaning agents. These rafts are built with reused PVC pipes.

Hebbagodi Lake  - Revived - enters Limca records

Biocon Foundation has helped in reviving Hebbagodi lake in southern Bengaluru, leading to an improvement in water quality.  2 years ago, Biocon Foundation, the CSR arm of Biocon and Syngene International Ltd, took up the project by starting a feasibility study. In October 2017, Biocon Foundation joined hands with the government to restore the lake.

The Hebbagodi Lake is a 35-acre water body that was on its ‘deathbed’. Uninterrupted construction, the lure of a lake view apartment and dumping of garbage-choked the water body. It reached a point where the stench from the lake was unbearable. The industrial waste that was being dumped in it contaminated the water, a source of drinking water for the nearby villages.

Technology used:

The first process used to revive the hebbagodi lake is Bio-remediation – dousing of enzymes. The second process is called floating wetlands, where plants are laid out on a wooden or lightweight frame and they float around the river. These plants have a unique property of being able to absorb harmful chemical constituents and generate nutrients. The third one is called aeration, which includes putting up filters in the lake to increase the oxygen levels.

Hebbagodi Lake  - Revived - enters Limca records

Silt-removing and de-weeding operations were taken up on a war footing. The weed had been composted to spread green cover around the lake. To increase the level of dissolved oxygen in water, energy-officers have been installed.

A number of bar screens are installed at Hebbagodi lake  at the inlets to prevent fresh garbage from entering the lake.  Closed underground conduits are laid and a culvert is built to prevent overflowing of sewage which also led to unbearable stench around the area.

Apart from the bio-rejuvenated lake, a children’s park and a safe drinking water facility using Reverse Osmosis (RO) technology is also opened for the public.

A great and praiseworthy project.  This kind of initiative is urgently needed in Bengaluru to revive the dying lakes.

NGO’s – Find job for disabled

NGO’s – Find job for disabled

NGO’s in Bengaluru are finding jobs for people with disability.  Many groups in the city are doing their bit of service. This includes bridging the gap between employers and potential employees.

Employment is a critical element of independent living and it is a primary aspiration of people with disabilities in India too. Every Citizen in country needs to bring something to the economy and has an equal right to live with dignity. Some of the NGO’s are helping to achieve this.

Contribution of NGO’s

NGO’s design and conduct workshops to sensitize the employers and workforce to include, employ and effectively communicate with persons of disability.

The organisations offer training courses in hospitality, BPO and in retail sector.  They offer certificate courses in rehabilitation therapy, care-giving and sign language.  NGO’s also offer diploma courses in office management and banking.

These NGO’s work by attempting to change the mindsets and preconceived notions of employers towards disability. The organisation helps school and college dropouts.  They also help disable people at village panchayat, taluk and district.

Often parents are worried.  Some are not aware of the NGO’s helping the needy.  Some parents neglect children with disability.  This affects the self confidence of the person with disability.

Samarthanam –  NGO at Bengaluru




Founded in 1997, it is an NGO working towards facilitating opportunities to enable persons with disabilities.  This also includes the under-served to keep pace with the rest of the society.  They provide quality education, accommodation, nutritious food, vocational training and placement based rehabilitation. The organization is affiliated to the World Blind Union and received Special UN Consultative Status in 2015.

This NGO provides a three months program for those looking out for jobs.  They provide computer training and training for the BPO and retail sector.

Samarthanam’s Rural BPO – ‘Kirana’ – went live in 2011. The BPO was launched in association with the state-run Karnataka Biotechnology and Information Services (KBITS). The center provides employment opportunities to people with disabilities and rural youth.

A lot of companies now welcome disable people and reserve 2% of their jobs quota for them.

An NGO – Ability in Disability


This NGO train unskilled People with disabilities at their units on Mechanical, Electrical and Electronic assemblies and make them skilled employees.  They train  disabled people for assembling and packing jobs.

The employees are from the weaker sections.  In some of their centres they employ from the slums.  Work assigned will be simple in nature but have to ensure quality of standards.  The work is outsourced by Indo-MIN, Bosch etc.

Job opportunities in Karnataka -The top 3 job creator in India

Job opportunities in Karnataka -The top 3 job creator in India

Karnataka is a key player in providing  Job opportunity in the country.  The State along with Tamil Nadu created 45% of new job openings or jobs.

The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) in its recent report stated Karnataka continued to be one among the top job creator along with Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

The MoSPI takes data mainly from the Employment Provident Fund.  The report says there is an enrollment of 1.57 crore employees as new EPF subscribers in the country.

There is scope for ample job openings available in India.  The need of the hour is talent that is adequately skilled to fulfil the responsibilities the job entails.  Employers all over the world are in search of employees with the ability to continuously up-skill themselves and continue to stay relevant to the organisation.

 Job opportunity providing sectors in Karnataka:

Job opportunity friendly area is the services sector. Textiles and garments, engineering products, building and construction industry, have also contributed most to employment generation during the September 2017 – May 2018 period in Karnataka.

Job opportunity

job creation is one of the biggest challenges facing every developed and developing country.

Education, iron and steel, computer-related jobs, hospitals, financial institutions are the sectors that are the top 10 of the EPFO payroll data.

There is a consistent demand for professionals in the job sector in Karnataka.  Jobs are outnumbering talent, due to a persistent skill gap or ability mismatch.

There is a rising tide of business in Karnataka. The best and the brightest young minds prefer to join a startup than a well-established business.

According to the data, 85% of the new subscribers were below the age of 35.  In Karnataka the, building and construction, engineers and contractors are the top best performing economic activities.  They accounted for 72% of the net new subscribers.


Job opportunity in Karnataka the top job creator in India
Kadalekai Parishe – Annual Groundnut fair

Kadalekai Parishe – Annual Groundnut fair

Kadalekai Parishe is an annual groundnut fair held in Bengaluru during Last Monday of Karthika masa.    This two-day fair is held near the Dodda Ganesha Temple in Basavangudi.

Apart from the Groundnuts, there are numerous stalls in the fair, selling Bangles, traditional toys and clay trinkets, plastic and glass dolls, There are a variety of food items.

Legend about Kadalekai Parishe:


On every full moon day, a bull would charge into the groundnut fields and damage the crop. The farmers then offered prayers to Basava (Nandi) to stop this. The farmers pledged to offer their first crop. Subsequently, an Idol of Basava was found close by. The Nandi idol was found in the year 1537.  Kempe Gowda, founder of Bengaluru dedicated a temple to ‘Dodda Basava’ on top of the Basavanagudi hillock.   This temple is known as the Bull Temple. Ever since the farmers from surrounding villages come here every year.  They offer their annual harvest of groundnut as offering to Lord Basava.  Hence Kadalekai Parishe.

It has been said that the Idol was growing rapidly and the farmers nailed an iron peg on the head of the idol.  It is visible in the form of a trishula even to this date. Legend says that the night on which this Kadalekai Parishe used to end, Lord Basavanna – The big Bull, used to come in the animal form and eat up all the groundnut and peels left overnight on the streets.

Fun at Kadalekai Parishe

Unlike yesteryears, in kadalekai parishe, groundnuts are now sold by vendors and not the growers. Also, many vendors are selling groundnuts which are grown outside Karnataka. This festival also marks the beginning of the winter season and there couldn’t be a more festive way to do so!

Since the fair consists of farmers from nearby villages, this festival not only encourages people to buy from them.

The roads in and around the Bull Temple will be buzzing with people and have a festive look for kadalekai Parishe,  The groundnut lovers will be everywhere with heir shopping bags.  Groundnuts will come in all forms from raw to dried, semi-fried, spiced, fried, salted, roasted and boiled.

One cannot resist the charm of the fair and rides it’ll have to offer. Be it the cotton candy, the bubbles or the fun moments. This festival is surely going to awaken the child within. Be it the giant Ferris wheel or the children running around, this Kadalekai Parishe is sure to stir up excitement.

Festivals such as Kadalekai Parishe reminds our traditions and of what family means. This is one such festival where all come together and celebrate our culture.

The roads around the Bull Temple are buzzing with people and wears a festive look. The groundnut lovers are getting all prepped up with their shopping bags.  There will be no dearth of choices to buy groundnuts.

Kadalekai Parishe – Annual Groundnut fair

Fake News  yellow journalism The after effect of social media

Fake News yellow journalism The after effect of social media

Fake News yellow journalism The after effect of social media.  But it should not make us blind to the fact that important issues are at stake in the digital world.


Fake news is a type of  Yellow journalism or propaganda that consists of deliberate disinformation or hoaxes spread via traditional print and broadcast news media or online social media.

Meaning of Fake News

It is information that has been deliberately fabricated with the intention to deceive and mislead people into believing falsehoods.  It is disinformation that is presented as or is likely to be perceived as news.

“Fake news” has become a much used, hyped term in the so-called “post-truth” era that we live in. It is maligned.  Fake news has been fueling propaganda and hate speech and even violence.  News plays a particular role in a democratic society.

Media organizations, politicians, journalists and the general public have allowed digital revolution.  The revolution has its opportunities, to turn into ‘digital dominance’ by a few internet players.  This has allowed a place where fictional and fake news flourishes freely.

Effects of digital fake news

According to the ER’s Digital Commissioner, Mariya Gabriel fake news is a disease that the society needs to be vaccinated.

Misinformation and its correlate, propaganda, is being used for a long time by the powerful to gain political or religious legitimacy, inspire wars, and motivate movements.  Exposing people to visual or narrative information on a given event not only influences their interpretation but also their memory of the event.

As online users consume more and more information, the media mix is changing and risks are growing.  In the Indian System, a large volume of information in local and regional language has made it difficult to flush out the fake news.

Need to curb fake news:

Need of the hour is to develop a cybersecurity policy and balance it in a way that the rules do not hinder the freedom of speech.  Unscrupulous elements target individuals on social media to build an echo chamber where views which are opposing in nature are blocked.

Fake News yellow journalism The after effect of social media