Footpaths to be free of encroachments in Bengaluru

Footpaths to be free of encroachments in Bengaluru

Footpaths to be free of encroachments in Benglauru.  Making footpaths free is an obligation by BBMP.   Illegal footpath encroachment has been narrowing the road, causing inconvenience to motorists and pedestrians.

Everyday we come across a lot of vehicles parked on footpaths and pavements.  Cars and two wheelers are parked on both sides of narrow residential lanes and there is two way movement of traffic and navigating through them. 

It has become a challenge for pedestrians especially those who are handicapped, having physical disability and senior citizens.

High court order on footpath encroachment :

The High Court of Karnataka on 10th June directed the civic body BBMP to file an affidavit within 3 weeks on the steps taken by the authorities to keep footpaths free of encroachment by shop owners.

This affidavit was in the wake of observing the citizens’ rights being affected if footpaths are not maintained in reasonably good condition.  The footpaths must be kept free of encroachments.

Purpose of footpath :

Public streets are made for traffic to move and likewise footpaths are made for the use of citizens for walking.

If the footpaths are encroaches, it will affect the right of citizens.  Footpaths have to be maintained so that citizens are able to walk freely.

Action by Police –  footpath encroachment :

The city traffic police are currently carrying out a week-long drive to clear encroachments of footpaths and make them more pedestrian friendly.

The police aims to ensure that footpaths across the city are free from street vendors, petty shops, illegal parking of vehicles and dumping of construction materials.

Those dumping construction materials like pipes or wires on the footpaths will also have to be careful. The materials will be seized and the offenders will have to pay a penalty to get it cleared.

BBMP unhelpful :

In some areas the traffic police are oblivious of the state of affairs. Despite a clear ruling by the High Court of Karnataka to clear footpath encroachments, the BBMP is not acting tough on the encroachers.

The traffic police have expressed their helplessness as it is the BBMP’s responsibility to clear the encroachment and not that of the police.

The section 288 and 288C of the KMC Act clearly allow the removal of encroachments, either temporary or permanent, on the existing footpaths falling within BBMP’s jurisdictional limits. However, several complaints to jurisdictional Assistant Executive Engineers by citizens have not yielded any results. They pass the buck at each other dodging responsibility.

Conclusion :

There are chances of serious accidents if the issues are not fixed on  road’s footpaths. The BBMP officials and people’s representatives including the Mayor should inspect the busy roads and the footpaths and implement a ‘zero tolerance’ on footpath encroachment. 

500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru :

To ensure safety of pedestrians crossing roads, the civic body BBMP has decided to build more than 500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru city with 15 cm. in height besides bumps.

Infra Boost :

The Traffic Police of Bengaluru city made a presentation demanding raised pedestrian crossings. They will come up on thoroughfare across the city.

The demands of Traffic Police includes :
  1. Pedestrian crossings at 221 locations
  2. Sky-walks/FOB’s at 86 locations
  3. Up-gradation of pedestrian crossings are 213 spots
  4. Relocation of electrical poles at 97 locations and 76 transformers
  5. Amenities at 47 accident black-spots
  6. Solution to water logging at 45 places
  7. Street light functioning at 105 locations

Areas Covered :

The initiative of 500 raised cross walks across Bengaluru City includes facilities along outer ring road, Sarjapur road, Magadi Road and some of the core areas in the city.

The 367 junctions includes facilities like traffic umbrellas, railings information and direction boards, painted cross walks, cameras at important junctions, traffic signage, hazard boards, street lights, removing of trees and widening of roads.

Rs.50 K Crore for civil works at Bengaluru

Rs.50 K Crore for civil works at Bengaluru

Rs.50  K Crore will be spent on civil works at Bengaluru by the civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP).

The top priorities will be given to Garbage, Water, Traffic, Electricity and Environment management.

Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike :

The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP), is the administrative body responsible for civic amenities and some infrastructural assets of the Greater Bengaluru metropolitan area. It is the fourth largest Municipal Corporation  in India.

Its roles and responsibilities include the “orderly development of the city”  – Zoning  and building regulations, health, hygiene, licensing, trade and education, as well as quality of life  issues such as public open space, water bodies, parks and greenery.

The BBMP represents the third level of government (the Central Government and State Government being the first two levels). BBMP is run by a city council composed of elected representatives, called “corporators”, one from each of the wards (localities) of the city.

Top priorities of the Government :

According to Deputy Chief Minister G. Parameshwara,  Garbage, water, traffic, electricity and environment management are the top five priorities of the government in the city.

In the next five years the government is planning is spend Rs.50,000 crore on different civic works in the city. 

Memorandum of Understanding :

An MoU was signed with Sweepsmart, a Netherlands based firm to upgrade the waste collection units/Centres in Bengaluru city.  The total of the initiative will be Rs.4.75 crore.

The initiative includes rebuilding, installation of equipment and design, build, installation and transfer model.

At present BBMP is spending 50% of its total revenue on city’s infrastructure.  To support the civic body the government has sanctioned Rs.8500 crore in the last 8 years and in this years Rs.11,500 has been sanctioned. 

Investment in the project :

The Government and the BBMP will be investing Rs.3.35 crore, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs will spend 0.7 crore and Sweepsmart company will be spending Rs.0.7 crore.

In the next 5 years the government is planning to support the civic body by spending Rs.50,000 crore to provide good infrastructure in Bengaluru city.

Areas covered under the project :

The civic body and the Sweepsmart have identified 12 DWC centres.  Out of which 10 will be finalized during the implementation of the project.

The third three centres will be launched in Kadumalleshwara, Kengeri and combines centre in Nagawara and HBR Layout wards. 

Dry Waste Collection Centres (DWCCs) :

Dry Waste Collection Centres (DWCCs) facilitate the stream lining of the entire process of waste management in the city, by concentrating exclusively on dry waste.

They are equipped with appropriate infrastructure capable of purchasing, collecting, aggregating and processing both high value and low value dry waste such as plastics, paper, glass, tetrapacks, etc. 

The city has planned for one DWCC per ward of which it has built 189 Centres. However every ward has been assigned a DWCC as a destination for its dry waste. The capacity of these centres varies from 1 TPD upto 4.5 TPD. 

Bengaluru’s SWM Journey :

The build-up of negative impacts of pollution (air, water & soil) due to open dumping (especially for the village communities living alongside) & a rapidly urbanizing metropolis, coupled with a steep population growth had put extreme pressure on our city’s SWM system.

September 2012 saw the shutting down of 6 of the city’s 7 landfills which led to mountains of waste rotting on city streets & large scale opening burning. Collection too had to be stalled for over a week, as there were no landfills available to take waste. The city had barely any infrastructure for processing & nearly no investment in recycling due to underdeveloped regulations and a lack of incentives.

The challenge since then has been to transform the system in a short span of time through initiating decentralized processing instead of dumping of waste.

High Court Order :

In order to enable a self-sustaining & efficient new system that is quick to execute, the Hon’ble High Court of Karnataka intervened and set up a specialized SWM Cell & an Expert Committee to work with the BBMP SWM/Health department.

In consultation with think-tanks, experts, civil society groups, waste picker collectives, academicians & private players, since then defined principles to guide the city’s plan that is integrated and inclusive.

PG (Paying Guest) – Majority unlicensed in Bengaluru

PG (Paying Guest) – Majority unlicensed in Bengaluru

PG (Paying Guest) hostels –  Majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed.  Only a few women’s PG hostels have CCTV cameras and round the lock 24/7 security guards.

The PG (Paying Guest) hostels are not monitored by any authority.  Bengaluru police doesn’t have a list of paying guest facilities in the city. And the city administration body, BBMP too doesn’t have a list of authorized PGs readily available online.

What does authorized/ licensed PG mean?

Unauthorized/unlicensed  PG (Paying guest) facilities are the ones not registered with either BBMP or the police, hence not obligated to provide security to the inhabitants. There is no monitoring done by any agency on such PG facilities.

Under Schedule 10 part II of the Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act 1976, PG accommodations are supposed to procure trade license from BBMP Health Department. License fee varies with the number of rooms that the accommodation has. Even the PG accommodations having less than 10 rooms are supposed to have license.

Lodging and PG (Paying Guest) accommodation :

There is no distinction between both facilities, yet minor contrasts amongst Lodging and paying guest will be there. Large portions of individuals don’t know totally about paying visitor settlement and which is better for their living.

Lodging is a position of convenience, where we can discover diverse individuals from better places to remain for impermanent facilities for a long/brief time.

Lodging – Living with a gathering of companions.

PG (paying Guest) is additionally one of the conveniences. Paying visitor benefit significantly gave by families on a rental premise to share their property.

What is PG (Paying Guest) Hostel?

Paying Guests or P.G. is generally popular with students. As the name indicates, this accommodation is related with the feel of guest. Generally, in a P.G. accommodation a person is treated like guest but it does not mean that one does not have to pay for the accommodation.

PG Scenario at Bengaluru :

A lot of girls and working women get accommodation at PG in Bengaluru in a large numbers.  But it is at their own risk.  A majority of the PG hostels in Bengaluru are unlicensed and unregulated.

There are incidents of men breaking in to steal cash, jewellery and laptops.  Sometimes the breakinf happens with intent violence.

Things mandatory in a PG (Paying Guest) hostel :

According to Chairman of the BBMP Standing Committee on health Mr.Mujahid Pasha, CCTV are mandatory for PG hostels.

The other things must at a PG are a security guard on duty around the clock.  The PG should have a trade licence from BBMP.  Once the licence is obtained it should be displayed prominently in the premises along with the Area Police Number.

Action against illegal PG’s :

Those who are running the PG hostels with no licence can be booked under the Karnataka Municipal Corporation Act.  They can be punished by closing and sealing the working of the PG. 

PG (Paying Guest) Owners can obtain a license :

  1. Obtain a trade license for PGs – This can now be done easily online on the BBMP website.
  2. Pay commercial tax for utilities such as rent, water and electricity.

Problems / Issues faced in PG (Paying Guest) :

  1. One will not choose their  flat-mates in PG.  If the resident  don’t gel well with them, they are stuck. Most people staying in PG fall into two groups – a) students b) working professionals. Typically the two groups have different lifestyles and hence if the resident  belong to group a but majority of flat mates belong to group b or vice versa,  it is  likely to be uncomfortable. Even when all flat mates are working professionals, there is no guarantee that they will gel with all of them.
  2. In most PG accommodations residents get Wifi but if a resident is a high data consumer or if  a resident  need very high bandwidth, one will find  most likely the PG Wifi useless. Biggest problem with a PG accommodation is that the resident  won’t be allowed to bring in guests who would stay overnight. That means after a party, even if a friend is too drunk to drive or go home, he/she can’t crash in at PG.
  3. Typically most owners would have a problem with paying guests bringing in guests of the opposite gender especially beyond 9 pm at night. That’s a severe constraint
  4. PG accommodations offer very little space.  So every time a resident  buys something, they  have to consider the space constraint before buying.
  5. In PG accommodations most of the services (like internet, DTH, newspapers) etc are shared and common for everyone. So if  a resident  have special needs, the services can’t be customized.
  6. In a PG, there’s hardly any privacy. The accommodation will be sharedby 1 or two more people.

The only plus point of a PG compared to a shared apartment is relatively low rent/deposit.

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Investment in skywalks on Demand in Bengaluru

Investment in skywalks on Demand in Bengaluru

Investment in 29 skywalks on Demand in Bengaluru city by the civic body BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike).   

Like many cities across India, Bengaluru is seeing an unprecedented building boom, both inside the city and in farmlands converting to suburbs.

There are glass buildings, new roads, gated communities—changing the way people live and work. But one thing largely remains the same—lack of footpaths.

Bengaluru’s municipal corporation acknowledges it has a duty towards pedestrians and not just vehicular traffic, planning several expensive skywalks with escalators across Bengaluru.

Highlights – investment in skywalks :

  1.  Over 29 skywalks are to come across Bengaluru city.
  2. Foot over-bridges or skywalks are meant to ease traffic and avoid pedestrian accidents, but citizens and urban designers say the BBMP is building them at spots where they are not necessary.
  3. Some even allege advertisement lobby in pushing the propoals.

What is a skywalk?

A skyway, sky-bridge, or skywalk is a type of ped-way consisting of an enclosed or covered footbridge between two or more buildings or roads in an urban area.

It is a bridge designed solely for pedestrians.  While the primary meaning for a bridge is a structure which links “two points at a height above the ground”.

Some cities have the equivalent of a skyway underground, and there are also mixed subway/skyway systems.

They are located across roads to let pedestrians cross safely without slowing traffic. It  is a type of pedestrian separation structure,  examples of which are particularly found near schools, busy roads and heavy traffic roads.

To ensure footbridges are accessible to disabled and other mobility-impaired people, careful consideration is nowadays also given to provision of access lifts or ramps, as required by relevant legislation.

Environmental factors – investment in skywalks:

Besides pedestrian safety and convenience, the chief reasons assigned by urban planners for skywalk development are decrease of traffic congestion,  reduction in Vehicular air pollution and separation of people from vehicular noise.

 A number of cities have given intricate analysis to skywalk systems employing computer models to optimize skywalk layout.

Pedestrian safety at peril?

Once a skywalk is commissioned, the maintenance is neglected. Lifts remain dysfunctional for months without the contractor bothering to check and repair.

There is not enough lighting on many skywalks. With added advertisement hoardings on either sides, the pathway looks secluded, which drives away the pedestrians who want to use them.

“The very underpasses and skywalks that are built to keep you safe, end up collecting excreta and become criminal hotspots. They are useless because they are built for athletic young people not for disabled and old,” says a citizen.

According to a software engineer living in Green Garden Layout, who says that ramps for cyclists, escalators and elevators for senior citizens are a must. “Skywalk becomes a nuisance when it has elevators that don’t work and has well-lit advertisement but no light on stairs.”

When are the skywalks required?

Skywalks are required where ever there is heavy and fast traffic like arterial roads or big express highways leading out of the city. The dilemma even in such cases is about the frequency of crossings and the rationale of the exact spots for a skywalk.

 On roads with dense traffic within the city, there should be measures to slow traffic allowing people to cross at grade.

Are Bengaluru’s skywalks a design failure?

There is also a design and maintenance aspect to the skywalk failure story.  Some of the skywalk has moved the bus stop away, making people walk an extra 500 mts to the bus stop.

Some citizens are of the opinion that “BBMP does not know what it means to build scientific skywalks, their design priorities are skewed and they have a free hand since there is nobody to question them.

The engineers and the politicians involved don’t prefer using these facilities themselves, so it is unrealistic to expect usable civic services including skywalks to come out of their minds.

According to some a skywalk should not restrict the pavement space.  This is bad design. The stairs should start adjacent to the pavement

Are skywalks a sustainable option?

As the city cannot provide reliable public transport or pedestrian-friendly amenities as alternatives so people continue to purchase cars.

The government needs to recognize that public transportation and pedestrian-friendliness is a lesson easily learnt from all developed countries.

Are the skywalks are a sustainable option?  We have shortage of cops and even at signals many see people jumping signals.  The BBMP helps pedestrians and their lives by providing skywalks. Isn’t that good enough?”

Can skywalks be made convenient and safe?

With rapidly growing vehicular numbers, traffic congestion in Bengaluru seems unmanageable. Pedestrians, particularly senior citizens and physically challenged persons, are facing grave problems.

Walking on the footpaths has become hazardous and an almost impossible task, due to narrow, uneven footpaths, footpaths littered with debris, garbage, vendors and in several cases non-existent!

The only alternative is to walk on the roads, risking one’s life. And, crossing the roads, especially with heavy traffic, is an adventure, few would dare attempt.

Skywalks in Bengaluru :

The civic body had proposed a number of skywalks. But till date only 37 are completed by BBMP.  Priority should be given to the pending skywalks than proposing 29 new structures at different locations considering huge demand. 

BBMP’s decision to fund the 29 new skywalks is baffling as the civic body is struggling to complete the already taken up project due to cash crunch. 

Pending Skywalk works – investment in new skywalks :

Many skywalk constructions are put on hold and some have not even started yet as there are metro stations coming up in some areas, along with ongoing road widening and white-topping works.

The bidders are refusing to take up certain projects.

According to BBMP Commissioner, N Manjunath Prasad, ‘the skywalks in the city were supposed to follow the public-private partnership (PPP) model initially. “There are no takers for most skywalks. But there are areas that are demanding skywalks.

Hence the BBMP has decided to invest. DPR is ready for the 29 skywalks and work orders have been issued. The project might cost more than Rs 50 crore.

Online Monitoring of skywalks :

BBMP will soon launch online monitoring of lifts and escalators on all the skywalks in Bengaluru city, including the proposed 29, to check if pedestrians are actually using the skywalks.

Bosch has taken up the project to monitor online sensors. It is yet to get the green signal.

When asked about malfunctioning elevators, Mayor says: “I have asked officials for details on elevators in all the skywalks  across 8 zones. I have ordered proper maintenance and called for repair, if any. I will make sure that every skywalk will be equipped with CCTV.”

CBD roads-smart look under Smart City Project – Bengaluru

CBD roads-smart look under Smart City Project – Bengaluru

20 CBD (Central Business District) roads to get smart look in 15 months under Smart city Project.  The Bengaluru civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) recently issued work orders.

In simple words  a smart city is a municipality that uses information and communication technologies to increase operational efficiency, share information with the public and improve both the quality of government services and citizen welfare.

Smart city project by Central Government :

Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Project, is an urban renewal and retro-fitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable. 

The Union Ministry of Urban Development  is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the State Governments of the respective cities.

Description of project :

Smart Cities project envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city and nearby cities and towns.

Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.

How project works:

It is a five-year program in which, except for West Bengal, all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating by nominating at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the Central and State Governments between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.

Each city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Project.  Centre and State government will provide Rs.1,000 crore (US$140 million) funding to the company, as equal contribution of Rs.500 crore (US$72 million) each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a debt or equity.

Smart city features :

Some typical features of Smart cities are:

  1. Promoting mixed land use in area based developments
  2. Housing and inclusiveness
  3. Creating walkable localities
  4. Preserving and developing open spaces
  5. Promoting a variety of transport options
  6. Making governance citizen friendly and cost effective
  7. Giving an identify to the city
  8. Applying smart solution and infrastructure and services.

Strategy of Smart city Project:

The strategic components of area based development in the smart city project are improvement, city renewal and city extension plus a pan-city initiative in which smart solutions are applied covering larger parts of the city.

Smart city concept :

A smart city is a designation given to a city that incorporates information and communication technologies (ICT) to enhance the quality and performance of urban services such as energy, transportation and utilities in order to reduce resource consumption, wastage and overall costs.

The objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions.

A “smart city” is one that has developed technological infrastructure that enables it to collect, aggregate, and analyze real-time data to improve the lives of its residents.

The core infrastructure elements in a smart city includes:

  1. Adequate water supply
  2. Assured electricity supply
  3. Sanitation including solid waste management
  4. Efficient urban mobility and public transport
  5. Affordable housing, especially for the poor
  6. Robust IT connectivity and digitalization
  7. Good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation
  8. Sustainable environment
  9. Safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly
  10. Health and education.

Central Business District :

The Central Business District is the area with a diameter of 20 kilometers from Vidhana Soudha.  A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city’s “financial district”. The shape and type of a CBD almost always closely reflect the city’s history.

This is the main commercial area of Bengaluru. It has many high rises including World Trade Center, Bengaluru and UB Tower. The Collection in UB City is India’s first Luxury Shopping Mall of South India.

The Land prices are sky high,  Brigade Road, is Asia’s third most expensive street, Mahatma Gandhi Road (MG Road), Bengaluru  is 13th most expensive in Asia.  It also houses one of Bengaluru’s  oldest continuously operating high street Commercial Street.

Bengaluru as a Smart City :

Bengaluru was selected for the project but the work is being done very slowly.  The 20 selected located within the Central Business District (CBD) will provide the riders and pedestrians advanced scientific facilities.

The facilities include smart signaling, light-controlled crossing, digital information boards, good parking systems, solar charging ports, smart dustbins etc.

Bengaluru Smart city project smart features :

  1. Bicycle points
  2. E-Autos
  3. Smart bus shelters
  4. Digital information boards
  5. Eco sensors
  6. E-toilets
  7. Vending machines
  8. Smart vendor kiosks
  9. Solar lighting
  10. Smart telecom towers
  11. Smart parking systems
  12. Installation of adaptive traffic signals
  13. Pedestrian light-controlled crossing
  14. Smart dustbins
  15. Drinking water points
  16. Vendor kiosks
TenderSure Roads in Bengaluru :

The civic body BBMP will be building 20 roads under the Smart city project. The cost of the project will be Rs.230 crore.

Phase 1 covers the following roads :

  1. Kamaraj Road to Jumma Masjid Road
  2. MG Road to Commercial Street
  3. Dickenson Road to Kingston Road
  4. MG Road to Kamaraj Road (via Dickenson Road)
  5. Infantry Road from Ali Askar Road to Safina Plaza Complex (Main Guard Cross Road)
  6. MG Road to Shivajinagar Bus Stand and up to Balekundri Circle
  7. Bowring Hospital Road from Main Guard Cross Road to HSIS Gosha Hospital
  8. Miller’s Road from Chalunkya Circle to Cantonment railway station via Queen’s Road
  9. Raj Bhavan Road from Minsk Square to Basaveshwara Circle
  10. Magrath Road from Brigade Road up to Richmond Circle
  11. Convent Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
  12. Hayes Road from Richmond Road to Residency Road
  13. Wood Street from Museum road to Richmond Road
  14. Castle Street from Museum Road to Richmond Road
  15. Tate Lane from Richmond Road to Castle Street
  16. Kasturba Road from Siddalingaiah Circle to Minsk Square via Queen’s Statue
  17. Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road from Richmond Circle to Hudson circle
  18. Lavelle Road from MG Road to Richmond Circle
  19. Brigade Road from MG Road to War Memorial junction.

The only pan-city project being taken up as part of the Smart City project is energy efficiency measures across the public lighting system in the city where Sodium Vapour lamps will be replaced by LED bulbs.  

Anti-tobacco circular in vain – Bengaluru

Anti-tobacco circular in vain – Bengaluru

Anti-tobacco circular which was passed last year strictly banning smoking in pubs and hotels in Karnataka State across all urban and local bodies is in vain.

Due to this ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones in their premises without prior permission.  The Government issued anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.

The Provisions of smoking ban – Anti-tobacco circular

Due to smoking ban, the bars and restaurants cannot have smoking zones in their premises without prior permission.  The Government issued anti-tobacco circular on November 17 to this effect.

The establishments can earmark a smoking Zone by taking prior permission but should not provide furniture, seating arrangements or curtains to smokers due to smoking ban.

If any of the establishments violate the rules by not complying to smoking ban/ anti-tobacco circular strictly, the licences will be cancelled with immediate effect.

Loss of Licence :

The IT City Bengaluru’s bars, pubs and restaurants are at the risk of losing their trade licence if they do not provide smoking areas due to smoking ban. 

The BBMP, which is the licensing authority, has issued a circular regarding strict smoking ban.  The enterprises are to close down smoking areas where food and beverages are served.

According to the findings of the Global Adult Tobacco Survey, the health of the public in general is affected by passive smoking.  The Government has passed a circular on 17th November strictly smoking ban in public places.

Health risks of smoking :

Smoking damages your heart and your blood circulation, increasing your risk of developing conditions such as:

  • coronary heart disease.
  • heart attack.
  • stroke.
  • peripheral vascular disease (damaged blood vessels)
  • cerebro-vascular disease (damaged arteries that supply blood to your brain)

Smoking can cause lung disease by damaging airways and the small air sacs (alveoli) found in lungs. Lung diseases caused by smoking include COPD, which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Cigarette smoking causes most cases of lung cancer.

Results of Passive smoking:

  • premature death
  • increase risk of coronary heart disease by 25-40%
  • 69 cancer causing chemicals
  • respiratory illness in children
  • causes asthma
  • bronchitis and pneumonia
  • lung cancer, heart disease
  • stroke

Studies have shown that blood samples of workers exposed continuously to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain levels of high nicotine and this is a violation of their right to health.

People who have never smoked and who live with people who do smoke are at increased risk to a range of tobacco-related diseases.

The move by the Government by smoking ban is to protect the rights of non-smokers and curb the effects of passive smoking as per Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of health of non-smokers Act and the Cigrattee & other Tobacco Products Act. (COPTA).

Real scenario – Anti tobacco circular :

According to Dr. Thriveni. B.S. the project Leader of Smoke-Free, Bengaluru not a single bar in the city has applied for a no-objection certificate from the BBMP to ensure that their smoking zones are compliant with the law.

According to the law the establishments are also not allowed to serve food or liquor, or even water and beverages, at the designated smoking zones on their premises. If these rules cannot be followed, the owners have to clear the smoking zone with immediate effect.


It is the duty and responsibility of the BBMP to issue no-objection certificates.  The certificates are granted after an inspection of smoking rooms in restaurants, bars and hotels. The main criteria is to ensure that they were not a fire hazard and were compliant with the code.

The Excise Department has been asked by the civic body to include the circular into the excise licence in order to strengthen the effort of the BBMP.

Hotels with at least 30 rooms and restaurants with a seating capacity of 30 or more can create exclusive smoking enclosures away from places where food and beverages are served. 

To do that only after taking a no-objection certificate from the tobacco control cell of the BBMP and in strict compliance with fire safety guidelines and a Supreme Court judgement in this regard. 

Health hazards to others :

Smoking in Food & Beverages  outlets harms all customers since there is nothing called a safe level of exposure, according to Dr Rao, consultant head and neck oncology surgeon at HCG. “Studies also show that blood samples of workers continuously exposed to smoke in pubs and restaurants contain high nicotine levels. This is a violation of their right to health,” he said. 

The Karnataka Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Health of Non-smokers Act, 2001, does not permit self-created, designated smoking areas. Moreover, Section 4 of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act states that hospitality establishments with designated smoking zones should not provide F&B services there. 

According to World Health Organization, Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) mainly Cardiovascular Diseases like Stroke, Diabetes, Cancer and lung diseases are attributed to nearly 61% of deaths in India and in 2008, NCDs accounted for 5.2 million deaths.

Tobacco is one of the risk factors for NCDs and globally 14% of all NCD deaths among adults are attributed to tobacco.

Percentage of smokers die from smoking :

The study of more than 200,000 people, published in BMC medicine, found about 67 percent of smokers perished from smoking-related illness. That rate is higher than doctors previously estimated. Tobacco smoke can boost the risk for least 13 types of cancer. The earlier one quit, the better.

Most statistics look at the overall risk of lung cancer, combining both people who smoke and those who have never smoked. Based on United States statistics, the lifetime risk that a person will develop lung cancer is 6.4 percent or a little greater than one out of every 15 people.