Cybercrime on rise in Bengaluru 5 times more in last 4 yrs.

Cybercrime on rise in Bengaluru 5 times more in last 4 yrs.

Cybercrime are increasing in Bengaluru.  In the last 4 years the cybercrime has increased 5 times more.   A total of 5,036 cases were filed in 2018, or 13.8 cases per day, as opposed to 2,023 cases in about nine months of 2017. 

Experts and officials have attributed the high reporting of cybercrimes in Bengaluru to higher incidences and greater awareness among residents, among other factors. 

Bengaluru, being the technology hub and the top destination for IT jobs, has become the favorite target for cyber criminals.

What is cybercrime ?

Cybercrime also known as computer-oriented crime, is a crime that involves a computer and a network.  The computer may have been used in the commission of a crime, or it may be the target.

Cybercrime can be defined as: “Offences that are committed against individuals or groups of individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm the reputation of the victim or cause physical or mental harm, or loss, to the victim directly or indirectly, using modern telecommunication networks such as Internet (networks including chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones (Bluetooth, SMS, MMS)”.

Cybercrime may threaten a person or a nation’s security and financial health. Issues surrounding these types of crimes have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, unwarranted mass-surveillance, sextortion, child  pornography and child grooming.

Scenario at Bengaluru :

Bengaluru also has the dubious distinction of being the cybercrime capital of India with a steep rise in the number of cyber frauds.

Experts and officials have attributed the high reporting of cybercrime in Bengaluru to higher incidences and greater awareness among residents, among other factors. 

The awareness about cybercrimes in Bengaluru among people is still quite low. More attacks, poor disposal rate, high reportage but not many cyber staff at the stations create detrimental circumstances. The city is planning to site up 8 new cybercrime stations. 

The rising number of cybercrimes in Bangalore is indeed quite concerning as the number of cybercrimes in the city is only increasing with each passing year.

Cops and public are helpless – Bengaluru

Phishing, data theft, identity theft, online lottery, cyber attacks, job frauds, banking frauds, cyber-bullying, online blackmailing, morphing, revenge porn, cyber hacking, child pornography, cyber grooming, cyber-stalking, data diddling, software piracy, online radicalization — the dark web of cybercrimes is spreading across the world and India is one of the hotspots of this digital crime.

The cops in the city are helpless as the crime branch is short staffed.  Many do not report loss of money or honor because of losing integrity and  shame. Many do not  even tell their families that they have lost money in online frauds.

Chances are that more and more criminals are using the dark web. Those fighting cyber crime in Bengaluru say that most cases are not detected  because of dark web.

The dark web in Bengaluru :

An increasing number of cyber criminal instances are using the dark web — the encrypted part of the internet that cannot be tracked — to shop for software that helps them remain anonymous while carrying out their crimes.

The dark web is a part of the deep web, the non-indexed part of the world wide web that cannot be accessed by standard search engines such as Google and requires encrypted networks such as Tor browser. 

Bitcoin transactions are the preferred mode of payment for purchases on the dark web as they cannot be traced. 

How does one access the dark web?

The dark web is accessed by anonymous networks with the most well-known one being the TOR browser, short for “The Onion Ring”. It is a free software that users download from the Internet to anonymously access the dark web.

Developed in the mid-1990s by the United States Naval Research laboratory employees to protect US intelligence communications online, it is termed so as the traffic from the browser creates several layers like those of an Onion before reaching the destination site.

Upside to the dark web?

The network is also used by several activists especially those living under oppressive regimes to communicate without any government censorship.

The TOR network was used by activists during the Arab Spring and is known to have been used by Chinese citizens. It is known to have large virtual libraries available for researchers and students.

Other modes :

With increasing use of mobiles, the coverage and cheaper data, a lot of people now have access to the internet even while on the move. This has exposed unsuspecting ones to fall prey to online fraudsters.

Many become victims of sexual exploitation after being made to share personal details while some others use the new media like WhatsApp to spread fake news to create troubles.  

There have been many  lynching incidents in the country in the past couple of years after fake messages about child lifting and cow slaughter were spread through social media.

Hacking the mind of a hacker :

A hacker lives on the dangerous by-lanes of the internet—the dark web. Accessible only through browsers designed to promote anonymity and confuse law enforcement, the dark web is where the criminal elements of the internet hang out. 

A hacker see a fork on the road, one that could take them towards using their power to make code dance to their tunes for the good, the other that takes them to the direction where they could also wreak havoc.

To know about cyber crime police station at Bengaluru click on the link

Crime against women  – on the rise in Bengaluru

Crime against women – on the rise in Bengaluru

Crime against women is on the rise in the city of Bengaluru.  More women are registering cases with the Karnataka State Commission for Women.  But no tough action is being taken.

Bengaluru : Crime against women :

When it comes to crimes against women, the other parts of the State are not lagging behind the capital, which stood second after Delhi in the NCRB report released recently.

In the last  years the number of crimes against women — atrocities, outraging the modesty of women, murder, chain snatching, etc. — has doubled in Karnataka and especially in Bengaluru.

The increased awareness among women and the liberal filing of cases by the police are the main reasons for increase in the number of cases in the last years.

While there was an increase in the number of cases being reported due to awareness campaigns about women’s safety, adequate  measures are not being taken to curb the menace.  

What is crime against women :

Common forms of violence against women in India include acts such as domestic abuse, sexual assault, and murder. In order to be considered violence against women, the act must be committed solely because the victim is female.

Voice against women :

Violence/crime against women (also known as gender-based violence and sexual and gender-based violence are violent acts primarily or exclusively committed against women and girls.

Often considered a form of hate crime this type of violence is gender-based, meaning that the acts of violence are committed against women and girls expressly because they are female.

The UN Declaration of the Elimination of violence against Women states, “violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women” and “violence against women is one of the crucial social mechanisms by which women are forced into a subordinate position compared with men.

Categories of crime against women :

Crime or Violence against women can fit into several broad categories. These include violence carried out by “individuals” as well as “states”. Some of the forms of violence perpetrated by individuals are: rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, reproductive coercion, female infanticide, parental sex selection, obstetric violence and mob violence.

It also includes harmful customary or traditional practices such as honor killings, dowry violence, female genital mutation, marriage by abduction and forced marriage.   

Some forms of violence are perpetrated or condoned by certain states  such as ware rape, sexual violence and sexual slavery during conflict; forced sterilization, forced abortion,  violence by the police and authoritative personnel; stoning and flogging.  

Many forms of crime against women such as trafficking in women and forced prostitution are often perpetrated by organized criminal networks.

Authority to safeguard women against crime :

The responsibility of safeguarding the women’s rights is with the Karnataka State Commission for Women (KSCW) a government appointed body housed in Cauvery Bhavan in Bengaluru city.

The women who arrive at the office of the Commission are from all over the State of Karnataka, including from the outskirts of Bengaluru to places like Raichur, Kalburgi and Belgavi.

Problems at KSCW :

The department lacks man power.  It is difficult for common people to get speedy justice from the KSCW.  The body has no provision to take up effective action.  Currently, the KSCW can direct police officers to register an FIR or initiative action but it has no provisions that make these directives binding.

According to some the KSCW has not been able to take any action on any case so far.  They are functioning just like a counseling centre.  What KSCW needs is more statutory powers to take action. 

There is a governing body of the KSCW to oversee the cases in Bengaluru.  It convenes once in every 3 months or when there is an immediate issue.

What falls under Crime against women :

Rape, attempt to rape, kidnapping, dowry-related killing or harassment, assault to outrage or insult a woman’s “modesty,” sexual harassment, voyeurism, domestic violence, abetment to suicide, trafficking of women, etc. are classified as crimes against women under the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

While there is adequate legislation on violence against woman, implementation is still lagging behind. The rate of conviction in cases of sexual violence and rape is only around 16.8% when compared to the national rate of 25.5% conviction in rape cases.

KSCW Proposal :

The proposal of KSCW to the government includes addressing of problems of acid attack victims, separate coach for the Metro travelers, a dedicated patrolling wing comprising women, providing incinerators at hostels and hospitals. 

The proposal also includes regulation of objectionable content in television serials and films, cyber-crime etc. 

Lack of co-ordination :

The KSCW is content there is greater awareness among women about their rights, there is a dissatisfaction among the public about how the cases are handled. 

The lack of co-ordination among different agencies in addressing the issues makes the situation very grave for the survivors of crime/violence.

During  2018-19, the KSCW received about 2696 complaints on different grounds f which about 973 cases are pending. 

Datas show that crime and incidence of violence against women have entered into the elite working class.  Many software techies and qualified professionals are emerging as victims.

Different laws to protect women against crime :

There are adequate legislations which includes :

  • The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2006 –  this act addresses all forms of domestic violence.
  • The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act 2013 –  this act address sexual harassment at the workplace and lays down a clear procedure for filing complaints with an Internal Complaints Committee.
  • The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 – this act brought about a wide range of criminal law reforms to make the offence of rape and sexual assault broader, to include aggravated forms of sexual assault and to recognize sexual violence in a comprehensive manner.

Implementation of the law :

There are various acts to protect women but still the cases are increasing.  The implementation of the law is a big problem.  The institutions and authorities implementing these laws have not understood the nature of violence and discrimination faced by women.

Need of the hour :

Landmark incidents like the Nirbhaya case and recommendations of the Justice Verma Committee have helped instill confidence in women.

At the same time, many measures are being taken by the Central and State Governments like setting up fast track courts for these cases.  But poor redressal mechanism is a cause of worry. 

Presently more and more women are coming forward to report about the crime, redressal mechanism in the city has not been satisfactory.  

The need of the hour is to strengthen by giving additional infrastructure, human power and sensitization among the workers.

New Cyber-crime police stations at Bengaluru

New Cyber-crime police stations at Bengaluru

Scenario about Karnataka police is changing.  The police are gearing up to deal with terrorism and cyber crime, adopt technology and corporate management practices, follow ethics and respect human rights.

The Cyber Crime Cell was stated at Criminal Investigation Department (CID) Headquarters, Bengaluru to deal with Cyber Crimes.

The Karnataka State Police are often criticized for lacking core competence in dealing with well equipped terrorists, naxalities and cyber crimes, poor intelligence gathering and poor knowledge about scientific tools for investigation and counter-intelligence techniques.

There is an alarming increasing in the number of cases related to cyber crime, economic offences and narcotic drugs (CEN), both in Bengaluru and Karnataka in the last years.

The police department has sought the State Government to open 8 exclusive CEN police stations.  Crime incidents like multi crore economic offences including group housing scam, chit fund scam and cyber crime have increased all time high in Benglauru and other parts of the State.

According to a source only 20 personnel are currently working in the cyber crime police station in Bengaluru where 13 cyber crime cases are filed everyday.

All the staffers would be specially trained to handle issues relating to cyber crime.  There are 35 CEN stations in the State of Karnataka.  Economic offences below Rs.5 crore will be handled by CEN stations while those lesser than Rs.5 crore will be transferred to CID cyber crime cell.