Women MP’s increased to 78  in LS polls 2019

Women MP’s increased to 78 in LS polls 2019

Women MP’s (Member of Parliament) has increased to 78 numbers in the Lok Sabha 2019 elections.   Out of 542 MPs who will take oath as members of the lower  house in the next few days, 78 are women with Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal leading at 11 each.  Karnataka is sending 2 MP’s Shobha karandlaje of BJP and Sumalatha Ambareesh – an Independent  party.

Out of the 78 women who won, few are celebrities, such as Smriti Irani, Mimi Chakraborty, Hema Malini, Nusrat Jahan, and Kirron Kher.

LS Women contestants :

A total of 724 women candidates contested from across the country with Congress fielding the maximum women at 54 followed closely by BJP at 53 in LS 2019. 

It was 61 MP’s in 2014.  Also a record then, that has jumped to 65 at one point following more women winning by-polls during the last five years.

While in 2009, there were 59 women MPs, their number was 45 in 2004 and 49 in 1999. The least number of women in the Lok Sabha were in 1957, which stood at 22.

With over 14 per cent female MPs, the 17th Lok Sabha will have the highest number of women candidates since 1952. In 16th Lok Sabha, 64 women had won, while 52 women were elected to the 15th Lok Sabha. 

Prominent women MP’s in 2019 :

The giant killer is Smriti Irani who defeated Rahul Gandhi in Amethi.   Another giant killer among the women MP’s is Sumalatha Ambareesh who defeated H.D.Kumaraswamy’s son Nikhil Kumaraswamy in Mandya.

Smriti Irani

 

Sumalatha Ambareesh

The other prominent winners includes UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi, BJP’s Pragya Thakur and Maneka Gandhi, NCP’s Supriya Sule and DKM’s Kanimozhi.

Among the losers are Mahila Congress Chief Sushmita Dev, Trinamool Congress’ Moon Moon Sen and Congress Ranjeet Ranjan.

Among the prominent losers are Mahila Congress chief Sushmita Dev, Trinamool Congress’ Moon Moon Sen, and Congress’ Ranjeet Ranjan. BJP’s Vadodara winner Ranjanaben Bhatt had won of the seat with 5,89,177 votes, the highest among women candidates.

Number of Women Candidates:

As many as 222 women contested the polls independently.  A total of 8,049 candidates were in the fray in the parliamentary polls.

Four transgender candidates contested the elections independently, while the AAP was the only party to field a transgender nominee. But all transgender candidates lost in the polls.

The highest number of women candidates were fielded from Uttar Pradesh at 104, followed by Maharashtra. Sixty-four women candidates have been fielded from Tamil Nadu, 55 from Bihar and 54 from West Bengal.

Criminal records :

There were 668 women candidates in 2014 polls, it rose to 724 this time while for men, it declined from 7,577 to 7,215.

Of this, 78 (11%) women candidates had serious criminal cases charges against them this time, as against 51 (8%) last time. Two of them are convicted candidates while four have murder charges against them, 16 have attempt to murder and 14 crime against women. 255 (36%) were crorepatis.

First time women MP Winners:

Jothimani S, elected from the Karur constituency, is the only woman MP from the Congress party in Tamil Nadu. The 43-year-old author has a Masters in Philosophy from Annamalai University and is known for her short stories.

Ramya Haridas emerged as one of the most popular Congress politicians in Kerala when she won the Alathur Lok Sabha constituency by over one lakh votes on May 23.

The 32-year-old Dalit woman had to fight against heavy odds – including sexist barbs and character assassination attempts – as she defeated two-time incumbent PK Biju in a constituency known as a citadel of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). She is the only woman elected to Lok Sabha from Kerala in 2019, and the second Dalit woman MP from Kerala so far.

Ramya Haridas

Mahua Moitra is elected from Krishnanagar, West Bengal.  An investment banker who grew up in Kolkata, went to college in the United States and worked at JP Morgan for several years.   She contested as an All India Trinamool Congress candidate and managed to defeat her BJP opponent – former footballer Kalyan Chaubey – by a margin of more than 65,000 votes.

Mahua Moitra

Women in Politics :

West Bengal

Mimi Chakraborty, Jadavpur – AITC

Aparupa Poddar, Arambag – AITC

Locket Chatterjee, Hooghly – AITC

Pratima Mondal, Joynagar – AITC

Sajda Ahmed, Uluberia – AITC

Sougata Roy, Dum Dum – AITC

Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar, Barasat – AITC

Mala Roy, Kolkata Dakshin – AITC

Mahua Moitra, Krishnanagar – AITC

Uttar Pradesh :

Anupriya Patel, Mirzapur – Apna Dal

Sonia Gandhi, Rae Bareli – INC

Sanghmitra Maurya, Badaun – BJP

Keshari Patel, Phulpur – BJP

Smriti Irani, Amethi – BJP

Hema Malini, Mathura – BJP

Maneka Gandhi, Sultanpur – BJP

Rita Bahuguna Joshi, Prayagraj – BJP

Niranjan Jyoti, Fatehpur – BJP

Rekha Verma, Dhaurahra – BJP

Sangeeta Azad, Lalganj – BSP

Maharashtra : 

Poonam Mahajan, Mumbai North Central – BJP

Heena Vijayakumar Gavit, Nandurbhar – BJP

Bhavana Gawali, Yavatmal-Washim – Shivsena

Bharati Pravin Pawar, Dindori – BJP

Supriya Sule, Baramati – NCP

Pritam Munde, Beed – BJP

Raksha Khadse, Raver – BJP

Navnit Rana, Amravati – Independent (NCP support)

Orissa : 

Aparajita Sarangi, Bhubaneswar – BJP

Sangeeta Kumari Singh Deo, Bolangir -BJP

Pratima Bisoyi, Aska – BJP

Rajashree Mallick, Jagatsinghpur – BJD

Manjulata Mandal, Bhadrak – BJD

Chandrani Murmu, Keonjhar – BJD

Gujarat :

 Bharati Ben Shiyal, Bhavnagar – BJP

Geetaben Rathva, Chhota Udaipur – BJP

Poonamben Maadam, Jamnagar – BJP

Darshana Jardosh, Surat – BJP

Ranjanben Bhatt, Vadodara – BJP

Andhra Pradesh :

Chinta Anuradha, Amalapuram – YSCRP

Goddeti Madhavi, Aruku – YSCRP

Vanga Geethaviswanath, Kakinada – YSCRP

Beesetti Venkata Satyavathi, Anakapalli – YSCRP

Madhya Pradesh :

Pragya Singh Thakur, Bhopal – BJP

Sandhya Ray, Bhind – BJP

Riti Pathak, Sidhi – BJP

Himadri Singh, Shahdol – BJP

Chattisgarh :

Jyotsna Mahant, Korba – INC

Gomtee Sai, Raigarh – BJP

Renuka Singh, Sarguja – BJP

Bihar :

Rama Devi, Sheohar – BJP

Veena Devi, Vaishali – LJP

Kavita Singh, Siwan – JD(U)

Rajasthan :

Ranjeeta Kohli, Bharatpur – BJP

Jas Kaur Meena, Dausa – BJP

Diya Kumari, Rajsamand – BJP

Tamil Nadu :

Kanimozhi Karunanidhi, Thoothukudi – DMK

Thamizhachi Thangapandian (Sumathy), Chennai South – DMK

Jothimani Sennimalai, Karur – INC

Karnataka :

Sumalatha Ambareesh, Mandya – Independent (BJP support)

Shobha Karandlaje, Udupi Chikmagalur – BJP

Jharkhand :

Annapurna Devi, Kodarma – BJP

Geeta Kora, Singhbhum- INC

Tripura :

Pratima Bhowmik, Tripura West – BJP

Haryana :

Suneeta Duggal, Sirsa – BJP

Meghalaya :

Agatha K Sangma, Tura – NPP

Assam :

Queen Ojha, Gauhati – BJP

Kerala :

Ramya Haridas, Alathur – INC

Punjab :

Preneet Kaur, Patiala – INC

Telangana :

Maloth Kavitha, Mahabubabad – TRS

Uttarakhand :

Mala Rajya Laxmi Shah, Tehri Garhwa – BJP.

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