Hypertension or BP is on rise in youngsters at Bengaluru. There is a 40% hike. Rising obesity in young people is causing lifestyle diseases. 40% of them suffer from or are suspected to shown symptoms of blood pressure fluctuations.
May 17 is the World Hypertension Day’.
- Hypertension of high blood pressure shows no symptoms
- Foods high in potassium can be beneficial for people with hypertension
World Hypertension Day :
The theme of World Hypertension Day 2019 is “Know your numbers.” The theme is meant to raise awareness about high blood pressure in people across the world. The idea is to make sure to check blood pressure regularly and know numbers in order to necessary action on time.
Knowing numbers is important because high blood pressure is a condition which does not show any particular symptoms. Anybody can have high blood pressure for years and not know about it because it causes no symptoms.
Even without visible symptoms, high blood pressure can cause damage and lead to fatal conditions like heart attack and stroke.
Blood Pressure or Hypertension :
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure. It can lead to severe complications and increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, and death.
Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. Un-managed hypertension can lead to a heart attack, stroke, and other problems.
Warning signs of hypertension :
High Blood Pressure (HBP) or hypertension is often referred to as the “silent killer” because there are no symptoms. Many people do not find out that they have high blood pressure until they have problems with their heart, kidney, or brain.
Causes of hypertension :
The exact causes of high blood pressure are not known, but several things may play a role, including:
- Being overweight or obese.
- Lack of physical activity.
- Too much salt in the diet.
- Too much alcohol consumption (more than 1 to 2 drinks per day)
- Older age.
The most common causes of hypertension include smoking, obesity or being overweight, diabetes, having a sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, high salt or alcohol intake levels, insufficient consumption of calcium, potassium or magnesium, a deficiency in vitamin D, stress, aging, chronic kidney disease and adrenal and thyroid conditions or tumors. Some individuals may also be genetically predisposed to hypertension.
Segments of Hypertension :
Hypertension can be divided into 2 segments. They are essential hypertension and secondary hypertension.
Essential segment is not connected to any other condition whereas secondary segment occurs because of other health problems related to the adrenaline gland, thyroid or kidney.
Symptoms of Hypertension :
Headaches, fatigue, confusion, dizziness, nausea, vision problems, chest pains, breathing problems, irregular heartbeat and blood in the urine are all symptoms of hypertension.
However, many cases of high blood pressure are asymptomatic, which is why periodic blood pressure screenings are recommended.
Points to remember :
- Avoiding high-salt and fatty food
- Practicing mediation to avoid stress
- Drinking around 4 litres of water everyday
- Including fruits and vegetables in diet
- Exercising five times a week. 45 minutes to 1 hour of brisk walking is ideal
Prevention is better than cure :
Healthy Diet. Choosing healthful meal and snack options can help one avoid high blood pressure and its complications. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating foods low in salt (sodium) and high in potassium can lower blood pressure.
Present scenario in Bengaluru :
According to Dr. Chandril Gunashekar, ‘a significant number of 20 year olds are now suffering from hypertension. The number of cases has increased by 40% in the last 10 years. Cases of people suffering from diabetes and hypertension is also rising which is scary”.
More and more people are aware of Blood pressure because of increased diagnosis due to health screenings and annual checkups at workplace.
Many youngsters have hypertension due to secondary causes. High consumption of salt is being one of the reasons as youngsters prefer to eat processed food which is high in salt.
Alternative Medication :
According to Dr.B.T.Chidananda Murthy who is the Chief Medical Officer at Jindal Nature-care that naturopathy is the best solution for the problem.
Under naturopathy the diet includes consumption of lemon water, tender coconut water, ash guard juice and other fruit juices.
Solid food and uncooked food are avoided. Eating fruits, salads, vegetables and sprouts are encouraged. This results in low consumption of salt and fat which in turn helps in weight reduction and high blood pressure.
Consumption of water and other forms of liquid helps in flushing out excess salt naturally. Starting the day with 4 glasses of water and a minimum consumption of 3 liters of water through the day helps in controlling hypertension.
Avoiding foods rich in starch, high protein and high fat food helps in controlling blood pressure. The diet must contain mainly seasonal fruits, vegetables and multigrain sprouts.