Physiotherapy and Fitness –  : Somya Rout

Physiotherapy and Fitness – : Somya Rout

Physiotherapy  also known as physical therapy, by using mechanical force and movements (bio-mechanics or Kinesology) Manual therapy, exercise therapy, and electrotherapy, remediates impairments and promotes mobility and function. Physical therapy is used to improve a patient’s quality of life through examination, diagnosis, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education. It is performed by  physiotherapists. 

In addition to clinical practice, other activities encompassed in the physical therapy profession include research, education, consultation and administration. Physiotherapy services may be provided as primary care treatment or alongside, or in conjunction with, other medical services.

Physiotherapy – Sports :

Physiotherapists are closely involved in the care and well-being of athletes including recreational, semi-professional (paid) and professional (full-time employment) participants. This area of practice encompasses athletic injury management under 5 main categories:

  1. acute care – assessment and diagnosis of an initial injury;
  2. treatment – application of specialist advice and techniques to encourage healing;
  3. rehabilitation – progressive management for full return to sport;;
  4. prevention – identification and address of deficiencies known to directly result in, or act as precursors to injury, such as movement assessment.
  5. education – sharing of specialist knowledge to individual athletes, teams or clubs to assist in prevention or management of injury.

Physiotherapists who work for professional sport teams often have a specialized sports certification issued through their national registering organisation. Most Physical therapists who practice in a sporting environment are also active in collaborative sports medicine programs too.

Fitness :

To be physically fit means to be in a state of health and well-being. Physical fitness is defined as the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist disease and to react to emergency situations.

A person who is fit is capable of living life to its fullest extent. Physical and mental fitness play very important roles in your lives and people who are both, physically and mentally fit are less prone to medical conditions as well.

There are four types of fitness that are important to incorporate into your physical activity routine:

  • Cardiovascular/aerobic exercise.
  • Anaerobic exercise.
  • Joint flexibility.
  • Muscular endurance and strength.

Physical activity or exercise can improve your health and reduce the risk of developing several diseases like type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease. Physical activity and exercise can have immediate and long-term health benefits. Most importantly, regular activity can improve your quality of life.

Somya Rout :

Somya is a sport physiotherapist  and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team,  All India Football Federation and India U-16.

He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.

He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.

He is the co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru.  It is a fantastic physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and stronger.

Qualification and achievements – Somya Rout :

Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi university of health sciences) Karnataka.

PG in clinical research.

Certified Manual therapist.

Certification in Sports Science (Apollo Hospital)

Strength and conditioning (Exercise and sports sciences International consultancy).

Member of Indian Association of Physiotherapist

Certified Physiotherapist at Asian Football Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR ( Qatar)

He has worked with :

Odisha Ranji Team for 3 years

Micheal Bevan (tour to Australia) 2009-2012

The Indian Football team U 16

SAFF Championship ,Gold

Asian Football Qualifiers in Kuwait.

India U19 SAFF Championship Nepal ,Runners up

Asian Championship Trophy Malaysia.

Head Physiotherapist Sports Authority of Gujarat.

Indian Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.

Physical fitness :

Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being  and more specifically, the ability to perform aspects of sports,  occupations and daily activities. Physical fitness is generally achieved through proper nutrition, moderate-vigorous physical exercise and sufficient rest.

Before the industrial revolution, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry out the day’s activities without undue fatigue. However, with automation and changes in lifestyles physical fitness is now considered a measure of the body’s ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be healthy, to resist hypokinetic disease and to meet emergency situations

Bangalorean Day Out – Bengaluru

Bangalorean Day Out – Bengaluru

Bangalorean Day out is an initiative by to bring out those who have made name and fame in their chosen field.  is a social interactive platform which is all about Bengaluru and its people.

Goal of Bangalorean Day out :

The goal of Bangaloean Day out is to get the desired results from the show by learning from the guest’s their experience, his/her  failures and successes in life. Most of all the aim is to  pass an important message to the public.

The show features celebrity guests who talk about their work and personal lives as well as their latest achievements. 

Bangalorean day out – Monthly program :

Each month Bangalorean Day out  interacts and interviews best selling authors and experts in the areas of success, spirituality, business, self-improvement, science, entertainment to name a few.  The guests at the talk show provide timeless wisdom and insight that will radically shift and change the perspective of life.

A Brief introduction to this month’s guests :

Kajol Bhatia – Mrs.India Karnataka :

Having been born and brought up in Namma Bengaluru  this Sindhi girl – Kajol Bhatia (born as Sapna Nagpal) knows the city inside out. She can drive you from the North to the South without the help of Google Maps. She is vivacious and always high on energy. Anyone close to her will know how great a multi-tasker she is, too.

She has also been an enthusiastic participant in various athletic and talent competitions, in the past, out of which she has been a winner at many.

Kajol married into a joint family, 23 years ago, and has been efficiently juggling her responsibilities at home and social circles since then. She is a fashion designer by profession but a happy homemaker by choice. She chose to keep her career on hold and devoted all her time to her loving husband and adorable sons.

She won the State title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2018’.  She also bagged the title of ‘Mrs India Karnataka DIVA 2018’ .  she won the title of ‘Classic Mrs. India 2018‘ in Chennai.  She won the International subtitle of ‘Mrs Charming Asia International 2018‘.

Somya Rout – Physiotherapy and Fitness :

Somya is a sport physiotherapist  and has worked with Odisha Ranji Team, Indian Football team,  All India Football Federation and India U-16.

He has a previous experience of working with Sports Authority of Gujarat and Orissa Cricket Association and at Ranji, Odisha.

He studied at Goutham College of Physiotherapy, Bengaluru and did his graduation at Stewart School, Cuttack.

He is the co-founder of Stairs Physiotherapy and Fitness at Bengaluru.  It is a  fantastic physiotherapy & fitness centre that helps one get stronger, respect your body better and help you achieve your goal. A space to workout, get fitter and stronger.

His qualification and achievements are endless. Here is a list :

Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy (Rajiv Gandhi university of health sciences) Karnataka.

PG in clinical research.

Certified Manual therapist.

Certification in Sports Science (Apollo Hospital)

Strength and conditioning (Exercise and sports sciences International consultancy).

Member of Indian Association of Physiotherapist

Certified Physiotherapist at Asian Football Confederation Physiotherapy course at ASPETAR ( Qatar)

He has worked with :

Odisha Ranji Team for 3 years

Micheal Bevan (tour to Australia) 2009-2012

The Indian Football team U 16

SAFF Championship ,Gold

Asian Football Qualifiers in Kuwait.

India U19 SAFF Championship Nepal ,Runners up

Asian Championship Trophy Malaysia.

Head Physiotherapist Sports Authority of Gujarat.

Indian Football team Indian Football team U 16 Malaysia.

Sangeetha Rajeev  – Pop Star :

Sangeetha Rajeev being a Singer, Composer started off as an Independent by conceptualizing a Kannada Pop Rock band Sarvasva.

This charismatic singer  progressed into an EDM Pop genre dishing out singles like Zindagi, Nan E Life, Chan Se Udi, Kare, Tuhi which transformed her into a Pop Icon of sorts. This in turn made her into one of the top Social Media Influencers.

SaRa being the name of her current band takes a fresh look at popular Hindi & Regional Songs and this explosive singer leads the band from the front.

She has been the jury on Zee TV SaReGaMaPa little champs season 12. Zee SaReGaMaPa Season 13 and season 14, a Kannada singing reality show aired in Zee Kannada.  She is currently the jury of the SaReGaMaPa season 15.

Sangeetha Rajeev performs in the country with no language barrier.  She can sing and perform in Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujrati and Tulu.

She is this years VIMA award winner.

Manohar Iyer  – Industrialist :

Manohar Iyer is a IT Professional, Venture Capitalist, Entrepreneur, Agriculturist  and now  seeking your Mandate on 18th April 2019 as an independent candidate.    

A techie who quit a high-paying job in Malaysia. The grandson of former Janata Dal MP V S Krishna Iyer, he moved to India six months ago.

He is Director of Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and Saptham Food and Beverages Pvt. Ltd.

Proxiom Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is involved in Software publishing, consultancy and supply [Software publishing includes production, supply and documentation of ready-made (non-customized) software, operating systems software, business & other applications software, computer games software for all platforms. Consultancy includes providing the best solution in the form of custom software after analyzing the user’s needs and problems. Custom software also includes made-to-order software based on orders from specific users. Also, included are writing of software of any kind following directives of the users; software maintenance, web-page design].

Saptham Food and  Beverages Pvt. Ltd. strive to amalgamate tradition with technology to bring the best cold pressed edible oils. They source high quality nuts and seeds, which are pesticide free and high on nutrients. Oil is extracted from these nuts and seeds using marachekku/gaana machine – the ancient way of extracting the oil using wood pressing method at room temperature. Cold pressed oils are rich in antioxidants and have many health benefits. Saptham cold pressed edible oils are unrefined, unbleached and 100% Natural.

At Saptham they follow Good Manufacturing Practices and ensure that products are ethically sourced, produced, packed and supplied. They source High Quality pesticide free nuts and seeds to ensure the customers get THE BEST of edible oil.

The program features guests who shares their journey, talent, struggle, humor and achievements. Bangaloreans who participate take-away the celebrities journey of success. Get inspired.

Come in large numbers and participate on 20th April 2019 at  The Bohemian House, No. 5 Rajaram Mohan Roy Road, Sampangi Ramanagar, Bangalore – 560 027 at 4 pm to  5.30 pm.

Australia – Bangladesh ICC World Cup 2019 Team :

Australia – Bangladesh ICC World Cup 2019 Team :

Australia and Bangladesh has announced their team for the upcoming ICC World Cup 2019.

Steve Smith and David Warner have returned to Australia’s one-day international squad.

Cricket World Cup Australia squad: 

Aaron Finch (capt)

David Warner

Usman Khawaja

Steve Smith

Shaun Marsh

Alex Carey

Marcus Stoinis

Glenn Maxwell

Mitchell Starc

Jhye Richardson

Pat Cummins

Jason Behrendorff

Nathan Coulter-Nile

Adam Zampa

Nathan Lyon

Bangladesh :

Bangladesh has announced the team. Bangladesh have named uncapped right-arm pacer Abu Jayed in their 15-man squad for the ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup 2019.

Cricket world cup Bangladesh squad :

Mashrafe Mortaza (c)

Tamim Iqbal

Liton Das

Soumya Sarkar

Mushfiqur Rahim (wk)


Shakib Al Hasan (vc)

Mohammad Mithun

Sabbir Rahaman

Mosaddek Hossain

Mohammad Saifuddin

Mehidy Hasan Miraz

Rubel Hossain

 Mustafizur Rahman

 Abu Jayed

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 –  Indian Cricket squad

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – Indian Cricket squad

ICC Cricket world cup 2019 is fast approaching.  India Cricket squad for World cup cricket has been announced.  The MSK Prasad led selection committee has named the 15 member squad to represent the country in ICC World cup cricket 2019.

Teams Qualified for the ICC cricket World-Cup 2019:

  • Australia.
  • South Africa.
  • India.
  • New Zealand.
  • Sri Lanka.
  • Bangladesh.
  • Pakistan.
  • England

The group stage format is a round-robin, where all ten teams play each other once, in a single group. This means a total of 45 matches will be played, with each team playing a total of nine matches. The top four teams from the group will progress to the knockout stage.

Indian Cricket  Squad  – ICC world cup 2019 :

Highlights :

Dinesh Karthink has been chosen over Rishabh Pant.

Rohit Sharma is the vice-captain of the team.

The Selection Committee has retained 7 players from the 2015 World Cup squad.  7 players will be making their debut appearance at Cricket’s biggest event.

The Indian cricket Squad – ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 :

Virat Kohli – Captain

Rohit Sharma – Vice-Captain

Shikhar Dhawan

M.S.Dhoni (Wicket-keeper)

Dinesh Karthink (Wicket-keeper)

Kedar Jadhav

Hardik Pandya

Ravindra Jadeja

Kuldeep Yadav

Yuzuvendra Chahal

Jasprit Bumrah

Bhuvaneshwar Kumar


Vijay Shankar

Mohammed Shami

Player Profiles – ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – Indian cricket squad :

Virat Kohli :

Virat Kohli will lead the Indian team in the ICC world Cup 2019.  Presently he is the No. 1 ODI batsman.

He is a top order Batsman who is 30 years old.

Matches : 228

Runs – 10843

Highest score – 183

Average – 59.57

Strike Rate – 95.96

50s/100s – 49/41

Previous World Cup appearances  – 2011 and 2015.

He has scores 100 not out against Bangladesh in 2011 world cup and 107 vs. Pakistan in 2015 at Adelaide.

Rohit Sharma :

Rohit Sharma is an opening batsman who is 31 years old.  He is the most destructive batsmen of the modern era.  He will be Dhawan’s opening partner in the World cup.  He amassed 330 runs in 8 matches which included one century and a couple of half centuries at an average of over 47.

Matches : 206

Runs – 8010

Highest score – 264

Average – 47.39

Strike Rate – 87.95

50s/100s – 41/22

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

Shikhar Dhawan :

He is a left hand opener who is 33 years old.  This will be his second appearance  in World cup.  in the previous World Cup he scored 412 runs in 8 matches at an average of 51.50.

Matches : 128

Runs – 5355

Highest score – 143

Average – 44.62

Strike Rate – 93.79

50s/100s – 27/16

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

M.S.Dhoni :

He is the Wicket keeper batsman of the Indian team who is 37 years old.  He is the senior most member of the Indian Squad.

A match winning knock of 91 not out in the 2011 World cup final is an evergreen memory in the minds of cricket lovers in the country.  His world cup performance includes 507 runs in 20 matches (17 innings) at an average of over 42.

Matches : 341

Runs – 10500

Highest score – 183*

Average – 50.72

Strike Rate – 87.55

50s/100s – 71/10

Dismissals – 434

Catches and stumpings 341/120

Previous World Cup appearance : 2007,2011 and 2015

Dinesh Karthik :

He is a wicket keeper batsman who is 33 years old.

His memorable performance was during the 2018 Nidahas trophy final against Bangladesh (T20I Competition) when he scored an unbeaten 29 off just 8 balls which included a last ball six. He is a capable finisher in the Indian team.  His record in 2018 includes 167 runs at an average of 41.75.

Matches : 91

Runs – 1738

Highest score – 79

Average – 31.03

Strike Rate – 73.70

50s/100s – 9/0

Dismissals – 68

Catches and stumpings 61/7

Previous World Cup appearance : 2007

Kedar Jadhav :

He is a batting all rounder who is 34 years old.

He is a middle order batsman and an uncanny wicket taker.  He is a spinner who can chip in with wickets at crucial junctures.  He is a formidable player because of his ability to pace his innings according to the match situation.  This World Cup is his first.

Matches : 59

Runs – 1174

Highest score – 120

Average – 43.48

Strike Rate – 102.53

50s/100s – 5/2

Wickets – 27

Best bowling figures – 3/23

Economy 5.15

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Hardik Pandya :

He is an all rounder who is 25 years old.  So far he has made a huge image in Indian cricket.

His memorable performance was 76 runs strike against Pakistan in 2017ICC Champions Trophy final.  He is one of the cleanest strikers in the Indian Team. Hardik is considered at a reliable bowler who can trouble any batsman.

Matches : 45

Runs – 731

Highest score – 83

Average – 29.24

Strike Rate – 116.58

50s/100s – 4/0

Wickets – 44

Best bowling figures – 3/31

Economy 5.53

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Ravindra Jadeja :

He is an all rounder who is 30 years old.

Jadeja came back during India’s successful run in the 2018 Asia cup.  In Asia cup this left arm spinner claimed 7 wickets in 4 matches.  He is one of the best fielders in the Indian team.  He is a spinning all rounder.

Matches : 151

Runs – 2035

Highest score – 87

Average – 29.92

Strike Rate – 84.23

50s/100s – 10/0

Wickets – 174

Best bowling figures – 5/36

Economy 4.88

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

Kuldeep Yadav :

He is a spinner who is 24 years old.

Kuldeep is one of India’s wrist spinner.  Some of the batman find him virtually unplayable.  His ability of wicket taking especially outside India is remarkable (36 wickets in 15 matches in SENA countries).  His bowling approach is street smart.  Kuldeep dominates opposition batsmen.

Matches : 44

Wickets – 87

Best bowling figure – 6/25

Average – 21.74

Economy – 4.93

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Yuzuvendra Chahal :

He is a leg spinner who is 28 years old.

He is not afraid of getting hit for a 6 and will not hesitate to toss the ball up to the batsman.  Chahal is an ace spinner in the cricket world.  He is termed as a courageous bowler.  He along with Kuldeep Yadav is making up the world’s most lethal spin bowling combination.  His economy rate is 4.89.  His career best bowling figure is 6-42 in Melbourne against Australia to go with two 5 wicket hauls in 42 matches.

Matches : 41

Wickets – 72

Best bowling figure – 6/42

Average – 24.61

Economy – 4.89

5 wicket hauls – 2

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Jasprit Bumrah :

He is a pacer who is 25 years.  Presently he is the world No.1 ODI bowler.  He shoulder a huge responsibility and India’s success is heavily depends on his performance.

His debut was in 2016 in Australia.  He has a spped of over 145 km/hr.  Bumrah is one of he world’s feared bowlers.  His economy rate is 4.51.

Matches : 49

Wickets – 85

Best bowling figure – 5/27

Average – 22.15

Economy – 4.51

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Bhuvaneshwar Kumar :

He is a pacer who is 29 years old. 

He is good with a new ball.  Bhuvaneshwar has the ability to chip in with wickets in the power play overs.  He is one of a kind who can swing the ball both ways with accuracy.

Matches : 105

Wickets – 118

Best bowling figure – 5/42

Average – 35.66

Economy – 5.01

5 wicket hauls – 1

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

K.L.Rahul :

He is a top order batsman who is 26 years old.  Rahul has a terrific hand-eye coordination.  Rahul has the audacity to decimate any bowling attack.  He has been part of 14 ODI matches so far. This World cup will be his first.

Matches : 14

Runs – 343

Highest score – 100*

Average – 34.30

Strike Rate – 80.89

50s/100s – 2/1

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Vijay Shankar :

He is a batting all rounder who is 28 years old.  His debut was in 2018 Nidahas Trophy T20I tournament.  Shankar has played only 9 matches.  He is a mature player.  Shankar is  a reliable batsman in the middle.  He is a perfect fit in the Indian line up as the 2nd fast  bowling all rounder after Hardik Pandya.

Matches : 9

Runs – 165

Highest score – 46

Average – 33

Strike Rate – 96.49

50s/100s – 0/0

Wickets – 2

Bowling figures – 2/15

Economy – 5.61

Previous World Cup appearance : None

Mohammed Shami :

He is a pacer who is 28 years old.  Shami is a medium pacer with a vengeance.  He displays a breath taking display of old and new ball bowling.   He has played 11 ODI matches so far.   ShamiI’s 19 wickets – that include wickets in ODI series in Australia, New Zealand and India. He is a vital cog in the Indian pace department.  In the previous World Cup 2015, he bagged 17 wickets in 7 matches at a strike rate of 21.5.

Matches : 63

Wickets – 113

Best bowling figure – 4/35

Average – 26.11

Economy – 5.48

5 wicket hauls – 0

Previous World Cup appearance : 2015

ICC world cup 2019 schedule :

30 May 2019     England v/s South Africa  –  The Oval, London

31 May 2019   Pakistan v/s West Indies  –  Trent Bridge, Nottingham

1 June 2019      New Zealandv/s West Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

1 June 2019      Australia v/s Afghanistan – County Ground, Bristol

3 June 2019      England v/s Pakistan – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

4 June 2019      Afghanistan v/s Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

5 June 2019      India v/s South Africa – Rose Bowl, Southampton

5 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s New Zealand – The Oval, London

6 June 2019      Australia v/s West Indies – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

7 June 2019      Pakistan v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

10 June 2019      South Africa v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

11 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

12 June 2019    Australia v/s Pakistan – County Ground, Taunton

13 June 2019    India v/s New Zealand – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

14 June 2019    England v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

15 June 2019    Australia v/s Sri Lanka – The Oval, London

15 June 2019    Afghanistan v/s South Africa – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

16 June 2019   India v/s Pakistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

17 June 2019   Bangladesh v/s West Indies – County Ground, Taunton

18 June 2019   England v/s Afghanistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

19 June 2019   New Zealand v/s South Africa – Edgbaston, Birmingham

20 June 2019   Australia v/s Bangladesh – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

21 June 2019   England v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds

22 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s India – Rose Bowl, Southampton

22 June 2019   New Zealand v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

23 June 2019   Pakistan v/s South Africa – Lord’s, London

24 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Bangladesh – Rose Bowl, Southampton

25 June 2019   England v/s Australia – Lord’s, London

26 June 2019   New Zealand v/s Pakistan – Edgbaston, Birmingham

27 June 2019   India v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

28 June 2019   South Africa v/s Sri Lanka – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

29 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Pakistan – Headingley, Leeds

29 June 2019   Australia v/s New Zealand – Lord’s, London

30 June 2019   England v/s India – Edgbaston, Birmingham

1 July 2019      Sri Lanka v/s West Indies – Riverside Ground, Chester-le- Street

2 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s India  – Edgbaston, Birmingham

3 July 2019      England v/s New Zealand – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

4 July 2019      Afghanistan v/s West Indies – Headingley, Leeds

5 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s Pakistan – Lord’s, London

6 July 2019      India v/s Sri Lanka  – Headingley, Leeds

6 July 2019      Australia v/s South Africa – Old Trafford, Manchester

Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport – user fee hike is by 120% . Flying out from the Bengaluru airport will be costlier by a massive 120 percent from 16th April  following the airport tariff regulator (Aera)  allowing it to revise upwards the user development fee (UDF) for four month.

This order of AERA No. 18/2018-2019 follows the interim relief given by the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal’s (TDSAT) ruling of March 14, allowing BIAL to collect revised charges for a limited period of 4 months.

What is User Development Fee?  (UDF):

User Development Fee (UDF) is one of the many fee and tax paid by air passengers. One such fee is the User Development Fee (UDF). It is charged at various airports for both arriving and departing passengers.

Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA ) :

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) is a statutory body constituted under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (27 of 2008) notified vide Gazette Notification dated 5th December 2008. The AERA was established by the Government vide its notification no GSR 317 (E) dated 12.05.09 with its head office at Delhi.

Bengaluru airport :

It is also known as Kempegowda International Airport  is an international airport serving Bengaluru. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the city near the village of Devanahalli.. It is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a public-private consortium.

The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I,  the founder of Bengaluru. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka’s first fully solar powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar.

PPP Model -Bengaluru Airport :

The Government of India has granted BIAL the right to operate the airport for 30 years, with the option to continue for another 30 years. The company is a Public-private consortium venture.  26% is held by government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development corporation (13%)and Airports Authority of India (13%), and 74% is held by private companies Fairfax Financial (48%) and Siemens Project Ventures (26%).

120% hike – Bengaluru Airport :

The nation’s third busiest airport after New Delhi and Mumbai, plans to use the additional fee to fund its expansion.

With the Aera order coming into effect from April 16, the UDF for domestic departures will be revised to Rs.306 from Rs.139 while for international departures it will be Rs.1,226 from Rs.558 earlier.

The new charges for domestic and international travel translate into an increase of 120% and 119%  respectively.  The revised fee is applicable for tickets procured between April 16 and August 15,  the increased fee will be rolled back from August 16.

User  fee hike to be utilized for the expansion of Bengaluru airport :

The Rs.13,000 crore second phase expansion of Bengaluru Airport entails construction of a new terminal, a second runway, access roads and a multi modal transport hub.  These works are scheduled to be completed by March 2021.

According to Hari Maras, the Managing director and Chief executive, “this incremental increase in charge will provide us with the much needed relief as we are in the midst of a Rs.13,000 crore capacity expansion”.

As mandated by Aera (Airports Economic Regulatory Authority), the money generated from the incremental UDF hike during these four months, will be deposited in a separate bank account and will be used only to fund the ongoing expansion.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Motor Sport – Merzouga Rally

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Motor Sport – Merzouga Rally

Abdul Wahid Tanveer had a great run in the Merzouga rally as he finished at P1 in the enduro category.

Racer Abdul Wahid Tanveer entered the record books in the recently concluded Merzouga Rally when he became the first Indian rider to win a class in an international rally. Tanveer finished 20th in the Enduro category.

Both Indian teams had a solid start to their post-Dakar 2019 campaign

  • Oriol Mena bags a podium for Hero in the overall classification.
  • Abdul Wahid Tanveer was highest placed Indian rider in 20th position.
  • Next rally for both teams will be the 2019 Desert Storm.

Merzouga rally :

Merzouga Rally is a rally raid that takes place in Morocco every year since 2010 at the beginning of October in the big dunes of Merzouga. It’s a five-day race plus prologue and a marathon stage in the desert. The stages are varied and round 2–300 km long. Navigation is the key and the competitors use the GPS Unik2, the same used on the Dakar Rally.

Safety is important as well with the competitors using the Iritrack, the tracking system studied for the African rallies. Plus a professional medical staff with 4×4 ambulances and doctors on bike and quad along the track and heli-ambulance service.

To meet the needs of the professional riders but also the necessities of amateurs, the Merzouga Rally features the division of the route in 2 categories: PRO: open to pro riders and those competitors ready for an ultimate challenge EXPERT: a technical and navigated route but less extreme stages as the Expert riders will cover the 75% of the complete route of the Pro riders. The Merzouga Raid: Ideal for those who face the desert for the first time.

At their own pace, riding on the same route of the rally in small groups with an expert guide. The vehicles will be equipped with world track, the satellite system that allow to follow the vehicles on track in real time. (for the rider no sports licence is required).

History of Merzouga rally :

In 2010, 40 competitors took part to the first edition of the Merzouga Rally. Every year the rally grows reaching an average of more than 120 vehicles on track..

Studied by Italian Promoter Edoardo Mossi, the Merzouga Rally formula is addressed to all amateurs that challenge the desert for the first time, but also for the professional riders who wish to train in preparation of the Dakar Rally.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

The racer from Mysuru said the Merzouga Rally finish has motivated him to set his sights on Dakar Rally. “Yes, Dakar Rally is in my sights. I would love to compete and it also depends on how TVS is looking at it,” he said.

According to Tanveer, the most important part of rallying is to strike a balance between endurance, skill and managing the bike. “We also need to know how to navigate as that helps us to finish rallies. It all comes through experience. I also have a good talk with my mechanic and team manager as it helps us in understanding the bike better. While the mechanic works on the engine and other stuff, I work on minor adjustments to suit my riding. According to me, only by having a healthy discussion is the only way to improve in this sport,” he explained.

The technical and mostly off-road course of Merzouga Rally makes it the perfect training ground for riders who have the ambition to compete in the Dakar

Achievements of Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

Tanveer made his international debut in 2017 and has been making steady progress.  Competing in the Enduro class, Abdul Wahid Tanveer won the PanAfrica Rally last year, and a few days ago, finished on top in the Merzouga rally at Morocco.

The Enduro class is generally viewed as ideal training ground for riders looking to make the jump to the tougher rally class.

According to the Sherco TVS Rally team rider, “the terrain was hard, with a lot of rocks.  Navigation was the key”.

Abdul Wahid Tanveer – Inspired by sibling :

Tanveer was inspired to take up riding by his elder brother.  After watching his brother  in action, he started riding in local events in his home town which is Mysuru.   By this he got to know that big teams select riders from National Events. So he rode a few National events and TVS selected him in 2014.

Team Manager, B.Selvaraj, TVS Racing is happy with Abdul Wahid Tanveer’s progress.  The rally win at Morocco has shown that Tanveer has come a long way. Tanveer uses an RTR 450 motorbike in rallies, will be competing in the Desert Storm Rally next month.

The Dakar Rally – Abdul Wahid Tanveer :

The Dakar Rally formerly known as the “Paris–Dakar Rally”) is an annual rally raid organized by the Amaury Sports Organization. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France to Darkar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania,  which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, races since 2009 have been held in South Africa. 

The race is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants.

The race is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying  and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than modified on-road vehicles.

Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass,  rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900  kms. (500–560 mi) per day.

History of Dakar rally :

The race originated in December 1977, a year after Thierry Sabine got lost in the Tenere desert whilst competing in the Abidjan-Nice rally and decided that the desert would be a good location for a regular rally.

182 vehicles took the start of the inaugural rally in Paris, with 74 surviving the 10,000-kilometre (6,200 mi) trip to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Cyril Neveu holds the distinction of being the event’s first winner, riding a Yamaha motorcycle.

The event rapidly grew in popularity, with 216 vehicles taking the start in 1980 and 291 in 1981. Neveu won the event for a second time in 1980, Hubert Auriol taking honours in 1981 for BMW. By this stage, the rally had already begun to attract the participation of famous names from elsewhere in motorsport, such as Henri Pescarolo and Jack lckx.

Best wishes to Abdul Wahid Tanveer from team.

Thalassemia – Blood Disorder

Thalassemia – Blood Disorder

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder wherein the body produces an improper form of haemoglobin.  Haemoglobin is a protein molecule that carries oxygen in the red blood cells.  

This causes a shortage of red blood cells and low levels of oxygen in the bloodstream, leading to a variety of health problems.

This disorder results in the extreme destruction of red blood cells that leads to anaemia. Anaemia is a condition in which the haemoglobin or red blood cells are less than the normal count.

Symptoms of Thalassemia :

Thalassemia signs and symptoms may include:

  • Fatigue & drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Pale or yellowish skin/ jaundice & pale skin
  • Facial bone deformities
  • Slow / delayed growth
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Dark urine
  • Chest pain
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Shortness of breadth
  • Leg cramps
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Poor feeding
  • Headaches
  • Greater susceptibility to infections

Several types of thalassemia exist, including alpha-thalassemia, thalassemia intermedia and Cooley anemia. The signs and symptoms you experience depend on the type and severity of your condition. Some babies show signs and symptoms of thalassemia at birth, while others may develop them during the first two years of life. Some people who have only one affected hemoglobin gene don’t experience any thalassemia symptoms.

Thalassemia is caused by mutations in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout body. The mutations associated with thalassemia are passed from parents to children.

Thalassemia disrupts the normal production of hemoglobin and healthy red blood cells. This causes anemia. With anemia, blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to tissues — leaving the person fatigued.

Risk factors :

Factors that increase risk of thalassemia include:

  • Family history of thalassemia –  Thalassemia is passed from parents to children through mutated hemoglobin genes. If you have a family history of thalassemia, you may have an increased risk of the condition.
  • Certain ancestry – Thalassemia occurs most often in African-Americans and in people of Mediterranean and Southeast Asian ancestry.

Different types of thalassemia :

There are three main types of thalassemia (and four subtypes):

  • beta thalassemia, which includes the subtypes major and intermedia
  • alpha thalassemia, which include the subtypes hemoglobin H and hydrops fetalis
  • thalassemia minor

All of these types and subtypes vary in symptoms and severity. The onset may also vary slightly

Thalassemia  Major : A Serious Disorder

The more severe form of the disease is thalassemia major, also called Cooley’s Anemia. It is a serious disease that requires regular blood transfusions and extensive medical care.

Those with this disorder, usually show symptoms within the first two years of life. They become pale and listless and have poor appetites. They grow slowly and often develop jaundice.

Without treatment, the spleen, liver and heart soon become greatly enlarged. Bones become thin and brittle. Heart failure and infection are the leading causes of death among children with untreated thalassemia major.

The use of frequent blood transfusions and antibiotics has improved the outlook for children with thalassemia major. Frequent transfusions keep their hemoglobin levels near normal and prevent many of the complications of the disease.

But repeated blood transfusions lead to iron overload – a buildup of iron in the body – that can damage the heart, liver and other organs. Drugs known as “iron chelators” can help rid the body of excess iron, preventing or delaying problems related to iron overload.

Thalassemia has been cured using bone marrow transplants. However, this treatment is possible only for a small minority of patients who have a suitable bone marrow donor. The transplant procedure itself is still risky and can result in death.

Diagnosis :

Most children with moderate to severe thalassemia receive a diagnosis by the time they are 2 years old.

People with no symptoms may not realize that they are carriers until they have a child with thalassemia.

Blood tests can detect if a person is a carrier or if they have thalassemia.

Treatment : 

Treatment depends on the type and severity of thalassemia :

Blood transfusions: These can replenish hemoglobin and red blood cell levels. Patients with thalassemia major will need between eight and twelve transfusions a year. Those with less severe thalassemia will need up to eight transfusions each year, or more in times of stress,  illness, or infection.

Iron chelation: This involves removing excess iron from the bloodstream. Sometimes blood transfusions can cause iron overload. This can damage the heart and other organs. Patients may be prescribed deferoxamine, a medication that is injected under the skin, or deferasirox, taken by mouth.

Complications :

Various complications can arise.

Iron overload :   This may be due to the frequent blood transfusions or the disease itself.

Iron overload raises the risk of hepatitis,  (swollen liver), fibrosis (scarring in the liver), and Cirrhosis, or progressive liver damage due to scarring.

The endocrine glands produce hormones. The pituitary gland is particularly sensitive to iron overload. Damage may lead to delayed Puberty and restricted growth. Later, there may be a higher risk of developing  diabetes and either an underactive or overactive thyroid gland.

Iron overload also increases the risk of arrhythmias,  or abnormal heart rhythms, and congestive health failure.


Sometimes, a blood transfusion will trigger a reaction where the person’s immune system reacts to the new blood and tries to destroy it. It is important to have the exact blood type match to prevent this kind of problem.

Enlarged spleen :

The spleen recycles red blood cells. In thalassemia, the red blood cells may have an abnormal shape, making it harder for the spleen to recycle them. The cells accumulate in the spleen, making it grow.

An enlarged spleen can become overactive. It can start to destroy the healthy blood cells the patient receives during transfusions. Sometimes, a patient may need a splenectomy, or surgical removal of the spleen. This is now less common, because removing the spleen can lead to other complications.

Infection :

Removing the spleen leads to a higher chance of infection, and regular transfusions increase the risk of contracting a blood-borne disease.

Bone deformities :

In some cases, the bone marrow expands, deforming the bone around it, especially the bones of the skull and face. The bone can become brittle, increasing the risk of fracture.

Outlook about life :

The outlook depends on the type of blood disorder.

A person with the thalassemia trait has a normal life expectancy. However, heart complications arising from beta thalassemia major can make this condition fatal before the age of 30 years. 

In Bengaluru, Rashtrothana is helping Thalassemia patients.

Rashtrotthanna Parishat  :

Rashtrotthana Parishat is a social service organisation  founded in Bengaluru in 1965. It is an initiative started by few social workers to bring social reforms through service activities and publications in Karnataka. 

Rashtrotthana Parishat runs various projects across the State of Karnataka.

Rashtrotthana Rakta Nidhi (Blood Bank) is one among those. It was established in Chamarajpet, Bengaluru in 1993.  It is an ISO certified blood bank,  provides blood for the needy 24 hours each day.

In 2011-2012, the blood bank collected 48,647 units of blood through various blood donation camps, and is reported to be the largest blood bank in the state.

To know more click on the link

Sports Infrastructure – India – Bengaluru

Sports Infrastructure – India – Bengaluru

Sports Infrastructure – plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international reputation  but also encourages the young population of the country   to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.

In India, the standard of Sports Infrastructure is not at a satisfactory level for a number of reasons but has come a long way. 

Despite all the successes, it is pertinent to mention that the status of sports infrastructure in India is yet to reach the desired level. This creates an obstacle in developing a culture of sports in the country.

Importance of sports Infrastructure :

Sports Infrastructure plays a crucial role in achieving excellence in the global arena of sports. It not only helps in producing sports persons of international repute, but also encourages the young population of a country to participate in sporting activities with the objective of creating a culturing of sports.

Sports as a social enabler :

Sports and games have historically played a significant role in development of personality traits and qualities like discipline, tolerance and leadership amongst the youth. With adequate support, planning and focused implementation, immense potential of the India’s youth can be gainfully channelized through sporting activities.

The realization of their true potential will not only build future character, but is a conduit of national integration. More importantly, our top sportsmen come from diverse parts of the country, many with limited Sports Infrastructure, thus indicating huge unexplored potential.

A road-map to Sports Infrastructure :

Over the last decade there has been a spurt in the development of Sports Infrastructure and facilities in the country.  With the increase of capital investments and successful hosting of events such as the Commonwealth Games-2010, ICC World Cup-2011, the Indian Premier League, the F1 Indian Grand Prix in 2011, the Under 17 FIFA World Cup-2017.

The Indian Badminton and Soccer League are also included in this. There are enormous commercially exploitable opportunities present in the Indian sports industry. However, the regulation of the Indian sports industry is highly decentralized and fragmented.

Regulation of the sector :

There is no national or state legislation for regulation of sports in India.  The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS) was set up by the Government of India to create the infrastructure and promote capacity building for broad-basing sports as well as for achieving excellence in different competitive events at National and International levels.

The National Sports Policy of 2001 was formulated to undertake the development and promotion of various sports prevalent in the country.  Sports promotion is primarily the responsibility of different National Sports Federations (NFS’s)which are autonomous in nature.  The MYAS  issues notifications and guidelines from time to time to regulate the NSFs.

Key issues plaguing the Sports Infrastructure :

Sports development in India is often hampered by bureaucracy and politics because of the low level of private sector involvement. Many federations are highly dependent on Government funding for carrying out their key objectives, such as organizing championships, procuring equipment, and training sports persons; a model which increases the probability of breeding inefficiencies.

Further, lack of accountability of sports federations, and the restrictive and non-competitive guidelines of the Khelo India program are other factors hampering the participation of private players in the development of Sports Infrastructure. There is also a lack of clear guidelines on asset utilization and monetization.

Sports Infrastructure in India :

Sports is primarily a State subject under the Constitution of India, and a huge portion of the sports infrastructure is owned and managed by State Governments. Sports Authority of India (“SAI”) builds and maintains stadia on behalf of the MYAS (infrastructure owned and managed by the Central Government). 

The Central Government through its ‘Khelo India’ initiative, has allowed grants for certain Sports Infrastructure projects and sports facilities creation at the state/union territories/district/sub-district level. State Governments and other local authorities may seek the benefit of these grants.

However, the beneficiary of such a grant has to enter into a Memorandum of understanding (“MoU”) with SAI in order to provide the latter access, for a minimum of ten years, to the facilities on a time-sharing basis for training of the trainees of SAI and holding competitions.

The utilization of the sum for development of sports infrastructure will be limited to the strict guidelines under the scheme.

Recent scenario :

More parents are encouraging their children to play sports and seek a career in it.  They have faith that sports can also provide the platform for a healthy and a decent future.  This change is happening from the last decade and it is convincing that India has arrived as a sporting nation.

The day is not very far when India will be  a force to reckon with on the world stage.  It is good that the country have an Olympic Medalist as Union Sports Minister.  This is a welcome change because the athletes are beginning to have faith in the system. 

Constant improvement :

India has begun to offer competition in games which are not a big name at home.  This is due because we do have talent. In traditional games like hockey, tennis, badminton and athletics, there is impressive progress.

Swimmers have begun to make a mark and promise in the international arena. 

According to Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore after he became the Sports Minister he declared the year 2018 as the year of Sports for India.  Before his tenure no army recruitment took place in Jaipur district.

Budget support – sports infrastructure :

In India, the Union budget for 2018-19 provided Rs.2196.35 crore for sports.  Out of this Rs.520.09 went to Khelo India, the governments initiative program to search for the talent.  The budget of Sports Authority of India was cut by Rs.66 crore.  This curtailed freedom to be liberal with proposals from national sports federations.

There is a need to concentrate on creating new infrastructure and updating the old facilities.  Foreign exposure of our sports persons is needed. 

 A Cultural change :

Over the last decade, a lot of athletes have not only been at the top of the world but have also inspired a generation of athletes to look at dominating in different sports.

Importantly there has been a big cultural change in the belief system.  Athletes no longer feel as though they are inferior in their international counterparts and that is probably the most heartening aspect of Indian Sport.

Some of the major initiatives taken for the development of Sports Infrastructure in India are mentioned below:

·   Scheme of Grants for Creation of Sports Infrastructure including Rural Schools, for which INR 942.5 million was allocated

·   Scheme of Grants for Installing of Synthetic Playing Surfaces, for which INR 201.3 million was allocated

·   Scheme of Grants for Promotion of Games and Sports in Universities and Colleges, for which INR 328 million was allocated

·   Scheme of assistance for the creation of Urban Sports infrastructure

The non-availability of land for building sports infrastructure is another major obstacle. Moreover, not much initiative has been observed till now in promoting sports-specific infrastructure by adopting PPP model to ensure the sustainability of these facilities.

Ola Ride-sharing – blocked – Bengaluru

Ola Ride-sharing – blocked – Bengaluru

Ola Ride-Sharing is blocked by taxi aggregator Ola at night between 11 pm and 6 am  due to the safety of the passengers and the driver’s earnings.

Commuters will not be able to use ola ride-sharing to work through taxi aggregators ola.

Ola cabs :

Ola Cabs is an Indian origin online transportation network company developed by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd.  As of December 2018, Ola was valued at about $5.7 billion.  A variety of venture capitalists including Softbank have large stakes in the company.

Ola Cabs was founded on 3 December 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai and is now based in Bengaluru.  As of 2018, the company has expanded to a network of more than 10,00,000 vehicles across 169 cities.

In November 2014, Ola diversified to incorporate auto-rickshaws on a trial basis in Bangalore.  After the trial phase, Ola Auto expanded to other cities like Delhi, Pune, Chennai and Hyderabad starting in December 2014.

In January 2018, Ola extended into its first overseas market to Australia and New Zealand in September 2018.  In March of 2019, Ola began its UK operations introducing Auto Rickshaws in UK.

The Ola Cab story:

While trying to keep his holiday and tour planning business afloat, Bhavish had to travel from Bengaluru to Bandipur, for which he rented out a car, which ended in a very bad experience.

The driver stopped the car in the middle of the journey and demanded a renegotiation of what Bhavish was paying. After being refused, he proceeded to abandon him enroute his destination.

This is when he realized how his plight was probably similar to a lot of customers across the country who were looking for a quality cab service, but ended up with a one that stood them up, arrived and dropped them off late, didn’t stick to their promises, and came with drivers that were nightmares behind wheels.

This made him see the potential that an extraordinary cab booking service could have, and hence, he changed his business from his earlier start-up to the one we today know as – Ola Cabs. This was in December 2010, where he was joined by his co-founder Ankit Bhati in his start-up journey.

His parents didn’t agree with his idea in the beginning of course, like all parents.  They were thoroughly displeased with his decision to become a ‘travel agent’, but when Ola Cabs received it’s first round of funding from two angel investors, they started to believe in the change he was planning to bring.

Ola Founders :

Bhavish Aggarwal- is the ola co-founder and Chief-executive-officer who graduated from IIT Bombay with a B. Tech in Computer Science in the year 2008. Bhavish has worked for Microsoft research, Bengaluru  for two years right after college. There, he passed two years with filing 2 patents and 3 research publishing in international journals.

While trying to chase his dream of entrepreneurship, he started an online company to sell short duration tours and holidays online before changing that into Ola Cabs.

Ankit Bhati heads the technical aspects of Ola cabs, ensuring a quick, convenient and instinctive experience for customers and partners. He joined IIT Bombay in 2004 for in Mechanical Engg and M.Tech in CAD and Automation.

By 2009 he had already worked on several freelance projects and startups like Wilcom, QED42 etc. and finally decided to give up his nomadic professional life for a start-up of his own. He joined the Olacabs journey in November 2010.

Bengaluru – largest market –  Ola  ride-sharing :

Bengaluru, where Ola is headquartered, is also its single largest market in the country. The city is estimated to have 120,000 cabs, out of which around 65,000 operate on the Uber and Ola platforms interchangeably, state authorities and experts said. 

Ola share riding

This isn’t the first run-in for a ride hailing firm with the Karnataka authorities. 

Recently, Ola and other cab aggregators which operate bike taxis have been facing the heat from the Transport Department. In February, transport officials seized close to 500 such bike taxis for operating illegally.

Ola Ride-sharing :

Thousands of commuters rely on ride-sharing to get to places as it is affordable.  But nobody knows whether it remains permanent.  The facility was stopped earlier this week.

The passengers pay 30% to 60% less by sharing the cab with others travelling on the same route.

According to Ola the ride-sharing block was taken to balance the value for money and viability for customers and drivers partners. 

Ola ride sharing was stopped in Chennai two weeks ago and Ola is planning to do the same in other cities eventually.

POOL and Share have also been opposed by drivers’ unions in Karnataka as they complained that it has brought down incentives of drivers, as customers are charged less when they hail a shared ride.

Road space –  ola ride sharing :

The ola ride sharing was well appreciated for its role in reducing congestion by carrying more people in less vehicles. The decision was a disappointing news for a lot of people who work late in the night.

According to Ola officials the decision was taken keeping in mind the safety of the passengers and co-passengers.  Recently some complaints about  drunken passengers sharing the ride with others creating problem was brought to the notice.

Ola talked about “ease of use”, “lower prices”, and “decongesting cities”, they do not take responsibility for the passenger’s safety. The companies do guarantee passenger safety even after the rider has boarded the cab.

In a country where fake identity proofs are so common, allowing strangers to share rides can be risky.

Ola cab ban :

Recently Ola was banned.  Ola cabs ban was Implemented in Bengaluru for 6 months but was revoked later after penalising.  The Karnataka Transport Department on 22nd March 2019 suspended the  licence of online cab operator Ola for 6 months in Bengaluru. 

This ban came in the wake of ola running its bike taxis while possessing a licence only to run four wheelers. 

Ola had a great start to the year – funding, getting the likes of Flipkart Co-founder Sachin Bansal on its board, but it’s legal issues just doesn’t seem to end.

Sanchin Bansal – Investment in Ola :

Bansal has taken up 70588 fully & compulsorily cumulative series J preference shares.  The face value of the share is Rs.10 at a premium of Rs.21240 per share.

Ola has raised Rs.520 crore from existing investor Steadview Capital.  Sanchin Bansal is also setup up a $1 billion fund, has invested in ola cabs in his individual capacity. 

This investment is to be one of the biggest of Sachin Bansal.  The investment comes at a time when ola is competing with the global rival Uber in India.

Ola ride-sharing pass :

Share Pass offers the convenience of hassle free daily commute on Ola Share rides with its fixed fares. Share Pass is automatically applied to all Ola Share rides that one  takes in Bengaluru city for which the commuter  have purchased the pass, provided that the pass fare is lower than the Share fare.

Conclusion – ola ride-sharing :

Incidents of rape and molestation have never stopped doing the rounds with cab-hailing companies. “Women safety can’t be jeopardized”.

According to a ola ride sharing commuter “OLA RIDE SHARING FOR YOU IS CHEAP, HORRIBLE, UNRELIABLE BUT YES COMES AFFORDABLE IF YOU HAVE PLENTY OF TIME TO SPEND IN OLA CAB AND HAS NO VALUE TO YOUR TIME WITH NO ONE SICK WITH YOU, You are welcome to take the ride but if your time has value and you have sick people with you then never ever do it”.

BJP – Manifesto – Lok Sabha Elections 2019

BJP – Manifesto – Lok Sabha Elections 2019

BJP (the Bharatiya Janata Party)  Manifesto for Lok Sabha elections 2019 is been released.    The BJP has been active in public sphere for decades guided by the ideological foundation laid down by Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee and carried forward by Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya through his mission of Antyodaya (Garib Kalyan) .

This document is a compendium of BJP’s promises and commitments that the party  make to fellow citizens who stand with the party  on the journey of development.

This vision document of BJP is the vision of an uninterrupted journey upon which the party had embarked with the blessings of the people in 2014. This vision document is BJP’s  plan of action for achieving the objectives and to fulfil the aspirations of every Indian.

Nation First :

  1. Zero-Tolerance Approach to Terrorism :  This is exemplified by the Surgical Strikes and the Air Strikes carried out recently.

National Security :

  • Strengthening of  Armed Forces
  • Self-reliance in defence sector
  • Welfare of Soldiers

Modernization of Police Forces :

  • Modernizing the Central Armed Police Forces to further  increase their capacity and readiness and enable them to effectively combat internal security challenges.
  • Providing assistance to the states to upgrade their police forces through the ‘Scheme for Modernization of Police Forces’.

Combating Infiltration :

  • There has been a huge change in the cultural and linguistic identity of some areas due to illegal immigration, resulting in an adverse impact on local people’s livelihood and employment.
  • To undertake effective steps to prevent illegal immigration in the North-Eastern States.  A pilot project on the use of technology to strengthen border security  (Smart  Fencing) was implemented in Dhubri (Assam). Will implement this on all borders.

Reinforcing border security :

  • Focus on creation of developmental and other necessary infrastructure in border areas to ensure that border security is strengthened, and to enable increased participation of and benefits for border areas in the country’s development and progress.
  • Building six integrated check-posts with another under construction to facilitate easier trade and travel from the neighboring countries.  Easing  the movement of goods and people by constructing 14 more integrated check-posts by 2024. After  completion of all the proposed integrated check-posts, all trade movement with Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan will be conducted through the integrated check-posts.

Coastal safety :

  1. After effectively strengthening coastal security through implementation of a coastal security scheme to provide modern equipment and allocating funds to the states for establishing coastal police stations, establishment of National Committee for Strengthening Maritime & Coastal Security, Island Information System and National Academy of Coastal Policing.

Combating left wing extremism :

  1. Strong actions to reduce left  wing extremism to a very large extent and limited them to small pockets. We are committed to taking necessary and effective  steps against left  wing extremism to eliminate this menace in the next 5 years.  In the last 5  years, the party has focused on the development of economic and social infrastructure such as roads, mobile towers, schools and medical facilities in the tribal areas affected by left wing extremism and BJP will continue to make efforts in this direction.

Jammu & Kashmir – Article 370 :

  1. Necessary action  to ensure peace in Jammu and Kashmir through decisive actions and a  firm policy.  The BJP party is  committed to overcome all obstacles that come in the way of development and provide adequate financial  resources to all the regions of the state. We reiterate our position since the time of the Jan Sangh to the abrogation of Article 370.

Doubling Farmer’s income :

At the very beginning of our current term, Prime Minister Modi embarked on a mission to double farmers’ income. We will make all efforts to achieve this goal by 2022.

Welfare of Farmers :

  1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to all – have launched Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana to ensure financial support to farmers owning land up to 2 hectares. We will further  expand the coverage of the scheme to all the farmers in the country.
  2. Pension for small and marginal farmers – will launch a pension scheme for all small and marginal farmers in the country so as to ensure social security to them on reaching 60 years of age.
  3. Rs. 25 lakh crore investment in Agri-rural sector – are committed  to making an investment of Rs. 25 lakh crore to improve the productivity of the farm sector.
  4. Interest-free Kisan Credit Card loans – BJP will provide short -term new agriculture loans up to Rs. 1 lakh at a 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.
  5. Voluntary enrollment in Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana –  Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana has ensured risk mitigation and provided insurance cover for all farmers and will make enrolment of farmers under the scheme voluntary.
  6. Empowering Farmers through Policies – will work towards reducing all agricultural imports  and institute a predictable export  and import policy with a built-in mechanism for encouraging exports  and discouraging imports.
  7. Assurance of Quality Seeds – We will ensure timely availability of improved seeds of promising varieties at affordable  rates with doorstep testing facilities.

Development of Agri-allied sectors :

  • Oilseeds Mission – We will launch a new mission to achieve self-sufficiency  in oil seeds and other agri-products.
  • Warehouse Network across the Country – will build an efficient  storage and transport mechanism for agriculture produce
  • To ensure greater promotion and increase profitability under organic farming.
  • National Bee-keeping and Honey Mission:  will launch a National Bee-keeping and Honey Mission to ensure additional returns to the farmers and l double the honey production from the present 11,500 MT by developing infrastructural facilities and providing marketing support.

Expanding Irrigation in Mission Mode :

  1. The party has  completed work on the long-pending 31 irrigation projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana and work will soon be completed on the remaining 68 projects in phases up to December 2019. Continuing efforts to developing irrigation, will further  expand Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana to realize 100% irrigation potential of the country within a defined  time-frame.
  2. BJP will bring one crore hectares agricultural land under micro-irrigation, this would be supplemented with ‘fertigation’ to promote judicious use of fertilizers.

Cooperatives :

  1. Recognizing the role of cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) can play in ensuring better  market linkages and opportunities in the agricultural sector and we are committed  to support  and strengthen them.
  2. BJP Will enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) by 2022 to ensure economies of scale for farmers regarding access to inputs and markets.
  3. To cater to the needs of big cities BJP will set up a mechanism of direct marketing of vegetables, fruits, dairy and fishery products through farmers’ cooperative organizations so as to ensure better price return to the farmers.

Convergence of Agriculture and Technology :

  1. BJP will create a mobile app based system for promoting the availability of agri-implements on rental/custom hiring basis.
  2. Will extensively use technology to ensure a better knowledge of the market prices of various agro-products for the benefit  of farmers.
  3. Will enable development of young agri-scientists to take advantage of Artificial  Intelligence, Machine Learning, Blockchain technology, Big Data analytics etc. for more predictive and profitable precision agriculture
  4. View solar energy as an additional source of income for farmers and will encourage solar farming on a massive scale so as to enable the ‘Annadaata’(food provider) to become ‘Urja-daata’ (energy provider).
  5. Digitization of Land Records – On the lines of Aadhaar project, we will complete digitization of land records on a mission mode. We will implement second-generation land reforms to ensure title guarantee for the landholder and reduce land-related litigation. We will create a model law for conclusive titling (in consultation with states) promoting title guarantee and title insurance and work with States to implement this system.

Animal Husbandry :

  • Have given utmost importance to the dairy sector and have established Kamdhenu Aayog for the conservation of indigenous species of cattle. Will establish a network of mobile veterinary dispensaries to provide doorstep service to farmers.
  • Will roll out a model programme for periodic health checkup of all cattle and other domestic animals at the district level with the help of veterinary experts from the public and private sector.
  • BJP will expand the coverage of immunization and eliminate Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis.
  • Will launch a National Feed and Fodder Mission to eliminate the shortage of fodder.

Fisheries – Blue revolution :

  • Will launch ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’ with an allocation of Rs. 10,000 crores to ensure availability of storage and marketing tools and infrastructure like ice-boxes, cold storages, ice-plants etc. for small and traditional Fishermen.
  • BJP will promote aquaculture through easy access to credit.
  • Will facilitate farming of sea-weed, pearl as well as ornamental Fish to ensure a better return to the Fishermen.
  • Will bring all  Fishermen under the ambit of all welfare programmes and social security schemes with expanded coverage for accident insurance.

On the Path of Gram Swaraj :

  1. Saashray (Housing) – will ensure a pucca house to every family who are either living in a kuchha house or have no access to housing by 2022.
  2. Sujal (Drinking Water) – will launch ‘Jal Jivan Mission’ under which we will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure piped water connection to every household by 2024.
  3. Suchna se Sashaktikaran (Digital connectivity through Bharatnet) – will ensure that every Gram Panchayat is connected through a high speed optical ªbre network by 2022.
  4. Sadak se Samriddhi (Road connectivity) – will launch a massive ‘Rural Road Upgradation Programme’ to connect centres of education, healthcare centres, and markets with hinterlands to promote rural growth.
  5. Swachhata se Sampannata (Swachh Bharat Mission) – will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste water and reuse of waste water.

India as the World’s 3rd Largest Economy :

Roadmap for 5 trillion dollar economy :

  1. India was branded as ‘fragile  five’ in 2014. Within five years, we have turned India into a bright spot that is not only the fastest growing major economy of the world but also enjoys macroeconomic stability. We have already become the world’s sixth largest economy and will soon be among the top five. The party aspire to make India the third largest economy of the world by 2030. This implies that we commit to make India a US $ 5 trillion economy by 2025 and US $ 10 trillion economy by 2032.
  2. When compared to all governments post-1991, this government has delivered the highest rate of average GDP growth (7.3%) over the last five years and maintained lowest rate of average consumer inflation (4.6%). The consumer in action is presently at 2.6%. This has been achieved with lower fiscal deficits and significantly lower current account deficit as a percentage of GDP. Average fiscal deficit as a percentage of GDP during 2014-19 has been brought down to 3.7% from 5.4% during 2009-14. Reduction in fiscal deficit of this order implies less burden of debt on future generations by almost Rs.16 lakh crores. Average Current account deficit as a percentage of GDP during this government has been reduced to 1.5% from 3.3% during 2009-14.

Tax policy :

  • Economic policy has been guided by the principle of lowering the tax rate and improving compliance; thereby broadening of the tax base. With improved compliance and increased tax base, the tax to GDP ratio has reached 12%, highest in the recent past, up from 10.1% in 2013-14. This increased revenue has been deployed for benefits to the poor and creation of infrastructure at an unprecedented level. We will continue with our policy in the similar manner – lowering of tax rate thereby rewarding honest tax payers and improving compliance.

Goods & services tax

  • Goods and Service Tax (GST) has resulted in overall lowering of tax rates and increased revenue collection, particularly for States. When compared to base year of 2015-16, GST revenue for all states have increased by 50% in three years. We will continue with the simplication of GST process by engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders.

Promoting Yoga globally :

  • BJP will further  continue efforts  to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.

Rs.100 lakh crore investment :

  • While social security net for the poor and farmers will be expanded, we will take up capital investment in the country to a new height. By 2024, we will make capital investment of Rs.100 lakh crore in the infrastructure sector. We recognize that investment driven growth requires cheaper cost of capital. By anchoring inflation at 4% and cleaning up our banking system we have created the space for structural reduction in the cost of capital. This will not only help infrastructure investment but investment also in the wider economy. Thus, new India will be built on the basis of investment driven growth.

Make in India :

  • With the aim of developing India into a knowledge based, skill supported and technology driven society, we have launched the ‘Make in India’ campaign. A beginning has already been made through our initiatives like Digital India, Startup India and Skill India. To bring in fast and inclusive growth, we have also carried out substantial reforms in the last few years in terms of de-regulation and delicensing, with an aim to improve ease of doing business. More than 90% FDI approvals are now through the automatic route. FDI has grown by almost 50% in the last five years. Similarly, implementation of One Nation, One Tax through GST has brought all businesses under single tax net.
  • Making India a global manufacturing hub – as the party position India as a global manufacturing hub over the next five years.

Micro, small and medium enterprises :

  • A special package was launched by the Government to boost the MSME sector. The Credit Guarantee Scheme of the Government of India is an important component wherein loans to MSME are guaranteed. Under this alone, the credit of around Rs.19,000 crore was achieved in 2017-18. Would aim to take this figure  to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024.
  • Technology access and upgradation are key elements in the MSME sector. The  government has taken a major step in expanding of ‘Technology Centres’ and would achieve more than 150 such centres all over the country by 2024. These Technology Centres would help in mentoring skilling and prototyping of MSMEs. They will expose MSMEs to Artificial l Intelligence, Robotics, Internet of Things, Virtual  Reality, BlockChain technology and Zero Defect Zero Effect.
  • The Technology Centres, other skilling centres of MSMEs and NSICs incubation centres alone would provide focussed and high level skilling to more than 6 lakh people per year.
  • Welfare of Small Traders –
  • Will establish National Traders’ Welfare Board and create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail businesses
  • To protect the interests of small traders, we will provide an accident insurance of 10 lakh rupees to all the traders registered under GST.
  • On the lines of Kisan credit card, we will also create a scheme to give merchant credit card to registered merchants.

Entrepreneurship & StartUps :

  1. To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth, we will launch a new scheme to provide collateral-free credit up to 50 lakh for entrepreneurs. We will guarantee 50% of the loan amount for female entrepreneurs and 25% of the loan amount for male entrepreneurs.
  2. India is now among the largest Startup ecosystems of the world. Will further  strengthen this ecosystem by:
  3. Easing regulatory requirement for start-ups
  4. Targeting time spent for tax compliance at 1 hour per month
  5. Facilitating establishment of 50,000 new Startups in the nation by 2024
  6. Creating 100 Innovation Zones in Urban Local Bodies
  7. Selling up 500 new incubators and accelerators by 2024
  8. Initiating ranking of Central Ministries, departments, State Governments and CPSUs for their increased engagement with start-ups and in bringing in innovation and newer technologies and global practices and skills.
  9. BJP will continue to promote and encourage Startups through creation of a ‘Seed Startup Fund’ of Rs. 20,000 crore.
  10. Will support entrepreneurial ventures started  by individuals from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Communities, or Economically Weaker Sections and take forward the ‘Standup India’ initiative.
  11. BJP will set-up new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme to provide Financial support to the micro, small and medium industries and for employment generation in the North-eastern state.

Using Tourism to Cluster Services :

  1. Within the services sector, tourism will be special focus because it brings together many different  service segments.
  2. Will identify special  places of cultural or natural importance  in order to develop them as comprehensive destinations instead of leaving them as isolated sites. This requires that we look at transpoĒ connection, heritage conservation, hotels, restaurants, entertainment  and other services in an integrated way. We will make an effort  to ensure that all these services interconnect. Therefore, the government will make sure that schemes/ agencies such as Swachh Bharat, ASI, forest department and local government work together with the travel and hospitality industry. All UNESCO heritage sites in India will be upgraded to international level facilities.
  3. The North  eastern states and our Island/coastal areas will be developed while being sensitive to conserving their ecological uniqueness. Similarly, places of cultural importance  will be developed while maintaining their unique heritage. As we have recently demonstrated by projects in Varanasi, an effort  will be made to upgrade these sites while being sensitive to their historical/cultural heritage.

Transparent economy :

  • Will continue our crackdown on Benami properties and illegal foreign bank accounts to benefit  honest taxpayers and the poor of the country. We will also expedite our actions to bring fugitive economic offenders back to India and prosecute them for their crimes.

International Trade :

  • BJP Will ensure faster customs clearance of international cargo by relaxing clearance procedures, introducing self-declaration etc and adopting new scanning technology. Will also provide adequate financial  and institutional support  for exporters and export organizations to build capacity and equip them with adequate information to ensure unhindered exports.

Infrastructure :

Foundation for New India :

  1. Will aim at next generation infrastructure which will include gas grids and water grids, i-ways, regional airports and way side amenities along National highways.
  2. BJP will continue the fast pace with more and more public and private investment and efficient  ground level management on building of infrastructure further  and to improve the quality of life and enhance the ease of living.
  3. In addition to ensuring efficiency in the economy this will also lead to creation of a large number of jobs and livelihood opportunities.

Ensuring Urban Development :

  • Through the development of infrastructure and connectivity, we will ensure the further  development of suburban townships and new urban centres.
  • Will set up five regional centres of excellence on urban issues. These centres will provide support  to states and local bodies on issues of urban governance and growth.
  • Urban Mobility –  will launch a National Urban Mobility Mission to provide technology based urban mobility solutions to all urban local bodies and increase the use of public transport , enhance walkability and cycle use. Under this mission, we will incentivize cities to integrate the public transport systems such as metro, local trains and local buses with the private service providers in the sector such as, private bus operator, private taxi operator, the auto-rickshaw, e-rickshaw services, pedestrian and cycling infrastructure for a seamless and smooth last mile connectivity. Will also promote a common mobility card/ ticketing across different rent modes of transport.
  • In the next five  years, will ensure that 50 cities are covered with a strong metro network.

Swachh Bharat Mission :

  • Have constructed over 9 crore toilets under our flagship program, Swachh Bharat Mission. Will take the Mission to a new level through sustainable Solid Waste Management in every village. Through the mission, we will ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste through emphasis on faecal sludge management and reuse of waste water in rural, peri urban and unsewered areas.
  • BJP ill ensure that all habitations attain  open defecation free status and those that have retained the status sustain the behavioural change.

Jal Shakthi :

  1. Water is a critical resource but its management is spread across various departments, even at the Central level. We will form a new Ministry of Water unifying the water management functions to approach the issue of water management holistically and ensure better coordination of efforts. The Ministry will expeditedly take forward the ambitious program, conceptualized by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, for linking rivers from different parts of the country and ensure a solution to the problems of drinking water and irrigation. We will initiate work on this program by constituting an authority.
  2. Will launch ‘Jal Jivan Mission’ under which we will introduce a special program, ‘Nal se Jal’ to ensure piped water for every household by 2024.
  3. Will ensure sustainability of water supply through special focus on conservation of rural water bodies and ground water recharge.

Road Connectivity :

  1. In continuation to our existing milestone of constructing roads at an unprecedented pace, we will construct 60,000 kms of National Highways in the next five years.
  2. Will double the length of National Highways by 2022.
  3. Will complete the Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project expeditiously. We will also launch Bharatmala 2.0 project especially with a view to support  the states to develop state road networks connecting the interior regions to the main roads and to effectively leverage the economic potential and market opportunities of the concerned regions.
  4. BJP will bring in new technologies and designs in road construction, operation and maintenance.
  5. Want to become a world leader in e-mobility. 10,000 crores have already been allocated to launch a program for promoting clean energy and battery operated vehicles. We will further work on this front to ensure expansion of this new mobility experience.
  6. Have made all efforts  to make the experience of rail journey safe, smooth, clean and satisfying and have achieved great results. We will continue the pace of work in this regard and encourage private participation in the development of railway amenities and infrastructure and provision of services.
  7. Will ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to broad gauge by 2022.
  8. Will make all efforts  to ensure electrification of all railway tracks by 2022.
  9. Will expand connectivity and experience of high speed trains and new version trains such as Vande Bharat Express across the length and breadth of the country in the next five years.
  10. Will complete the dedicated freight corridor project by 2022.
  11. BJP will launch a massive program for modernization of railway stations in the country.
  12. Will equip all main railway stations with Wi-Fi facility by 2022.

Establishment of new airports :

  • In 2014 there were 65 functional airports and there are a total of 101 functional airports today. In the next five years, we will double the number of functional airports.

Coastal development :

  • Potential of coastal development for transportation, tourism and for economic upliftment of coastal communities has remained unexploited in the country. To exploit this potential fully, we have launched the Sagarmala program and will ensure speedy completion of the projects under this program.
  • Will double our port capacity in the next five years.
  • Will further encourage integrated development of coastal areas including coastal cities, coastal transport and coastal industrialization.
  • Will undertake the upgradation of infrastructure for connecting the coast and hinterland to ensure smooth transportation.
  • will continue to focus on development of inland waterways for shifting inland cargo movement from road and rail to water transport.

Energy :

  • Party had made a commitment to provide 24×7 electricity to all and the country has substantially attained the goal. All remaining villages have been electrified. Similarly, almost all remaining households have been provided with an electricity connection. Thus, we are near completion of our promise in a record time. We will further work towards completing any unfinished task in this regard.
  • Exceptional work has been done in adding to the electricity generated and in laying down of transmission lines and in putting up the nationwide transmission grid. With these milestone achievements, India can now claim that quantum of or access to electricity is no longer an issue.
  • India has become a global champion in addressing the issues of climate change through effective  and feasible interventions. We have achieved cumulative installed renewable energy capacity of 76.87 GW as on February, 2019 and are on track to achieve our goal of 175 GW by 2022. We will continue our efforts  in this regard and make it a popular movement. We will further make all efforts to invite other countries of the world to become members of the International Solar Alliance.

Digital Connectivity :

  • Every Gram Panchayat will be connected with high speed optical fibre network by 2022. Through village level high speed broadband services, we will provide a range of services such as telemedicine, tele-education and agriculture related advisories.

Health for All :

Making Healthcare Accessible :

  1. While providing annual health cover of Rs. 5 lakh to 10.74 crore poor families under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana under Ayushman Bharat, we also initiated a programme to set up 1,50,000 Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) by 2022. Till date 17,150 HWCs have become functional. We will take up the program of HWCs to next level. We will target provisioning of telemedicine and diagnostic laboratory facilities at these HWCs by 2022 to ensure quality primary medical care to the poor at his doorstep.
  2. BJP will create an essential devices list and a separate pricing policy for medical devices to ensure their accessibility and affordability to masses.

Strengthening Health Infrastructure :

  • With our initiatives, we have successfully reached the stage of ensuring one Medical College for every three Parliamentary Constituencies. We will take it forward and set up one Medical College or Post Graduate Medical College in every district, through public or private participation, by 2024. To start  with 75 such Medical Institutes will be set up by 2022. This would ensure availability and accessibility of quality secondary and tertiary medical care to the citizens across the diverse landscape of our country.
  • In a mere span of 5 years, we have increased the number of MBBS seats by 18,000 and that of Postgraduate Medical seats by 12,000. We would further  accelerate the pace of reforms in medical education sector so as to ensure transparency on one hand and improved doctor: population ratio on the other hand. With our efforts  we will double the number of MBBS and Specialist doctors in the country by 2024 as compared to the work done from 1947 till 2014. Further, we will also accelerate the reforms in para-medical education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists and other paramedical personnel.
  • Will also accelerate the reforms in paramedical education sector so as to increase the availability of nurses, pharmacists and other paramedical personnel.

Immunization and Nutrition :

  • BJP will endeavour to make the National Nutrition Mission a mass movement and strengthen infrastructure and capacity in all Anganwadis.
  • The Mission Indradhanush program has ensured full immunization of 3.39 crore children and 87.18 lakh pregnant mothers. Further, the annual increase in the rate of immunization has jumped from 1% per year to 6% per year. Continuing this pace, we will ensure full immunization coverage for all the children and pregnant women by 2022.

Eliminating Tuberculosis :

  • Tuberculosis claims more lives every year than any other infectious disease. As on today, more than 25 lakh citizens are suffering from TB while over 3 lakh persons die due to TB every year. The disease mainly affects  the poor and malnourished. We have rolled out a Special Mission to eliminate TB from India by 2025. We will ensure this becomes a success much ahead of the target given in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Good Governance :

Simultaneous Elections :

  1. The party is committed to the idea of simultaneous elections for Parliament, State assemblies and local bodies to reduce expenditure, ensure efficient utilization of government resources and security forces and for effective  policy planning. We will try to build consensus on this issue with all parties.
  2. Single Voter List – In order to ensure that every citizen gets the right to exercise his/her franchise for all public bodies and to avoid confusion created by multiple voter lists, we will strive to ensure a common voter list for all elections.

Corruption-free Bharath :

  • In order to curb corruption, the Modi government has taken many effective steps such as enacting the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act,2018, Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Act,2018, and the Benami Transaction Prohibition (Amendment) Act, 2016. We have eliminated inertia in the government by ensuring decisive actions under the leadership of Prime Minister Modi and will continue to make efforts to ensure more effective governance and transparent decision making.

Civil Service and Governance Reforms :

  • To transform India into a developed nation, we need to work with the guiding principle of “Minimum Government and Maximum Governance” and we will bring reform in the Civil Services and implement it in a manner to achieve the same. In order to ensure better implementation of policies and coordination, we will merge similar and complementary departments into sectoral ministries. This will allow policymakers to frame holistic and comprehensive policies on the one hand and ensure smooth implementation on the other.
  • BJP will continue to implement the Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan in a focused manner to build the capacity of members of Panchayati Raj Institutions and ensure effective delivery of schemes at the grassroots.

Police reforms :

  • Police is the most basic and key functionary affecting the people’s life. An effective policing and peaceful law and order is the key to growth and development. Our present police and policing is based upon the colonial police force and there is a need to change and transform the police according to the challenges of the 21st century. Therefore, we will bring Police Reform. We will formulate a ‘Model Police Act’ in consultation with the States to have a pro-people citizen friendly police. This will take the Indian policing at par with its contemporaries anywhere in the world.

Judicial Reforms :

  • BJP will work towards simplifying procedural laws, encouraging mediation and strengthening judicial and court management system in order to increase accessibility.
  • Making India the centre of arbitration – We will increase the number of Alternative Dispute Resolution forums to ensure avenues for quick disposal of matters. Will also take all necessary steps to make India a hub of arbitration services.

International Financial Services Centre Authority :

  • In order to establish India as a hub of financial services, we will expedite the enactment of legislation for creating an International Financial Services Centre Authority which will put in place a robust regulatory framework. We will continue and further increase the ongoing incentives to expand digital transactions.

Implementing Cooperative Federalism Effectively :

  1. The party has  set an example of inclusive federal governance through steps such as the creation of NITI Aayog, establishment of the GST council and restructuring of central schemes in line with our pledge of cooperative federalism. We will continue to pursue this course by ensuring greater involvement of the states in all aspects of policy making and governance thereby strengthening federalism. We will also ensure implementation of the 14th Finance Commission’s recommendations.

Ease of Living :

  1. BJP will set up a committee for Easing Citizens’ Interactions with Government (CECIG) to work with experts in reforming citizen’s interface with Government across domains such as taxes, business compliance, rules and regulations for greater simplicity and ease.
  2. To empower citizens and ensure time-bound delivery of public services, we will explore every avenue to implement the Right to Service.

Science and Technology :

  1. The future belongs to Science and Technology and the use of technology for development of people. We will launch a new Science Mission for development of cutting edge technologies and future technologies with two submissions, specifically focused on (a) artificial l intelligence mission and (b) robotic research mission with the aim to leapfrog into the future world of cutting edge technologies.
  2. Our first agenda is our people. Today much of our S&T investment is in central institutions. We will aim to spread this to the 95% of students who attend state government institutions also. This will be done by investment from the government through a National Research Foundation in partnership with States. Industry investment in R&D will also be enhanced, in partnership with our network of national laboratories.
  3. Will launch a Language Translation Mission that will enable ready translation of English text in Science & Technology and humanities in any of our languages. This will take the best works, bilingually, to every student in the country.
  4. Will initiate a genome mission for human health that will bring the latest diagnosis and treatment to our entire population through frugal innovation.
  5. Will explore the diversity of our oceans, have a human crewed submersible going to the deepest oceans that will facilitate sustainable use of resources. With a thrust on non-fossil fuels, our research mission in this area will reduce imports and make India a leader in new technologies.
  6. The supercomputer, Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Missions will make India not only Industry 5.0 ready but also a leader. The Swachh Bharat mission has transformed one side of Swachhata. Now we will get the latest technologies to transform Waste to Energy and Wealth in a major mission. We will also strive towards semiconductor manufacturing within the country.
  7. After  achieving unprecedented success through Mission Shakti, the party is committed to ensuring that ‘Gaganyaan’ successfully demonstrates scientific capabilities of executing a manned mission in space. We will start  the ‘National Program for Rapid Research in Socially Contextual Technologies’ to create research paths in desirable technologies and to manage financing of such projects in coordination with the private sector.

Forest and Environment :

  • Have ensured speed and effectiveness in issuing forest and environmental clearances for eligible projects due to which we have added around 9000 Sq. Kms to the forest cover of the country. We are committed  to maintaining this pace through adoption of cleaner practises to make our nation a greener country.
  • Have evolved technologically better strategies and devices to map the level of pollution in cities and rivers and have taken effective steps to reduce the level of pollution in major cities, including the national capital. Will convert the National Clean Air Plan into a Mission and we will focus on 102 most polluted cities in the country. Through concerted action, we will reduce the level of pollution in each of the mission cities by at least 35% over the next five years.
  • Have continuously protected and promoted the interest of forest dwellers particularly the tribal communities. We have endeavoured to provide basic amenities, such as roads, telephone connectivity and cooking gas connection in addition to houses and toilets, at the doorstep of people living in remotest forest areas. We are committed to continuing our work in this direction.

Protecting the Himalayas :

  • BJP will ensure the Himalayan States are provided special financial assistance in the form of a ‘Green Bonus’ to facilitate the protection and promotion of forests in those states.

Focusing on Island territories :

  • Have taken important steps such as establishing the Island Development Authority to ensure the overall development of the island regions. We will continue to focus on these areas given their economic potential and strategic importance.
  • Will preserve the unique identity of Andaman-Nicobar and Lakshadweep Islands and build a world class infrastructure compatible with the local ecosystem. We will focus on fully developing the potential of tourism in these islands to bring transformational improvement in the standard of living and income of the residents.

Focusing on Union Territories :

  • Will develop Union Territories as models of development and good governance, and ensure the highest quality of living, citizen services and infrastructure for the residents of Union Territories.

Development of Northern States :

  • Have ensured that the insurgency in the North-eastern States is brought under control and the security situation in these states improved significantly. We will leverage this situation to ensure accelerated development of the North-eastern states.
  • Will continue to focus on the development of infrastructure and improved connectivity in this region to ensure that the North-eastern states duly participate  in the economic progress of the country. We will continue to take the necessary steps to leverage the tremendous potential of hydroelectric, tourism, horticulture etc in the North-eastern states.
  • The party is committed to ensure that the unique linguistic, cultural and social identity of the North-eastern States is adequately protected and take steps to ensure the same.

Yuva Bharat – Tomorrow’s India :

Creating Opportunities for Youth :

  1. BJP will create new opportunities of employment by providing more support  to the 22 major ‘Champion Sectors’ identified as the main drivers of Indian economy. We will optimally leverage the untapped employment-generation of potential of sectors such as defence and pharmaceuticals to take advantage of the opportunities available in domestic and foreign markets.
  2. Entrepreneurship & Start-Ups- To encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship amongst the youth.

Youth In Governance :

  • Engaging Youth with Society – To ensure increased participation of youth in our society.
  • Youth in Urban Governance – will support  a large scale internship program for the youth in urban local bodies, matching skills needed by the local bodies and providing the young with much needed understanding of urban issues.

Sports :

  • BJP will map state and district-wise sport  talent and strengths, recognize the traditional sporting  practices and focus on the promotion of special  sports  in special  regions.
  • The government has taken comprehensive steps to develop the culture of sports in the country through the ‘Khelo India’ scheme, and we will continue to provide adequate resources under this scheme to ensure the achievement of declared objectives. Under this scheme, special attention will be given to encourage sporting  talent among women and tribals.
  • In order to further promote sports will introduce practical sports  courses as part  of the educational curriculum and also establish a National Sports  Education Board for the development of sports persons.
  • Will support the creation of a mini-stadium in each sub-district, with the participation  of state governments, to encourage sports and to make sporting infrastructure available in the rural areas.
  • Will formulate a mechanism to ensure that the capacity of existing sporting infrastructure is easily accessible for use of sports persons and new models including PPP will be explored to ensure maintenance and management of such assets.
  • Will promote the Fit India campaign as an integral part of building a culture of sports in India and will consistently undertake necessary steps to encourage broader awareness and participation in the campaign.

Education for All :

Primary and Secondary Education :

  1. Having achieved access and equity in school education, our emphasis will now be on quality of learning. Have already identified learning outcomes for various classes and our priority in the next five years will be to ensure that children achieve these learning outcomes. Will focus on teachers training and capacity building as a key factor in achieving these learning outcomes.
  2. We consider it our duty to provide a conducive environment for talented children in our country to facilitate them to unleash their talent. For this, we will initiate a ‘Prime Minister Innovative Learning Program’ to bring together such children for a certain period in a year in one place from all over the country and provide them with facilities and resources for them to excel. This would instill a culture of lateral thinking and innovation among them.
  3. BJP will establish National Institutes of Teachers’ training. These institutions would provide four-year integrated courses that would set the standards for quality teachers in our schools. We will also motivate States to replicate this model as it is our firm belief that quality teachers lay the foundation of quality learning.
  4. We are committed to using technology in classrooms and in imparting education.  Will move ahead to provide smart  classes to our children in schools. To begin with, we will initiate this process in the secondary classrooms.
  5. Kendriya Vidayalalas and Navodaya Vidayalas have done yeoman service in the field of school education. In order to cater to the demands of more such schools, we aim to open another 200 such schools by 2024.

Higher Education :

  • BJP will take all necessary steps to increase the number of seats in Central Law, Engineering, Science and Management institutions by at least 50% in the next five years. We will also motivate States to accordingly increase the number of seats in State institutions.
  • We have given due emphasis to on-line courses as a medium of delivering education in the last five years. We will take it to the next level and make it a major resource for imparting higher education.
  • While we have world-class Technology, Science and Medical institutions, the same needs to be replicated in other areas. We will set up an Arts, Culture and Music University with a focus on fine arts such as music and dance. We will also open a state-of-the-art Hospitality and Tourism University and a Police University. States will be encouraged to establish similar institutions of excellence.
  • BJP will relook the role of existing regulatory institutions’ and make necessary changes in the legislation to ensure a regulatory overhaul. We will formulate new regulatory mechanism to provide autonomy to quality institutions and focus towards setting national standards. It will work towards promoting excellence and quality learning in higher education while providing academic and functional autonomy to institutions.
  • In the past five years, our emphasis has been on quality higher educational institutions and Institutions of Eminence have been a step in that direction. We will take it forward in the next five years and create 50 such institutions by 2024.
  • In the past 5 years, a number of our institutions have figured in the top 500 institutions of the world. We will encourage academic institutions towards excellence and motivate more such institutions to rank among the top 500 institutions of the world.
  • BJP will consciously promote a program for ‘Study in India’, which will focus on bringing foreign students to study in higher educational institutions in our country and make India a major destination for education for foreign students.
  • To ensure innovation and quality research, we will incentivise the industry to collaborate with our scientific labs and technological institutions, to undertake research in cutting-edge technology and science.
  • Have launched the ‘National Digital Library of India’ and provided access to e-books and many other papers to the students free-of-cost. To further promote a research-orientation in our higher education institutions, we will take it forward by providing access to leading journals free of cost to the students.

Skill Development :

  1. BJP will formulate a ‘National Policy for Re-skilling and Up-skilling’ to evolve a flexible and industry responsive workforce which is capable of accessing new opportunities and to insulate it from technological shocks.

Women Empowerment :

Women-led Development :

  1. The gains made under our pioneering ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ program have been impressive. We are committed to continue to build on these gains to provide accessible and affordable quality education to all women. We will ensure that ample financial support  is available to girls through out their education and subsidized education loans are provided for higher education.
  2. During the last five years, we have focused on ensuring a safe and dignified life and access to basic resources for women through various schemes such as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Ujjwala, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, Saubhagya. In the next 5 years, to ensure financial empowerment among women in rural and semi-rural areas and create better employment opportunities for them, we will make every effort to ensure access to credit and other resources, capacity building, market and distribution network for women entrepreneurs, SHGs and women farmers.
  3. We are committed to make women equal partners in and equal beneficiaries of the progress and prosperity of the nation and will formulate a comprehensive ‘Women in Workforce’ roadmap focused on dramatically increasing the female workforce participation rate over the next five years. We will also encourage industries and corporates to generate better employment opportunities for women.
  4. To ensure greater participation of women in the workforce, it is necessary to enable them to continue in the workforce by providing support for child care. Our government has already made it mandatory for any establishment with 50 or more employees to have the facility of a creche. We will now strengthen the creche program with special focus on the needs of parents employed in the unorganized sector to provide crèche and child care facilities by leveraging the existing Anganwadis, civil society organisations and the private sector. We will ensure that the number of childcare facilities is increased three fold by 2022.
  5. To generate better work opportunities for women, 10% material to be sourced for government procurement will be done from MSMEs having at least 50% women employees in their workforce. This will cover various import  substitution items including, but not limited to, apparel, leather, paper and wood, articles, stone items like idols, etc, plastic and rubber items, furniture, clocks, toys etc.

Ensuring equal rights :

  • Have determinedly taken substantive measures to ensure overall development of women and promote gender equality. Continuing our work, we will legislate a bill to prohibit and eliminate practices such as Triple Talaq and Nikah Halala.

Ensuring a dignified life for women :

  • Continuing our efforts to ensure safe motherhood through schemes such as Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Matritva Suraksha Abhiyaan and Ayushman Bharat, we will focus on ensuring good quality, easily accessible and affordable maternal healthcare services for all women.
  • The government has launched a major initiative on malnutrition by launching the POSHAN Abhiyan. We will reduce the malnutrition level by at least 10% in the next five years, doubling the rate of reduction of malnourishment.
  • BJP will ensure that all reproductive and menstrual health services are easily available to all women across India and with the expansion of ongoing Suvidha scheme, sanitary pads at an affordable cost of just Rs. 1 will be provided to all women and girls.
  • Have very significantly increased the honararium of ASHA and Anganwadi workers. We will increase the coverage of Ayushman Bharat to include all Anganwadi workers and ASHA workers to ensure improved health and social support  system for these frontline workers.
  • Women’s security will be given more priority. We have constituted the Women’s Security Division in the Home Ministry, and have made strict provisions for transferring the laws in order to commit crimes against women, in particular in a time-bound investigation and trail for rape. In such cases, forensic facilities and fast track courts will be expanded to bring convicts to justice.
  • To create a positive atmosphere for women, promote gender justice and create awareness on issues related to women, gender sensitisation courses will be made an essential part of all educational institution’s curriculum and training modules of public offices.
  • We are committed to ensure the welfare of widows of defence personnel who were killed in action. We will formulate a dedicated program for the creation of work opportunities, provide skill training and strengthen social security mechanism for widows of our Martyrs.

Reservation for women :

  1. Women’s welfare and development will be accorded a high priority at all levels within the government, and the BJP is committed to 33% reservation in parliament and state assemblies through a constitutional amendment.

Inclusive Development :

Ensuring Justice for All :

  1. Are committed to ensure benefits of constitutional provisions of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and backward classes. We will ensure that proper representation and opportunities are available for these sections.
  2. Have decisively ensured that the economically weaker sections (EWS) of the society who belong to the non-reserved category are represented and have access to government jobs and higher education through the 10% EWS reservation which was long overdue. We will implement the law in the same spirit while ensuring that SCs, STs and OBCs continue to have their fair representation.

Strengthening ‘Sabkha vikas’ :

  • To ensure that quality education is available and easily accessible, every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons will have an Eklavya Model Residential School. Eklavya Schools will be at par with Navodaya Vidyalayas and besides providing state of the art training in sports and skill development, these schools will have special facilities for preserving local art and culture.
  • Continuing our efforts to promote social and political empowerment, we will ensure that the rights of all forest dwellers are fully protected.
  • BJP will make adequate provisions for personal safety equipment and accelerate the adoption of mechanized cleaning to ensure occupational health and safety for Safai Karamcharis.
  • BJP will establish 50,000 ‘Van Dhan Vikas Kendras’ in the tribal areas of the country to ensure the availability of primary processing and value addition for forest produce and to provide employment for tribals and increase tribal income.

Ensuring welfare of poor :

  • Are committed to bringing down the percentage of families living below the poverty line to a single digit in the next five years.
  • BJP will ensure pucca houses for families either living in kuchha houses or without access to housing by 2022.
  • Have been successful in extending the food security cover to over 80 crore people from poor and lower-middle-income families who are receiving food grains (wheat/rice/coarse grains) at highly subsidized prices. We will further widen this cover to provide subsidized sugar (at Rs. 13 per kg per family per month) to these 80 crore families in line with our moto ‘Sabka Saath-Sabka Vikas’.
  • The unprecedented success of the Jan Dhan Yojana has dramatically improved ªnancial inclusion in India. We will take further steps to ensure access to bank branches, payment banks and banking correspondents by creating a new data-sharing framework that builds on the success of Jan Dhan and Aadhaar platforms while ensuring data privacy and security. With this scheme, we will ensure that every Indian has access to banking facilities within a radius of 5 km. We will also launch a technology enabled program for broader financial literacy by complementing financial literacy with mass media campaigns to provide information on financial products and their use to enable effective participation of every Indian in the financial system.

Responsive to the Needs of Aspirational Middle Class :

  1. After providing major tax relief in the recent budget, we are committed to further  revise the tax slabs and the tax benefits to ensure more cash and greater purchasing power in the hands of our middle income families.
  2. BJP will make all efforts to ensure that our aspirational middle class has access to education, employment opportunities and suitable urban infrastructure for a better quality life.

Commitment to Geographical Equity :

  1. Inclusive development also means inclusion by geography. To this end, our Government has identified 115 aspirational districts that are being given special attention. We intend to continue with this effort to ensure that these districts catch up with the rest of the country. Similarly, we have already laid the foundation for economic and social progress of Eastern India through improved connectivity, construction of high impact infrastructure projects and provision of adequate financial resources. We intend to continue our efforts  to resolve the geographical imbalance of the said region and ensure that Eastern India is an equal participant in the progress and growth of the nation. In PM Modi’s words, this is ‘Purvoday’ (Rise of the East).

Development with Dignity for the Minorities :

  1. Are committed to the empowerment and ‘development with dignity’ of all minorities (Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Parsis etc ).

Caring for the Elderly :

  1. BJP will strengthen the Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana to ensure that poor senior citizens in need of aids and assistive devices receive them in a timely manner.
  2. To take forward the gains achieved under Sugamya Bharat, we will put in place a system of continuous accessibility audits and ratings for cities, public infrastructure including airports, railway stations and public transport  systems, to ensure that they are fully accessible, with collaboration with industry and civil society organisations.
  3. BJP will prioritize Divyang beneficiaries under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana and mandate accessibility benchmarks to be met in Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana.
  4. Anganwadi and pre-school system will be strengthened to ensure that cases of disabilities are detected at an early stage.
  5. Will offer higher interest rates on fixed deposits by divyangs.

Political resolution on the matter of Gorkha :

  • BJP will recognise the 11 left  out Indian Gorkha sub-tribes as Schedule Tribes. We are also committed to implement the reservation in the legislative assembly of Sikkim for Limboo and Tamang tribes.
  • Are committed to work towards finding a permanent political solution to the issue of Darjeeling Hills, Siliguri Terai and Dooars region.

Ensuring welfare of the Labour Force :

  • Under our government, there has been a 42% growth in the National Minimum Wage. We will maintain the same direction over the next five years to ensure a respectable living for the workers.

Pension Scheme for all Small Shopkeepers :

  • BJP will expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.

Ensuring Welfare of Artisans :

  • BJP will create an umbrella scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Kalanidhi Yojana’ to allow flexible and customized packages of credit, working capital and social security options to provide comprehensive support to traditional arts.

Protecting Our Children :

  • BJP will formulate a comprehensive Child Protection Framework to facilitate the setting up of standards and robust inspection and monitoring of child care institutions across India.

Empowering Transgenders :

  • Are committed to bring transgenders to the mainstream through adequate socio-economic and policy initiatives.
  • Will ensure self-employment and skill development avenues for transgender youth.

Cultural Heritage :

Since inception, the philosophy of the BJP is anchored in the civilisztional ethos of India. As we build ‘New India’, we intend to actively invest in strengthening our cultural roots and preserving civilizational continuity. Far from seeing our cultural values as hurdles to progress, we see them as essential ingredients of our future.

Ram Mandir :

  1. We reiterate our stand on Ram Mandir. We will explore all possibilities within the framework of the Constitution and all necessary efforts to facilitate the expeditious construction of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya.

Conserving Bharatiya Faith and Culture :

  • Are committed  to conserve and promote all culturally, religiously and spiritually significant heritage sites related to every faith in India and the ongoing PRASAD scheme will be expanded to achieve this goal.

Conserving Bharatiya Linguistic Culture :

  • BJP will constitute a National Task Force to study the status of all written and spoken languages and dialects in India. We will also work towards revival and promotion of vulnerable or extinct dialects and languages.
  • With a focused effort  on promotion of Sanskrit, we will ensure that the teaching of Sanskrit is expanded and popularized at the school level. We will also provide 100 Panini fellowships to researchers and scholars across India to promote research in Sanskrit.

Namami Gange: A matter of Pride :

  • Are committed to ensure a clean and uninterrupted flow of river Ganga from Gangotri to Ganga Sagar. We will ensure that the sewerage infrastructure to deal with 100% of the waste water from the Ganga towns is completed and is functioning effectively, and take steps to enhance the river flow.
  • The villages located on the banks of the river, which are already open defecation free, will be taken up under a special project to ensure complete sustainable management of solid and liquid waste.

Sabarimala :

  • BJP will undertake every effort  to ensure that the subject of faith, tradition and worship rituals related to Sabarimala are presented in a comprehensive manner before the Hon’ble Supreme Court . Will endeavour to secure constitutional protection on issues related to faith and belief.

Promoting Yoga Globally :

  • BJP will further continue our effort  to promote Yoga globally as the world celebrates 21st June as the International Yoga Day. We will promote Yoga as a vital method to achieve physical wellness and spiritual rejuvenation across the globe and will continue to work towards training of Yoga practitioners. We will undertake a rapid expansion of Yoga health hubs, Yoga tourism and research in Yoga.

Bharatiya Cultural Festival

  • An International Cultural Festival will be organised on a grand scale every year in 5 different states to showcase and promote the rich diversity of Indian culture and efforts  will be made for greater participation of Pravasi Bharatiya population and international community.

Dharohar Darshan :

  1. To increase accessibility and promote all culturally and historically significant heritage sites and museums in India, we will launch a web-enabled virtual tour of all such locations through ‘Dharohar Dharshan-an integrated web portal’. Eliminating the geographical boundaries, the portal will provide real-time experience of Indian cultural heritage, accessible from any corner of the globe.

Uniform Civil Code :

  1. Article 44 of the Constitution of India lists Uniform Civil Code as one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. BJP believes that there cannot be gender equality till such time India adopts a Uniform Civil Code, which protects the rights of all women, and the BJP reiterates its stand to draft a Uniform Civil Code, drawing upon the best traditions and harmonizing them with the modern times.

Foreign Policy :

We believe that India’s time has come. She is emerging as a power and connecting stakeholders in a multi-polar world. The rise of India is the new reality and we shall play a major role in shaping global agenda in the 21st century..

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ :

  1. While pursuing our national developmental and security interests, the ancient Indian vision of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ will form the basis in our global co-operation for progress, prosperity, peace and security, especially with friendly countries and neighbours. Besides working to secure and safeguard ‘global commons’, we will strengthen our role as ‘first responder’ for disaster relief and humanitarian assistance and develop partnerships for disaster resilient infrastructure.

Global Coordination on Knowledge and Technology :

  • BJP will make knowledge exchange and transfer of technology for the development of all countries a major focus of our diplomatic relations. As a part of this, we will endeavour to create an ‘International Space Technology Alliance’ for better coordination and cooperation on issues related to space technology to ensure that the benefits of space technology reach all, especially the smaller countries.

Continuous Dialogue with Indians Living Abroad :

  • BJP will create an institutional mechanism to deepen the relationship of culture and heritage with people of Indian origin, and to regularly engage with them. We will simultaneously launch ‘Bharat Gaurav’ campaign to increase interaction among the Indian diaspora and enable their continuous engagement with the Indian missions. We will strengthen the MADAD portal as single-point avenue for information and services for Indians living abroad.

Combating Terrorism through Global Forums :

  • We are committed to taking concrete steps on international forums against countries and organizations supporting terrorism, and we will take all necessary measures to isolate such countries and organizations on the global stage. To ensure the same, we will work towards establishing a ‘Comity of Nations Against International Terrorism’ as a voluntary multi-lateral forum based on the principles of the draft Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.

Deeper Multilateral Co-operation :

  • BJP will effectively pursue co-operation against global evils, such as terrorism and corruption through forums like UN, the G20, BRICS, SCO, Commonwealth, etc. Significant interactions such as Russia-India-China (RIC) and Japan-America-India (JAI) will be strengthened. To forward our ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy, we will extensively leverage forums such as BIMSTEC, to accelerate regional coordination and economic co-operation with countries in our neighbourhood. Act East Policy, cooperation with ASEAN and ensuring an open, inclusive, prosperous and secure Indo-Pacific will be pursued vigorously.

Permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council :

  • We are committed  to seeking permanent membership of the United Nation Security Council so that the body reacts the contemporary geopolitical realities of the world. We are determined to intensify our efforts  towards these objectives.

Strengthening the Diplomatic Cadre and Outreach :

  • BJP will increase the strength of the diplomatic and allied cadres to keep pace with our increasing global engagement and enhanced stature of India in the world. In addition, we will facilitate the participation of experts in foreign policy-making through a robust mechanism. We will establish a full- fledged University of Foreign Policy, the first of its kind in the region, to focus on academic study and research on foreign policy and geopolitical issues relevant to India and capacity building of our and friendly foreign diplomats. India’s states will be actively assisted in their international outreach for economic development.

75 Milestones for India @ 75 :

Agriculture :

  1. Achieve the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.
  2. Enable the creation of 10,000 new Farmer Producer Organizations.
  3. Ensure adequate market avenues for the realization of MSP through e-NAM, GrAMs and Pradhan Mantri AASHA Yojana.
  4. Work towards ensuring that maximum farmers get income support  under the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana
  5. Launch a pension scheme for small and marginal farmers to ensure social security under  60 years of age.
  6. Work towards completing all irrigation projects under the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana
  7. Provide short-term new agriculture loans up to Rs 1 lakh at 0% interest rate for 1-5 years on the condition of prompt repayment of the principal amount.
  8. Increase the cropped area under irrigation.
  9. Work towards digitizing land records
  10. Strive to ensure all-weather connectivity for every village.
  11. Work towards assisting the maximum number of fishermen  by ensuring the availability of storage and other infrastructure under a new ‘Matsya Sampada Yojana’
  12. Ensure 100% disposal of liquid waste and reuse of waste water.

Youth and Education :

  1. Aim to cover all the secondary schools under Operation Digital Board.
  2. Enable investment of Rs 1 lakh crore in higher education through Revitalising of Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE).
  3. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier management institutes.
  4. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier engineering institutes.
  5. Work towards increasing the number of seats in premier law institutes.
  6. Establish at least one Atal Tinkering Lab in every block.
  7. Under a new ‘Entrepreneurial Northeast’ scheme, provide financial  support to MSMEs and for employment generation in northeastern states.

Infrastructure :

  • Ensure a pucca house to every family.
  • Ensure the LPG gas cylinder connection to all poor rural households.
  • Ensure 100% electrification of all households.
  • Ensure every citizen has access to a bank account.
  • Ensure a toilet in every household.
  • Ensure access to safe and potable drinking water for all households.
  • Complete Phase-1 of Bharatmala Project expeditiously
  • Double the length of national highways.  Ensure 100% waste collection under Swachh.
  • Bharat Mission to achieve ODF+ and ODF++ in cities and villages.
  • Ensure ODF status for all villages and cities.
  • Achieve 175 GW of renewable energy capacity.
  • Strive to achieve 10% blending of ethanol in petrol.
  • Connect every Gram Panchayat with high speed optical fibre network.
  • Ensure the supply of piped cooking gas in major Tier 1 and 2 cities.
  • Form a new Ministry of Water unifying the water management functions. This will help approach the issue of water management holistically and ensure better co-ordination of effort.
  • Aim to increase the number of operational airports to 150 for better air connectivity.
  • Increase port capacity to 2,500 MTPA.

Railways :

  • Ensure conversion of all viable rail tracks to broad gauge by 2022.
  • Make all efforts to ensure electrification of all railway tracks by 2022.
  • State developing small railway stations across India.
  • Work towards equipping all main railway stations with Wi-Fi facility.
  • Complete the dedicated freight corridor project by 2022.

Health :

  • Establish 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres under Ayushman Bharat.
  • Start setting up 75 new medical colleges/ postgraduate medical colleges.
  • Target provisioning of telemedicine and diagnostic laboratory facilities at all health and wellness centres to ensure quality primary medical care to the poor at their doorstep.
  • Work towards increasing the number of childcare facilities threefold.
  • Ensure a drastic reduction in cases of tuberculosis.
  • Increase the doctor-population ratio to 1:1400.
  • Under the POSHAN Abhiyaan, aim to reduce the malnutrition level as well as accelerate the rate of reduction of malnourishment.

Economy :

  • Further improve India’s rank in ‘Ease of Doing Business’ ranking.
  • Work towards improving GDP share from manufacturing sector.
  • Work towards doubling the total exports.
  • Establish National Traders’ Welfare Board and create a National Policy for Retail Trade for the growth of retail business
  • Work towards creating a single-window compliance and dispute resolution mechanism for MSMEs
  • Strive to ensure reduced tax rates, higher tax collection and greater compliance. Work towards ensuring a stable taxation regime.
  • In order to incentivise compliance of law and ease of doing business, amend the
  • Companies Act to impose civil liability for technical and procedural defaults of a minor nature, thus unclogging the majority of cases from courts.

Good Governance :

  • Ensure the availability of banking services within 5 kms of every individual.
  • Achieve complete digitization and modernization of courts.
  • Promote and increase digital transactions.
  • Ensure end-to-end digitization of government processes.
  • Enable digital delivery of government services.
  • Work towards substantially reducing the current levels of air pollution.
  • Work towards completely eliminating crop residue burning to reduce air pollution.
  • Put an Indian in space in an Indian spacecraft as part of ‘Gaganyaan’ mission.

Inclusive Development :

  • Ensure full immunization coverage of children.
  • Strive to make all government buildings accessible.
  • Ensure the completion of six Tribal Freedom Fighters Museums.
  • Work towards completing the development of ‘Panchteerth’ circuit.
  • Expand the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan scheme to cover all small shopkeepers.
  • Ensure comprehensive social security coverage for all unorganized labourers including insurance, pension etc

Women :

  • Work towards increasing female workforce participation rate.
  • Ensure justice for Muslim women by enacting the law against triple talaq.
  • Achieve the goal of Clean Ganga by 2022.
  • Complete the development of all projects under Swadesh Darshan, PRASAD and HRIDAY schemes.
  • Work towards digitization of collections in all national museums.

Autism – a medical disorder – awareness

Autism – a medical disorder – awareness

Autism  is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors. Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment. ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.

Children with autism have trouble communicating. They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. This makes it very hard for them to express themselves either with words or through gestures, facial expressions and touch.

Real scenario :

About 1 in 68 children has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) according to estimates from CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network.

ASD is reported to occur in all racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups. ASD is almost 5 times more common among boys (1 in 42) than among girls (1 in 189). Despite being a critical issue, the India-specific estimate of the prevalence is still unaccounted.

Moreover, the stigmatization and discrimination associated with neurological differences remain substantial obstacles to diagnosis and therapies, an issue that must be addressed by both public and policy-makers.

History of Autism :

From the early 1900s, autism has referred to a range of neuro-psychological conditions. But where did the term come from, and how has knowledge about autism changed?

Where Did the Term “Autism” Come From?

The word “autism” comes from the Greek word “autos,” which means “self.” It describes conditions in which a person is removed from social interaction. In other words, he becomes an “isolated self.”

Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist, was the first person to use the term. He started using it around 1911 to refer to one group of symptoms related to schizophrenia.

In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use “autism” to describe children with emotional or social problems. Leo Kanner, a doctor from Johns Hopkins University, used it to explain the behavior of several children he studied who acted withdrawn.

Autism and Schizophrenia :

Autism and schizophrenia remained linked in many researchers’ minds until the 1960s. It was only then that medical professionals began to have a separate understanding of autism in children.

From the 1960s through the 1970s, research into treatments for autism focused on medications such as LSD, electric shock, and behavioral change techniques. The latter relied on pain and punishment.

During the 1980s and 1990s, the role of behavioral therapy and the use of highly controlled learning environments emerged as the primary treatments for many forms of autism and related conditions. Currently, the cornerstones of autism therapy are behavioral therapy and language therapy. Other treatments are added as needed.

Symptoms of autism :

Signs and symptoms of autism in a child, such as ADHD, OCD, depression, there, epilepsy and hyperactivity.

Autism Symptoms and Signs :

  • Abnormal Body Posturing or Facial Expressions.
  • Abnormal Tone of Voice.
  • Avoidance of Eye Contact or Poor Eye Contact.
  • Behavioral Disturbances.
  • Deficits in Language Comprehension.
  • Delay in Learning to Speak.
  • Flat or Monotonous Speech.
  • Inappropriate Social Interaction

Social communication and interaction :

A child or adult with autism spectrum disorder may have problems with social interaction and communication skills, including any of these signs:

  • Fails to respond to his or her name or appears not to hear you at times
  • Resists cuddling and holding, and seems to prefer playing alone, retreating into his or her own world
  • Has poor eye contact and lacks facial expression
  • Doesn’t speak or has delayed speech, or loses previous ability to say words or sentences
  • Can’t start a conversation or keep one going, or only starts one to make requests or label items
  • Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm and may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech
  • Repeats words or phrases verbatim, but doesn’t understand how to use them
  • Doesn’t appear to understand simple questions or directions
  • Doesn’t express emotions or feelings and appears unaware of others’ feelings
  • Doesn’t point at or bring objects to share interest
  • Inappropriately approaches a social interaction by being passive, aggressive or disruptive
  • Has difficulty recognizing nonverbal cues, such as interpreting other people’s facial expressions, body postures or tone of voice

Causes :

Autism spectrum disorder has no single known cause. Given the complexity of the disorder, and the fact that symptoms and severity vary, there are probably many causes. Both genetics and environment may play a role.

Genetics. Several different genes appear to be involved in autism spectrum disorder. For some children, autism spectrum disorder can be associated with a genetic disorder, such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome.

For other children, genetic changes (mutations) may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder. Still other genes may affect brain development or the way that brain cells communicate, or they may determine the severity of symptoms. Some genetic mutations seem to be inherited, while others occur spontaneously.

Environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections, medications or complications during pregnancy, or air pollutants play a role in triggering autism spectrum disorder.

Complications :

Problems with social interactions, communication and behavior can lead to:

  • Problems in school and with successful learning
  • Employment problems
  • Inability to live independently
  • Social isolation
  • Stress within the family
  • Victimization and being bullied

Prevention :

There’s no way to prevent autism spectrum disorder, but there are treatment options. Early diagnosis and intervention is most helpful and can improve behavior, skills and language development. However, intervention is helpful at any age. Though children usually don’t outgrow autism spectrum disorder symptoms, they may learn to function well.

On the World Autism Awareness Month, Forum Mall Koramangala and I Support Foundation organized Quiet hour on 2nd April 2019 and will be organizing Autism Fest on 13th April 2019 along with volunteering partner Oracle, activity partners AltLab Innovators, Colorothon and Giggles contributing to the cause of raising awareness and acceptance about Autism. Both the events will be held in Forum Mall Koramangala, Bangalore.

AUTISM FEST (April 13th, 2019 10:00 AM – 1:00 PM)

Objective:April being World Autism Awareness Day and promoting community awareness, social acceptance, inclusion, and educating about differently abled while providing a place to foster friendship and show kids, families facing developmental ability love and support.

The festival includes:
  • A resource craft fair, kids play area, indoor games (Board and Sensory games, Snake and Ladder, Chess).
  • Approximately 100 students and their families to participate in the autism street fest organized to raise awareness
  • Skill training DIY – best out of waste.
  • Fun activities like face painting, watercolor painting, caricature.
  • A stall for answering queries of parents with respect to Autism.
  • Magic Show, Cartoon characters, Music, and fun.
  • Art arena, Photo booth.
  • Refreshments.
  • This initiative is to support autistic kids, adults and their families to come out.
  • Forum Mall Koramangala being the first Mall to show gesture for social inclusion.
  • Creating a welcoming and socially acceptable environment. 
  • A small change can bring a huge difference. A recent study found that 64% of people with autism avoid going into shops due to the fear of sensory overload.

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath – Mrs.India 2015 – Bengaluru

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath – Mrs.India 2015 – Bengaluru

Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath was crowned Mrs. India in 2015.  She is been described as “She’s Mentor”; “She’s a Mother”, She’s an Inspiration”, “She is Beautiful and a Star”, “She’s a Queen”, She’s a Go-Getter”, “She’s a Friend”, ‘She’s a Winner”, “She’s the support”, “She’s a Rock-Star”, and She’s the Sunshine that Never Stops Shining”- Yes all these words truly describe what she is, and what she will be forever.

A brief Bio of Mrs. Pratibha Saunshimath :

Born to Dr.V.S Patil Kulkarni and Kamala Patil on 2 November 1966, as the eldest of four, a sister Prafulla, Two younger brothers Pradeep and Praveen, she grew up in different districts of Karnataka, like Belgaum, Dharwad, Gulbarga and Bengaluru.  She had professional training for athletics in Kanteerava stadium during 1985-87, where she played volleyball and women’s cricket for her college.

She got married to Basavaraj Saunshimath in 1987, lived in Alamatti dam site for a year before moving to Hubli for next 14 years.

Mrs. India 2015 – Mrs. Prathima Saunshimath :

The glamorous and Beautiful Mother of two grown-up children, Pratibha Saunshimath from Bengaluru, was crowned as “Mrs India 2015”, and “Mrs Asia International 2015” and “Mrs Asia Photogenic 2015”- and who presently is the Regional Director of “Mrs India’ pageants.  

Pratibha Saunshimath is very passionate about dancing and acting. Sports and dancing have been an integral part of her life. She has worked and was a part of Shiamak Davars Bengaluru team for 11 years.

Lately, she has started dance classes of her own and worked for a producer as production designer in a Kannada movie in 2008 – 09 where exposure to camera interviews was an educational experience for her.

Achievements of Mrs. Pratibha :

With her own choreography, Pratibha managed to reach the 3rd round of Zee TV DID Supermoms. As the Director of ‘Mrs India 2017’ and also Director for ‘Mrs India Karnataka Pageant’, she has organized the pageants very systematically and has given her 100% contribution to make the pageants successful.

A very Strict task master Pratibha was the show Director of all ‘Mrs India’ Pageants including ‘Mrs India 2017′,’ Mrs India North 2017′, ‘Mrs India South 2017’, ‘Mrs India West 2017’, and ‘Mrs India Karnataka 2017’.

Multi-faceted personality :

Pratibha is a multifaceted personality who is a fabulous Dancer, actor and model who has acted in many TV advertisements and documentary Films. Never-give-up attitude is what has made her special, who has successfully proved that age is just a number.

Pratibha is not only a loving Mom to her two children but she is also a strong lady with engaging thoughts. She is incredibly sharp, intelligent, confident and poised. She is more than just a beauty and socialite.  

She is a go-getter and an achiever- her success in the 2015 pageant is the proof. She has always understood fashion and style to be an expression of the unique and beautiful inner self of each individual person.

Mrs. India Pageant :

Mrs. India Karnataka Pageant aims to empower women and enrich opportunities for personal growth.  Mrs. Karnataka India inspires women of diverse backgrounds and culture to come together nationally and internationally, support lifelong commitment to uplifting those in need and develop a sense of global responsibility.

The pageant is not looking for models.  It is organized to make role models.  According to Pratibha, “Mrs. India Karnataka is the only beauty pageant that celebrates beauty in diversity.” 

The event aims at reaching every nook and corner of the State and to bring out the talents among married women and giving them a prestigious platform to showcase themselves to the rest of the world.

Registration for the pageant :

All Contestants are required to pay a registration fees of INR 2500.00 + 18% GST i.e INR 2950.00. The contestant has to share a screenshot of the same.

Traffic Mess – Model code of conduct – Bengaluru

Traffic Mess – Model code of conduct – Bengaluru

Traffic mess will be unbearable once the elections are over at Bengaluru.  Once the elections get over, the projects which have been stopped due to model code of conduct will start.

In modern life one has to face with many problems one of which is traffic mess becoming more serious day after day. It is said that the high volume of vehicles, the inadequate infrastructure and the irrational distribution of the development are main reasons for increasing traffic mess in the city.

Why is Bengaluru  gridlocked with traffic mess?

Everyone agrees that it was because of the rapid – and unplanned – growth of Bengaluru city.  Bengaluru  is often described as the Silicon Valley of India as it is home to the IT industry.

Since the early 1990s, global technology firms began opening offices here and a large number of support industries have grown around it, bringing with them a huge influx of people from all over India.

The population has doubled, but the infrastructure has failed to keep pace.  Most people are dependent on private transport. Every day, million vehicles enter from outside the city, clogging its already choked streets.

Temporary solution to traffic mess :

Road widening is being done at some places. At best it is a temporary solution.

Besides it is unfair to the people  who have built houses/buildings and shops legally along the road.  To accommodate a temporary passing vehicle,  that comes from some distant part of the city, asking the permanent residents to move out to make way for them.

 It makes more sense to tell the vehicle owners that they are encroaching on the space legally owned by others. When space is at a premium, and a fixed permanent asset like a building/shop/office/residence has to compete with a moving vehicle, for space, how fair is it to ask the building to get lost so that space for a car is made available?

After the road is widened, after a few years when even more cars are to be accommodated, will it help in start demolishing the fixed structures? When and where will this stop? 

Public transport to ease traffic mess:

Pretty much everyone agrees that Bengaluru’s  traffic problems are to be solved by increasing the usage of public transport options. The question is, what is an actionable plan to do that? Such a plan need to evolve around two cornerstones:

  1. Increase  the use of public transport, and
  2. Decrease the use of private, single occupancy transport.

Reality Check: Bangalore’s rising traffic concerns :

Bengaluru has seen this phenomenon at its worst. “The traffic is definitely a mess here,” says a transport and traffic expert.  “It’s faster to walk than drive.”

Being late to something as important as a meeting or presentation cannot be excused with a reason as trivial as too much traffic. However, that’s often a reality faced by employees and clients after they wade their way through the horrors of the gridlock. 

Understanding the problem – Traffic mess :

To solve, or rather to ‘minimize’, this problem as a collective, one must first understand the problem. The Bengaluru traffic congestion issue is a direct result of there being more vehicles on the road met with the general inadequate infrastructure to handle it. The only logical solution is to somehow reduce this number.

Better public transportation options would definitely help but this issue is not one which can be indolently left to the government alone to handle. It’s up to  the citizens, to reduce the number of wheels on the road.

Carpooling thus becomes an excellent option in this situation as it would not be too hard to find people who share  route to work every morning. It’s cost effective and would ease the congestion on the road. This must be better encouraged by companies.

Cable & Road work contribute to Traffic mess :

Driving on the namma city’s roads are a nightmare once the elections are over.  All the projects have been stopped due to elections model code of conduct.  Once that expires, the civil agencies will launch the work.

Brace yourselves.  Once the work starts it will coincide with the pre-monsoon showers of  May month and monsoon showers from June onwards. This is definitely add to the misery.

The BBMP and Bescom will start its work in most parts of the city from the month of May.   The Bescom work is for laying underground cables in 53 sub-divisions worth Rs.4800 crore. 

The work will start in 19 sub-divisions once the model code of conduct is lifted in the city.  Once the elections are over, the civic body will continue with the Tendersure and white-topping works.

BESCOM & BBMP work :

The first phase of Bescom work will start from May 27 in HSR Layout, Indiranagar, Benniganahalli, Peenya, Mahalakshmi Layout, Malleshwaram, Sadashivanagar, Vijayanagar and other places. 

According to BBMP officials the white-topping and Tendersure work will continue after the elections. Ward work will be taken up in Malleshwaram, Peenya, Shivajinagar, Chamarajpet, Lingarajapuram, Yelahanka and Hebbal.

Public opinion on Traffic mess :

Karnataka road tax charges are amongst the highest in the country. going by this alone, the road users who pay such hefty road tax expect good roads, parking facilities ( may be pay and park), clean roads, strict enforcement of road etiquettes and traffic rules. However, what you find are bad roads with filth lying all around and unruly traffic.  

Bengaluru  cannot be permitted to degenerate the way it is doing now. Hope the Bengaluru  traffic police and the Karnataka government together take appropriate action immediately.

The city’s traffic jams make it the sixth-most painful worldwide for commuters and second-worst for parking after New Delhi.

Any other reasons ?

The reasons which contribute significantly in making Bengaluru traffic worst :

  1. Common office/school timings :  School and offices use busses for their employees and students respectively.  Thee busses come on the streets at similar timing and hinder the traffic.
  2. Cars : Most of the IT professionals use cars to travel to work.  This takes up a lot of space per person on already narrow streets.
  3. Ineffective public transport :  The reason people use cars is because, the public transport is inefficient.
  4. Vicinity of IT parks :  Major IT parks in Bengaluru are located on a single belt, which makes the matters worse on the city roads.
  5. Us/Public : even we the public are responsible.  There is inefficient traffic management, but we can follow road discipline ourselves, the situation could become a lot better.
Bengaluru Anti corruption Bureau – Magadi

Bengaluru Anti corruption Bureau – Magadi

On 09.04.2019 ACB, Bengaluru caught Sri. V.S.Sabarish and Sri. Hulluraiah while accepting a bribe of Rs. 7 lakh.  Both have been suspended.

 A real estate agent from Bengaluru had sold some sites in 2013.  As there were some discrepency in the site,  the purchasers of the sites had asked for resale of the property.

Previously Sri. Sabarish was Inspector at Magadi Police Station when complaints were lodged.  He was then later transferred to Kengeri Traffic Police station.

Inspite of not being the concerned officer, Sri. Sabarish, Police Inspectore, Bengaluru and Sri Hulluraiah, a private person demanded Rs.15 lakh bribe to settle the issue.

Bribe money is been confiscated and case has been registered.  Investigation is on.

National Institutional Rankings Framework –  Bengaluru Tops

National Institutional Rankings Framework – Bengaluru Tops

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF)  – 3 institutes from Bengaluru have secured the top place.    This is the fourth edition of NIRF India Rankings from Ministry of HRD.    The list was released by NIRF for 2019 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Introduction to National Institutional Rankings Framework :

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is a methodology adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India, to rank institutions of higher education in the country.

The Framework was approved by the MHRD and launched by Minister of Human Resource Development on 29 September 2015.  There are separate rankings for different types of institutions depending on their areas of operation like universities and colleges, engineering institutions, management institutions, pharmacy institutions and architecture institutions.

The Framework uses several parameters for ranking purposes like resources, research, and stakeholder perception. These parameters have been grouped into five clusters and these clusters were assigned certain weightages. The weightages depend on the type of institution.

Formation of the National Institutional Ranking Framework :

MHRD organized a one-day workshop on 21 August 2014 on evolving methodologies for the ranking of institutions of higher education in India. The meeting resolved to constitute a Committee for evolving a National Ranking Framework. Later it was also decided to co-opt representatives of central universities and IIMs also into the proposed committee.

Based on these decisions, a core committee consisting of 16 members was constituted on 29 October 2014 with secretary (HE, MHRD, as chairperson and additional secretary (TE), MHRD, as member-secretary.

The other members were the directors of the IIT’s at Kharagpur and Chennai, the vice-chancellors of Delhi University, EFL University,  Central University of Gujarat and JNU, directors of the IIM’s at Ahmedabad and Bengaluru, directors of school of planning and architecture (Delhi), NIT (Warangal),  ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management (Gwalior), IISER (Bhopal), NAAC (Bengaluru) and chairperson of NBA (New Delhi).

Categories – NIRF :

The list for 2019 was released by the President of India Ramnath Kovind.  The categories included  Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, and Law.

In Overall category IIT Madras ranked first while IITs dominated major categories like Overall, Engineering and Architecture. Delhi University’s Miranda House was ranked the best among colleges across the country, while the varsity’s St Stephen’s College was ranked fourth.

According to officials more than 4000 institutes had submitted their data for NIRF ranking this year.

NIRF India Ranking 2019:

Top 10 educational institutes in all categories :

Here are the top 10 educational institutes in all categories:

NIRF India Ranking 2019: Overall

Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

IISc, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 Rating

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi

Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Banaras Hindu University Varanasi

India Ranking 2019 – Universities – NIRF  :

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru

Jawaharhal Nehru University, Delhi

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad

Calcutta University, Kolkata

Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Anna University, Chennai

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal

Savitribai Phule Pune University

India  NIRF Ranking 2019 –   Management :

Indian Institute of Management, Bengaluru

IIMB, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 rating

Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad

Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta

Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow

Indian Institute of Management, Indore

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur- Management School

Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI)

Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode

Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi – Management School

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay- Management School

NIRF India Ranking 2019 –  Law  :

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru

Law College, Bengaluru – NIRF 2019 ranking

National Law University, New Delhi

Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

The West Bengal National University of Juridicial Sciences, Kolkata

National Law University, Jodhpur

Symbiosis Law School, Pune

Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar

The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala

Bengaluru Institutes ace NIRF rankings :

IIM Bangalore (IIM-B) has bagged the top spot in the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) Rankings 2019 under the Management category.

According to IIM-B Director G Raghuram , “This is due to the efforts of the IIM-B faculty and staff — both current and former, past Leadership, the Board, Students and Alumni, and the supporting eco-system.”

The other two educations lands from Bengaluru city are the Indian Institute of Management and the National Law School of India University.

The rankings are based on graduation outcomes, research and professional practice, outreach and inclusivity, teaching, learning and resources.

Points scored by institutions :

According to records, IISc scored 82.28 points, JNU 68.68 point and BHU 64.55 points this year, while they scored 82.16,, 65.57, 53.52 in 2018 and 83.28, 64.53 and 58.92 in 2017 respectively.  In 2016, BHU stood at 7th position with 81.22 score.  In overall category, BHU received 10th ranking in 2019, 9th position in 2018 and 10th in 2017. 

2018 rankings by NIRF :

Last year, the HRD Ministry released the ranking on April 3, 2018. Overall, the best institute was IISc and the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) was adjudged the best engineering college while the Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) the best management institution.

Delhi University’s Miranda House was the top college, premier healthcare institute AIIMS the best medical college and NLSIU-Bengaluru the best law school in the country.

East Bengaluru – nine pubs closed down

East Bengaluru – nine pubs closed down

East Bengaluru – 9 pubs are closed down by the Fire department.  The fire and emergency services department filed police complaints against owners of pubs and bars in Indiranagar and Jeevanbima Nagar for ignoring notices to fix safety issues on their premises. 

Bengaluru Pub history :

The city’s rendezvous  with beer began as early as 1915. United Breweries (UB), which supplied beer to the British cantonment, was at the time run by a Thomas Leishman, who sold it to Vittal Mallya in 1947.

Mallya’s United Breweries Ltd. produces several brands of lager, including the city’s favourite Kingfisher. Now, the city consumes more than 55% of the Kingfisher beer (all types) sold in the country according to a senior official UB group.

At Ramda’s, believed to be the city’s first pub, an evening usually included a few mugs of Khoday’s draught, served with masala peanuts and vadas.

Closure of pubs in East Bengaluru :

The closure of nine out of 12 pubs and bars in East Bengaluru is attracting a lot of eyes.  According to the officials sufficient time was given to remedy safety issues but in vain.

Bescom has cut the power supply to the pubs and the police has been given orders to arrest the owners if they continue to operate the joints and pubs.

The pubs which are closed are Tipsy Bull, Pecos, The Humming Tree, Escape Hotels, New Leaf Restaurant, BFIat and the Fatty Bao.

Pecos at Indiranagar

According to the department, it had issued 4 to 5 notices to them with instructions to follow the safety measures and be prepared in case of fire accidents.  

It it noted that East Bengaluru has the highest number of Pubs. As the notices were ignored the officials closed down 9 pubs in East Bengaluru.

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – England – Wales

ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 – England – Wales

World cup Cricket  2019 is fast approaching.  The 2019 Cricket World Cup (officially ICC Cricket World Cup 2019) is the 12th edition of the Cricket World Cup scheduled to be hosted by England and Wales from 30 May to 14 July 2019.  Team India/ Indian Cricket team is one of the team to participate in the ICC cricket world cup 2019.

With the World Cup being held in England, one thing which is quintessential for each team will be their batting lineup. In such a big tournament like this, consistency will be the key, especially from the top order.

Hosting country of ICC cricket world cup :

The hosting rights were awarded in April 2006, after England and Wales withdrew from the bidding to host the 2015 ICC Cricket World Cup which was held in Australia and New Zealand.

The first match will be played at The Oval while the final will be played at Lord’s. It is the fifth time that the Cricket World Cup will be held in England and Wales, following the 1975,1979,1983 and 1999 World Cups.

World cup cricket history :

Cricket World Cup, international Cricket championship held at four-year intervals that is the premier contest in one-day cricket and one of the most-watched sporting events in the world.

The first world cup was held in 1975 just four years after one day cricket  took the world by storm. It was the ICC’s official response to the ‘World series of cricket’ Phenomenon which was proving incredibly popular with fans.

In the last 40 years, the tournament has been held all over the cricketing world and has been won by teams from every corner of the globe. The tournament in 2019 will be the twelfth time the competition has been played and the fifth time it has been played in the UK.

In 1975 the first Cricket World Cup was contested in England as a series of one-day matches of 60 overs per side. It was held outside England, in India and Pakistan, for the first time in 1987.

The 1987 contest also saw the number of overs per side reduced to 50. In 2007 Australia became the first team to win three consecutive World Cup tournaments.

Teams at ICC Cricket World Cup 2019:

The 2019 World Cup will feature 10 teams, a decrease from previous World Cups in 2011 and 2015 which featured 14 teams. The hosts, England, and the top seven other teams in the ICC One Day International rankings as of 30 September 2017 earned automatic qualification, with the remaining two spots being decided by the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier.

Teams Qualified for the 2019 Cricket World Cup:

  • Australia.
  • South Africa.
  • India.
  • New Zealand.
  • Sri Lanka.
  • Bangladesh.
  • Pakistan.
World cup with Teams

The group stage format is a round-robin, where all ten teams play each other once, in a single group. This means a total of 45 matches will be played, with each team playing a total of nine matches. The top four teams from the group will progress to the knockout stage.

Qualification for the cricket world cup 2019 :

Only 10 teams will qualify for the 2019 world cup after a decision was taken to shrink the size of the tournament. In 2011 and in 2015 the tournament had 14 teams but ICC have decided few nations will make for a better competition.

England will qualify automatically because they are hosting the tournament, as will the top seven one day international nations according to the latest ICC rankings 6 months prior to the tournament.

However, that leaves only two spots for the remaining test playing nations and affiliate members of the ICC. Those places have been taken by Afghanistan and West Indies at a qualifying tournament which was held in Bangladesh in March 2018.

This tournament included the remaining four teams that failed to make the top seven one day international spots plus the top four teams from the Cricket World League Championships.

Format of ICC cricket world cup 2019 :

In the past, a variety of formats have been used but the reduced number of teams this year means that the format will be much simpler than in previous years.

In 2018 there will only be one central group consisting of all 10 teams. In this group stage, every nation will play each other once meaning that there will be a total of 45 group games before the finals stage.

Because of this extended group phase, the quarterfinals have been abolished and the top 4 teams will instead progress directly to the semi-finals with the remaining 6 nations knocked out of the tournament.

The winners of each respective semi will progress to the final and the winner of that match will be declared world champion.

Venues for the world cup : 

Lords, the spiritual home of cricket will play host to the final while The Oval will host the opening game. The two semi-finals according to the English Cricket Board will be played at Edgbaston and Old Trafford.

The London stadium will host the opening ceremony and some group stage fixtures. The rest of the games will be played across England and Wales at the grounds which meet the ICCs size and capacity requirements.

Controversy :

The reduced size of the tournament :

Understandably, the affiliate nations of the ICC have protested the decision to shrink the size of the tournament because it will mean that it will be much harder for smaller cricketing nations to qualify.

They argue that World Cup berths give their nation’s experience and exposure that they don’t get at any other time and that denying them the chance to compete could set the game back years in their respective countries.

According to the affiliate nations, if the ICC wants to grow the game then they should be making the tournament bigger, not smaller.  They further argue that upset wins by nations such as Ireland over England in the 2011 World Cup  show that they can be competitive and that anything is possible when they are given the chance.

ICC’s decision to reduce the size :

In response, the ICC has defended its decision saying that the move was necessary to ensure the best quality product was being presented to fans in the stands and viewers around the world.

They argue that having smaller nations involved was just leading to blowouts which were boring to watch and actually damaged the sport in those smaller countries.

They believe that smaller nations are better served by playing each other in competitive matches until such a time comes when they will be able to legitimately compete with the larger cricket nations such as Australia or India. 

They also claim the new format is fairer as it allows every competing nation to play every other competing nation. This means the table at the end will be a fairer representation of who the better teams.

Indian team/Team India for the world cup 2019 :

According to Rohit Sharma the India squad for World Cup 2019 will depend on England weather and the Indian captain.


  • A couple of spots are still undecided in the Indian team for the World Cup
  • Rohit Sharma said the Indian bench strength would largely depend on the captain’s opinion
  • Rohit said he would not want IPL performances to influence World Cup selection

The Indian selectors, who are days away from announcing the squad for the 2019 Cricket World Cup, are closely monitoring the Indian Premier League.

A couple of spots are still undecided and some sterling performances in the IPL could decide which two players are included in the final list of 15.

Several factors will determine what kind of squad the selectors pick.

Team India’s best possible 15-member squad for World Cup 2019 :

This time in the ICC cricket world cup 2019, the format of the tournament has changed and each side will have to face every other participating nation at least once, which makes the competition a lot stiffer for the teams to qualify for the knockouts.

The Indian cricket team will begin their World Cup journey from 5th of June and will face off against South Africa.  Since many teams would not like to waste a crucial spot in the fifteen having a backup opener warming the bench all through the tournament, a floating batsman would be a better choice.

An excellent season would definitely force the selectors to have second thoughts. We can expect BCCI to announce the World Cup squad by the 15th of May.

India’s Expected ICC World Cup 2019 squad :

Team India :  Virat Kohli(C), Rohit Sharma, Shikhar Dhawan, Ambati Rayadu, MS Dhoni (WK), Dinesh Karthik, Kedar Jadhav, Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja, Kuldeep Yadav, Yuzvendra Chahal, Jasprit Bumrah, Bhuvaneswar Kumar, Mohammed Shami and Umesh Yadav.

ICC world cup 2019 schedule :

30 May 2019     England v/s South Africa  –  The Oval, London

31 May 2019     Pakistan v/s West Indies  –  Trent Bridge, Nottingham

1 June 2019      New Zealandv/s West Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

1 June 2019      Australia v/s Afghanistan – County Ground, Bristol

3 June 2019      England v/s Pakistan – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

4 June 2019      Afghanistan v/s Sri Lanka – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

5 June 2019      India v/s South Africa – Rose Bowl, Southampton

5 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s New Zealand – The Oval, London

6 June 2019      Australia v/s West Indies – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

7 June 2019      Pakistan v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

10 June 2019      South Africa v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

11 June 2019      Bangladesh v/s Sri Lanka – County Ground, Bristol

12 June 2019    Australia v/s Pakistan – County Ground, Taunton

13 June 2019    India v/s New Zealand – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

14 June 2019    England v/s West Indies – Rose Bowl, Southampton

15 June 2019    Australia v/s Sri Lanka – The Oval, London

15 June 2019    Afghanistan v/s South Africa – Sophia Gardens, Cardiff

16 June 2019   India v/s Pakistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

17 June 2019   Bangladesh v/s West Indies – County Ground, Taunton

18 June 2019   England v/s Afghanistan – Old Trafford, Manchester

19 June 2019   New Zealand v/s South Africa – Edgbaston, Birmingham

20 June 2019   Australia v/s Bangladesh – Trent Bridge, Nottingham

21 June 2019   England v/s Sri Lanka – Headingley, Leeds

22 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s India – Rose Bowl, Southampton

22 June 2019   New Zealand v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

23 June 2019   Pakistan v/s South Africa – Lord’s, London

24 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Bangladesh – Rose Bowl, Southampton

25 June 2019   England v/s Australia – Lord’s, London

26 June 2019   New Zealand v/s Pakistan – Edgbaston, Birmingham

27 June 2019   India v/s West Indies – Old Trafford, Manchester

28 June 2019   South Africa v/s Sri Lanka – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

29 June 2019   Afghanistan v/s Pakistan – Headingley, Leeds

29 June 2019   Australia v/s New Zealand – Lord’s, London

30 June 2019   England v/s India – Edgbaston, Birmingham

1 July 2019      Sri Lanka v/s West Indies – Riverside Ground, Chester-le- Street

2 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s India  – Edgbaston, Birmingham

3 July 2019      England v/s New Zealand – Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street

4 July 2019      Afghanistan v/s West Indies – Headingley, Leeds

5 July 2019      Bangladesh v/s Pakistan – Lord’s, London

6 July 2019      India v/s Sri Lanka  – Headingley, Leeds

6 July 2019      Australia v/s South Africa – Old Trafford, Manchester

Semi-finals  and Final match  of ICC Cricket World Cup 2019 will be decided on a later date.

Bengaluru – Bengaluru rural – ACB raid

Bengaluru – Bengaluru rural – ACB raid

On 5.4.2019, ACB Bengaluru caught Sri. Bhaskar Siddramappa Chowra while accepting a bribe of Rs.15000/-

A resident of Bengaluru wanted to register the house which he had purchased.  He went to Sub-registrar’s office, Chikkajala hobli to submit application.   Sri. Bhaskar Siddaramappa Chowra, Sub-registrar, Jala Sub-Registrar office, Chikkajala, Bengaluru had demanded a bribe of Rs.15000/- for the registration. 

The officer is suspended.  Bribe money confiscated. A case has been filed and investigation is on.

ACB raid at Bengaluru Rural

On 5.4.2019 Bengaluru Rural branch caught Sri. Krishnaiah while accepting a bribe of Rs.33,000/-

A civil contractor from Daddaballapura Taluk, Beedigere village, had done some civil work in Kodegehalli Gram Panchayat, Madagondanahalli village. 

He had requested for the release of the contract amount under NMR (nominal Muster Roll).  Sri. Krishnaiah, Panchayat Development officer, Kodigehalli village panchayat demanded a bribe of Rs.48000/- to do the same.

The officer is been suspended and the bribe amount has been confiscated.  A case has been registered and investigation is on.

Ugadi Festival – New Years day – Bengaluru

Ugadi Festival – New Years day – Bengaluru

Ugadi festival – New Year’s Day for the people of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana States.  It is equally important for the people of Maharashtra. It is also the New Year for them but is known by a different name ‘Gudipadava’.   It is festively observed in these regions on the first day of the Hindu Uni-solar calendar month of Chaitra. This falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar.

This festival is rich in color, flora that marks the advent of spring and the commencement of the New Year.

Ugadi is a festival celebrated all across the Deccan regions of India with much fun and fervour. The word Ugadi has originated from the Sanskrit words – ‘yug’ means era and ‘aadi’ means beginning. So it marks the beginning of the new era.

Background :

Among the few legends associated with Ugadi, there is one pertaining to Brahma that is widely popular. It is believed that Lord Brahma began creating the world on this day and Ugadi refers specifically to the Yuga in which the current generation lives i.e. the Kalyug.

It is also referred to as Chaitra Suddha Paadyami according to Hindu religious texts.

Ugadi festival also coincides with the onset of spring and the harvest season. This day is also considered highly auspicious to start new ventures. However, all business transactions are carried out after certain religious observances that are said to bring good luck, wealth and prosperity to believers.

The Celebration of Ugadi festival:

Before the beginning of Chaitra, people clean and whitewash their homes and decorate temples as well as the deity rooms in their homes with jasmine flowers and mango leaves.

To start the celebrations, the entire household wakes up before dawn and take a head bath after massaging the whole body with sesame oil and wear new, traditional clothes.

The idols of gods and goddesses within the house are then bathed in oil too, after which prayers and offerings of neem flowers, mango and tamarind are given up.

The elderly women in the family then apply oil and vermilion to the forehead of the younger members following which all members of the family watch their reflection in a vessel of molten ghee.

The “Indra Dhwaja”, which is meant to bring in rain is worshiped which is also a feature of Gudi Padwa, Maharashtra’s New Year. Devotees decorate their front door with red earth and a string of mango and neem leaves. The entrance is also decorated with Rangoli in white chalk although colored powder can also be used to fill the outlined figure.

Significance of Ugadi festival :

The auspicious occasion of Ugadi is associated with Lord Brahma, the creator of the Universe. All the elements of nature along with days, months are believed to be created by Lord Brahma. As it falls on the onset of the spring, it marks the commencement of healthy and prosperous New Year. Many rituals are associated with the festival of Ugadi.

Style and Variety :

In preparation for the New Year, men and women in Karnataka buy new clothes and ornaments for this day. Traditionally, the men dressed in a white or off-white linen shirt paired with a panche  or long loin cloth that is embellished with gold zari.

While visiting the temple, men also don the Angavastram, which is a rectangular cloth of a similar color and embellishment. In recent times however, men prefer wearing new shirts and trousers. Both attires are completed with a gold chain with a gold wrist watch to match.

Customs of Ugadi :

  • People begin the auspicious day by taking bath at the break of the dawn and then wear new clothes.
  • The mango leaves are used to decorate the entrance of the houses to please Lord Kartikeya and also Lord Ganesh. It is believed that the two Lords are fond of mangoes. These Ugadi festival ritualsa re followed so that the Gods bless them with prosperity and well-being. The fresh mango leaves to the doorway symbolizes a good yield.
  • As Ugadi festival rituals, people purify their houses and the surrounding environment with fresh cow dung which is considered pious according to Hindu customs.
  • Making Rangolis outside the houses is one of the very important and significant Ugadi festival activities.
  • One of the Ugadi rituals is Panchanga Sravanam. Accordingly,  a pundit is called to prepare the yearly forecast of each member of the house. This ritual to predict the future on the day of Ugadi is one among the many popular Ugadi festival activities.
  • Delicious vegetarian meals are prepared as a part of customs of Ugadi festival.

Ugadi festival special dish :

The significance of Ugadi Pachadi is immense as it symbolizes the essence of life. This special dish is prepared with ingredients like:

Jaggery (sweet): symbolizing happiness

Salt (salty) :showing interest in life

Tamarind (sour) :symbolizing challenges

Neem flowers (bitter) : shows difficulties of life

Raw mango (tangy): indicating surprises and new challenges

Chilli powder (spicy): showing the angry moments in one’s life.

The dish is significant as it has all the tastes of life. It teaches that life is a mixture of all the emotions. Each and every ritual followed on this day, has its own significance. Hanging of mango leaves and placing a kalash near the door or the calling of the priest to make the yearly forecast are all part of Ugadi significance and symbolism.

Panchagna Sravanam – Recitation of Almanac (New Year Calendar) :

Ugadi marks the beginning of a new Hindu lunar calendar with a change in the moon’s orbit. There is a strange thing about the practices of the different sects of Brahmins. Although they are all Brahmins, various differences in the lineage can be traced among them. These differences are reflected in their particular calendars, where the months and dates vary.

Some pundits calculate the dates of the calendar according to the lunar system and some do it according to the solar system. Hence, there is a Tamil New Year’s Day, a Telugu New Year’s Day and a New Year’s Day different from that observed in the almanac of Northern India.

The panchanga sravanam-recitation of almanac (new year calendar) is done by the officiating priest at the temples. The presiding chief during Panchanga Sravanam reminds the listener of Lord Brahma, who is the creator of the universe.

Predictions for wealth and prosperity are read out along with influence of the constellations on the various aspects of life. The listeners at the end of the panchagna sravanam-recitaion of almanac (new year calendar), seek the blessings of the priest.

Regional Names of Ugadi :

This festival is celebrated in different states of India and Ugadi has different names. The different names of Ugadi festival are Barhaspatyamana for the people living north of the Vindhya hills. It is observed as Chandramana or Sauramana for those living south of the Vindhya hills.

Other names of Ugadi are Gudipadava as called by the Marathas, and the Sindhis observe it as Cheti Chand. In Manipur, this festival is known by the name of Sajibur Cheiraoba.


ACB Raid – Koratagere – Tumakuru

ACB Raid – Koratagere – Tumakuru

On 01.04.2019 ACB, Tumakuru nabbed Sri. Suresh  M.D., Group D Clerk while taking a bribe of Rs.10000/-.  The bribe was accepted on the instructions of Sri. Janardhan M.K.

A resident of Tumakuru Zilla, Pavagada Taluk Grade – 3 cotnractor, Koratagere Town Panchayat was allotted a contract through E-Procurement for the construction of Samudhaya Bhavan (Community hall) on Fort road (Kote road).

To release the 1st instalment of payment, Sri. Janardhan M.K., JIS Nodal engineer, Town Panchayat, Koratagere had demanded a bribe of Rs.10000/- to do the same.

Both Sri Suresh and Sri Janardhan have been suspended.  Bribe money has been confiscated.  A case has been registered and investigation is on. ACB

Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association – discounts – voters

Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association – discounts – voters

Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association – is offering discounts to voters on food at city’s hotels on April 18 and 23.   If you are interested in getting discount on food just get your finger inked.

Besides awareness programs by the Election Commission, hotels, restaurants, are adopting a novel method of incentivising voters to perform their democratic duty.

BBHA – Bengaluru :

Bruhat Bangalore Hotels Association is 82 years old, established in the year 1936 by 1st president ship of Shri B.T Ramaiah (1936-44) the founder of Bangalore Hotels Association. Shri K.T Appanna was the 2nd President (1944-48).

Currently 53 members are there in Managing Committee. The association is having 1500 registered members.  The Association every month brings out monthly magazine by name “Athithidevo Bhava” under  head editorial Shri. B Chandra Shekar Hebbar.

The executive committee conducts monthly once a meeting to discuss different  matters related to hotel industries and to solve the problems apart from weekly once on every Friday at 5:30 PM.  

Office bearers of the association conducts a meeting to discuss hotel industry problems and other matters with the permission of the chair person.

Voting awareness by Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association :

The association is planning to put up posters on the hotel premises to remind the voters to cast their vote on election day.  This is to persuade voters to vote. 

According to Veerendra N Kamat, Treasurer of Bruhat Bengaluru Hotels Association this program is to make people realize their responsibility.  It is an initiative to encourage citizens to vote.

Freebies by BBHA :

The members are coming up with the offer of free tea and coffee, a 10-15% on breakfast and around 20% on lunch and dinner.   Some of the hotels are offering free idli with dosa.

One of the hotel at Majestic area will be offering free sweets to all those who would eat at his place and show their inked finger.   The plan is to distribute jelebis this time.  Those who are fond of jelebis please cast your vote and go the hotel with the proof to savour hot jelebis.

These outlets have, however, clarified that they aren’t supporting any particular party and just want to push youngsters and voters to exercise their franchise.

Conclusion :

This is not the first time that food has found its way into election in Karnataka. Earlier, during elections free dosas in the shape of Kannada letters and requests like ‘Nanna matha nanna hakku’ (my vote, my right), ‘Ellaroo mathadana maadi’ (please all of you vote), ‘Praja prabhutva bhadrapadisi’ (strengthen the democracy) were distributed among voters with an aim to spread awareness about elections.

Walk to vote and get discount on food on election day.

Bengaluru 10K challenge 7th July, 2019

Bengaluru 10K challenge 7th July, 2019

Bengaluru 10K challenge is back on 7th July, 2019 at NICE Road.  Running is a great way to get in shape  and everyone knows it. But it also can benefit almost every part of body and lift mood.

Whether it’s a favorite part of the day or something one has to push through, the benefits are undeniable.

Running increases endurance, builds muscle to maintain an optimal body fat composition, promotes cardiovascular health, strengthens the heart, and even improves  overall mood.

Combined with weight training,  run  can help out maintain the perfect balance of mental stimulation and physical fitness.

History of running :

It is thought that human running evolved at least four and a half million years ago out of the ability of the ape-like Australopithecus, an early ancestor of humans, to walk upright on two legs.

The theory proposed considered to be the most likely evolution of running is of early humans’ developing as endurance runners from the practice of persistence hunting of animals, the activity of following and chasing until a prey is too exhausted to flee.

Reasons for running :

The next time you’re thinking of skipping a run, think of these reasons to get your butt out the door.

  1. It is a great way to increase overall level of health. Research shows that running can raise r levels of good cholesterol while also helps  increase lung function and use. In addition, it also boosts  immune system and lower the risk of developing blood clots.
  2. For women, running can actually help to lower your risk of breast cancer. It  also helps reduce the risk of having a stroke. Many doctors today recommend it for people who are in the early stages of diabetes, high blood pressure, and osteoporosis. It is proven to help reduce the risk of having a heart attack. By helping the arteries retain their elasticity and strengthening the heart, chances of suffering a heart attack can be significantly reduced.
  3. It is one of the best forms of exercise for losing and maintaining a normal standard  weight. One will find that it is a leading way to burn off extra calories and that it is the second most effective exercise in terms of calories burned per minute, following only after cross country skiing.
  4. Stress causes a number of health and mood problems. It also diminishes appetite and sleep quality. When a person run, he/she force their  body to exert excess energy and hormones. Running also helps to reduce chances of developing tension headaches.
  5. Not all of the benefits of running are physical. Running provides a noticeable boost of confidence and self-esteem.

About Bengaluru 10K challenge :

Bengaluru is proud of having the largest runners-community in India. Many Bengaluru runners across different age groups have been winning at the major run events in India.

Bengaluru 10K Challenge is all about achieving personal best! The fourth edition had an overwhelming response with over 14,000 runners participating. The fifth edition of the 10K Challenge to getting more people to take up running and also to challenge the pros who have been running for years.

NEB Sports :

NEB Sports, organizes big banner events such as IDBI Federal Life Insurance New Delhi Marathon, IDBI Federal Life Insurance Mumbai Half Marathon, Shriram Properties Bengaluru Marathon and NIDJAM. Focus of their  events is to provide a good experience to participants and encourage people to adapt a fit and healthy lifestyle.

Sponsors for the Bengaluru 10K challenge :

There are a number of partners sponsoring 10 K event . 

Physio-partners : Tranquil healthcare

NGO partner : Agastya international foundation

Running partner : Reebok

Soulfull – Delicious millets

Fresh food partners – ID fresh food

Energy partner – Enerzal

Health partner : Apollo Spectra hospitals

Venue partner : NICE (Bengaluru Mysore infrastructure corridor)


Robinhood army

Rules to follow to participate in Bengaluru 10K challenge :

General rules :

  • Use only the application modes suggested on website to submit entries.
  • Go thoroughly through all relevant information given on the event website and application form prior to submitting application.
  • Requests for participation cancellation, and thereby refund, will not be entertained.
  • If availed any early bird offer, refund/transfer and cancellation will not be entertained.

Entries :

  • Only individual entries for 10K and 5K shall be accepted.
  • Applicants for 10K must be the age of 14 years as on 6th July 2019.
  • Applicants for 5 K Fun Run must be the age of 6 years as on 6th July 2019. Minors between 6-12 years must be accompanied by a guardian/parent who is a participant under the same race category.

Entry confirmation :

  • Confirmation of applications received will be subject to Entry Rules & Guidelines given herein.
  • Post close of registrations, email confirmations will be sent to all the confirmed participants who have given their valid email id in the application form.
Winners medal – Bengaluru 10K Challenge :

On the Race Day, victory ceremony will be conducted for fastest 10K winners, both, for men & women. All age category winners will be announced on the website and on Social Media platforms, three working days post the event. They will be provided with their medals & prize money within 45 days from the finish of the event.

Merit certificate :

All prize money winners of the run (as given in the prize money structure in prize money tab) will receive Merit Certificates certifying their prize money winning positions.

Finishers medal :

All participants will be eligible for the Finisher’s Medal post their run. Medals will not be posted to individual runners.

Running number bib collection :
  • All confirmed participants are required to come to Expo, scheduled from 5 July 2019 to 6 July 2019 in order to collect their running number bibs. No Running Number will be posted to an individual’s mailing address nor distributed on race day, i.e 7th July 2019
  • It is mandatory for the participants to collect his/her running number bib personally from the Expo. In case of unavoidable circumstances, such runner can send his/her authorized representative to collect running number bib on his/her behalf. Authorized representative must carry with him/her: 
    a) Soft Copy of Confirmation Email/SMS with BIB Number details.
    b) Soft Copy of Photo-identity proof (Aadhar card, PAN Card or passport) of the confirmed participant.
  • Note: Photo copy is not necessary, if participant personally presents.

To know more about running event click on the link :

Election Officers – creating awareness – Bengaluru

Election Officers – creating awareness – Bengaluru

Election officers  are being busy at Bengaluru creating Awareness about voting. 

BBMP Commissioner  – District electoral officer :

BBMP Commissioner N.Manjunath Prasad is the district electoral officer.   1 lakh poll staff are being  engaged for the elections.

BBMP Commissioner N.Manjunath Prasad is the district electoral officer.  He has worked across India as poll officer. He will oversee the work of about one lakh election observer.  The challenges faced includes monitoring 1 lakh election staff comprising BBMP staff and police force.

Pressures of election :

In an election duty, different government departments come together to make it easy.  The staff are thoroughly trained to deal with problems.  The returning/election officers are trained to make sure nothing goes wrong because of negligence and ignorance.

Planning plays an important role in the smooth running of the election booths.  The major problem faced by election/returning officers are booth capturing and violence at the polling stations.  Curbing victory processions even before the results announcement is a major problem.

Bengaluru Election/Returning officers :

Bengaluru South  :  Mr. Nakul.S.S.

Bengaluru North : Mr. B.N.Vijaya Shankar

Bengaluru Central – Mr. Lokesh M

Duties of officers :

Their duties include: Supervises the conduct of all elections held under the Local Authorities Elections Act. Assists the Returning Officers as they conduct local elections.  Promotes fairness, impartiality and compliance with the Local Authorities Elections Act on the part of election officers.

The election officer’s duty includes  ensuring fairness, impartiality and compliance with election law. promoting voting opportunities to all voters. educating voters about the electoral process. helping political parties, candidates, official agents and chief financial officers comply with election legislation.

The election officers in Bengaluru are busy.  They are meeting people at malls and markets.  The election officers ensure that the polling staff are well training in handling the EVMs and the procedures. 

This year election have Sakhi booths which are entirely managed by women. Sakhi booths helps in sending message to women that vote casting is not just by men.    

Election officers Creating awareness :

The election officers are sending trained staff to metro stations and malls with demo machines to help people under the process of voting. 

Through Systematic Voter’s Education and Electoral Participation program (SVEEP) the election officers are creating awareness and educating people on why voting is important.

Morning walkers are met by the election officers in the morning to create awareness.  Meetings are held are IT company campuses across Bengaluru.

Vulnerable areas :

The election officers are visiting the  areas which are vulnerable where people may be blocked from voting or coerced to vote for a particular candidate.  The Election officers have identified around 34 such locations across the city.

Chunavana centres are established where people get their EPIC number and get details about their polling stations.

Biggest challenge faced by Election officers :

The problem of ensuring working of EVM’s is the biggest challenge.  Transporting the EVM’s is also a major challenge. 

The staff are trained in handling these machines which are fool proof.  BBMP nursing staff and doctors are adequately deployed for any emergency.

Karnataka Elections – Election Commission :

The Lok Sabha polls in Karnataka will be in 2 phases, with 14 constituencies going to the polls in each phase.  The elections dates for the State of Karnataka is April 18th and April 23rd 2019.

For those in Bengaluru, the polling date is 18th April 2019 that is 2nd phase.  There are 28 Lok Sabha seats from Karnataka which will go to polls on April 18 under separate phases.

For the 14 constituencies in Karnataka that go to the polls on April 18, the last date for filing nominations was on March 26. The last date for scrutiny of nomination was  March 27 and the last date for withdrawal of nomination was March 29.


  • All social media ads from political parties will have to be pre-certified
  • Candidates will have to submit details of their social media accounts
  • Social media expert to be part of Media Certification and Monitoring Committee

Social media – Election Commission :

Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora announced strict guidelines for use of social media by political parties and candidates.

The Election commission has outlined strict guidelines for use of social media during elections.  The political parties and candidates will not be able to post unverified advertisements, photos personnel from defence, hate speeches.  The candidates will not be posting any fake news on their accounts.

 According to the Election Commissioner Sunil Arora, the new guidelines requires the candidates to furnish details of their social media accounts during the filing of nomination papers.  They have to disclose the activities on their Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Share Chat and Google.

EVMs to carry candidate pictures – Election Commission :

In Lok Sabha 2019 elections the  EVMs will be carrying  the  candidate pictures  to avoid confusion over similar names.

The photograph will be printed on the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) ballot units as well as on postal ballot papers according to the Election commission.

According to the Election Commissioner, ‘the provision for printing the candidate photographs will help avoid any confusion which may arise when candidates with similar names contest from the same constituency’.

The party candidates are required to submit to the returning officer, their recent stamp size photograph as per the specifications laid down by the Election Commission.

This has happened before. India had gone to polls with photo electoral rolls for the first time in 2009. In that year, Assam, Jammu & Kashmir and Nagaland did not have photo electoral rolls, while elector photo identity cards were not distributed to electors in Assam and Nagaland. 

The Election Commission said that official voter slip bearing the photo of the elector (wherever present in the roll) will be distributed at least five days before the polling date.

Voter turnout – Bengaluru :

Karnataka will vote in the Lok Sabha Elections in two phases – on April 18 and April 23.  Elections will be held on the same day in Tamil Nadu and Kerala respectively.

For those in Bengaluru, the polling date is 18th April 2019 that is 2nd phase.  There are 28 Lok Sabha seats from Karnataka which will go to polls on April 18 under separate phases.  

The counting of votes will be held on May 23. The Congress-JD(S) alliance which is currently in power in the state will be looking to consolidate their numbers in the Lok Sabha as well.

The poll schedule will clash with the extended weekend as many government holidays falls between April 17 and 23. 

The Big question is will this result in low voter turnout?

Will holiday affect voter turnout?

April 17th is Mahavir Jayanti, April 19 is Good Friday which will be followed by the Easter weekend (April 20thand 21st.

The school exams are expected t be completed by April 18th, the families would be planning vacations, especially if the parents are working. 

According to Karnataka BJP leader S. Suresh Kumar, “the voter turnout could be less due to the number of holidays.  Bengaluru had low voter turnout and it has not improved.  With so many holidays in between the elections, people are likely to go for a vacation”.

Walk to vote :

It is a fundamental right of any citizen that enables them to choose the leaders of tomorrow. Voting not only enables the citizens to vote for political parties, but it also helps them to realize the importance of citizenship. Many people do not vote thinking one vote will not make a change, but as a matter of fact, it does. A nation’s political foundations are built using elections.

To know more about candidates click on the link

Rent a farm – Benglauru- organic products

Rent a farm – Benglauru- organic products

Rent a farm is a concept in Bengaluru where one can rent a piece of land to grow organic products.  This allows Bengalureans to rent out a space on a farm of a nominal amount a month for fresh, naturally grown, chemical-free vegetables every week.

Reasons behind Rent a farm :

Bengaluru city dwellers face two problems.  The vegetables and fruit produce available in the market may not be trust worthy and to want to grow their own, there is either space or time.

Even if one lives in a big house and have a farm there is lack of time to take care of farming.  Consumers can get up to 6 kgs of vegetables every week from the third month since the initial months are meant for set-up.

The monthly rental is inclusive of everything from delivery to seeds, saplings, labor and other set-up costs. The method of farming that participating farmers use is natural farming, which does not permit the use of any chemicals including fertilizers such as urea.

Focus – Rent a farm :

The main focus is on enriching the soil by using latest techniques like multi-cropping, introducing microbes such as earthworms in the soil.  The soil is mixed with natural mixtures to control pests.

This model is a win-win model.  It is good for consumers because it is chemical free.  It is good for farmers because they are able to make money and earn a fixed income.  It is good for our planet and the soil because of the farming methodology  followed. 

The raised beds will not allow for the compaction of the soil. 

Organic farming :

Organic farming is an alternative agricultural system which originated in early  20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Organic farming continues to be developed by various organic agriculture organizations today.

It relies on fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure and bone meal and places emphasis  on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting.  

Biological pest control, mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged.  In general, organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances.

Reasons for advocation of organic farming include advantages in sustainability, openness, self-sufficiency, autonomy/independence, health, food security and food safety.

Organic defined :

Organic produce and other ingredients are grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones.

Benefits of organic farming :

The major benefits of organic farming are :

  1. It helps in maintaining environment health by reducing the level of pollution
  2. It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product.
  3. It helps in keeping agricultural production at a higher level and makes it sustainable.
  4. It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health
  5. It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.
  6. It not only saves energy for both animal and machine, but also reduces risk of crop failure.
  7. It improves the soil physical properties such as granulation, and good tilth, good aeration, easy root penetration and improves water-holding capacity.
  8. It improves the soil’s chemical properties such as supply and retention of soil nutrients, and promotes favorable chemical reactions.

Health benefits of organic farming :

  1. No pesticides, herbicides, fungicides or chemical fertilizers are used. Organic ensures that foods are grown without the use of these harmful substances, some of which are known to cause cancer.
  2. Organic farming reduces long time exposure to pesticides and chemical fertilizers, for farmers, workers, and consumers which can affect the body’s ability to eliminate toxins. Organic food is free of artificial colors, preservatives, flavors, trans fats, enhancers, stabilizers, fillers, sweeteners or other additives.
  3. Studies show that organic foods are more nutritious and higher in antioxidants because they are grown on more nutrient rich soil.
  4. Eating organic fruits and vegetables could increase your antioxidant intake by 20-40%.
  5. Organic farming ensures that food is not subject to any artificial human intervention or genetic modification.
  6. Diseases, pests, and weeds are managed through good soil health for natural plant resistance, selection for stronger plants, crop rotation, natural predators, and beneficial insects.
  7. Organic food cannot be irradiated. Irradiation causes changes to both macro and micronutrients in foods and creates free radicals.
  8. Unlike conventional methods, antibiotics, pathogens, or hormones are used in raising livestock. Organic livestock have higher animal welfare standards which lower levels of pathogens present in meat.

When did organic food start?

The term “organic farming” was coined by Lord Northbourne in 1940. The beginnings of the organic movement can be traced back to the beginning of the 1800s. In 1840 Justus Von Liebig developed a theory of mineral plant nutrition

Why organic farming has become inevitable?

Modern farming practices heavily based on use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, have created problems of land degradation, environmental pollution, deforestation, biodiversity depletion, seepage and water logging, lowering of ground water tables, inter crop disparities, emergence of several diseases, pest multiplication, pest resurgence and resistance.

Modern agricultural practices are the major cause of soil, water and air pollution. Chemical fertilizers crowd out useful minerals naturally present in the topsoil.

The microbes like bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, worms etc. in top soil enrich the humus and help to produce nutrients to be taken up by the plants and later by animals.

However, fertilizer enriched soil is unable to support microbial life and hence there is less humus and less nutrients and the soil easily becomes poor and eroded by rain and wind.


It can be concluded that modern farming heavily based on chemical fertilizers and pesticides has led to problem of environmental deterioration, depletion of natural resources, and loss of biodiversity and pest resurgence.

The organic farming, which strictly avoids the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and growth hormones conserves environment and natural resources and checks the loss of biological diversity.

The food grains produced through organic farming are free from pesticide residues and are of high nutritional quality.

Therefore, organic farming is inevitable for the conservation of natural resources and maintenance of ecological stability.

Vehicle population – Bengaluru behind New Delhi

Vehicle population – Bengaluru behind New Delhi

Vehicle population – in Bengaluru has crossed 80 lakh mark.  The city has overtaken Mumbia, Hyderabad and Channai.  The Bengaluur city is only  behind New Delhi

The number for the entire state has hit 2.10 crore. Transport Commissioner V P Ikkeri gave the numbers at a press conference.  “The number of vehicles in Bengaluru was 74.92 lakh and it has reached 80.90 lakh now,”

The tendency of the addition of five to six lakh vehicles each year points out that the number of vehicles within the Bengaluru city area will cross one crore in 3 years.  This is a major cause for concern as these contribute to pollution.

New registration of vehicles – vehicle population :

Approximately Around 1800 new vehicles  are getting registered everyday in namma Benglauru.  This is drastically increasing the vehicle population  As per the existing provisions of the Motor Vehicle Act, it is not possible to restrict new registration of vehicles.  But in the interest of the environment, registration of e-vehicles are being promoted.

Across Karnataka State the total number of vehicles registered has increased to 2.10 crore as against 1.93 crore in the last financial year. This increase in vehicle population is scary.

Problems due to vehicle population :

In the absence of an efficient transport s system, private vehicles are dominating the city’s landscape. 

Nobody – not even the planners – saw what was to come. So, while the vehicle boom overtook the city, every other piece of infrastructure was left far behind.

In the last two decades, Bengaluru has seen unprecedented growth in the field of Industrial, Commercial and Institutional sectors. This phenomenal growth has resulted in unplanned urban activities surrounding Bengaluru and increase in population and construction activities. This fast growth in population is posing tremendous pressure on infrastructure.

Implementation of HSRP :

According to the Transport commissioner that the Central Government has issued  notifications for implementation of rules on high security registration  plates (HSRP) for vehicles manufactured from April 1. It is the responsibility of manufactures t o provide high security registration plates. 

After March 2020, vehicles with two-stroke engines will be banned.  Vehicle owners must shift to four-stroke engines prior to the deadline.

Traffic jams due to vehicle population  :

Bengaluru’s notorious traffic jams are a known topic. In the coming years, the situation is set to worsen as the city’s vehicle population has officially crossed 80 lakh, five times more than what Bengaluru roads can officially handle.

According to transport department a total of 1752 vehicles are being added daily to Bengaluru roads. This alone has led to the figure touching 80 lakh, not counting the vehicles from out of state. As a result, traffic speeds have slowed down to around 10 kilometres per hour.

Bengaluru’s infrastructure to handle vehicle population :

Bengaluru’s road network exceeds 3,000 km (1,800 mi) and consists of ring roads, arterial roads, sub-arterial roads and residential streets.. The city road network is mainly radial, converging in the centre.

The main roads of Bengaluru  coming into the city include Bellary Road in the north, Tumkur road and Mysuru Road in the west, Kanakapura Road, Bannerghatta Road and Hosur Road in the  South  and Old Airport Road and Old Madras Road in the East.  Many of Bengaluru’s erstwhile colonial and town streets were developed into commercial and entertainment areas after independence.

The B.V.K Iyengar Road became the retail hub of Bengaluru, while M.G.Road, Commercial street and Brigade Road became important shopping, recreation and corporate areas. Consequently, traffic increased exponentially, especially on MG Road, which forms the main artery for the city’s east-west traffic.

Present scenario :

According to officials with 93,000 roads in the city, covering 14,000 kilometers, only 17 lakh vehicles can ply at any given time. If this number is maintained, vehicles can move at 40 kilometers per hour.  This is rapidly becoming a pipe dream as choked roads are the order of the day currently due to increased vehicle population.

The increasing traffic within Bengaluru city is also leading to more accidents. Bengaluru roads, which have witnessed 22,000 accidents in the last four years, rank only below Chennai and New Delhi across the country in total number of accidents.

Health hazards:

The rise in number of vehicles is also likely to trigger asthma and breathing problems among commuters who spend a lot of time in traffic.

Generally pollutants emitted from car are one of the biggest contributors to greenhouse emissions in the atmosphere. As we know that the whole world is under the fear of global warming and the biggest cause of it is the increasing level of vehicle pollution which needs a quick attention by all of us.

Traffic police are also taking the brunt of the vehicle population.   Dealing with illegal parking is a challenge.

Effects on the Environment :

With the increase in number of vehicles, pollution from these automobiles is increasing drastically. Combustion of fuel in vehicle emits various gases such as Sulphur oxide (SOx), Carbon mono oxide (CO), Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), suspended particulate matter (SPM) etc.

These gases are creating immediate and long-term effect on the environment. Immediate effect are on the human for developing health hazard and long effect are harming the environment by creating global warming, acid rain, imbalance in eco system etc.

Vehicle population statistics :

Bengaluru is home to the second highest number of vehicles in India. New Delhi tops the list with 1.01 crore vehicles.  Hyderabad accounts for 48.70 lakh vehicles (as on October 31), Chennai for 47.57 lakh (as on April 2016) and Mumbai for 30.69 lakh ( as on March 2017).

Experts say the poor condition of BMTC’s services and high fares, bad last mile connectivity, exuberant parking fee at metro station and lack of suburban trains are pushing people to opt for private vehicles.

This increase in rising number of vehicles is in turn leading to congestion on roads,  bringing down average speed and causing pollution level to rise.  The average speed on city roads has dropped over the past few years due to rising number of vehicle population.

Conclusion :

Effects of vehicle pollution are increasing day by day with the increasing number of vehicles on the road. Effects of vehicle pollution are badly affecting the living beings on the earth and causing lots of health related problems.

In the absence of a provision to curb new registrations, a strong public system will help solve the problem.  Building flyovers and widening streets is no good unless commuters make the transition to other modes like bus and Metro.  Even initiatives like car-pooling needs a strong push.  It is time to act both at the individual and collective level.

Slowly but surely, it may make the earth an unsuitable place for living; so, we must take it serious and run to stop the vehicle population by regarding all the possible solutions.

Bank merger – Vijaya bank – Dena Bank – Bank of Baroda

Bank merger – Vijaya bank – Dena Bank – Bank of Baroda

Bank merger / amalgamation of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank occurred on 1st  April 2019 as per a decision taken by the Central government. If one banks with any of these lenders then the concerned person must get ready to deal with some procedural changes.

Amalgamation / Bank merger :

Bank merger is a situation in which two or more banks pool their assets and liabilities to become one bank. Because this can have a significant impact on the financial industry, the Reserve bank  subjects mergers involving bank holding companies to more intensive regulation.

Main aim of merger and acquisition in the banking sectors is to improve the economies of scale.

In the April-June quarter of financial year 2019, Vijaya Bank posted a net profit of Rs144 crore, while BoB’s figure stood at Rs528 crore. In this period, Dena Bank posted a net loss of Rs721 crore.

One of the reasons for choosing these three banks was that the two stronger ones will be able to absorb the weaker entity.

In 2018, Rating agency Fitch said the merger of the three banks i.e., Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank and Vijaya  Bank could bring a bout material operating efficiencies over a period of time by lowering the combined operating costs, stronger risk management practices, etc.

Vijaya bank – Merger with Bank of Baroda:

Vijaya Bank was a public sector bank with its corporate office in Bengaluru.  It was one of the nationalized banks in India. The bank offered a wide range of financial products and services to customers through its various delivery channels. The bank had a network of 2031 branches (as of March 2017) throughout the country and over 4000 customer touch points including 2001 ATMs.

On 17 September 2018, the Government of India proposed the merger of Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank with the Bank of Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the three banks.  The merger was approved by the Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks on 2 January 2019.

Under the terms of the merger, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402 equity shares of the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value Rs.2 for every 1,000 shares they held. The merger is effective from 1 April 2019.

History of Vijaya Bank :

Vijaya Bank was established by a group of farmers led by A.B.Shetty on 23 October 1931 in Mangaluru in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka State. Since it was established on the auspicious Vijayadashami Day, it was named ‘Vijaya Bank’.

During the economic chaos created out of the Great Depression of 1927–30, Shetty approached leading Bunt personalities to start a bank with the objective of extending credit facilities at a lower rate of interest to enable the farmers to cultivate their lands and prevent them from falling into the clutches of money lenders. Accordingly, Shetty involved 14 Bunts and established Vijaya Bank on 23 October 1931. In the beginning the bank had an authorized capital of Rs.5 lakh and an issued capital of Rs.2 lakh. The paid up capital was Rs.8,670.

Dena Bank – Merger with Bank of Baroda :

Dena Bank Ltd was an Indian Public Sector bank. It was headquartered in Mumbai and had 1,874 branches. The bank was founded in 1938 and the Indian government nationalized it in 1969.

On 17 September 2018, the Government of India proposed the amalgamation of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank with the Bank of Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the three banks. The Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks approved the merger on 2 January 2019.

Under the terms of the amalgamation, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402 equity shares of the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value Rs.2 for every 1,000 shares they held. The amalgamation became effective from 1 April 2019.

Bank of Baroda :

Bank of Baroda (BoB) is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company. It is owned by Government of India and headquartered in Vadodara, Gujarat. It  has a corporate office in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Based on 2017 data, it is ranked 1145 on Forbes Global 2000 list. BoB has total assets in excess of Rs.3.58 trillion (making it India’s 2nd biggest bank by assets), a network of 9583 branches in India and abroad, and 10441 ATMs as of July, 2017.  

The government of India announced the merger of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank on September 17, 2018 to create the country’s third largest lender.

The envisaged amalgamation will be the first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in the country, with a combined business of Rs 14.82 lakh crore, making it the third largest bank after State Bank of India (SBI) and ICICI Bank.

History of Bank of Baroda :

The bank was founded by the Maharaja of Baroda, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III  on 20 July 1908 in  the Princely State of Baroda in Gujarat. The bank, along with 13 other major commercial banks of India, was nationalized on 19 July 1969, by the Government of India and has been designated as a profit-making public sector undertaking(PSU).

As many as 10 banks have been merged with Bank of Baroda during its journey so far.

Bank Merger of Vijaya Bank, Dena bank and Bank of Baroda :

  • With a total business of about ₹15 trillion, the merged entity is now the third-largest lender in India
  • This is also India’s first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in India.

The Bank of Baroda-Dena Bank-Vijaya Bank merger is second major public sector bank consolidation approved by the Government during its five-year term. In 2017, State Bank of India merged with its five associate banks and the Bharatiya Mahila Bank.

Merits and Demerits of Bank Merger :

There are both Merits and demerits of merger of banks.

The Merits are :
  1. It reduces the costs of operation
  2. The merger helps in financial inclusion and broadening the geographical reach of the banking operation.
  3. NPA & risk management are benefited
  4. Merger leads to availability of a bigger scale of expertise and that helps is minimizing the scope of inefficiency which is more in small banks
  5. The disparity in wages for bank staff members for bank staff remembers will get reduced. service conditions will get uniform.
  6. Merger sees a bigger capital base and higher liquidity and that reduces the governments burden of recapitalizing the public sector banks time and again
  7. Redundant posts and designations can be abolished which will lead to financial savings.
Demerits :
  1. Many banks have a regional audience to cater to and merger destroys the idea of decentralization.
  2. Larger banks might be more vulnerable to global economic crises while smaller ones can survive
  3. Merger sees the stronger banks coming under pressure because of the weaker banks
  4. Merger could only give a temporary relief but not real remedies to problems like, bad loans and bad governance in public sector banks.
  5. Coping with staffers’ disappointment could be another challenge for the governing board of the new bank.  This could lead to employment issues.

The merger process begin with a consolidation of brands under the Bank of Baroda banner. As a result, all customers of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank will become customers of Bank of Baroda. All branches will be re-branded accordingly as well.

Uttama Prajakeeya Party  Candidate list – LS 2019

Uttama Prajakeeya Party Candidate list – LS 2019

Uttama Prajakeeya Party candidates list is out – Head of the Party Upendra announced 14 names who will be contesting the Lok Sabha elections 2019.

Political party – Uttama Prajakeeya party :

Upendra officially announced the party “Uttama Prajakeeya Party” on his birthday i.e. on September 18th  2018.  He said in one of his social media post “Leaders of Democracy, To bring a complete change through ‘Prajakeeya’ a new manifesto based ART of Governance (Accountability, Responsibility, Transparency)”

Uttama Prajakeeya Party – politics without money :

According to Upendra his party and his politics does not involve use of money power.  The acronym of his party is same as his nickname UPPI.

He is planning to bring some known people from diverse backgrounds to the party so that it does not look like an one-man-show.

28 Lok Sabha Seats – Uttama Prajakeeya Party :

Upendra and his team are personally interviewing interested candidates who wants to join his party.  He is ensuring that the best of candidates are selected. Every candidate is required to study his/her respective constituency in detail and to make a report of the existing situation.

Uttama Prajakeeya Party candidates will be contesting on autorickshaw symbol assigned by the Election Commission. 

Agenda of Uttama Prajakeeya Party :

Instead of Rajakeeya (Politics) the party would propagate Prajakeeya (of the people, for the people, by the people).  The uttama Prajakeeya party is believed strongly in transferring power to the people in spirit.

The party has created a five point program to convince people of their commitment to democratic principles : Selection, Election, correction, Rejection, Promotion.  People will take an engaging role in the process of selection and election. 

List of candidates from Uttama Prajakeeya Party :
  1.  Udupi / Chikkamangaluru – Suresh Kunder
  2. Hassan – Chandregowda H.M.
  3. Dakshina Kannda – Vijay Sreenivas
  4. Tunakuru – Chaya Rajashankar
  5. Mysuru – Asha Rani.V.
  6. Chamarajanagar – Nagaraju.M.
  7. Bengaluru North – Santosh.M.
  8. Bengaluru Central – Sridevi Mellegathi
  9. Bengaluru South – Ahoratra
  10. Chikkaballapur  – Muniraju. G
  11. Kolar – Ramanjanappa.R
  12. Bengaluru Rural – K.Manjunath
  13. Chitradurga – Devendrappa
  14. Mandya – C.P. Divakar Gowda
  15. Chikkodi – Praveen Kumar Baligatti
  16. Bagalkote – Shashi Kumar M
  17. Vijayapura – Gurubhasava P.R
  18. Kalburgi – Mahesh Lambani
  19. Raichur – Niranjan Nayak
  20. Bidar – Ambarish Kencha
  21. Koppala – Sharanaiyya V Bandimath
  22. Haveri – Eshwar Patel
  23. Dharwad – Santosh Nandur
  24. Uttara Kannada – Sunil Pawar
  25. Davangere – Ganesha B.A.
  26. Shomogga – Venkatesh R
  27. Belagavi – Manjunath Rajappanavar

Initially he had expressed his interest to contest from Bengaluru South, he has now decided not to contest at all.  Upendra is not contesting this elections.

According to the actor turned politician, “If I contest, my focus will be on one constituency. But, I want to reach the larger audience, so I have decided not to contest. Instead, I will help my candidates by travelling across the state.’’

Voting is a fundamental right.Walk to vote.

Self-drive service – Ola – investment $500 million

Self-drive service – Ola – investment $500 million

Self-drive service introduction by Ola is aimed at broadening its portfolio of transportation solution.  Ola to invest $500 million in self-drive service.

The move to enter the self-drive rental service category is in line with Ola’s broader strategy of expanding its bouquet of transport solutions beyond just cabs .  It is planning to include scooters and electric vehicles with a view towards ensuring sustainability and positive unit economics.

Ola to deploy nearly 10,000 cars, including luxury sedans and SUVs, in major cities in the coming months.

Ola cabs :

Ola Cabs is an Indian origin online transportation network company developed by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd.  As of December 2018, Ola was valued at about $5.7 billion.  A variety of venture capitalists including Softbank have large stakes in the company.

Ola Cabs was founded on 3 December 2010 as an online cab aggregator in Mumbai and is now based in Bengaluru.  As of 2018, the company has expanded to a network of more than 10,00,000 vehicles across 169 cities. In November 2014, Ola diversified to incorporate auto-rickshaws on a trial basis in Bangalore.  After the trial phase, Ola Auto expanded to other cities like Delhi, Oune, Chennai and Hyderabad starting in December 2014.

In January 2018, Ola extended into its first overseas market to Australia and New Zealand in September 2018.  In March of 2019, Ola began its UK operations introducing Auto Rickshaws in UK.

Investments – ola cabs:

In recent past, Ola confirmed a Rs 650-crore funding from Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal.  Steadview Capital and a cohort of US-based investors like Raymond S Cahnman, chairman of Transmarket Group, philanthropists Tina and Steven Price, J3T Ventures and Lyon Assets along with a bunch of Chinese funds also participated in the company’s latest round. 

Ola investment in self drive service :

Homegrown ride-hailing platform Ola will invest over $500 million to launch a ‘self-drive’ service.  This is  aimed at broadening its portfolio of transportation solutions.

The investment will come from a mix of debt and equity over the next couple of years.  Ola will deploy nearly 10,000 vehicles, including luxury sedans and SUVs, in major cities in coming months according to sources.

Ola was likely to raise debt via Ola Fleet Technologies to seed the new business. So far, the multi-modal transport company has relied on equity capital from some of the world’s largest investors like  Japan’s SoftBank and US investment firm Tiger Global, to fund its rapid growth in the country. 

Ola Founders :

Bhavish Aggarwal- is the ola co-founder and Chief-executive-officer who graduated from IIT Bombay with a B. Tech in Computer Science in the year 2008. Bhavish has worked for Microsoft research, Bengaluru  for two years right after college. There, he passed two years with filing 2 patents and 3 research publishing in international journals.

While trying to chase his dream of entrepreneurship, he started an online company to sell short duration tours and holidays online before changing that into Ola Cabs.

Ankit Bhati heads the technical aspects of Ola cabs, ensuring a quick, convenient and instinctive experience for customers and partners. He joined IIT Bombay in 2004 for in Mechanical Engg and M.Tech in CAD and Automation.

By 2009 he had already worked on several freelance projects and startups like Wilcom, QED42 etc. and finally decided to give up his nomadic professional life for a start-up of his own. He joined the Olacabs journey in November 2010.

The Ola Cab story:

While trying to keep his holiday and tour planning business afloat, Bhavish had to travel from Bengaluru to Bandipur, for which he rented out a car, which ended in a very bad experience.

The driver stopped the car in the middle of the journey and demanded a renegotiation of what Bhavish was paying. After being refused, he proceeded to abandon him enroute his destination.

This is when he realized how his plight was probably similar to a lot of customers across the country who were looking for a quality cab service, but ended up with a one that stood them up, arrived and dropped them off late, didn’t stick to their promises, and came with drivers that were nightmares behind wheels.

This made him see the potential that an extraordinary cab booking service could have, and hence, he changed his business from his earlier start-up to the one we today know as – Ola Cabs. This was in December 2010, where he was joined by his co-founder Ankit Bhati in his start-up journey.

His parents didn’t agree with his idea in the beginning of course, like all parents.  They were thoroughly displeased with his decision to become a ‘travel agent’, but when Ola Cabs received it’s first round of funding from two angel investors, they started to believe in the change he was planning to bring.

Ola to challenge Zoom Car :

Ola cabs, which has become one of the largest cab sharing platforms in India will soon get into the self-drive car business. The brand has decided to enter the new business after investing $500 million in the sector. It will be the first time that Ola will invest in such a business in the Indian market.

The homegrown cab hailing startup recently collected a huge investment from India’s second largest manufacturer – Hyundai and its sister brand and upcoming manufacturer in India – Kia.

Both the Korean brands have together pumped in around Rs. 2,000 crores in Ola and there is investment from Flipkart co-founder Binny Bansal too. The cab-hailing business is also backed by big names like Soft Bank and Tiger Global. The Bengaluru, Karnataka-based company has raised around $3.67 billion till date through various rounds of investments.

Portfolio – Ola cabs – self drive service

Ola is planning to broaden its portfolio with the introduction of the new services. At present,  Ola only offers short distance and inter-state rental cabs. With the introduction of new services, Ola will compete directly with the likes of ZoomCars, Avis, Revv, CarzOnRent and more such brands that currently offer self-driven vehicles in India.

It is clear that  Ola will initially offer the services only in the major cities of the country before expanding to the other cities.

Car rentals by others :

Ola will offer services like long rentals, lease and subscription of the cars. It should be noted that Revv recently started offering subscription-based car ownership in India, which promises to provide vehicles like Mahindra Scorpio, Maruti Ertiga, Hyundai Creta, Mahindra Marazzo, Mahindra XUV 500 and a new car if the customer chooses a plan of more than 12 months. Revv offers popular more.

Self-drive car service in Bengaluru :

Self-driving cars are likely to become a major business in the silicon City in the future. Currently, the option is quite unpopular but it is gaining massive popularity and soon, may see more people choosing the rental car service rather than owning a vehicle.

India is one of the world’s largest car market and it is growing at a fast pace. But, the difficulties like maintenance of the car keeps may prospective buyers away. Self-driven vehicles eliminate the need for such ownership experiences and only focus on the time spent with the vehicle.




Hai Salaam – song for soldiers – Sangeetha Rajeev

Hai Salaam – song for soldiers – Sangeetha Rajeev

Hai Salaam is a not  just a song dedicated to our soldiers but  it’s an emotion. It is an emotion from the bottom of  every Indian who is proud of our Indian Army and its family.

A Tribute to Indian Soldiers – Hai Salaam :

We have seen a lot of movies and videos on Indian Army.  But it does not do justice to what they actually do and undergo for the sake of our country in reality.  The real back

bone and inspiration for an Indian solider to do all these for our nation is a strong family.

The struggle of an Army soldier is real and this song is an attempt to portray just how strong the Army wife can be. 

Hai Salaam lyrics are written by Shashwath Sanil and the editing is by Akash rj.

Sangeetha Rajeev – Indian Pop Diva :

Sangeetha Rajeev also known as SaRa is a multilingual Playback singer, composer, pop icon. She is the winner of The Best International Pop Song of the year at the global VIMA Music Awards 2019 and performer from India.

She is the new age singing sensation who has taken Indian pop music International. Besides being a performer, she is also an Independent musician who released her latest Hindi pop singles Zindagi and Tu Hi in 2018 and the Kannada version of it Nan E Life and Kare(2018).

Tu Hi was nominated for the ‘Best Pop Song’ of the year and Zindagi was nominated for the ‘Best Indian Song’ of the year in the prestigious  VIMA Music Awards 2019,held in Malaysia.

Sangeetha Rajeev – Multilingual singer :

All her singles have been featured on BBC Asian Network.  Her first Hindi single Chan Se Udi in 2016 was featured in BBC Asian Network,  Pepsi MTV Indies  and Radio City (Freedom Radio). With back to back releases of her singles, Sangeetha Rajeev is all set to revive the Pop music culture in India.

She is known for her electrifying yet graceful presence.  she is credited with over 1000s of live performances worldwide so far and is a very popular singer in the performance space.  

She is  extremely energetic on stage and her  performances makes her the most wanted name in the event industry.

Early life of Sangeetha Rajeev :

Sangeetha Rajeev was born in the Silicon Valley of India, Bengaluru  to a musical family. Her father S Rajeev being a Bank Manager had to shift to Mumbai on an official transfer. She along with her family moved to Mumbai at the age of 6 where she spent most of her childhood.

In Mumbai she also got trained in Bharatanatyam by Alpa Pandey and Carnatic classical music from her mother M K Sharadamba.

She is also extensively trained in Hindustani Classical music by Sri Ananth Bhagwath.

Sangeetha Rajeev – a multilingual :

She has been the jury on Zee TV SaReGaMaPa little champs season 12. Zee SaReGaMaPa Season 13 and season 14, a Kannada singing reality show aired in Zee Kannada.  She is currently the jury of the SaReGaMaPa season 15.

Sangeetha Rajeev performs in the country with no language barrier.  She can sing and perform in Hindi, English, Kannada, Telugu, Punjabi, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi, Gujrati and Tulu.

Musical journey – Sangeetha Rajeev :

Sangeetha Rajeev being a Singer, Composer started off as an Independent  by conceptualizing a Kannada Pop Rock band Sarvasva.

This charismatic singer soon progressed into an EDM Pop genre dishing out singles like Zindagi, Nan E Life, Chan Se Udi, Kare, Tuhi which transformed her into a Pop Icon of sorts. This in turn made her into one of the top Social Media Influencers.

SaRa being the name of her current band takes a fresh look at popular Hindi & Regional Songs and this explosive singer leads the band from the front.

Performances of Sangeetha Rajeev :

Sangeetha is a rockstar.  She has given more than 1000 concerts in India and abroad.  When she is performing she interacts with the crowd.  This makes the crowd enjoy the show more.   She is known for her energy and makes anyone and everyone to dance to her tunes. 

According to Femina (India), “the show truly begins when she take to the stage.  Such is her stage presence that she has the audience dancing literally to her every tune.  She rocks like a LADY”.

Corporate performance of Sangeetha Rajeev :

Her notable performance includes Karnataka Premier League which was aired on Star Sports, Karnataka State Cricket Association, Pro Kabaddi League, Mysuru Dasara, Madikeri Dasara, Bidar Utsav, Kadri Cricketers Bangalore Ganesha Utsava.

Some of Sangeetha’s corporate performance includes PEDICON India, DERMACON India, Samsung R&D Institute India. Bangalore, Oracle Corporation,  Bosch, Toyota, TVS Motor Company, Bangalore Palace, Thomson Reuters, Manking Pharma, Cognizant Kannada International Music Awards, International Food Festival, Rotary Clubs and a bunch of corporate events, college gigs, television, radio and media events.

Recently she performed with Bollywood playback singer Shaan for the mega launch of the car Toyota Yaris in India.   Her concert at UK was a sold out show at the Gracepoint, London.

Awards – Sangeetha Rajeev :

2019  –  VIMA Music Awards, Asia – Best Pop Song (Winner)

2019 – VIMA Music Awards, Asia – Best pop song (Nominee)

2018 – Kannada International Music Awards – Best Playback Singer (Nominee)

2018 – Kannada International Music Awards – Best Music Video (Nominee)

2014 – Kannada International Music Awards – Best Playback Singer

2012 – Radio city (Indian Radop Station) Super Singer – Runner up

2008 – Star India Asianet Suvarna – Confident Star Singer.

Albums composed by Sangeetha Rajeev :

2013 – Sarvasva – Kannada

2016 – Chan se Udi – Hindi

2017 – Kare – Kannada

2018 – Tu Hi – Hindi

2018 – Ee Sala Cup Namde (RCB Anthem) – Kannada

2018 – Zindagi – Hindi

2018 – Nan e life – Kannada

Her recent song Tu Salaam is a tribute to the Indian Army.

We wish Tu Salaam to be a blockbuster.

Congratulations to namma Bengaluru Pop Diva Sangeetha Rajeev  from team.