De-congestion of Bengaluru roads is in progress using Japanese Technology. Roads sensors at junctions are expected to reduce traffic snarls by at-least 30%.
Seeing the present scenario the way things are moving, it looks like Bengaluru traffic police will soon get a magic wand. The State government will soon deploy advanced Japanese Traffic technology to decongest critical junctions across Bengaluru city.
Reasons for congestion :
Reasons which contribute significantly in making Bengaluru traffic worst are :-
- Common Office/School timings: School and offices use busses for their employees and students respectively. These busses come on the streets at similar timings and cram the traffic.
- Cars: Most IT professionals use cars to travel to work. This takes up a lot of space per person on already narrow streets.
- Ineffective public transport:The reason people use cars is because, the public transport is inefficient.
- Vicinity of IT parks:Major IT parks in Bangalore are located on single belt, which makes the matters worse on the Bangalore roads.
- We the people : Yes. Even we are responsible. There is inefficient traffic management; but if people would follow road discipline, the situation could become a lot better.
- QMS sensors will be used. QMS sensors will analyze vehicle density and share details with the traffic police to adjust the signal timings.
- Sensors will also analyze the speed of vehicles.
- Variable messaging signs will be installed in KR Puram, Silk Board and Trinity Circle to provide real-time traffic information.
Problems and Issues – Decongestion of Bengaluru roads :
Bengaluru population has been growing at a rate of 3.25% per year in the last decade. There has been a phenomenal growth in the population of vehicles as well especially the two and four wheelers in this period due to rising household incomes.
The number of motor vehicles registered has already crossed many lakhs. In the absence of adequate public transport system, people are using the personalized modes which is not only leading to congestion on limited road network but also increasing environmental pollution.
An average citizen of Bengaluru spends more than 240 hours stuck in traffic every year. Such delays result in loss of productivity, reduced air quality, reduced quality of life, and increased costs for services and goods.
A checklist for decongesting roads :
Synchronized signal lights, adjusted to a moderate speed level is one of the solution. Moderate, because all kinds of vehicles ply on our roads and some of them may not touch the speed limit of 40 kilometers per hour.
Heavy vehicles, cargo laden trucks and the like must be barred entry in arterial roads. If this is not possible, they must be allowed to ply only during early morning or late night hours.
Also, Bengaluru city was not meant to be a megacity. So these vehicles could be conveniently stopped at the outskirts and only those carrying a lesser load may be allowed.
It is disgusting to hear and see incidents of ambulances held up in traffic jams. The very purpose is defeated. A concerted effort is the need of the hour, and for the ones who cannot use public transport, a pooling system may be set up with the help of voluntary agencies. This could also be extended to regular office-goers, with regular timings.
Measures to decongest Bengaluru :
Bangaloreans proudly claim their city to be the world’s fourth highest congregation of technology, professionals after Silicon Valley, Boston and London.
With more firms adopting Bangalore as their base, the challenge of meeting their requirements in terms of population is a major concern, including the problem of accommodating them on the roads of the city.
- Expanding the metro to new routes
- Allowing more private corporations to operate bus transport system
- Introducing Congestion zone charge
- Stringent rules on the issue of Driving Lincese
- Co-ordination between government departments
- Car pooling
Japanese Tech to decongest Bengaluru roads :
A Japanese multinational firm is implementing the project. The Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) has issued work orders to install Que-Length measurement Sensors (QMS). The major roads covered are M.G.Road, Old Madras Road, Hosur Road, and other 29 junctions.
Cost of the project :
The project costs Rs.72 crore. The project will be executed with the assistance of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The work will be starting in the month of June.
The Japanese system is expected to reduce the traffic congestion by 30%.
How it works ?
The sensors will analyze the traffic density of the road and the automatic traffic counters send the data to Bengaluru Traffic Information Centre (B-TIC). This helps in streamlining the signals as per the density of the traffic on the road.
The Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) will be the nodal agency to implement and look after the project. 29 critical locations have been identified for the project. They are M.G.Road (12), Hosur Road(9) and Old Madras Road (8).
The QMS sensors will be installed at every 50, 100 and 150 meters of the selected road stretch.
Present scenario – decongestion of roads :
At present the traffic signals are working on pre-set timings. This method of signal release the traffic based on the actual density on roads to the entire stretch not considering the junctions.
By adopting the Japanese technology the scenario will change in future. Bengaluru will be the first city to have Management of Origin-Destination Related Adoption for Traffic Optimization (MODERATO) technology other than Japan.
The project also plans to install Variable Message Signs (VMS) in KR Puram, Silk Board and Trinity circle to provide real time information to riders about the Traffic congestion. This also includes weather related information.
The civic body BBMP is planning to float tenders for installation of VMS along 80 junctions for which the Detailed Project Report (DPR) will be finalized within 15 days.