Holiday Destinations near Bengaluru:

Holiday Destinations near Bengaluru:

Holiday destinations near, in and around Bengaluru are plenty.  Bengaluru enjoys a location advantage with its proximity to several holiday destinations and States.  One can choose from an array of Holiday Destinations Near Bengaluru to take a break from the humdrum of the city.

Bengaluru – a Metropolitan city  – Holiday destination :

Bengaluru is the 5th largest city and is known as the Garden City of India. Due to the large number of technology companies established in the city, it is often referred to as the ‘Silicon Valley’ of India.

The modern city of Bengaluru was founded over 400 years ago and gained prominence in the 18th century, when it became an important fort city under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan of Mysuru.

Bengaluru city itself is a holiday destination.  The city has a lot to places to visit. 

Bengaluru has many attractions and is perfect for expeditions and day trips to nearby hill stations. There are a number of best places to visit in Bengaluru, which include Lalbagh Garden, Cubbon Park, Tipu Sultan’s Palace, Bengaluru Palace, Vishweshwaraiah Museum, HAL Aerospace Museum, Bull Temple, Bannerghatta National Park, Vidhana Soudha and ISKCON temple.

All these places are a beautiful blend of palaces, gardens, museums, temples and man-made beauty; so one can choose to visit the best ones according to preference and choice.

Some of the holiday destinations around Bengaluru :  :

The following places can be seen in one day.

Mysuru – Historical & Heritage city :

At a distance of 139 km from Bengaluru and is one of the holiday destination.    Mysuru is the 2nd biggest City in Karnataka. It is the erstwhile capital of the Mysuru Maharajas, who ruled the Mysuru State between 1399 & 1947. Mysuru still retains its old world charm with its palaces, heritage buildings, traditions and temples.

At an altitude of 763 meters surrounded by hill ranges from north to south, it is known as the City of Palaces. Mysuru is one of the top destinations to visit as part of 2 day trip near Bengaluru and Mysuru Palace is among the must include place.

According to this story in the mythological Devi Purana, Mysuru was ruled by the demon-king Mahishasura. He was called Mahishasura, because he was a buffalo-headed monster.

Hearing to the prayers of Gods and Goddess to save them from the monster, Goddess Parvathi took birth as Chamundeswari and killed the monster. Hence, this place came to be known as Mahishuru, later became Maisuru & Mysuru.

Mysuru has several tourist attractions including palaces, museums, temples, gardens, etc. Mysuru Palace, Chamundi Hill Temple, Mysuru Zoo are the most famous places to visit in Mysuru. Srirangapatna and Brindavan Gardens are major attractions close to city.

Shivannasamudra falls :

It is at a distance of 130 km from Bengaluru.  It is a holiday destination which can be covered in one day.  Shivanasamudra is a famous waterfall situated in Mandya District.  This is one of the best waterfalls near Bengaluru  and also among popular one day trip from Bengaluru.  

These waterfalls are also known as Siva Samudram, literally meaning Shiva’s Sea. Shivanasamudra is a segmented waterfall with several parallel stream formed adjacent to each other.

Situated on River Kaveri, Shivanasamudra is among the popular Tourist places.  The island of Shivanasamudra divides Kaveri River into two parts that form two waterfalls, one is Gaganachukki and the other is Bharachukki.

Gaganachukki and Barachukki Falls are collectively called as Shivanasamudra Falls though Gaganachukki is most commonly represented as Shivanasamudra Falls. This place offers breathtaking sight in the peak monsoons.

Gaganachukki includes a huge horsetail shaped waterfall dropping from a height of 90 m and two large parallel streams that cascade down through a rocky bed from a height of over 320 feet.

The currents here are quite strong and the gorge is quite deep. So, swimming is not permitted here. Asia’s first hydroelectric power station was set up in the downstream of the falls in the year 1905. The power generated here was initially used in Kolar Gold Fields.

Lepakshi :

It is 124 km from Bengaluru City Junction.  Lepakshi is a small village which lies 14 km east of Hindupur in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. It is the one of the important heritage sites in Andhra Pradesh highlighting the legacy of Vijayanagara Dynasty.  It is a one day holiday destination.

Lepakshi was founded in the 16th century during the reign of the Vijayanagara king, Aliiya Rama Raya. Virupanna, the royal treasurer was accused of drawing funds without the king’s permission from the state treasury to build the Veerabhadra temple at Lepakshi.

However, he blinded himself to avoid the king’s punishment. Even today one can see two dark stains upon the wall near the Kalyana Mandapa, which are said to be the marks made by his eyes. Hence the village is called ‘Lepa-akshi’, means a village of the blinded eye.

Lepakshi is the centre of some of the finest temple architecture and paintings. Lepakshi consists of three important shrines dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and Veerabhadra, of which Veerabhadra temple is the most important place to visit. The temples of Papanatheswara, Raghunatha, Srirama, Veerabhadra and Durga are located in the same complex on a hillock named as Kurma Saila (tortoise shaped hill). 

Srirangapatna :

It is 124 km from Bengaluru.  The entire town is surrounded by the river Kaveri to form a river island.  This holiday destination can be seen in a day.

According to history, Srirangapatna was founded by the rulers of Ganga dynasty in 9th century. However, the destination came into the limelight during the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire. The rise of the Wodeyar kings marked the downfall of the Vijayanagara Empire.

During the reign of the Wodeyar kings, Raja Wodeyar conquered Rangaraya in 1610, who was then the viceroy of Srirangapatna. From 1610, the town of Srirangapattana was the capital of Mysuru state. Hyder Ali defeated the Wodeyar King and made Srirangapatna their capital for a brief period.

In the Battle of Srirangapatna in 1799, Tipu Sultan was killed inside the fort by the combined armies of Nizam of Hyderabad and the British. In addition, this battle also marked the last engagement of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War.

The town takes its name from the celebrated Ranganathaswamy temple which dominates the town, making Srirangapatna one of the most important Vaishnavite centers of pilgrimage in South India.

The Srirangapatna temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is one of the largest temples in Karnataka.

Horsley hills :

It is at a distance of 166 km from Bengaluru.  Horsley Hills is a famous Hill Station in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the best. This is one of the popular Bengaluru  getaways/ holiday destination  for a weekend trip.

Situated at an altitude of 1265 meters, Horsley Hills is an exciting place to visit. The old name of Horsley Hills was Yenugu Mallamma Konda. According to the legend there used to be a little girl named Mallamma who was taken care by Elephants. She used to heal tribal people on the hills. When she disappeared suddenly, people thought she was a goddess and built a temple for her.

Later the place is named after W.D. Horsley, the Collector of Cuddapah district. He visited this place and was impressed by the beauty of the hills and chose this spot for his summer residence.

The major tourist places around Horsley hills are Lake Gangotri, View points, Gali Banda, Environmental Park and the Horsley Hills Museum. Horsley Hills is also one of the few places to offer Zorbing in India.

But it requires prior reservation a day before and is normally offered on a group package of minimum 20 participants. Other adventure sports conducted are rappelling and trekking. 

Somnathpur :

It is at a distance of 137 km from Bengaluru and a well known holiday destination.   Somnathpur is well known for the breathtaking Prasanna Chennakesava Temple, one of the three famous & finest representations of Hoysala architecture (other two being temples at Belur & Halebid).

This is one of the three Hoysala temples nominated for UNESCO World Heritage Site status. This is one of the popular tourist places to visit near Benglauru and one of the wonderful weekend getaways. The Hoysala temples are known for minute & intricate carvings and sculptures with metal like polishing.

Located on the banks of Cauvery River, Chennakesava Temple was built in 1268 by Somnatha, a general of King Narasimha III. The temple stands on a raised platform like other Hoysala temples. The temple comprises three shrines and three wonderfully carved peaks with a common Mandapa. The three sanctums once housed beautifully carved idols of Keshava, Janardhana and Venugopala.

The most characteristic feature of this temple is its 16 different ceilings, each depicting a different stage of a blooming plantain (banana flower). Small and large pieces of finely carved stone chips are set in complicated patterns. One of the main highlights of this temple is the central wall space.

There are images of deities decorated with heavy jewellery, bangles on every arm, towering crowns and chunky anklets. The vimana over the sanctums have greatly carved images of gods.

Talakadu :

Talakadu is a historical holiday destination which was once a famous pilgrimage site. Situated on the banks of Kaveri River, Talakadu is a beautiful place surrounded by temples.  Talakadu had over 30 temples, most are them are buried in the sand today.

Some of these temples have been excavated and are open for public. There are five temples dedicated to Lord Siva – Pathaleshwara, Maruleshwara, Arkeshwara, Vaideeshwara and Mallikarjuneshwara Temple. The Keerthinarayana temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is a beautiful site with wonderful carvings.

Talakadu was ruled by several dynasties – Gangas, Hoysalas, Rashtra Kootas and Vijayanagara Kings. The temples of Talakadu have mixed architecture styles of these dynasties. Talakadu is also known for ‘Curse of Talakad’ by Alamelamma on the Wodeyar Dynasty of Mysuru.

A famous festival called Pancha Linga Darshana is celebrated here once in 12 years. It is held on new moon day in the month of Karthika when two stars conjoin, the stars of Khuha Yoga and Vishaka.

Kaigal Falls / Dumukurallu Waterfalls (Near Kanipakam)

It is 123 km from Bengaluru.  The waterfall is natural, perennial and water comes from a big rock at a height of 40 feet, irrespective of seasons. But its force and beauty is increased during the Monsoon season.

The name Dumukurallu waterfalls came into prominence because of its sound resembling the fall of stones from above. This holiday destination can be covered in a day.

The falls is formed by the Kaigal stream which is one of the two streams flowing through Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary. There is a big pond below the waterfalls and this is a nice place to visit for nature lovers. It is situated in a dense forest with plenty of birds, shrubs, trees and wildlife.

The falls is particularly popular picnic destination for people from surrounding areas. There is a shivalinga installed near the falls which attracts pilgrims from nearby villages during Shivaratri festival.

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary :

Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is a small sanctuary spread across 67 sq.kms. It is one of the popular holiday destination / places to visit in Srirangapatna. 

The sanctuary comprises of six islets on the banks of the Kaveri River. It was declared in 1940 as a result of many requests from Dr Salim Ali who surveyed the birds in this area. Since then, the sanctuary has become a paradise for bird watchers.

The sanctuary is a breeding ground for many migratory birds from all over the world. It is home to a wide species of birds including cormorants, darters, white ibis, spoon billed storks, open billed storks, painted storks, white necked storks, egrets, herons, terns, swallows, kingfishers, sandpiper etc. 

A boat ride takes visitors to the six islets crowded with a number of species of birds. The best time to visit the sanctuary is between June & October.

Bilikal Rangaswamy Betta :

It is at a distance of 75 km from Bengaluru. It is one of the highest hills in the area. It is also called as Bilikal Betta means white rocks. This is a good destination for short one day trekking from Bengaluru.

Bilikal Rangaswamy Betta lies at an elevation of 3780 ft. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Rangaswamy at the peak of Bilikal Betta. This temple is located underneath a huge, white colored rock.

The temple priest lives near to the temple and is the only person living at the peak. Every year, pilgrims from the surrounding area climb this hill to celebrate a festival at the Rangaswamy temple at the top.

The Trekking Trail starts from Konala Doddi (which is about 58 kms from Bengaluru City Junction – Bilikal Betta is 6 kms from here). Bilikal Rangaswamy Trek is a moderate one with a well marked path up till the peak.

The trekking takes 2.5 hrs uphill and about 1.5 hr downhill. The trail begins with a half kilometer walk on a relatively level path, after which the forest becomes denser and the gradient of slope increases drastically. The trail constantly winds uphill at an incline and includes slightly steep stretches. 

Skandagiri  / Kalavara Durga :

It is at a distance of 61 km from Bengaluru and a popular holiday destination.  Skandagiri is an ancient mountain fortress lies at an altitude of about 1350 m. It is geographically located close to Nandi HIlls.

This is among the best places for trekking near Bangalore especially famous for night treks, camping and bird watching.

Skandagiri is also known as Kalavara Durga. It has an ancient dilapidated fort that belonged to a local king and was later concurred and used by Tipu Sultan. After Tipu’s downfall, the fort was ignored and laid in ruins.

The Skandagiri trek is a moderately difficult trek. There are two routes to reach the base of the hill. One is from Chikballapur town and the other as a detour from the road that leads to Nandi Hills.

The trek starts from the Papagni Temple at the foot of the hill. This steep and fantastic trek through a maze of dense shrub is highly interesting. There are six series of stonewalls protecting an abandoned ancient temple on the hilltop.

At the top of the hill is a stretch of flat area that has a temple and few stone pillars belonging to ancient houses. This 8 km trek comprises of ascending and descending through rugged terrains and can be completed within 4-5 hours of ascending and descending.

Avani :

It is 98.5 km from Bengaluru City. Avani is a small village in Kolar district of Karnataka. It is renowned for housing varied ancient temples. Avani is one of top historical places to visit.

The village of Avani received a prominent place mainly due to the legends associated with it. According to mythology, goddess Sita gave birth to her twin children Lava-Kusha at Avani. It is also said that the war between Lord Rama and his sons Lava and Kusha took place in this village. As per the local belief, sage Valmiki, the author of the epic Ramayana was residing here during the period of Ramayana.

Another legend has it that when Sri Narasimha Bharati IV of the Sringeri Sharada Peetham was on his sancharas’, he camped here for a few days. During his stay in Avani, he discovered an idol of Goddess Sharada.

The idol was in standing posture flanked by Adi Shankaracharya with Sri Chakra. He established a new Mutt, which is presently known as Avani Sringeri Jagadguru Shankaracharya Sharada Peetham.  

Janapada Loka :

At a distance of 52 Kms from Bengaluru City Railway Station is a holiday destination to be covered in a day. The Folk Art Museum or Janapada Loka is situated on the Bengaluru – Mysuru highway near Ramanagaram. This is one of the popular places of interest in Bengaluru.

Numerous collections of masks, artifacts, costumes, collection of folk music and videos of folk dances are exhibited in the museum. Spread over 15 acres, the artifacts in the museum are kept in three buildings namely Lokamahal, Lokamatha Mandira and Chitrakuteera.

In Lokamahal the visitors can find interesting folk puppets, utensils, instruments, weapons and masks. In Lokamatha Mandira a wide variety of baskets, utensils and earthen jars are featured which were used to store & grain pickles. In the Chitrakuteera a number of photographs covering different aspects of folk life is displayed. 

The other attraction of the museum is a huge elegantly carved temple chariot. The museum also has an amazing amphitheatre. There is a lake at the rear end of the museum with boating facility.

Sangama / Mekedatu :

It is at a distance of 93 Km from Bengaluru (via Kanakapura). Sangama is the place where Arakavathi river merges with River Kaveri. From this point, about 3.5 kilometers downstream, Mekedatu is a place where river Kaveri flows through a deep and narrow gorge.   It is a holiday destination favored by youngsters.

Mekedatu means goat’s leap in Kannada. River Kaveri flows into a deep and narrow gorge, so narrow that a goat could leap over it and that is how it got its name. It is said that a goat being chased by a tiger saved its life by jumping over the gorge whereas the tiger did not attempt to take the risk and abandoned the chase.

When reaching the gorge the river flows ferociously onto the rocks sculpting them into some amazing shapes. The river Kaveri flows through a deep ravine of just 5-10 meter wide. The water flow is very fierce at this place during monsoons making it very dangerous to swim here.

Sangama, 3.5 kms ahead of Mekedatu, is the confluence of Kaveri and Arakavathi. At Sangama, Kaveri River is more than 150 meters wide at the confluence and flows through a narrow 5-10 meter gorge at Mekedatu. Coracle ride at Sangama is a delightful experience.

Ramanagara :

It is at a distance of 53 km from Bengaluru.  Ramanagara initially gained popularity as the iconic place where the cult film “Sholay” was shot. Covered by granite rocks and boulders, it has grown into to a favorite spot for adventure activities and a fast-growing holiday destination around Bangalore. Ramanagaram is popular for trekking, rock climbing and exploring caves.

It is a famous adventurous holiday destination.

Savandurga hills :

It is at a distance of 60 km from Bengaluru.   Savandurga Hills is considered to be among the largest single rock formations in Asia. Located near the Amaravati river, the attraction offers an unparalleled view of the scenic beauty surrounding it.

It is ideal for rock climbing, trekking or just spending a few lazy days soaking in the panoramic view of nature’s bounty.

Bheemeshwari :

It is at a distance of 104 km from Bengaluru.  Surrounded by dense forest and lying amidst steep valleys, Bheemeshwari is a fantasy for natural habitat lovers. With the Cauvery flowing in serenity, tourists can explore fishing camps which engage in catching the Mahseer fish found in its waters.

The lush greenery is home to several wildlife species, and you can take part in adventure sports like rafting, or enjoy a coracle ride or even indulge in a nature walk to catch rare sights of birds and rejuvenate. The Elephant Campsite along the river is a great route to trek through the jungle trail.

Nandi Hills :

It is at a distance of 60 km from Bengaluru. Nandi Hills or Nandidurga is a popular trekkig destination near Bangalore. Located close to Skandagiri, it is one of the must visit places for trekking enthusiasts.

It gets its name from the ancient Nandi or bull which is meant to be the mount of Lord Shiva. These hills are the source of the rivers Palar, Arkavati and Pennar. It was one of the Tipu’s summer retreats.

There are about 1,200 steps laid from foot of the hill to reach the top. Bhoga Nandishwara Temple situated at the foot of the hills is a must see place which houses a 1000 year old sculpture of Nandi. 

Tipu Sultan’s Summer Palace and Tipu’s Drop, a 600 ft cliff from where Tipu Sultan used to throw his prisoners, offers a spectacular view of the valley. Amrita Sarovar Lake, ruins of Tipu Sultan’s fort are other places to visit. There are also three temples dedicated to Sri Ugra Narasimha, Sri Yoga Narasimha and Sri Bhoga Narasimha. 

Chunchi falls :

It is at a distance of 83 km from Bengaluru.   Chunchi Falls on the River Arkavathi is one of the famous weekend getaways.

Water drops from a height of about 100 feet through multiple tiers into a small pool creating a swimming pool with running water. It is an ideal place to swim, play & relax in water amidst naturally formed rock formations. This place is usually crowded on weekends. A little walk is required from the nearest road point to reach the falls.

The place is little dangerous due to the slippery rocks and deep gorge on the way to the falls. 

Anthargange :

It is at a distance of 80 km from Bengaluru and is a holiday destination which can be covered in a day.  Anthargange is a wonderful tourist place near Bangalore with religious significance as well as a nature & trekking destination. The place is famous for Anthargange Caves and Temple and which are quite famous as ideal places for trekking from Bengaluru.

Anthargange literally means Inner Spring, named after a spring originated in the hill and water flows through a bull statue at the temple in middle of the Anthargange hill.

The temple is situated amidst thick vegetation and a wonderful spot to experience natural beauty of the area. Motorable road is available close to the temple but vehicles need to be parked at the entrance of the hill and need to walk up hill for about 15 minutes to reach the temple.

The temple is very ancient and considered sacred. There is a water pool formed by the water sourced from the spring. The place is full of monkeys and they also attack pilgrims for food sometimes. Visitors are advised to be careful and also take care of kids.

The Anthargange Caves are located on the peak which is about an hour trek from the temple. There are several caves on the hill top that can be explored by foot. Some of the caves are quite big and good for camping. Several visitors trek up the hill to camp overnight on the hill.

There are a lot of holiday destinations in and around Bengaluru.  Do not wait, get your bags packed, pick a destination of your choice and get yourself relaxed on a wonderful weekend holiday.

Digital libraries  – Karnataka – Bengaluru

Digital libraries – Karnataka – Bengaluru

Digital libraries will soon be a
reality in Bengaluru city and in other places in Karnataka. 

Cloud based digital libraries will be set up in 30 districts, 26 cities and in 216 taluks in Karnataka State.  This facility offers its members access to books and other resources.  A member of a library can study and test materials through websites and mobile app.

Over the past few years, libraries throughout the world have been in a state of transformation as a result of the impact of information technology.

No area of the library has remained untouched. The impact on collections, services, staff, and facilities has had major ramifications on budgets, planning, and training.

the concept of Digital Library has come which focus on access and service not
on buildings and volume.

Digital library :

A digital library is a collection of documents in organized electronic form, available on the Internet or on CD-ROM (compact-disk read-only memory) disks. Depending on the specific library, a user may be able to access magazine articles, books, papers, images, sound files, and videos.

library has certain characteristics, which make them different from traditional
library. It has expansive and accurate system of searching with large volumes
of text, image and audio-video resources. Digital libraries do not need physical space
to build collection and it can be accessed from anywhere, any time.

Need of E-library :

Digital libraries are systems providing user with coherent access to a very
large, organized repository of information and knowledge Digital library is a global virtual library. As a
result of this there is a worldwide need and trend to collect organize manage, protect and
distribute information in digital form.

The digital/Electronic Library System enables users to obtain open digitized
data from anywhere in the world by online access. With the various functions as
shown below, the Electronic Library System supports a series of user’s
actions for searching and reading books.


early history of libraries is poorly documented, but several key thinkers are
connected to the emergence of this concept. Predecessors include Paul Otlet and
Henri La Fontaine’s Mundaneum.  An
attempt begun in 1895 to gather and systematically catalogue the world’s
knowledge, the hope of bringing about world peace.

establishment of the digital library was total dependent on the progress in the
age of the internet. It not only provided the means to compile the digital
library but the access to the books by millions of individuals on the World
Wide Web.

early example of a digital library is the Education Resources information
Center (ERIC) a database of education citations and abstracts, which was
created in 1964 and made available online through DIALOG in 1969.

There are four major
types of libraries:

  1. Academic libraries serve colleges and universites.
  2. Public libraries serve cities and towns of all types.
  3. School libraries serve students from Kindergarten to grade 12.
  4. Special libraries are in specialized environments, such as hospitals, corporations, museums, the military, private business, and the government.


A digital library is not confined to a
particular location or so called building it is virtually distributed all over
the world. The user can get his/ her information on his own computer screen by
using the Internet. 

  1.  No Physical boundary
  2. Round the clock
  3. Multiple access
  4. Structural approach
  5. Information retrieval
  6. Preservation and conservation
  7. Space
  8. Net working
  9. Cost

Disadvantages :

The computer viruses, lack of standardization
for digitized information, quick degrading properties of digitized material,
different display standard of digital product and its associated problem,
health hazard nature of the radiation from monitor etc. makes digital libraries
at times handicap.

  1. Copyright
  2. Speed of access
  3. Initial cost is high
  4. Band width
  5. Efficiency
  6. Environment
  7. Preservation

of e-library :

Libraries play an important role in the educational and research process. A digital library can provide access to many of the knowledge networks around the world, which is a necessary component of any research experience.

Access to information and knowledge are
fundamental for education and development. 
It is important  as well for being
an essential requirement for improving the quality of life for people living in
regions where the population has not yet reached a high level of economic and
social development.

Libraries play an important role in the
educational and research process. A digital library can provide access to many
of the knowledge networks around the world, which is a necessary component of
any research experience.

Digital library concept :

Digital library is the concept of information stored digitally and made accessible to users through digital systems and networks, but having no single location.Traditional libraries collect, organize, provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections.

Traditional libraries collect, organize,
provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections. A library
collection may include books, magazines, journals, theses, dissertations,
manuscripts, audio-visuals, maps, etc.

The flexibility of digital technology allows it
to handle new kinds of object efficiently. Digital library collections can
include things without direct physical analogs, such as algorithms or real time
data feeds. They also may include digitized representations of what have
traditionally appeared largely in museums and archives.

With the rise of cost of paper publications and
library storage, increasing use of computers, decreasing budgets, many
libraries have to reduce their acquisition of books as well as their journal
subscriptions. Documents in electronic form can become more easily available
and widely used because the cost of digital storage and processing is going

Evaluation of Digitization Work and Digital Library System :

A digital library may be evaluated from a number of perspectives, such as collaboration pattern, system, access and usability, user interfaces, information retrieval, content and domain, services, cost and overall benefits and impact.

An important issue under discussion across
various communities is the set of metrics to be used for evaluating digital
libraries. Selection of digital library metrics should be considered from both
system-oriented and user-oriented viewpoints.

libraries in Karnataka :

Department of Public libraries has put forth a request for proposal to open
digital libraries in the State.  The proposal
includes 1088 Android tablets and 544 desktop computers which are needed in

department is in receipt of technical bids and will open the commercial bids
after the end of model code of conduct (General elections 2019).  The facility will meet the requirement of 25
lakh members of public libraries and around 10 lakh students in government high
schools and pre-university colleges.

project at other places in Karnataka :

pilot project is being set up in Haveri, Chamarajanagar and Tumakuru
districts.  The bids will be opened after
April 23 elections.

cloud based platform will be having digital rights management protected contents. 

library members will access the content by using their membership cards no. but
no member will delete, modify or copy the contents. The digital contents will
help those who appear for competitive examinations and to civil services exams.

books for all age groups will be available. 
Any authors can donate their digital books to the library.

Conclusion :

The information and communication technology has
changed the complexion of today’s libraries on a large scale and we the people are
in the middle of  information explosion
and information technology revolution leading to the emergence of electronic
information era.

Rapid advances in information processing,
storage and communication technologies have revolutionized the role of
worldwide libraries in information services to their users. As a result,
libraries are facing new challenges, new competitors, new demands, new expectations
and variety of information services from users tailored to their wants and

Libraries around the world have been working on
this daunting set of challenges for several years.  They have created many digital library
initiatives and projects, and have formed many  national schemes for jointly exploring key

As with most other technical developments in libraries over the years, one has to move forward in small, manageable, evolutionary steps, rather than in a rapid revolutionary manner.

Survey – land/property through drone -Karnataka

Survey – land/property will be conducted after 53 years in Karnataka with the help of drones.  This survey will be the first such survey as previously the survey was done during 1955 and 1966.

Assistance – Survey of India:

The Survey of India will assist Karnataka to conduct drone based Survey – land/property in the state.

Revenue minister in the Karnataka R.V. Deshpande informed media persons in Bengaluru today that Chief Minister H D Kumaraswamy will launch tomorrow Survey of India’s drone based property survey in Ramanagar city limits on pilot basis.

Informing about the advantages of drone based survey, the minister said it is objective, accurate and cost effective.  

This method, he added, will help generate accurate land records in a time bound manner. Manual survey, he noted, is infested with human error and bias and is time consuming.

Areas covered – Survey-land/property :

The drone based survey – land/property will be conducted on five districts and Bengaluru city.  The areas covered are Tumakuru, Hassan, Uttara Kannada, Belagavi, Ramanagara and Bengaluru.  The estimated period to cover the survey – land/property is fixed as two years.

The next phase will cover Vijayapura, Kodagu, Dharwad, Dakshina Kannada, Mysuru, Gadag, Davanagere and Kalaburagi.

Drone based Survey – land/property :

According to the rules of the Karnataka Land Revenue Act, the survey – land/property should be done once in every 30 years.  Accordingly the Karnataka State was to have been surveyed last in the year 1996.

The Government will be using drones to map with an accuracy of 5 cm in urban areas and 12.5 cm in rural areas.  3D mapping will be done for Bengaluru city.

Surveyor-General of India Lt.Gen. Girish Kumar confirmed signing of a MOU between the Survey of India and the State Government.

Statement by Revenue Minister – Survey- land/property :

According to the Minister, the State will be covered under the drone based survey in five years.  This drone survey-land/property help in maintaining the land records in order.

The survey of land will form a base for the Urban Property Ownership Record. 

To know more about use of drones read :

Sub-urban rail Project – Bengaluru

Sub-urban rail Project – Bengaluru

Sub-urban rail gets Rs.6700 crore push from government during Lok Sabha 2019 poll year.

The Central government of India has announced biggest concession towards the coalition led government in Karnataka.  Land worth Rs. 6700 crore was given virtually free for the suburban rail project.

The Rail minister announced that the project will be ready within six years from the date of commissioning.

More than 9 lakh people are estimated to use the sub-urban rail in the city by 2025 every day. The study was conducted by the Rail India Technical and Economic service.

Sub-urban rail project at Bengluru :

Commuter rail also called suburban rail is a passenger rail transport service that primarily operates between a city centre and middle to outer suburbs. 

This may be beyond 15 km (10 miles) and commuter towns or other locations that draw large numbers of commuters—people who travel on a daily basis.

In a joint press conference alongside Chief Minister Kumaraswamy, Piyush Goyal said the long awaited sub-urban rail network which connects 82 stations spread over 160 km costing Rs.23,000 crore will be completed in six years.

Sub-urban rail – Piyush chawla:

Indian Railway minister Piyush Chawla announced this surprise after he had a meeting with Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy.

Previously the Railway Board had rejected the State Governments condition that the railway land be given to the state on lease at a cost  of Re.1  per acre for sub-urban rail project. 

The state officials had said that the railway officials had agreed for the land lease previously at a nominal rate of Re.1/- per acre.

The Railway Minister’s gesture will give a positive image to the BJP party after the audio-gate scandal in the State.    The Railway Ministry is sharing half of the cost of sub-urban rail project and also providing land free of cost. 

Areas covered by Sub-urban rail :

The 160 km of rail tracks will primarily cover four corridors :

  1.  Kengeri – Benglauru cantonment – Whitefiled route
  2. Bengaluru City – Yelahanka – Rajankunti
  3. Nelamangala – Mathikere – Biyyappanahalli
  4. Heelalige – Yelahanka – Devanahalli near the airport.

To know more about read :

Slow progress – Bengaluru lakes

Slow progress of work on Bellandur lake and Varthur lake.  A committee was constituted to inspect the two water bodies to keep track of the progress.

Saving Bengaluru lakes

Bellandur lake –  slow progress of work :

Bellandur Lake is a lake in the suburb of Bellandur in the southeast of the city of Bengaluru.   It is the largest lake in Bengaluru. It was used for landing amphibious aircraft during British rule. It is a part of Bellandur drainage system that drains the southern and the south-eastern parts of the city.

Froth on road – Bellandur lake

The lake is a receptor from three chains of lakes upstream, and has a catchment area of about 148 square kilometres (37,000 acres).

Water from this lake flows further east to the Varthur lake from where it flows down the plateau and eventually into the Pinakani river basin. The cleaning is a slow progress concerning this lake.

Slow progress of work at Varthur lake :

Varthur lake is in the south of Bengaluru district.  It has a large surface area and is the main irrigation source for nearby agricultural fields.  It supports a wide variety of flora and fauna. 

view of Varthur lake

This is a man made lake, built by Ganga kings over thousands of years ago for agriculture and domestic uses but now the lake is receiving 40% of the sewage water from Bangalore for over 50 years resulting in eutrophication. Slow progress of work is noticed by the committee even here.

Committee :

An independent committee was formed to inspect the progress on lakes.  Part of the lakes where fire had occurred recently was also inspected.  Beside the inspection of fire catching place, garbage mounting place, encroachments around the lakes were also covered.

The committee panel is headed by former Lokayukta Justice N. Santosh Hegde.  The National Green Tribunal constituted the committee to study the slow progress of work.  The panel is tasked with reviewing the action plan.

Santosh Hegde

The panel expressed displeasure on the slow progress of work.  The sluice gates and sewerage treatment plants work are moving in a slow pace. 

Industrial areas development – Bengaluru

Industrial areas development in Bengaluru city is facing problems.  The Supreme Court of India is keen to know why the Karnataka government wants to develop industrial areas inside the city.  The Bengaluru city is already facing problems of infrastructure and water scarcity.

Industrial areas development – KIADB

Industrial areas development – KIADB

Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB) is a wholly owned infrastructure agency of Government of Karnataka, set up under Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Act of 1966.

This Board functions as per statutory provisions, rules and regulations enacted there under. The Board comprises of senior government officers in their ex-officio capacities. The Board of members meets regularly to take decisions and monitor the functions. KIADB holds pride in being the first government organization in Karnataka to obtain ISO 9001 certification in the year 1997.

Supreme Court’s objections to Industrial areas development :

According to the Supreme Court, the special economic zone is not for cities.  The Court asked the KIADB why it wants to create industrial hub inside the city?  The task of fixing buffer zones was left the policy makers. 

The NGT Judgment – Industrial areas development :

The National Green Judgment specified buffer zones are –

75 metres in case of lakes

50 metres in case of primary raja kaluves

35 metres in case of secondary raja kaluves

25 metres for tertiary raja kaluves (storm water drains)  

These distance must be maintained measuring from the edge of these of water bodies.

Views of Supreme Court on industrial areas development :

The advocate general submitted that no permission was granted to set up industries inside Bengaluru city.  The NGT’s judgment on buffer zone will affect the redevelopment of existing structures in Bengaluru.

Child lock – 42000 cabs disengaged

Child lock feature in 42000 cabs has been disengaged out of 2.5 lakh cabs in Bengaluru.  In the coming months this feature will be removed from all the cabs remaining.

Child lock in cabs

Features of Child lock :

A child lock in a car is a lock that can’t be opened from inside.  Suppose there is a child in the backseat and accidently unlocks the car by simply pressing the button.  In this situation it can be quite dangerous if the child opens the car door too.

The lock if engaged makes it impossible for the car door to be opened from inside. The door can only be opened from outside.  

Locking the doors

Generally the lock is put in such a place that when the door it shut,  it can’t be accessed.  It can be accessed only when the door is opened from the outside.

Working of a child lock :

Although called a child lock it is equally effective for adult passengers. The lock is typically engaged via a small switch on the edge of the door that is only accessible when the door is open. Some cars implement the child lock control as a rotary mechanism which can only be operated with a key.

Opposition to child lock :

Crimes against women passengers travelling in taxis have increased in recent years.  There was an urgent need to curb the menace by disengagement of child lock.  The child safety locks are built into the rear doors of most of the cars.  The intent or providing child lock in the car was to prevent children from opening the door.

Child lock use in taxi
At Driver’s mercy :

There is an increase in the cases of rape, murder and molestation and other types of harassment.  The child lock feature is activated when one gets on to a cab.  Once the passenger is in, it is not possible to open the door and escape in case of an emergency.  The passenger is trapped inside and is at the mercy of the driver.

Conclusion :

We don’t usually see a lone toddler using a taxi to commute. Even if kids are traveling in a taxi they are always accompanied by someone old enough not to pop out of a moving car deliberately. So why to keep them in cars used for commercial purposes?

Removal of lock in cabs

Removal of such locks from taxis and vehicles which are made to carry the passengers may be a minor but positive change. It may not stop each and every future case instantly but on a longer run, it will help prevent a few cases for sure.

Elevated corridor project – elite only

The Elevated corridor project will be  enjoyed by the elites.  The corridor is going to be longer, narrower. 

corridor project details

This project was initially proposed to have 6 inter connected corridors but now will have 7.  The lane configuration has shrunk to reduce issues in land acquisition.

Investment – Elevated corridor project :

The investment has increased to 32000 crore to build the elevated corridor.  It is aimed to create more space for cars of the elite.  The poor will be forced again to use the crumbling public transport.

Besides the originally planned six corridors, another 10.99 km of elevated corridor will be built.  This will connect Ramamurthy Nagar and ITPL.  The six lane elevated corridor project plan has been changed to four lanes in some of the sections.  This is to prevent inconvenience to the public as well as to reduce land acquisition.

Opposition to elevated corridor project :

According to environmentalists this project is unscientific. It will encourage only the private vehicles to use it.  The environment cost of the project affects thousands of trees.  The elevated corridor project lacks socio-economic survey.

According to IISc Profession T.V.Ramachandra the proposed Elevated corridor project is the product of a collusion between consultants and contractors on one hand and bureaucrats and politicians on the other.

Prof. T.V.Ramachandra

Need of the hour is to provide more public sustainable transport to ease the traffic congestion.  Only elites who have AC cars will benefit from the project. 

Views of experts and citizens :

According to one Professor, the metro lines on the same route as the proposed elevated corridor project will have more capacity.  The metro lines capacity will be  38.3 time more than the road flyovers. 

Some bangaloreans are of the opinion that the government should invest in public transport.  Making public transport more affordable and attractive is the key.  The huge investment should help people move and not two wheelers and four wheelers.

At the end of the day it is public tax money and common man who ends up as a loser.