Graphite India : Closure order NGT – residents elated

Graphite India is getting closed.  NGT orders closure of the Co.  The residents of Whitefield are happy and elated.

The NGT order comes after the Apex Court fine Rs.50 lakh on Graphite India, Whitefield on October 30 2018.  The NGT has restored the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board’s (KSPCB) order of closure on Graphite India.

Graphite India :

Graphite India Limited (GIL) is the pioneer in India for manufacture of Graphite Electrodes as well as Carbon and Graphite speciality products.  Having started in 1967 in collaboration with erstwhile Great Lakes Carbon Corporation (GLCC) of USA.

Plant at Whitefield

GIL has been continually improving its product quality and services thereby scaling newer heights of excellence and customer recognition. 

Closure of Graphite India plant :

A long battle.  A decade long legal struggle.  But the result is a happy one.  The  legal struggle of residents of Whitefield has taken an important step forward after the NGT (National Green Tribunal restored the 2012 order of KSPCB to close the 50 year old plant for violations of rules.

NGT cleared the way for closure of the plant and also ordered a multi-agency survey of the pollution emanating from Graphite India.  Graphite India was a red category industry that manufactures graphite anodes, electrodes and paste.

NGT’s order :

The Tribunal’s order stated “Referring to the evidence available on record, more particularly the reports of inspections of the factory carried out by the Authority, it was held that the respondent Graphite India was grossly non-compliant of the requirement of environment mitigation measures”.


The NGT has directed constitution of a joint committee.  This  involves  the representatives of the Central Pollution Control Board, KSPCB and National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI). 

Work of the Committee :

They have to monitor pollution from the Graphite India’s stacks, ambient air  monitoring of  the area by setting up atleast 10 monitoring stations. The joint committee will also carry out a study on source apportionment of pollution sources.

Residents elated about Graphite India closure :

The NGT judgment has come as a shot in the arm after the Supreme Court in October 2018 deemed Graphite India as a polluter.

Affected by Whitefield phant

The original petitioners were supported by residents of nearby apartments and in later stages by the citizens’ collective, Whitefield  Rising in the legal battle against the co.

Conclusion :

The judgment relies on global studies on graphite dust pollution.  The bench recalled that the industry had done little to lower emissions in Bengaluru plant while they had complied with all laws in their factories abroad.

This comes as a lesson to those who take polluting the environment lightly. 

H1N1 flu/ Swine flu threat alert – Karnataka

H1N1 flu/ Swine flu threat alert – Karnataka

H1N1 flu/ Swine flu threat alert in Karnataka.  After coping to the Kyasannur Forest Disease (KFD) known as monkey fever.  Karnataka has been alerted by the Central Government about increasing cases of seasonal influenza, H1N1, H3N2 and Influenza B.

In a month’s time around 152 cases of confirmed H1N1 flu/Swine flu  has been reported in the State.  An advisory to the public as prevention and control has been issued.

What is H1N1 flu/ Swine flu?

The H1N1 flu/ Swine flu virus is contagious and can spread from human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. There are antiviral medicines one can take to prevent or treat swine flu.

Medication for H1N1 flu/swine flu

Symptoms of H1N1 flu/Swine flu :

symptoms of fever

H1N1 flu/ Swine flu signs and symptoms in humans are similar to those of other flu strains:

  • Fever (but not always)
  • Cough.
  • Sore throat.
  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Watery, red eyes.
  • Body aches.
  • Headache.
  • Fatigue.

Cases of H1N1 flu/Swine flue :

High incidences of H1N1 flu / Swine flu were reported from Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Gujarat.  An increasing trend is being observed in Karnataka also.

National centre for Disease control has reported 72deaths in Karnataka last year.  Karnataka is the fifth highest in India to report H1N1 flue/Swine flu.

The Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Chest Diseases (RGICD) has screened 112 patients. Like other viral diseases, the number of H1N1 cases increases every alternative year.

H1N1 Flu/Swine flue Top 5 places in Karnataka:

Positive cases reported at

BBMP Limits   25

Bengaluru Urban 31

Dakshina Kannada 18

Mysuru 15 and

Shimoga 10 

(Source : Directorate of Health and Family Welfare Services (As on 24.01.2019)

Do’s to prevent H1N1 flue/Swine flu:

Photo swine flu1

  • Cover mouth and nose with a handkerchief or tissue when you cough or sneeze
  • Was hand regularly or as often as possible with soap and water
  • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
  • Avoid going to crowded places
  • Avoid visiting or getting close to a person suffering from flu.

Don’t’s to prevent H1N1flue/Swine flu :

  • Shake hands or give a hug
  • Spit in public places
  • Take medicines without a physician’s consultation
  • Travel to other State where there are high cases of H1N1 flu/Swine flu
Duration of H1N1 flue/Swine flu :

People infected with any kind of flu can infect others one day before they have symptoms and five to seven days after they become sick. The symptoms of swine flu (H1N1), including fever, chills, cough, and body aches, last about eight days, on average. Some symptoms may continue longer than that.

Prevention is better than cure

H1N1 flu/Swine flu is no more dangerous than the other flus which strike in winter: influenza virus B and H3N2.

However, the flu can be serious for those who are vulnerable, including as those with existing long-term health conditions, or who are undergoing treatment such as chemotherapy.