Women MP’s (Member of Parliament) has increased to 78 numbers in the Lok Sabha 2019 elections. Out of 542 MPs who will take oath as members of the lower house in the next few days, 78 are women with Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal leading at 11 each. Karnataka is sending 2 MP’s Shobha karandlaje of BJP and Sumalatha Ambareesh – an Independent party.
Out of the 78 women who won, few are celebrities, such as Smriti Irani, Mimi Chakraborty, Hema Malini, Nusrat Jahan, and Kirron Kher.
LS Women contestants :
A total of 724 women candidates contested from across the country with Congress fielding the maximum women at 54 followed closely by BJP at 53 in LS 2019.
It was 61 MP’s in 2014. Also a record then, that has jumped to 65 at one point following more women winning by-polls during the last five years.
While in 2009, there were 59 women MPs, their number was 45 in 2004 and 49 in 1999. The least number of women in the Lok Sabha were in 1957, which stood at 22.
With over 14 per cent female MPs, the 17th Lok Sabha will have the highest number of women candidates since 1952. In 16th Lok Sabha, 64 women had won, while 52 women were elected to the 15th Lok Sabha.
Prominent women MP’s in 2019 :
The giant killer is Smriti Irani who defeated Rahul Gandhi in Amethi. Another giant killer among the women MP’s is Sumalatha Ambareesh who defeated H.D.Kumaraswamy’s son Nikhil Kumaraswamy in Mandya.
The other prominent winners includes UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, BJP’s Pragya Thakur and Maneka Gandhi, NCP’s Supriya Sule and DKM’s Kanimozhi.
Among the losers are Mahila Congress Chief Sushmita Dev, Trinamool Congress’ Moon Moon Sen and Congress Ranjeet Ranjan.
Among the prominent losers are Mahila Congress chief Sushmita Dev, Trinamool Congress’ Moon Moon Sen, and Congress’ Ranjeet Ranjan. BJP’s Vadodara winner Ranjanaben Bhatt had won of the seat with 5,89,177 votes, the highest among women candidates.
Number of Women Candidates:
As many as 222 women contested the polls independently. A total of 8,049 candidates were in the fray in the parliamentary polls.
Four transgender candidates contested the elections independently, while the AAP was the only party to field a transgender nominee. But all transgender candidates lost in the polls.
The highest number of women candidates were fielded from Uttar Pradesh at 104, followed by Maharashtra. Sixty-four women candidates have been fielded from Tamil Nadu, 55 from Bihar and 54 from West Bengal.
Criminal records :
There were 668 women candidates in 2014 polls, it rose to 724 this time while for men, it declined from 7,577 to 7,215.
Of this, 78 (11%) women candidates had serious criminal cases charges against them this time, as against 51 (8%) last time. Two of them are convicted candidates while four have murder charges against them, 16 have attempt to murder and 14 crime against women. 255 (36%) were crorepatis.
First time women MP Winners:
Jothimani S, elected from the Karur constituency, is the only woman MP from the Congress party in Tamil Nadu. The 43-year-old author has a Masters in Philosophy from Annamalai University and is known for her short stories.
Ramya Haridas emerged as one of the most popular Congress politicians in Kerala when she won the Alathur Lok Sabha constituency by over one lakh votes on May 23.
The 32-year-old Dalit woman had to fight against heavy odds – including sexist barbs and character assassination attempts – as she defeated two-time incumbent PK Biju in a constituency known as a citadel of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). She is the only woman elected to Lok Sabha from Kerala in 2019, and the second Dalit woman MP from Kerala so far.
Mahua Moitra is elected from Krishnanagar, West Bengal. An investment banker who grew up in Kolkata, went to college in the United States and worked at JP Morgan for several years. She contested as an All India Trinamool Congress candidate and managed to defeat her BJP opponent – former footballer Kalyan Chaubey – by a margin of more than 65,000 votes.
Women in Politics :
Mimi Chakraborty, Jadavpur – AITC
Aparupa Poddar, Arambag – AITC
Locket Chatterjee, Hooghly – AITC
Pratima Mondal, Joynagar – AITC
Sajda Ahmed, Uluberia – AITC
Sougata Roy, Dum Dum – AITC
Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar, Barasat – AITC
Mala Roy, Kolkata Dakshin – AITC
Mahua Moitra, Krishnanagar – AITC
Uttar Pradesh :
Anupriya Patel, Mirzapur – Apna Dal
Sonia Gandhi, Rae Bareli – INC
Sanghmitra Maurya, Badaun – BJP
Keshari Patel, Phulpur – BJP
Smriti Irani, Amethi – BJP
Hema Malini, Mathura – BJP
Maneka Gandhi, Sultanpur – BJP
Rita Bahuguna Joshi, Prayagraj – BJP
Niranjan Jyoti, Fatehpur – BJP
Rekha Verma, Dhaurahra – BJP
Sangeeta Azad, Lalganj – BSP
Poonam Mahajan, Mumbai North Central – BJP
Heena Vijayakumar Gavit, Nandurbhar – BJP
Bhavana Gawali, Yavatmal-Washim – Shivsena
Bharati Pravin Pawar, Dindori – BJP
Supriya Sule, Baramati – NCP
Pritam Munde, Beed – BJP
Raksha Khadse, Raver – BJP
Navnit Rana, Amravati – Independent (NCP support)
Aparajita Sarangi, Bhubaneswar – BJP
Sangeeta Kumari Singh Deo, Bolangir -BJP
Pratima Bisoyi, Aska – BJP
Rajashree Mallick, Jagatsinghpur – BJD
Manjulata Mandal, Bhadrak – BJD
Chandrani Murmu, Keonjhar – BJD
Bharati Ben Shiyal, Bhavnagar – BJP
Geetaben Rathva, Chhota Udaipur – BJP
Poonamben Maadam, Jamnagar – BJP
Darshana Jardosh, Surat – BJP
Ranjanben Bhatt, Vadodara – BJP
Andhra Pradesh :
Chinta Anuradha, Amalapuram – YSCRP
Goddeti Madhavi, Aruku – YSCRP
Vanga Geethaviswanath, Kakinada – YSCRP
Beesetti Venkata Satyavathi, Anakapalli – YSCRP
Madhya Pradesh :
Pragya Singh Thakur, Bhopal – BJP
Sandhya Ray, Bhind – BJP
Riti Pathak, Sidhi – BJP
Himadri Singh, Shahdol – BJP
Jyotsna Mahant, Korba – INC
Gomtee Sai, Raigarh – BJP
Renuka Singh, Sarguja – BJP
Rama Devi, Sheohar – BJP
Veena Devi, Vaishali – LJP
Kavita Singh, Siwan – JD(U)
Ranjeeta Kohli, Bharatpur – BJP
Jas Kaur Meena, Dausa – BJP
Diya Kumari, Rajsamand – BJP
Tamil Nadu :
Kanimozhi Karunanidhi, Thoothukudi – DMK
Thamizhachi Thangapandian (Sumathy), Chennai South – DMK
Jothimani Sennimalai, Karur – INC
Sumalatha Ambareesh, Mandya – Independent (BJP support)
Shobha Karandlaje, Udupi Chikmagalur – BJP
Annapurna Devi, Kodarma – BJP
Geeta Kora, Singhbhum- INC
Pratima Bhowmik, Tripura West – BJP
Suneeta Duggal, Sirsa – BJP
Agatha K Sangma, Tura – NPP
Queen Ojha, Gauhati – BJP
Ramya Haridas, Alathur – INC
Preneet Kaur, Patiala – INC
Maloth Kavitha, Mahabubabad – TRS
Mala Rajya Laxmi Shah, Tehri Garhwa – BJP.