History of Lok Sabha :
The Parliament of India has 3 constituents 1) the President, 2) Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and 3) Lok Sabha (House of people). The present total strength of Parliament members including Lok sabha and Rajya sabha is 790 (245+545).
Lok Sabha, (Hindi: “House of the People”) the lower chamber of India’s bicameral parliament (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha). Under the constitution of 1950, its members are directly elected for a term of five years by territorial constituencies in the States. The President of India has the power to call, delay or dissolve the Lok Sabha.
India got its first Lok Sabha in April 1952, after the first General Elections were successfully concluded and the Indian National Congress (INC) came into power with 245 seats in its kitty. Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage (the right to vote in political elections). The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, which is made up by election of up to 530 members to represent the States, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the President, if, in his/ her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House.
The first general elections, which were conducted for 489 constituencies, represented 26 Indian states. The real power resides in the Prime Minister, who heads the Council of Ministers—ministers who are members of the cabinet and other ministers of State and deputy ministers. The council is responsible to the Lok Sabha.
The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543, 166 more than previous 15th Lok Sabha. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 14th prime minister of independent India. Ms.Sumitra Maharaj is the Speaker and Mr.T.Thambiduri is the Deputy Speaker. Mr. Narendra Modi is the Leader of the House and the Leader of the opposition is none, as no opposition party received 10% membership of the House. The single largest opposition party currently is the Indian National Congress, with 48 seats. Ms. Snehlata Shrivastava is the Secretary General of the 16th Lok Sabha.
The Karnataka has 28 Members of the Parliament who represent the State out of which 3 MP’s resigned viz., Mr.B.Sriramulu from Bellary (BJP) resigned on 18th May 2018, Mr.B.S.Yeduyurappa from Shimoga (BJP) on 21st May 2018 and Mr. C.S.Puttaraju from Mandya (JD(S)) on 21st May 2018.
Roles and Responsibilities of a MP to his /her State are:
First and foremost he represents the people of the constituency from where he has been selected, secondly he is elected as a representative of the State, to which his constituency belongs and finally, but not the least, the country he represents – INDIA.
MPs have responsibilities to three main groups: their constituents, Parliament and their political party. MPs’ duties in Parliament include participating in debates and voting on legislation and other matters. They may also be members of committees examining new laws or the work of government departments.
MPs split their time between working in Parliament itself, working in the constituency that elected them and working for their political party. Some MPs from the governing party (or parties) become government ministers with specific responsibilities in certain areas, such as Health or Defence.
The main roles of a Member of Parliament are to review legislation and to represent local interests in Parliament. In the House, MPs scrutinize legislation, attend debates and committees, and generally protect, advocate and promote the interests of their constituency at a national level.