Independent India: the stroke of today’s midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom,” said Jawahar Lal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, on 15th August 1947 after the country got freedom from the British rule. India was born as a free democratic country which had many challenges ahead. During the past 72 years, India has built a modern economy, remained a democracy, and lifted millions out of poverty. India has overcome different hurdles and earned global recognition in various fields. After independence, the Hindu-Muslim riots, wars with Pakistan and with China, a series of droughts and a spiraling population affected development.
This Independence Day, don’t just celebrate the freedom but take pride in what India has achieved. India has gone through several changes over the years. From the political arena to the social life, Indians have witnessed major changes in their lives. The greatest achievements of India in different fields are :
Independent India’s greatest achievements in different fields are:
- India designed and built Asia’s first nuclear reactor ‘Apsara’ on August 4, 1956. India currently has 21 nuclear reactors in operation in 7 nuclear power plants.
- India designed first space satellite, ‘Aryabhata’, in 1975 named after an Indian astronomer Aryabhata.
- Indian Space Research Organisation, India’s space agency, successfully launched Mars Orbiter Mission to probe Mars. It is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit, and the first nation in the world to do so in its first attempt.
- India successfully launched Chandrayaan in order to explore the moon. On the greatest achievements of Chadrayaan was the discovery of the widespread presence of water molecules in the lunar soil.
- Railway network in India was nationalized in 1951 and Indian Railways became one of the largest railway networks.
- India gave every adult the right to vote from its first day. Women have held high offices in India including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Leader of the Opposition.
- India is one of the four countries that refused to sign Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty on the matter of principle. India has one of the largest supplies of thorium in the world.
- India successfully launched a nuclear submarine called INS Arihant class.
The bureaucracy, unfortunately, is aped from the British. The incredible diversity of the country would make it impossible for any single reform to be acceptable to all. Last but not the least one would say there is way too much freedom for the good of social reformation. Having said all of that, I am incredibly proud to be an Indian. History has on record that we as a nation had been pillaged and conquered by many forces, but the spirit of the nation still survives and I am confident that she shall endure. Jai Hind. Vande Mataram.
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