Hoax calls  leads to Jail term – Bengaluru

Hoax calls leads to Jail term – Bengaluru

Hoax calls can lead to jail term.  If the hoax call harms a person or if it results in any sort of loss, then it is considered a crime and a legal action will be taken.

The menace of hoax calls has increased over the past years and Bengaluru city finds itself on the list of victims.  Bengaluru gets many hoax calls but most of them go unreported. 

The punishment for these type of calls need special enactment.  There is no special enactment under which these culprits can be booked.  The quantum of punishment is less.

What is a Hoax call ?

A hoax call is a telephone call intended by the caller as a practical joke played on the person answering. It is often a type of nuisance call.

A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth. It is distinguishable from errors in observation or judgment, rumors, urban legends. Pseudo-sciences and April Fools’ day events that are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes.

The psychology of hoaxing calls :

The reasons of what might cause people to hoaxing includes hoaxing

  • for amusement purposes,
  • out of boredom,
  • as an act revenge
  • as a way to gain fame and/or notoriety in some way
  • to gain attention such as faking illness (Munchausen’s syndrome)
  • to demonstrate cleverness (or a perception of cleverness) to others around them and
  • to disrupt the status quo (including terrorist and non-terrorist activity), and for political causes  (such as claiming to be a victim of a racist hate crime).

Majority of hoax calls arise from psychological problems. Such callers have no explanation for their action or when confronted express remorse.

Malicious and Prank Calls :

If a call’s purpose is to cause distress, if the caller uses abusive or sexually explicit language, or if the caller threatens, then it is a malicious call. Some people are unfortunate enough to receive a barrage of malicious calls, often at anti-social hours, and these can be very upsetting. Making a malicious call will be a criminal offence.

Prank calls are a type of malicious call that are sometimes carried out by kids ‘for a laugh’. The pranksters may order a taxi or pizza giving the victims address and phone number, or may make reverse charge calls to the victim. Some times calls that may at first appear malicious may in fact be less sinister.  

Legal issues :

Some hoax calls are criminalized in many jurisdictions, for instance if the call involves calling the emergency services, while others may be protected as freedom of expression.

Rudimentary criminal ‘pranks’ may range from simple telephone harassment to bomb threats.  More elaborate pranks rely on tricking the recipient into harmful behavior. 

Hoax calls at Bengaluru City :

Bengaluru has had to deal with many hoax calls.  Many hoax calls have gone unreported while some have been closed as they were ‘untraceable’.

Use of Technology to identify hoax calls :

Virtually all smart-phones, cordless phones and many wire-line handsets have built-in caller ID displays. Android and iOS smart-hones have the ability to block numbers that are suspect or have been identified as fraudulent or scammers; most regular landlines do not.

With ‘Truecaller’ and other similar apps.  one can immediately know who is calling. With advanced technology one can immediately trace the call and get their information.  Once the caller id identified a criminal case is registered on the basis of the severity of the call.

Caller ID technology can be easily exploited by scammers and fraudsters from anywhere in the world to display a false identity and locations. It is far too simple to obtain a phone number and to generate a false calling party name.

Reporting of hoax calls & nature of punishment :

As soon a person receives a hoax call, it should be reported immediately.  If the call is harming someone or results in any form of harm or loss, it is considered as a crime.  Legal action will be taken.  All calls cannot be considered as hoax calls.  The magnitude of the crime is taken into  consideration. 

If the offence is severe, the severe will be the punishment.  The punishment can vary from a two year jail term to life imprisonment. The major drawback is that not all hoax are officially registered. 

Reasons for making hoax calls :

Reasons for making hoax calls are many.  Sometimes it might be due to a dysfunctional family set-up.  It might be to due to negligent parenting.  Neglect leads to children turning a deaf year to everything. Sometimes it can be due to revenge or fear of missing flight.

A few cases of hoax calls in Bengaluru :

In August 2018 – Aditya Rao a resident of KHB colony in Manipal in Udupi district  made a hoax call to Kempe Gowda International Airport (KIA) to take revenge.  His job application  was rejected and this prompted him to take revenge on the authorities.    He made 4 calls to KIA.

His case is under trial in court.

In February 2019 –  a Bomb warning was given on the Surat-bound Air India flight.   Later the caller was identified as Prateek Rathore,  a 49 year old techie.  Prateek confessed making the call as he was running late and was worried about missing he flight.

His case is under investigation.

In April 2019 – a 65 year old  ex-army  man made a hoax call  claiming that major cities in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Pondicherry Goa and Maharashtra will be hit by terror attach.

This case in under investigation.

In May 2019 – Name unknown.  A caller gave warnings to Air Asia  officials in Bengaluru city of possible danger to a flight.  The flight I5-588 as bound between Bagdpgra in  North Bengal to Kalkota. 

The case is under investigation.  

Method to Stopping a Prank Caller on a Mobile Phone :

Contact the police. If the call is threatening or harassing, it may violate local or state laws.  The methods to follow to stop the hoax calls are :

1)  Contact the police. If the call is threatening or harassing, it may violate local or state laws

2)  Screen-calls. The mobile phone should display the phone number of the hoax caller.

3)  Send hoax calls straight to voicemail.

4)  Block the hoax calls

5)  Using an app.

Translocation of 7095 trees at KIA – Bengaluru

Translocation of 7095 trees at KIA – Bengaluru

Translocation of 7095 trees at Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru takes place as part of the ongoing Rs.13,000 crore infrastructure upgrade of the airport.  This is part of the opening of the terminal 2.

The land surrounding the new runway will be covered with greenery making the KIA, first in India and only third in the world to have green corridors around the runway.

BIAL/KIA Terminal 2 :

Kempegowda International Airport is all set to open the second runway very soon.  The airport  registered a double digit growth of 28.1 per cent in passenger traffic in the second quarter of FY19.

During the three-month period, ending September 30, 2018, 8.13 million passengers travelled through BIAL as against 6.35 million passengers during the corresponding period of previous financial year.

The quarter also saw an increase of 30.5 per cent domestic and 13.8 per cent in international passengers year on year.

Phase wise translocation :

The trees will be translocated on phase wise manner.   A total of 1285 trees and plants will be  translocated in the 1st phase.  The rest of the trees and plants will be translocated over the next 2 years.

The BIAL has engaged the Institute of Wood Science and Technology and Volvo to provide solution scientifically.

The first phase started in March and will continue till August.  The first phase will cover a stretch of 4 Kms.

Terminal in a garden :

According to Tom Shimmin, Chief Projects Office for BIAl, “the objective is to avoid felling of trees and instead relocate them to a place where they can further improve the aesthetics of the airport.  All this is to ensure that the landscape is in sync with our garden-themed Terminal2”.

To provide an “immersive garden experience” and in keeping with Bengaluru’s ‘Garden city’ name Bial has announced a series of initiatives.  Among them is the translocation of plants and trees that come in the way of expansion.

The Rs.13,000 crore infrastructure development with the landscape will amalgamate with the new terminal designed to be a ‘Terminal in a Garden’.

Survival of trees after translocation :

Till date the thousand odd trees that have been transplanted since March 2019 have seen a survivability rate of 85%.  The BIAL has tied up with the Government run Indian Institute of Science and automobile major Volvo for this initiative.

Automobile major Volvo is providing hardware including its special tree transplanter truck.

Till date thousand odd tress have been transplanted has shown signs of survivability with a rate of 85%.

Some of the tree species which have shown positive success rate are coconut, silver oak,palms, cycads and rain trees.

Process of Translocation :

A statement by Prasannamurti Desai, Vice-President of landscaping at airport said, “we are able to translocate as many as 18 trees in a single day starting from 8.30 am to 6.30 pm using mechanized translocator.    All these trees are either translocated to a pre-defined suitable spot or otherwise preserved in the nursery until a suitable spot is made ready”.

The process involves traditional methods for trees with a girth of above 45 inches and less than 6 inches.  Using the conventional method, the process takes around three months as it requires adequate care and protection.

By following scientific methods of translocation, the trees will be uprooted from their original location.  The trees will be replanted in selected areas – without damaging its roots.  The tree-transplanter is capable of translocating around 17 larges trees in a day.

Steps followed during translocation :

There are steps involved in translocating trees.  First step involves pre-assessment to check if the tree is healthy.  Once the tress is identified for transloction, water loss is minimized through methods of trenching and shaping the root ball.  Important roots are pruned during transplanting.

Once the root is wrapped, it is kept moist and tightly secured to prevent it from breaking. The trees will be lifted through the barrel strap technique to their new home after which post-monitoring will be done. 

Terminal 2 – a forest belt :

The new terminal is being operational this year and will have a three story “forest belt”.  The idea is to create an immersive, calming outdoor experience for both arrival and departure passengers.  Trees, small gardens and pods feature local and exotic species of plants adore the interior.

The land which is surrounding the new runway will be covered with lush greenery. 

Cost of translocation of trees :

BIAL will be shelling out around Rs.2.5 crore to translocate thousands of trees.  infrastructural development has been taken up at the airport at a cost of Rs.13000 crore.  There will be a greener landscape to amalgamate with the new terminal. 

The new terminal is designed to be a terminal in a garden. 

Diversion of traffic :

Vehicles which are heading from the Trumpet interchange to the terminal area of the KIA will be diverted.  The diversion is through a new access road from next week.

The BIAL is expanding the work with construction of additional roads to meet the increasing vehicle traffic.

The road expansion work will be taken up in a phased manner.  This includes widening of the main access road to 10 lanes (5+5) from the existing 4 lanes (2+2).

Bengaluru International Airport’s main access road will be closed from June 10 as part of road widening. 4-lane roads will make way to 10-lane roads (5 on each side) by early 2021, @BLR Airport officials say. Below is the new route map.

World Environment Day –  theme : Air Pollution – Bengaluru

World Environment Day – theme : Air Pollution – Bengaluru

World Environment Day  – It is the United Nations day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action to protect our environment. Since it began in 1974, the event has grown to become a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated in over 100 countries.

World Environment Day is the “people’s day” for doing something to take care of our Earth. That “something” can be local, national or global. It can be a solo action or involving a crowd. Everyone is free to choose.

Theme – World Environment Day 2019 :

Environment is the surrounding or conditions in which a person, animal or plant lives or operates. It is necessary to understand the importance of environment and lots of activities are done by the people to preserve and conserve the unique and life nurturing nature.

Each World Environment Day is organized around a theme that draws attention to a particularly pressing environmental concern. The theme for 2019 is “Air pollution”.

The theme for World Environment Day 2018, hosted by India, was “Beat Plastic Pollution”, which was a call to action for all of us to come together to combat one of the great environmental challenges of our time.

This year, China took over the task, choosing ‘Beat Air Pollution’ as the theme.

Air Pollution :

Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, particles and biological molecules are introduced into Earth’s atmosphere.

It may cause diseases, allergies and even death to humans; it may also cause harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops, and may damage the natural or built environment. Both human activity and natural processes can generate air pollution.

Indoor air pollution and poor urban air quality are listed as two of the world’s worst toxic pollution problems in the 2008  Blacksmith Institute World’s Worst Polluted Places report. 

According to the 2014 World Health Organization report, air pollution in 2012 caused the deaths of around 7 million people worldwide,  an estimate roughly echoed by one from the International Energy Agency.

Air pollution kills 7 million people every year hurting child development, damaging economies and contributing to the global climate emergency.

Why 5th June every year?

World Environment Day is held each year on June 5. It is one of the principal vehicles through which the United Nations (UN) stimulates worldwide awareness of the environment and enhances political attention and action. World Environment Day promotes ways to improve the Earth’s environment, such as conserving forests.

First time World Environment Day is celebrated in 1973 with the theme “Only one Earth”. And from 1974, the celebration campaign of the World Environment Day is hosted in different cities of the world.

What do people do on World Environment day?

World environment Day is celebrated in many ways in different countries.  Activities includes street rallies and parades as well as concerts, tree planting and clean-up campaigns.

In many countries, this annual event is used to enhance political attention and action towards improving the environment.  This observance also provides an opportunity to sign or ratify international environmental conventions.

Background – World Environment Day :

World Environment Day was established by the United Nationals General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.  A Resolution was adopted by the General Assembly on the same day, which led to the creation of UNEP.

It is hosted every year by a different city and commemorated with an international exposition through the week of June 5.

Symbols featured :

The main colors features in many promotions for this event are natural colors depicting nature, the earth and natural resources.

These colors are often in the shades of green, brown and blue.  Images or pictures of snowy mountains, clean beaches, unpolluted rivers and natural flora and fauna are used to promote campaigns. 

Significance of the day :

A Platform for Action World Environment Day is the UN’s most important day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Since it began in 1974, it has grown to become a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated in over 100 countries.

World Environment day at Bengaluru :

In a welcoming move, Bengaluru’s civic body Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) has decided to plant one lakh trees across the city.

The decision was taken after Mayor Gangambike Mallikarjun held a meeting with experts to discuss steps to be taken to avoid trees getting uprooted in heavy rains.

According to BBMP’s plan, the new trees will include varieties of Neem, Mahogany, Pride of India, Nerale, Pongam, Honge, Champaka, Sampige and Tabebuia among others.

Bengaluru Traffic Police celebrates World Environment Day by planting saplings in various police stations in the city.

Politicians participation – World Environment day :

India’s youngest MP in the current Lok Sabha Tejasvi Surya led events held in Bengaluru to observe World Environment Day.  As he planted saplings and painted dividers along Kanakapura Road, hundreds of citizens including celebrities from the film industry joined the initiative. 

Member of Parliament from Bangalore Central P.C. Mohan attended the special World Environment Day programs organized at Ulsoor Lake on Wednesday. Soon after the event, the MP took it to Twitter to thank the staff at the venue.

The South Western Railway (SWR) opened a new vertical garden at KSR Bengaluru City railway station this morning. The inauguration of the same was done by Ashok Kumar Verma, Divisional Railway Manager, Bengaluru Division.

To celebrate World Environment Day, Bangalore International Airport Ltd- operator of Kempegowda International Airport from June 5 will give away around 10,000 plants to people.

Bangalore International Centre :

Bangalore International Centre celebrates the World Environment Day by screening some of the brilliant short films and documentaries. The films that will be screened include Himalayan Waters, Ni Kata Banja (Don’t Cut My Oak’s), Remember The Spring, Chaal Khaal and Parisar Snehi Shauchalaya.

‘Himalayan Waters’ gives an overall picture of the Himalayan waters and efforts put it in by the NGO’s and locals to protect the same. ‘N i Kata Banja’ highlights the importance of Broad leave Species i.e. Oak trees in the water cycle of the Himalayas. Throwing light on the positive interventions such as snow sand filter etc is the short documentary titled- Remember The Spring.

Let’s join hands in being a part of solution for every type of pollution on the occasion of World Environment Day.

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Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport User fee hike 120%

Bengaluru Airport – user fee hike is by 120% . Flying out from the Bengaluru airport will be costlier by a massive 120 percent from 16th April  following the airport tariff regulator (Aera)  allowing it to revise upwards the user development fee (UDF) for four month.

This order of AERA No. 18/2018-2019 follows the interim relief given by the Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal’s (TDSAT) ruling of March 14, allowing BIAL to collect revised charges for a limited period of 4 months.

What is User Development Fee?  (UDF):

User Development Fee (UDF) is one of the many fee and tax paid by air passengers. One such fee is the User Development Fee (UDF). It is charged at various airports for both arriving and departing passengers.

Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA ) :

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA) is a statutory body constituted under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008 (27 of 2008) notified vide Gazette Notification dated 5th December 2008. The AERA was established by the Government vide its notification no GSR 317 (E) dated 12.05.09 with its head office at Delhi.

Bengaluru airport :

It is also known as Kempegowda International Airport  is an international airport serving Bengaluru. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of the city near the village of Devanahalli.. It is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a public-private consortium.

The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I,  the founder of Bengaluru. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka’s first fully solar powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar.

PPP Model -Bengaluru Airport :

The Government of India has granted BIAL the right to operate the airport for 30 years, with the option to continue for another 30 years. The company is a Public-private consortium venture.  26% is held by government entities Karnataka State Industrial Investment and Development corporation (13%)and Airports Authority of India (13%), and 74% is held by private companies Fairfax Financial (48%) and Siemens Project Ventures (26%).

120% hike – Bengaluru Airport :

The nation’s third busiest airport after New Delhi and Mumbai, plans to use the additional fee to fund its expansion.

With the Aera order coming into effect from April 16, the UDF for domestic departures will be revised to Rs.306 from Rs.139 while for international departures it will be Rs.1,226 from Rs.558 earlier.

The new charges for domestic and international travel translate into an increase of 120% and 119%  respectively.  The revised fee is applicable for tickets procured between April 16 and August 15,  the increased fee will be rolled back from August 16.

User  fee hike to be utilized for the expansion of Bengaluru airport :

The Rs.13,000 crore second phase expansion of Bengaluru Airport entails construction of a new terminal, a second runway, access roads and a multi modal transport hub.  These works are scheduled to be completed by March 2021.

According to Hari Maras, the Managing director and Chief executive, “this incremental increase in charge will provide us with the much needed relief as we are in the midst of a Rs.13,000 crore capacity expansion”.

As mandated by Aera (Airports Economic Regulatory Authority), the money generated from the incremental UDF hike during these four months, will be deposited in a separate bank account and will be used only to fund the ongoing expansion.

Terminal 2 – KIA – Bengaluru

Terminal 2 at KIA started in 2016.  The Terminal 2 or T2 expansion project included construction of the second terminal 2.  It is a parallel runway that will allow the airport to handle increased number of flights. 

Kempegowda International Airport, Bengluru

When the KIA opened in 2008, there were 378 commercial flights operating in India. The number increased to 600 and expected to go to 800 in the near future.

Terminal 2 project at International Airport, Bengaluru :

The International Airport is 8 years old.  KIA began operation in 2008.  KIA sees the higher passenger traffic in South India.  It is the 3rd busiest airport in India.

Terminal 1 is running with a capacity of 20 million passengers annually and began its operation in February 2014. 

Terminal 2 at KIA

Terminal 2 project was taken up in 2016.  The cost of the project when taken up was around Rs.4000 crore.  The terminal is being constructed in 2 phases.  Works on the 1st phase serve 20 million passengers annually.

The 2nd phase of Terminal 2 is expected to cater another 15 million passengers annually.  One the Terminal 2 is completed, the airport can serve 55 million passengers.

Terminal 2 – facilities :

The number of check in counters will be huge.  Terminal 2 will feature 173 immigration counters, 113 in the 2nd phase.  25 baggage claim belts will be included in 2 phases.

The facilities includes 213 counters in the departure area.  This is divided between 2 phases i.e., 90 in the 1st phase and 123 in the 2nd phase.  There will be 62 check lanes and 97 emigration counters.

Terminal 2 at KIA – Garden themed :

The second terminal at KIA is a massive structure.  It is designed as a garden experience with a built-up area of 2.54 lakh square metres in the1st phase and 4.41 square metres in 2nd phase.  The garden theme is a natural extension of Bengaluru’s greenery.

Garden theme at Terminal 2, KIA

The Terminal 2 includes a multi-modal transport hub, which also includes a Metro station, a multi-level car parking area.  This also includes a lagoon of water recycling.

The entire terminal roof will be covered with solar, photo-voltaic panels to enhance the current use.  The storm-water and water discharge includes grey and black water will be treated at the Airport.  The project also includes sewage treatment plant. 

A nursery has been planned for the Terminal 2 on a 30-35 acre plot.  All trees and plants which will be using in the landscaping will be relocated to the nursery will be replanted later.