Toxic Air pollution – Karnataka/Bengaluru. Pollution is making people fall sick. In some cases, it is even fatal.
Toxic Air Pollution problem is grappling Karnataka. The worst air quality in South India is in Karnataka that kills 95 out of 1,00,000 individuals. The death rate on national average is 89.9 due to air pollution.
The toll in Karnataka is worse than the national average. The worst toxic air pollution is found in northern states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, and Bihar.
Toxic Air Pollution
Toxic air pollution occurs when harmful quantities of substances including gases, particulates, and biological molecules are introduced into earth’s atmosphere. This may cause diseases, allergies and even death to the human. More diseases like lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive lung disease, heart attacks, diabetes, and lung cancer.
It also causes harm to other living organisms like animals and food crops. Toxic air pollution damage the natural or built environment. The substance in the toxic air pollution can be solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. A pollutant can be of natural origin or man-made.
Along with harming human health, toxic air pollution can cause a variety of environmental effects. Acid rain is precipitation containing harmful amounts of nitric and sulfuric acids. These acids are formed primarily by nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides released into the atmosphere when fossil fuels are burned.
Sources of toxic air pollution:
Human activity and natural processes can generate air pollution. Anthropogenic (man-made) sources and natural sources.
Man-Made Sources :
- Fossil-fueled power stations, waste-incinerators
- Motor vehicles, marine vessels, and aircraft.
- Controlled burn practices
- Fumes from paint, aerosol spray, varnish
- Military sources
- Fertilized farmland
Natural Sources :
- Dust from natural sources
- Radon gas from radioactive decay
- Methane, emitted by the digestion of food by animals
- Volcanic activity
Mortality rate due to toxic air pollution:
The WHO (World Health Organization) estimated in 2014 that every year toxic air pollution causes the premature death of some 7 million people worldwide. India has the highest death rate due to air pollution. India also has more deaths from asthma than any other nation according to the World Health Organization.
In December 2013 air pollution was estimated to kill 500,000 people in China each year. There is a positive correlation between pneumonia-related deaths and air pollution from motor vehicle emissions.
Toxic-free clean air adds 1.7 years to life cycle in India and 1.4 years in Karnataka.
How to prevent toxic air pollution?
Prevention is better than cure. On Days when High Particle Levels are Expected, Take these Extra Steps to Reduce Pollution. Reduce the number of trips taken in the car. Reduce or eliminate fireplace and wood stove use. Avoid burning leaves, trash, and other materials.
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